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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *baŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to trot, ride 2 trot
Russian meaning: 1 идти рысью, скакать 2 бег
Old Turkic: maŋ 'a step' (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: maŋ- (KB) 1
Turkish: man- (dial.) 1
Middle Turkic: maŋ- (Sangl.) 1
Uighur: maŋ- 1
Sary-Yughur: maŋ 2, maŋ- 1
Khakassian: maŋ 2
Shor: maŋ 2
Oyrat: maŋ 2
Yakut: maŋɨj- 1
Tuva: maŋ- 1
Tofalar: maŋ- 1
Kirghiz: maŋ 2, maŋ- 1
Kazakh: maŋ 2
Noghai: maŋ 2
Comments: EDT 766, 767, VEWT 326.
Proto-Turkic: *bAŋɨŕ (~-s)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gad-fly
Russian meaning: овод
Khakassian: mās
Shor: mās
Oyrat: paas 'gad-fly' (Leb.), maŋɣɨs 'locust' (Oyr.)
Tuva: mãas
Tofalar: mās
Comments: VEWT 329, 327.
Proto-Turkic: *bar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to walk, go (away) 2 to come, reach
Russian meaning: 1 ходить, идти 2 приходить, достигать
Old Turkic: bar- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bar- 1 (MK)
Turkish: var- 2
Tatar: bar- 1
Middle Turkic: bar- 1 (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bɔr- 1, 2
Uighur: ba(r)- 1
Sary-Yughur: par- 1
Azerbaidzhan: var- 2
Turkmen: bar- 1
Khakassian: par- 1
Shor: par- 1
Oyrat: bar- 1, 2
Halaj: var- 1
Chuvash: pɨr- 1
Yakut: bar- 1
Dolgan: bar- 1
Tuva: bar- 1
Tofalar: bar- 1
Kirghiz: bar- 1
Kazakh: bar- 1
Noghai: bar- 1
Bashkir: bar- 1
Balkar: bar- 1
Gagauz: var- 1, 2
Karaim: bar- 1
Karakalpak: bar- 1
Salar: var-, bār-, pār- 1 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: bar- 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 62, ЭСТЯ 2, 64-65, EDT 354, Stachowski 52. Chuv. -ɨ- is unclear.
Proto-Turkic: *bAŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hazard, make a decision
Russian meaning: осмеливаться, решаться
Tatar: baz-
Uzbek: baz- (Sart., R)
Yakut: bahɨ-rɨ-j- 'to speek in an excessively loud and excited manner (expr.)' (?)
Kazakh: baz-
Noghai: baz-n-a batuv (gerund from a refl. form)
Bashkir: baδɨ-
Balkar: baz-
Karakalpak: baz-n-a 'панибратство'
Kumyk: baz-
Comments: VEWT 66.
Proto-Turkic: *bAŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stranger, foreign
Russian meaning: чужак, иностранец
Karakhanid: baz (MK, KB)
Karaim: bazɨ 'some, someone'
Comments: EDT 388.
Proto-Turkic: *bAŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: peace
Russian meaning: мир
Old Turkic: baz (Orkh.)
Middle Turkic: baz (Qutb, AH)
Bashkir: baδ-a- 'to be shy'
Balkar: baz-a-ma 'shelter, secure place'
Karaim: baz; baz-la- 'to comfort, console'
Comments: EDT 388 (together with baz 'an alien'), VEWT 62, 66.
Proto-Turkic: *bAŕɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thick, stout 2 a stubby man
Russian meaning: 1 толстый, дюжий 2 коренастый человек
Tatar: bazɨq 2
Middle Turkic: bazuq (OKypch., AH, CCum.) 2
Bashkir: baδɨq 1
Balkar: bazɨq 1
Karaim: bazɨq/x (H,Q,T) 1, 2
Kumyk: bazɨq 1
Comments: VEWT 66. The word is exclusively Kypchak (probably also borrowed in Chuv. pɨzъk id.), but is apparently archaic.
Proto-Turkic: *bArɨk (?)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: unclear silhouette
Russian meaning: неясный силуэт
Karakhanid: barɨq (MK)
Yakut: barɨk, boruk 'darkness'
Comments: ДТС 84. A somewhat dubious etymon: the OT form is quoted from the Uzbek edition of MK, not confirmed by Clauson and Dizin; the sense of the passage is rather obscure; the Yak. form may be secondarily built on the basis of the borrowed barɨj-, boruj- 'be badly visible'. But cf. perhaps Kirgh. (ep.) burqu 'variety'?
Proto-Turkic: *bas-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to press
Russian meaning: давить
Old Turkic: bas- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bas- (MK)
Turkish: bas-
Tatar: bas-
Middle Turkic: bas- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bɔs-
Uighur: bas-
Sary-Yughur: pas-
Azerbaidzhan: bas-
Turkmen: bas-
Khakassian: pas-
Oyrat: bas-, pas-
Chuvash: pos-
Yakut: battā-
Dolgan: battā-
Tuva: bas-
Tofalar: ba's-
Kirghiz: bas-
Kazakh: bas-
Noghai: bas-
Bashkir: baɵ-
Balkar: bas-
Gagauz: bas-
Karaim: bas-
Karakalpak: bas-
Salar: pas-
Kumyk: bas-
Comments: EDT 370-371, VEWT 64, TMN 2, 245-6, ЭСТЯ 2, 74-77, Лексика 393, 571, Федотов 1, 448, Stachowski 55. Turk. > Mong. basu- > Man. basu-, see TMN 2, 246, Doerfer MT 135.
