Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: "uk" | Query method: Match substring
Meaning: " " | Query method: Match substring
Total of 43 records 3 pages

Pages: 1 2 3
Forward: 1
\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *Kāpuk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bark (n.) 2 shell
Russian meaning: 1 кора 2 скорлупа
Karakhanid: qabɨq (Tefs.) 1, 2
Turkish: kabuk 1, 2
Tatar: qabɨq 1, 2
Middle Turkic: qapuq 1 (MA, AH)
Uzbek: qɔbiq 1, 2
Uighur: qobuq (R, o-t) 1, 2
Azerbaidzhan: GabɨG 1, 2
Turkmen: GābɨG 1, 2
Khakassian: xabɨx (Kach.) 1, 2
Shor: qabɨq 2
Oyrat: qabɨq 1, 2
Chuvash: xobъ 1, 2
Tuva: xavɨq 2
Kirghiz: qabɨq 1, 2
Kazakh: qabɨq 1, 2
Noghai: qabɨq 1, 2
Bashkir: qabɨq 1, 2
Balkar: qabuq 1, 2
Gagauz: qap, qabɨ 1, 2 'external cover, covering'
Karaim: qabux 1, 2
Karakalpak: qabɨq 1, 2
Kumyk: qabuq 1, 2
Comments: VEWT 234, TMN 3, 368-9, ЭСТЯ 5, 168, Лексика 107, Федотов 2, 358.
Proto-Turkic: *Kudruk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tail
Russian meaning: хвост
Old Turkic: qudruq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: quδruq (MK)
Turkish: kujruk
Tatar: qojrɨq
Middle Turkic: qujruq, qujruɣ (Pav. C., MA)
Uzbek: qujruq
Uighur: qujruq
Sary-Yughur: Guzuruq
Azerbaidzhan: GujruG
Turkmen: Gujruq
Khakassian: xuzurux
Shor: quzuruq
Oyrat: qujruq
Halaj: qurduq
Chuvash: xüre
Yakut: kuturuk
Dolgan: kuturuk
Tuva: quduruq
Tofalar: quduruq
Kirghiz: qujruq
Kazakh: qu_jrɨq
Noghai: qujrɨq
Bashkir: qojroq
Balkar: qujruq
Gagauz: qujruq
Karaim: qurjux
Karakalpak: qujrɨq
Salar: Guruχ
Kumyk: qujruq
Comments: VEWT 296b, EDT 604, Лексика 145, ЭСТЯ 6, 114-117, Stachowski 163. Cf. also MK quδurɣun 'tail strap' (Лексика 553).
Proto-Turkic: *jạlaŋuk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: person
Russian meaning: человек
Old Turkic: jalaŋuq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jalŋuq (MK, KB)
Chuvash: śɨn(ъ)
Comments: VEWT 182, EDT 930.
Proto-Turkic: *bur-uk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 dust 2 smoke 3 to curl (of smoke) 4 to choke (in smoke) 5 to blow (of a snow-storm) 6 to produce smoke puffs 7 soot
Russian meaning: 1 пыль 2 дым 3 клубиться (о дыме) 4 задыхаться (в дыму) 5 мести (о вьюге) 6 пускать дым клубами 7 сажа
Uzbek: buruq-sa- 3
Uighur: burux-t-un bolmaq 4
Turkmen: buruG-sa- 3
Khakassian: pɨr 1, pɨrɨn 7, pur-la- 3, purɣun-na- 5
Shor: pɨrɨn 7
Yakut: buruo (< *burug) 2
Dolgan: buruo 2
Kirghiz: buruq-su- 3, bur et- 3, bura-t- 6
Comments: VEWT 89, Stachowski 67. The stem interacts with the derivatives of *bur- 'to stink, smell' and *bur- 'to twist'- see ЭСТЯ 2, 268-271.
Proto-Turkic: *oruk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 road 2 path
Russian meaning: 1 дорога 2 тропа
Old Turkic: oruq 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: oruq 1 (MK, Tefs.)
Khakassian: orɣax 2
Yakut: orox 2
Dolgan: orok 2
Tuva: oruq 1
Tofalar: oruq 1
Comments: EDT 215, Stachowski 196. Räsänen (VEWT 364; similarly in Лексика 531-532, ЭСТЯ 4, 218) derives this word from *or- 'to dig', which is rather dubious semantically.
