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Altaic etymology :

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Meaning: "head" | Query method: Match substring
Total of 17 records
\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *čabV
Meaning: helmet, headgear
Russian meaning: шлем, головной убор
Mongolian: *daɣulga
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯabuka
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *gĕ́dì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: back (of head), behind
Russian meaning: затылок, позади
Turkic: *ged
Mongolian: *gede
Tungus-Manchu: *gedi-muk
Japanese: *kítà
Comments: EAS 48, Владимирцов 206, Poppe 24, 53, Колесникова 1972а, 101-103, ОСНЯ 1, 228, АПиПЯЯ 71; Дыбо 4. Despite Doerfer's criticism (TMN 1, 492) the root still holds.
Proto-Altaic: *ki̯amp`a
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: top, top of head
Russian meaning: верхушка, верх головы
Turkic: *k(i)amak / *k(i)apak
Tungus-Manchu: *kiama / *kiapa
Korean: *kàmá
Japanese: *kàm(p)-
Comments: PKE 68 (Kor.-Turk., without Japanese parallels), АПиПЯЯ 279, Лексика 200. Tone correspondence between Kor. and Jpn. is irregular. The variation between *-m- and *-p- in most subgroups reflects the PA cluster *-mp`-, possibly with later interdialectal loans.
Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯óŋi
Meaning: head of clan
Russian meaning: глава рода, старейшина
Turkic: *K(i)aŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)uŋ-
Korean: *kù'ɨ̀i
Japanese: *kímí
Comments: An important common Altaic social term.
Proto-Altaic: *màjŋì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: temple, forehead, ear
Russian meaning: висок, лоб, ухо
Turkic: *bejŋi
Mongolian: *maŋlai
Japanese: *mìmì
Comments: Лексика 195-196.
Proto-Altaic: *mĕ́ĺǯu ( ~ -a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: head
Russian meaning: голова
Turkic: *baĺč
Mongolian: *malǯa-, *melǯe-
Tungus-Manchu: *meli-mu
Korean: *mǝ̀rí
Comments: EAS 109, SKE 146, АПиПЯЯ 31-32, 282, Мудрак Дисс. 90, Лексика 194. Doerfer's (TMN 2, 253) criticism is short ("unklar"). On possible traces in Jpn. see under *k`ŏjli. An unsuccessful attempt of refuting the etymology was undertaken by Vovin 2000, who argues that the attested Old Korean form is 麻帝 MC mạ-tìej [ma-te]. However, it is most probable that MC -t- was used here just to transcribe Korean -r- (since Middle Chinese, as well known, lacked r-). Anyway, it is hardly possible to make any decisions on the basis of very inadequate and scanty Kirim transcriptions.
Proto-Altaic: *mi̯at`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: head skin, face
Russian meaning: кожа на голове, лицо
Turkic: *bĕt
Mongolian: *metü
Tungus-Manchu: *miata
Comments: EAS 79, KW 262, Лексика 207-208. A Western isogloss. The Jpn. cognates present problems. Ozawa 292-293 compares OJ mod(w)ok(j)i 'resembling, similar', which is quite irregular vocalically. It is interesting to note MJ mitai id. (used exactly in the same suffixed position and being phonetically quite a good match for Mong. metü etc., but attested late and usually analysed (folk-etymologically?) as a desiderative form of mi- 'to see'.
Proto-Altaic: *nīme
Meaning: top of head
Russian meaning: верхняя часть головы
Turkic: *jem-kek
Tungus-Manchu: *nīme-kte
Korean: *nìmáh
Japanese: *mínái
Comments: Лексика 202, Дыбо 1995b. Tone in Kor.-Jpn. is irregular. In Jpn. one has to assume metathesis (*míná- < *nímá-), quite probable in a root with two nasals.
Proto-Altaic: *i̯ŏ̀t`à(mu) ( ~ *i̯ằt`ò-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: top of head, head
Russian meaning: темя, голова
Tungus-Manchu: *utumuk
Korean: *utu
Japanese: *àtàmà
Comments: An Eastern isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *p`ḕjk`V
Meaning: brain, head
Russian meaning: мозг, голова
Mongolian: *heki
Tungus-Manchu: *pējKe
Korean: *pákì
Comments: KW 118, АПиПЯЯ 294, Poppe 56, Lee 1958, 109. Despite Doerfer MT 236, TM is not borrowed from Mong. Mong. *h- (not b-) before a long vowel indicates PA *p`.
Proto-Altaic: *segsV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nape, back of head
Russian meaning: затылок, задняя часть головы
Turkic: *sügsün
Mongolian: *segseji- / *sogsoji-
Tungus-Manchu: *sekse-
Comments: Лексика 235. A Western isogloss. Turk. *sügsün < *segsün through vowel assimilation.
Proto-Altaic: *ši̯òče
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hair (of head), feather
Russian meaning: волос, перо
Turkic: *s(i)ač
Tungus-Manchu: *šoša-
Korean: *číčh
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 287, Лексика 197. Kor. has an assimilation, usual for roots of this type; Manchu also demonstrates an assimilation (šoša- < *šosa- which would be regularly expected).
Proto-Altaic: *t`ire ( ~ -ŕ-, -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: head
Russian meaning: голова
Mongolian: *teriɣün
Tungus-Manchu: *tiru-
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *t`ṑlu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: head
Russian meaning: голова
Turkic: *tul(g)uŋ
Mongolian: *tolugai
Tungus-Manchu: *tōl-po-
Korean: *tằikòr
Comments: Лексика 204. The Kor. word may be analysed as "bald"+"brain" (see *t`eŕo and *kèĺǯo), so it may be necessary to remove it from the etymology (although a folk-etymological reanalysis was certainly possible); if not, the PA reconstruction should rather be corrected to *t`ōjlu.
Proto-Altaic: *t`ṑsi ( ~ -e)
Meaning: face, shape, spot on forehead
Russian meaning: лицо, форма, пятно на лбу
Mongolian: *tösü
Tungus-Manchu: *tōsa-
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *t`ŭmu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: head, top of head
Russian meaning: голова, темя
Turkic: *tum-
Mongolian: *tom-
Tungus-Manchu: *tumŋu-
Japanese: *tum-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 109, 279, Ozawa 130, Лексика 483. Turk. *tumak > Kalm. tomǝɣǝ, whence again Kirgh. tomaɣa etc. (a similar source is probable for Manchu tomorχan), see TMN 1, 258.
Proto-Altaic: ?*pinV ?
Meaning: head
Russian meaning: голова
Japanese: *pin-?
Comments: An isolated and obscure form (in the Kagoshima dialect).
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Total of 17 records

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