Proto-Turkic: *bAsa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: also, as well
Russian meaning: также, кроме того
Old Turkic: basa 'right after' (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: basa 'afterwards' (MK)
Middle Turkic: (MKypch.) basa (AH, Ad-Durr.)
Uzbek: base 'frequently, often'
Turkmen: basa
Khakassian: paza
Shor: paza
Oyrat: baza
Yakut: bɨha 'in the course of' (?)
Tuva: baza
Kirghiz: basa
Kazakh: basa (R)
Comments: EDT 371 (but not from *bas- 'press'!). Turk. > Mong. basa (Clark 1980, 39, Щербак 1997, 104).
Proto-Turkic: *basɨg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: field, cornfield
Russian meaning: поле
Turkish: bâsu-raχ 'fenced garden, yard' (dial. Zonguldak - Eren 182)
Tatar: basu; basaw (R, Kas.)
Chuvash: pozъ
Bashkir: baɵɨw
Comments: VEWT 64 (hardly < *bas- 'to press'), Федотов I 450-451. Turk. > Mari pasu, Udm. busɨ.
Proto-Turkic: *bas-ɨg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a k. of tax 2 a coin
Russian meaning: 1 вид подати, налога 2 монета
Old Turkic: basɨɣ (OUygh.) 1
Tatar: bas, pas, bās 'price', pas-lɨ 'valued, expensive' (Sib., КСТТ 108, 177)
Chuvash: pus 2
Comments: EDT 373, Ашм. X, 4-5, Федотов 1, 449-450. The OT form is usually regarded as derived from *bas- 'to press' (v. sub *pằsi), but external evidence suggests that this is one of the numerous inner Turkic folk-etymological reinterpretations. Chuv. pus "copec" needs some additional comments. According to Егоров 166 it can either be derived from pus- 'break' < Turk. *bas- (according to Zolotnitski), or be borrowed from Pers. pōst "skin" > Tur. post, Uzb. pust 'id.' (Turkic forms see in VEWT 386). The latter hypothesis is rather improbable because the form means 'coin' only in Chuv., and because this borrowing is absent in other languages of the Volga region. VEWT 387 suggests Chuv. pus < Mari puš 'debt, tax' < pu- 'give'. The word is absent from the Mari dictionary, one only finds пуышаш 'arrears'; cf., on the other hand, Udm. pus 'sign, subscription' < Chuv. puzǝ id. < pus- 'to press'. This etymology is, therefore, equally dubious, and our equation of Chuv. pus = OT basɨɣ seems preferable.
Proto-Turkic: *bAs-kɨč
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stairway
Russian meaning: лестница
Uzbek: basqɨǯ (Chag.)
Khakassian: pasxɨs
Tuva: basqɨš
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 77 (usually derived < *bas- 'to press, trample').
Proto-Turkic: *bAs-tɨrma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: penthouse
Russian meaning: навес
Tatar: bastɨrma (dial.)
Middle Turkic: basturma (R - Zenker)
Uzbek: bɔstirma
Turkmen: bassɨrma
Kirghiz: bastɨrma
Kazakh: bastɨrma
Karakalpak: bastɨrma
Comments: Лексика 528. Formally derived from *bastɨr- 'to cause to press' - which seems rather far-fetched semantically. We may deal here rather with a compound of *bas + *terme 'wall, building', secondary influenced by *bastɨr-ma, *bastɨr-ɨk 'pole for fixing hay and sheaves', see ЭСТЯ 2, 76-77.
Proto-Turkic: *basu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sledge-hammer, mallet
Russian meaning: молот, колотушка
Karakhanid: basu (MK)
Uzbek: baska
Khakassian: pasxa
Oyrat: masqa
Comments: VEWT 64.
Proto-Turkic: *bat-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sink 2 to fit into, get into
Russian meaning: 1 погружаться 2 попадать
Old Turkic: bat- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bat- 1 (MK)
Turkish: bat- 1
Tatar: bat- 1
Middle Turkic: bat- 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bɔt- 1
Uighur: bat-, pat- 1
Sary-Yughur: pat- 1
Azerbaidzhan: bat- 1
Turkmen: bat- 1
Khakassian: pat- 1
Shor: pat- 1
Oyrat: pat- 1, 2
Chuvash: pot- 1
Yakut: bat- 2, batarɨ 'into, deep into'
Dolgan: batarɨ 'into, deep into'
Tuva: ba't- 1
Tofalar: ba't- 1
Kirghiz: bat- 1, 2
Kazakh: bat- 1
Noghai: bat- 1
Bashkir: bat- 1
Balkar: bat- 1
Gagauz: bat- 1
Karaim: bat- 1
Karakalpak: bat- 1
Salar: pat- 1
Kumyk: bat- 1
Comments: EDT 298, VEWT 65, ЭСТЯ 2, 78-80, TMN 2, 230-231, Федотов 1, 455, Stachowski 55.
Proto-Turkic: *bạt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hide, conceal (trans.) 2 to hide (intr.) 3 to get lost
Russian meaning: 1 прятать, скрывать 2 прятаться 3 теряться
Karakhanid: batur- (MK) 1
Tatar: bat- 2
Uzbek: bɔt- 2
Sary-Yughur: pat- 2
Azerbaidzhan: bat- 3
Chuvash: pɨdar- 1, pɨdan- 2
Kumyk: bat- 3
Comments: Егоров 173, Федотов I 466-467, EDT 308, ЭСТЯ 2, 78-79: the root should be distinguished from *bat- 'to sink' (v. sub *pàt`á).
Proto-Turkic: *bat-gak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: swamp, marsh
Russian meaning: болото
Old Turkic: batɨɣ- (in batɨɣ-daqɨ 'swamp-living' (of dragons)) (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: batɨɣ (MK, KB)
Turkish: batak
Tatar: bat-qaq (dial.)
Middle Turkic: batɣaq (Sangl.)
Uzbek: bɔtqɔq
Uighur: patqaq
Azerbaidzhan: bataG
Turkmen: batGa
Khakassian: patɨɣ 'marshy, marsh'
Halaj: bat-laq 'Lehm, Morast'
Chuvash: put-kax, put-lъx
Kirghiz: batqaq
Kazakh: batpaq; (dial.) bat 'sediment in water'
Noghai: batpaq
Bashkir: batqaq
Balkar: batmaq, batxaq
Gagauz: bataq
Karaim: bataq
Karakalpak: batpaq
Kumyk: batmaq
Comments: EDT 301, ЭСТЯ II 79, 80, VEWT 65, Егоров 169, Ашм. X 42, 48. Traditionally analysed as derivatives from *bat- 'to sink'; the derivational suffixes may be indeed both deverbative and denominative. But the external cognates are tempting.
Proto-Turkic: *bāča
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 elder sister 2 husbands of sisters
Russian meaning: 1 старшая сестра 2 мужья сестер между собой (свояки)
Old Turkic: bača (OUygh., late - Lig. VSOu) 2
Karakhanid: baǯa-naq 2 (IM)
Turkish: baǯɨ 1, baǯanak 2
Tatar: paca (КСТТ) 2
Middle Turkic: baǯi 1 (R), bača 2 (MA, Pav. C.), baǯanaq 2 (Pav. C., AH)
Uzbek: bɔǯa 2
Uighur: baǯa 2
Azerbaidzhan: baǯɨ 1, baǯanaG 2
Turkmen: baǯɨ 1, bāǯa 2
Khakassian: paǯa 2, piǯe 1
Oyrat: bad́a 2, 'wives of brothers'
Chuvash: poźana 2
Tuva: baǯa 2
Tofalar: baǯa 2
Gagauz: baǯanaq 2
Salar: paǯa 2 (ССЯ)
Kumyk: baǯiw 1
Comments: VEWT 54, TMN 2, 682, ЭСТЯ 2, 24, 26-27, Лексика 310, Егоров 168, Ашм. X, 33, Федотов 1, 453. Turk. > WMong. baǯa, Kalm. baz, Khalkha baʒ, Bur. baz, Ord. baǯa 'brother-in-law', whence Kirgh., KBalk., Kum., Yak. baǯa, Evk. baǯa, Kaz., KKalp., Nogh., Bashk. baža. The Khak., Oyr. and Tuva forms may also be < Mong. Cf. also ORuss. печенег.
Proto-Turkic: *bāj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rich, noble 2 many, numerous
Russian meaning: 1 богатый, знатный 2 много, многочисленный
Old Turkic: baj 1 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: baj 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: baj 1
Tatar: baj 1, bajtaq 2
Middle Turkic: baj 1
Uzbek: bɔj 1
Uighur: baj 1
Sary-Yughur: päj 1
Azerbaidzhan: baj 1
Turkmen: bāj 1
Khakassian: paj 1
Oyrat: baj 1, bajtaq 2
Chuvash: pojan 1
Yakut: bāj 1
Dolgan: bāj, bājdak, bājdɨk 1
Tuva: baj 1
Kirghiz: baj 1
Kazakh: baj 1
Noghai: baj 1
Bashkir: baj 1
Balkar: baj 1
Gagauz: baj 1
Karaim: baj 1
Karakalpak: baj 1
Kumyk: baj 1
Comments: EDT 384, VEWT 56, TMN 2, 259, ЭСТЯ 2, 27-29, 36, Лексика 304, 332, Федотов 1, 440, Stachowski 55, 56. Turk. > Mong. bajan 'rich' (KW 29, Щербак 1997, 103), whence Evk. bajan etc. (TMN ibid., Doerfer MT 37).
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