Proto-Turkic: *uk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to understand 2 to hear
Russian meaning: 1 понимать 2 слышать
Old Turkic: uq- (Orkh., OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: uq- (MK, KB) 1
Tatar: dial. ux- 2
Middle Turkic: uq- (IM, Qutb)
Uzbek: uq- 1
Uighur: uq- 1
Azerbaidzhan: dial. uɣuz 'knowing much'
Khakassian: ux- 1, 2
Shor: uq- 1
Oyrat: dial. uq- 2
Tuva: uɣ- 1
Kirghiz: uq- 2
Kazakh: uɣɨn- 1
Karakalpak: uq- 1
Comments: VEWT 511-12, EDT 77-8, ЭСТЯ 1, 584-585. Turk. > Hung. ok 'reason', see Gombocz 1912.
Proto-Turkic: *(i)aĺ(č)uk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 ankle joint, knucklebone 2 die
Russian meaning: 1 лодыжка, бабка 2 альчик
Karakhanid: ašuq 1 (MK)
Turkish: ašuq 2 (Osmanli), ašɨk 1, 2
Tatar: ašɨq 2
Middle Turkic: ašuq 1, 'bone of the elbow' (Abush.)
Uzbek: ɔšiq 2
Uighur: ošuq 1, 2
Azerbaidzhan: ašɨG 2
Turkmen: ašɨq 2
Oyrat: ažɨq 2
Halaj: ušaq 2
Kirghiz: ašɨq 2
Kazakh: asɨq 1, 2
Noghai: asɨq 1, 2
Bashkir: ašɨq 2
Balkar: ašɨq 1, 2
Karaim: ašɨq 2
Karakalpak: asɨq 2
Kumyk: ašɨq 2
Comments: EDT 259, VEWT 30, ЭСТЯ 1, 216-217, TMN 2, 64-65, Лексика 288.
Proto-Turkic: *buč-uk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: half
Russian meaning: половина
Karakhanid: bɨčuq (MK, IM)
Turkish: bučuk
Middle Turkic: bučuq (Sangl., MKypch. - AH)
Comments: VEWT 85, EDT 294, ЭСТЯ 2, 283-284. Usually regarded as derived from *bɨč- 'to cut', which is dubious in the light of external evidence.
Proto-Turkic: *(i)anduk ( ~ -nt-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of lynx
Russian meaning: вид хищника
Turkish: andɨk 'вид гиены', Osm. anduq
Middle Turkic: andɨq 'espèce de loup cervier' (Pav. C.)
Comments: VEWT 20, Лексика 159.
Proto-Turkic: *bAd-rak / *bAd-ruk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: banner, flag
Russian meaning: знамя, флаг
Old Turkic: badruq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: batraq (MK: 'a lance with piece of silk at its head')
Turkish: bajrak
Tatar: bajraq
Middle Turkic: bajraq (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bajrɔq, (dial.) bajdaq
Uighur: bajraq, vajraq, (dial.) bajaq
Azerbaidzhan: bajraG
Turkmen: bajdaq
Kazakh: (dial.) bajraq
Noghai: bajraq
Bashkir: bajraq
Balkar: bajraq
Gagauz: bajraq
Karaim: bajraq
Karakalpak: bajraq
Kumyk: bajraq
Comments: EDT 307, VEWT 55, TMN 2, 385-387, ЭСТЯ 33-34, 36, Лексика 565. Turk. (Chag.) > Pers., Arab. Clauson's hypothesis about borrowing from Sanskr. is unfounded because Sanskrit lacks anything similar.
Proto-Turkic: *buka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: perch
Russian meaning: окунь
Tatar: ala-boɣa
Khakassian: ala-buɣa
Kazakh: ala-buɣa
Comments: VEWT 15, Лексика 178 (traditionally regarded as a compound *āla 'variegated' + *buka 'bull', which is dubious because of the parallelism in Tat.: ala-balɨq 'crucian' : ala-boɣa 'perch' - suggesting that the second part of both compounds is originally a fish name).
