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Altaic etymology :

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Total of 15 records
\data\alt\altet
Proto-Altaic: *ăŋatV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки
Turkic: *Ăŋ(k)ɨt
Mongolian: *aŋgir
Tungus-Manchu: *andi
Japanese: *anti
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 71, Лексика 172. Cf. also Mong. aŋgat 'аркалик (птица)' ( < Turk.); but for *aŋgir borrowing is hardly possible, despite TMN 2, 130, Щербак 1997, 192. Mong. -r here requires an explanation: it is most probably a result of reinterpreting the original *aŋgid as a plural form and rebuilding a new singular *aŋgir (cf. *nökör - *nököd etc.). The word is widely spread in Siberian languages, see Аникин 70.
Proto-Altaic: *āŕa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: small, scarce; recent
Russian meaning: малочисленный, редкий; недавний
Turkic: *Āŕ
Mongolian: *araj
Tungus-Manchu: *ara-
Korean: *ārắi
Japanese: *àrà-(ta-)
Comments: EAS 110, KW 13, Владимирцов 361. Low tone in *àrà-tà- is probably secondary (a result of some contamination?); cf. Yonaguni (suffixless) àrà- < *árá- 'new'. Despite Doerfer MT 44, TM is hardly borrowed from Mong. (although some forms - Evk., Evn. arai - are).
Proto-Altaic: *bŭ̀ĺì ( ~ -o-)
Meaning: joint, sinew
Russian meaning: сустав, сухожилие
Mongolian: *büli-ken
Tungus-Manchu: *bul-
Japanese: *pùsì
Comments: Дыбо 311, Лексика 250-251. {? Cf. PE *uɫiɣ- 'sinew from backbone'}
Proto-Altaic: *li̯òŋè
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of insect
Russian meaning: вид насекомого
Mongolian: *newne, *neɣüne
Tungus-Manchu: *loŋ-
Japanese: *nǝ̀mì ( ~ -ua-, -ui)
Comments: The root is not well attested and somewhat insecure, denoting some small insect (bug or butterfly). But the correspondences are regular and the match seems possible.
Proto-Altaic: *nébì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: new
Russian meaning: новый
Turkic: *jub-ga
Mongolian: *niɣu-n
Tungus-Manchu: *nebi
Korean: *nǝ̄-
Japanese: *nípí-
Comments: SKE 172, АПиПЯЯ 110, 279. Turkic has a vowel metathesis: *jub-ga < *jab-gu.
Proto-Altaic: *negle (~-a)
Meaning: snag, root
Russian meaning: колода, корень
Mongolian: *newle
Tungus-Manchu: *nelge
Korean: *nǝ̄r
Japanese: *nài (~ nìa)
Comments: ТМС 1, 619.
Proto-Altaic: *nelk`V
Meaning: new-born; spring
Russian meaning: новорожденный; весна
Mongolian: *nilka
Tungus-Manchu: *nelki
Comments: Владимирцов 369. A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
Proto-Altaic: *sìlá
Meaning: (almost) completely, additionally
Russian meaning: (почти) полностью, дополнительно
Turkic: *sil ?
Mongolian: *sila
Tungus-Manchu: *sila
Japanese: *sàrá
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 276. Martin (1996, 237) compares the Jpn. form with Kor. sái 'new', but this word has probably a different origin (see *zèjńa). The Turkic form is very poorly attested (only in MK's phrase) and somewhat dubious.
Proto-Altaic: *síŋri
Meaning: sinew
Russian meaning: жила, сухожилие
Turkic: *siŋir
Mongolian: *sinda-su
Tungus-Manchu: *sire-
Korean: *sì'úr
Comments: EAS 120, Мудрак Дисс. 43, Лексика 264.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ŏ̀gdú ( ~ z-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: vein, sinew
Russian meaning: жила, сухожилие
Mongolian: *sudal
Tungus-Manchu: *sigde
Japanese: *sùntí
Comments: A good common Altaic anatomical term.
Proto-Altaic: *si̯ŏ̀rme
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sinew
Russian meaning: жила
Mongolian: *sirmö- / *sirbö-
Tungus-Manchu: *sumu-
Korean: *hím
Comments: In Turkic cf. perhaps *sürmeč 'women's plait' (VEWT 438), Chuv. sǝrme kobъz 'violin' ('string instrument'). See SKE 63.
Proto-Altaic: *tèmò ( ~ -a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: root; strength, soul
Russian meaning: корень; сила, душа
Turkic: *dạmor
Mongolian: *daŋ-gi ( < *dam-gi)
Japanese: *tàmà
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 285, Лексика 264-265. Mong. tamir 'sinew; strength, force' is borrowed from Turkic (to judge from its phonology; see Щербак 1997, 153); but the comparison with daŋgi 'root' may be accepted only if one assumes a secondary assimilation *dam-gi > daŋgi.
Proto-Altaic: *t`ḗlV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: young lamb, calf
Russian meaning: ягненок, теленок
Turkic: *Tẹ̄l
Mongolian: *tölüge
Comments: A Turk.-Mong. isogloss. Mong. has -ö- under the secondary influence of töl 'newborn young animals' ( < Turk. *döl q. v.).
Proto-Altaic: *t`uĺi ( ~ -e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: seed, eggs
Russian meaning: семя, яйца
Turkic: *Tüĺ
Tungus-Manchu: *tola
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss. Mong. töl 'newborn animals' may reflect a merger of this root with a borrowing from Turk. *döl q. v.; but cf. perhaps tulbaɣa(n) (Khalkha tulbān) 'fry of the Siberian salmon', tulu 'Siberian salmon' - which can belong here if the meaning 'salmon fry' was original in Mongolian (with a later development > 'salmon' and consequent formation of the new derivative for 'salmon fry').
Proto-Altaic: *zèjńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: new
Russian meaning: новый
Turkic: *jaŋɨ / *jeŋi
Mongolian: *sine
Tungus-Manchu: *seńe-
Korean: *sái
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 58-59, 283, Лексика 85. Cf. also WMong. saja, Kalm. 'newly' (KW 316), EAS 72, probably a variant of the same root with different vocalization. Turkic reflects an attributive form (*jeŋi < *jeń-ki); medial *-j- has to be reconstructed because of the loss of *-ń- in Kor.
altet-meaning,altet-mong,altet-meaning,altet-mong,altet-meaning,altet-meaning,altet-meaning,altet-meaning,altet-reference,altet-meaning,
Total of 15 records

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