Proto-Turkic: *jạŕtuk / *jạtŕuk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 pillow 2 to prop on a pillow
Russian meaning: 1 подушка 2 опирать(ся) на подушку
Old Turkic: jastuq 'pillow-shaped ingot of silver' (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jastuq 1, jasta- 2
Turkish: jastɨk 1, jasta- 2
Tatar: jastɨq 1
Middle Turkic: jastuq 1 (AH)
Uzbek: jɔstiq 1
Uighur: jastuq 1
Sary-Yughur: jastɨq 1
Azerbaidzhan: jassɨx (dial.) 1
Turkmen: jassɨq 1
Khakassian: častɨx 1, časta- 2
Shor: častɨq 1, časta- 2
Oyrat: jastɨq, d́astɨq 1
Halaj: jastuq 1
Chuvash: śɨdъr 1
Yakut: sɨttɨk 1, sɨtta- 2
Dolgan: hɨttɨk 1
Tuva: sɨrtɨq, sɨstɨq 1
Kirghiz: ǯazdɨq, ǯastɨq 1, ǯazda-, ǯasta- 2
Kazakh: žastɨq 1, žasta- 2
Noghai: jastɨq 1
Bashkir: jaɵtɨq 1
Balkar: ǯastɨq, zastɨq 1
Gagauz: jastɨq 1
Karaim: jastɨq 1
Karakalpak: dastɨq 1, žasta-, dasta- 2
Salar: jastux 1
Kumyk: jastɨq, jastuq 1
Comments: PT *ŕ is indicated by the Chuv. form and probably also (with rotacism) Tuva sɨrtɨk. Other forms for the most part reflect an assimilated *jaz-t- > *jast-. See VEWT 191, ЭСТЯ 4, 154-155, EDT 974, Stachowski 121.
Proto-Turkic: *jasɨ-muk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: lentil
Russian meaning: чечевица
Old Turkic: jasɨmuq (OUygh.)
Turkish: jasmɨk
Tatar: jasmɨq
Middle Turkic: jasmuq (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jɔsmiq
Uighur: jesimuq
Turkmen: jasmɨq (dial.)
Kirghiz: ǯasɨmɨq (dial.)
Kazakh: žasɨmɨq (dial.)
Bashkir: jaɵmɨq
Salar: jasmux
Comments: EDT 975, VEWT 191, ЭСТЯ 4, 154, Лексика 464-465.
Proto-Turkic: *juk / *jok
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 resin, gum 2 residues of food on dishes, sticky substance 3 to stick to
Russian meaning: 1 смола 2 остатки пищи на посуде; то, что прилипло 3 прилипать
Karakhanid: juq 2 (MK)
Turkish: jok 2 (dial.)
Tatar: joq- 3
Middle Turkic: juq- 3 (R.)
Uzbek: juq 2, juq- 3
Uighur: juq- 3
Turkmen: joq 2, joq- 3
Khakassian: čux 1, čux- 3
Oyrat: juq-, d́uq- 3
Chuvash: śъʷɣъʷr 'liquid mire, sludge' (dial.)
Tuva: čuq 1
Tofalar: čuq 1
Kirghiz: ǯuq 2, ǯuq- 3
Kazakh: žuq- 3
Noghai: juq- 3
Bashkir: joq- 3
Karaim: juq-, jux- 3
Karakalpak: žuq 2, žŭq- 3
Kumyk: juq 2, juq- 3
Comments: EDT 895, VEWT 119, ЭСТЯ 4, 211, Лексика 117, Ашм. XIII, 52.
Proto-Turkic: *suk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to stick in, insert 2 hollow wood, whistle
Russian meaning: 1 втыкать, вставлять 2 полая древесина, свисток
Old Turkic: suq- (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: suq- 1, suqɨm 2 (MK)
Middle Turkic: suq- (Qutb, Houts.)
Turkmen: soq- 1
Khakassian: sux- 1
Oyrat: suq- 1
Yakut: uk- 1
Tuva: suq- 1
Kirghiz: suq- 1
Kazakh: suɣ- 1
Balkar: suɣ- 1
Comments: VEWT 432, EDT 805, 811.
Proto-Turkic: *K[a]ŕguk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pole, peg
Russian meaning: палка, колышек
Old Turkic: qazɣuq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qazŋuq (MK)
Turkish: kazɨk
Tatar: qazɨq
Middle Turkic: qazuq (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qɔziq
Uighur: qozuq
Sary-Yughur: quzuq
Azerbaidzhan: gazɨx (dial.)
Turkmen: GazɨG
Oyrat: qazɨq
Chuvash: *karuH > Hung. karó (see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 2, 387).
Kazakh: qazɨq
Noghai: qazɨq
Bashkir: qaδa- 'to stick into', qaδaq, qaδɨq 'nail'
Balkar: qazɨq
Gagauz: qazɨq
Karaim: qazɨq
Karakalpak: qazɨq
Kumyk: qazɨq
Comments: EDT 682 (derivation from *Kaŕ- 'dig' is highly dubious, although the vocalism could have been influenced by the verbal root), VEWT 243, ЭСТЯ 5, 190-191. Because of its consonant the Bashk. form belongs rather here than to PT *Kāta- (v. sub *kā́jta).
Proto-Turkic: *Kobu-k
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: empty, hollow
Russian meaning: пустой, полый
Old Turkic: qovɨ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qovɨ, qovuq (MK)
Turkish: kovuk, gavɨk (dial.)
Middle Turkic: qovuq (AH)
Uighur: quaq (dial.)
Turkmen: Govaq, Govuq, Govalč, Govuz
Khakassian: xax
Comments: VEWT 273, TMN 3, 415, ЭСТЯ 6, 5-6.
Proto-Turkic: *bukagu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fetters, chain, string
Russian meaning: путы, цепь, веревка
Old Turkic: buqaɣu (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: buqaɣu (MK)
Turkish: bukaɣɨ
Tatar: boɣaw
Middle Turkic: buqaɣu, buqaw (Sangl., MA)
Uzbek: bụɣɔw
Azerbaidzhan: buxov
Turkmen: buqaw
Chuvash: pъʷɣav 'iron manacles'
Yakut: bakājɨ (?)
Kirghiz: boɣoo
Kazakh: buɣaw
Noghai: buɣaw
Bashkir: bɨɣaw
Balkar: buɣow
Gagauz: buqaa, bɨqaa
Karaim: buqov, buɣuw
Karakalpak: buɣaw
Kumyk: buɣaw
Comments: EDT 314, VEWT 87, ЭСТЯ 2, 248-250, Егоров 152, TMN 2, 277-278. Turk. > Mong., cf. MMong. buxa'u (SH) id., see TMN ibid., Щербак 1997, 108. Yak. bakāji with irregular -a- and -k- may reflect some interdialectal loan. Turk. > Hung. békó (Gombocz 1912).
Proto-Turkic: *sɨ̄ruk / *sūrɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stake, pole
Russian meaning: шест
Old Turkic: sɨruq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sɨruq (MK)
Turkish: sɨrɨk
Middle Turkic: sɨrɨq, suruq (Pav. C.), sɨruq (AH)
Sary-Yughur: suruq
Azerbaidzhan: sɨrɨɣ (dial.)
Turkmen: sɨ̄rɨq
Khakassian: sɨra
Oyrat: sɨrɨq, sɨra
Halaj: sɨrɨq
Yakut: uraɣas
Tuva: sɨra
Kazakh: sɨrɨq
Bashkir: hɨrɨq (dial.)
Gagauz: sɨrɨq
Karaim: sɨrɨq
Karakalpak: sɨrɨq
Comments: EDT 848, VEWT 420, ЭСТЯ 7. Turk. > Mong. širug (KW 369; TMN 3, 311-312), whence again Kirgh. šɨrɨq.
Proto-Turkic: *buk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to lie in ambush 2 to hide
Russian meaning: 1 сидеть в засаде 2 прятаться
Middle Turkic: buq- (Pav. C.: Abu-l-Gazi) 1
Uzbek: biq- 1
Turkmen: buq- 2
Yakut: bük- 2 (Пек.)
Kirghiz: buq- 2
Kazakh: buq- 2
Noghai: buq- 2
Balkar: buq- 2
Karakalpak: buq- 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 248.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-hak,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-blkx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,
Total of 43 records 3 pages

Pages: 1 2 3
Forward: 1

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
17039360474
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov