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Южнодравидийская этимология :

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\data\drav\sdret
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alamb-
Значение: weeds
Каннада: alabu, alubu
Каннада значение: name applied to different species of Alysicarpus and other leguminous plants
Каннада производные: (UNR) alubu weeds
Комментарии: Cf. Tel. alamu 'weeds' < PDR *alámb-? A Kan.-Telugu isogloss, hardly of PDR origin.
Номер по DED: 0244
Праюжно-дравидийский: *ăḷamb-
Значение: a k. of mushroom
Тамильский: āmpi, (PPTI) ampi
Тамильское значение: common mushroom
Малаялам: aḷāmbu
Малаяльское значение: (Tiyya) a variety of mushroom
Каннада: aṇabe, aṇambe, aḷambe, āḷambe
Каннада значение: mushroom
Тулу: lāmbu, nāmbu
Тулу значение: mushroom, toadstool, fungus
Тулу производные: (B-K.) alambu, aḷambu mushroom
Разное: KOR (T) armbi mushroom
Номер по DED: 0300
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alamb- ~ *alar_-
Значение: to chatter
PRNUM: PRNUM
Тамильский: allappan_
Тамильское значение: a chatterer
Тамильские производные: alappu (alappi-) to chatter, prattle, talk nonsense; alampu (alampi-) to sound, tinkle; alampal a loud noise; alavalai babbler; alavalaimai babbling; alavai woman that chatters ceaselessly; alar idle talk, gossip; alar_u (alar_i-) to roar, bellow, bleat, weep aloud, sorrow; alar_al loud cry, great sound; alar_r_u (alar_r_i-) to talk unceasingly and irregularly
Малаялам: alappan
Малаяльское значение: chatterer, prattler
Малаяльские производные: alappu chattering, confused noise; alavan loquacious babbler; alar_uka to roar, bellow, cry (as elephant, tiger, woman in labour); alarcca roaring, etc.; aḷavan boaster, exaggerator
Каннада: alar_u
Каннада значение: (PBh.) to cry aloud
Разное: IRU lāru to shout, roar, (woman) gossips
Комментарии: SDR presents evidence for two different stems, most probably descended from the same bisyllabic root *ala-. Not quite clear is the geminated -ll- in Tamil allappan_ (cf. its absence in Mal. alappan; possibly an irregularity of expressive character).
Номер по DED: 0245
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alaŋkōl-
Значение: disorder
Тамильский: alaŋkōlam
Тамильское значение: disorder, slovenliness
Малаялам: alaŋkōlam
Малаяльское значение: confusion, slovenliness
Каннада: allakallōla, allōlakallōla
Каннада значение: great agitation (as of water), confusion (of the mind), tumult, disorder, disturbance
Тулу: allambra
Тулу значение: agitation, alarm
Комментарии: An expressive stem, obviously connected with *alaŋ- q. v. Has an outside parallel in Telugu allakallōlamu.
Номер по DED: 0241
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alar-
Значение: to blossom
PRNUM: PRNUM
Тамильский: alar (-v-, -nt-)
Тамильское значение: to blossom, open up, spread (as rays of the sun, water), increase in size, manifest itself; n. full-blown flower
Тамильские производные: alartti process of blooming; alarttu (alartti-) to cause to blossom; alari flower
Малаялам: alar
Малаяльское значение: a blossom, opening flower
Малаяльские производные: alari a flower; alaruka to open (as flowers), be hot and dry; alarcca heat, lust
Каннада: alar, aral, araḷ, arlu
Каннада значение: to spread, become distended, open, blossom
Каннада производные: alar, aral, araḷ, alal a flower; alarike blossoming; alarisu, alarcu to cause to spread, blossom, etc.; aral-uṇi, alar-uṇi the large black humble bee, Bombinatrix glabra
Тулу: alaruni, araluni, araḷuni
Тулу значение: to open, expand, bloom, blossom
Тулу производные: aral-uṇi the black bee
Комментарии: Kannaḍa and Tulu present several variants with different kinds of assimilations and metatheses in the resonant department, which seems to be a rather common thing with stems ending in two resonants.
Номер по DED: 0247
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alar- (?)
Значение: beauty
Тамильский: alari
Тамильские производные: beauty
Каннада: alampu, lampu
Каннада значение: beauty, ornament, pleasure, magnificence
Комментарии: Possibly a derivative of *alar- 'to blossom', at least when it comes to the Tamil form. Kan. alampu is suspicious not only because of a different suffix, but also because of a variant with initial l-; aphaeresis is not common for any Kan. dialect, so an outside source would have to be suspected (most probably Telugu, although the form is not attested there). Cf. also Tel. alarāru 'to shine, glitter'.
Номер по DED: 0248
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alasanḍai
Значение: a k. of pulse
Малаялам: alaśaṇṭa
Малаяльское значение: Dolichos catjang
Малаяльские производные: alasāndram a kind of pulse
Каннада: alasandi, alasande, halasandi, halasande
Каннада значение: a generally cultivated pulse, Vigna catjang [= Dolichos catjang Lin.]
Каннада производные: alasandige a kind of pulse, D. biflorus
Тулу: alasaṇḍè (BRR, brahmin. dial.), lattanè, lattaṇḍè (non-brahmin dial.)
Тулу значение: a kind of pulse, (Männer) Dolichos catjang
Тулу производные: (B-K.) alataṇḍè = alasaṇḍè
Комментарии: A common SDR stem with irregularities typical for plant names. Possibly a compound, borrowed from some unknown extraneous source (cf. also the corresp. words in Indo-Aryan: Pkt. ālisaṃdaga-, ālisaṃdaya-, Mar. aḷasudā). The dialectal alternation -s-/-t- is common for Tulu. Less clear is the nature of the final cluster (retroflex articulation is reconstructed due to joint Malayalam-Tulu evidence, but dental -nd- in Kan. is unclear) and the auslaut vocalism of the stem (again, Malayalam and Tulu jointly speak in favour of *-ai). Mal. alasāndram looks like an even later reborrowing (from an Indo-Aryan source, maybe?). Cf. also Tel. alacandalu, etc.
Номер по DED: 0242
Праюжно-дравидийский: *ala-ṭ-
Значение: to tease, importune
Тамильский: alaṭṭu (alaṭṭi-)
Тамильское значение: to tease, annoy, pester, bluster, be boisterous; n. trouble, annoyance, importunity; raving, delirium
Тамильские производные: alaṭṭi bully, blusterer
Малаялам: alaṭṭuka
Малаяльское значение: to importune
Комментарии: A Tamil-Mayalam isogloss that is most probably related either to *alai- or *ala- q. v.
Номер по DED: 0243
Праюжно-дравидийский: *al-av-
Значение: to spill
Тамильский: alavu (alavi-)
Тамильское значение: to spill
Номер по DED: 0305
Праюжно-дравидийский: *ale
Значение: interjection
PRNUM: PRNUM
Каннада: ale
Каннада значение: interj. used in calling to woman
Номер по DED: 0251
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alg-
Значение: side; vulva
Тамильский: alkul
Тамильское значение: side, waist, pudendum muliebre
Малаялам: alkīṭam
Малаяльское значение: vulva
Пранильгирийский: *alg-
Комментарии: Unclear. In PN the root is only used within the compound *alg-elumb- lit. 'side-bone', whereas the Tamil and Malayalam forms do not match in the suffix (or is that a second root in a compound?) department. Burrow & Emeneau quote Skt. alga- 'groin', which has no IE etymology, but does not look like a Dravidian borrowing, either. It is possible that the root has penetrated both Dravidian and IA from some unknown source, and in Dravidian was most frequently used with euphemistic purposes.
Номер по DED: 0253
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḷ-i-
Значение: to be attached to, to love
Тамильский: aḷi (-v-, -nt-)
Тамильское значение: to be attached
Тамильские производные: (-pp-, -tt-) to protect, nourish, be gracious, show favour, create desire; n. love, grace, desire; aḷittu, aḷitu that which deserves pity; aḷintār loving persons; aḷiyan_ one who has great love, gracious benefactor; one who deserves protection
Малаялам: aḷi
Малаяльское значение: love, affection
Малаяльские производные: aḷikkuka to grant, bestow, protect; aḷiyan one who is kind and affectionate
Каннада: aḷipu, aḷupu
Каннада значение: to be addicted to, long for; n. hankering after, desire, love
Кодагу: aḷaviga
Кодагу значение: friend
Пранильгирийский: *aḷ-ĭ
Номер по DED: 0301
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḷ-i-
Значение: mellow; overripe
Тамильский: aḷi (-v-, -nt-)
Тамильское значение: to become mellow, be over-boiled
Тамильские производные: aḷaivu becoming soft as rice by over-cooking
Малаялам: aḷiyuka
Малаяльское значение: to be overripe, decay
Малаяльские производные: aḷiccal mellowness, decay
Тулу: aluŋguni
Тулу значение: to be soft (as a ripe fruit)
Номер по DED: 0302
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḷi-
Значение: son-in-law, brother-in-law
PRNUM: PRNUM
Малаялам: aḷiyan
Малаяльское значение: brother-in-law, wife's brother or sister's husband
Каннада: aḷiya
Каннада значение: son-in-law
Каннада производные: aḷiyatana state of being a son-in-law
Тулу: aḷiya
Тулу значение: son-in-law, nephew
Пранильгирийский: *aL-ĭ
Номер по DED: 2410
Праюжно-дравидийский: *ali- (~ *je-)
Значение: to melt, dissolve
PRNUM: PRNUM
Малаялам: aliyuka
Малаяльское значение: to melt, dissolve (as salt, heart)
Малаяльские производные: alikka, aliyikka to melt (tr.); aliccal, alivu melting, compassion; ali-ppuṇṇu foul ulcer
Кодагу: ali- (aliv-, aliñj-)
Кодагу значение: to dissolve (intr.)
Кодагу производные: (alip-, alic-) to dissolve (tr.)
Тулу: aliyuni
Тулу значение: to dissolve, decay
Тулу производные: eliyuni, ēluni to melt (intr.; as any soft substance, butter, lead, etc.); elipuni, elpuni, ēlāvuni id. (tr.) (?)
Комментарии: The Tulu alternation a-/e- is quite interesting as it could point to PSDR *jeli-. The correspondence "Mal. a- : Koḍ. a- : Tulu e-" is fairly normal in the case of PSDR *jā-, although in all such cases Tulu only shows ē- and never ā-. On the other hand, this would be the only known case of an initial *je- in a bisyllabic verbal root, which makes specific dialectal variations possible.
Номер по DED: 0250
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḷig-
Значение: a k. of vessel
Каннада: aḷige, aḷage
Каннада значение: a capacious earthen vessel to hold water or grain
Номер по DED: 0303
Праюжно-дравидийский: *al-k-
Значение: to shrink
Тамильский: alku (alki-)
Тамильское значение: to shrink, diminish, lessen
Тамильские производные: alkal deficiency, poverty; ak_ku (ak_ki-) to be reduced, shrink, be dejected, become closed (as a flower); (?) nalkūr (-v-, -nt-) to be poor, indigent, destitute; n. poverty
Каннада: akkuḍisu
Каннада значение: to become small, wane
Комментарии: A local and rather suspicious Tamil-Kan. isogloss. It is possible that the Tamil stem al-k- is merely a derivative of the negative verbal stem *al- (and ak_ku, with aytam, is just a dialectal development). Kan. akkuḍisu may be < *al-kuḍisu, but the derivation is unclear (the word would have to be a compound of some sorts). As for the inclusion in the same DEDR entry of Tam. nalkūr 'poor, indigent', it is but one more unfortunate consequence of overestimating the role of Dravidian 'variations' (this time, the so-called "n-/0- variation"); the word certainly has nothing to do with alku, and this is made even more obvious by the inclusion of the same word in a completely different entry (PSDR *nal-) - where it truly belongs.
Номер по DED: 0252
Праюжно-дравидийский: *all-
Значение: to knit, weave
PRNUM: PRNUM
Тамильский: allu (alli-)
Тамильское значение: to knit, build, weave; to interlace closely (intr.)
Каннада: allu
Каннада значение: to join, connect, knit nets, etc., plait, braid, wattle together
Номер по DED: 0260
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alli
Значение: water-lily
PRNUM: PRNUM
Тамильский: alli
Тамильское значение: waterlily, Nymphaea lotus, inner flower petals as opposed to pulli filament of stamen
Малаялам: alli
Малаяльское значение: pericarp of lotus with the surrounding filaments, anthers, stamen, lotus
Тулу: alli, allige
Тулу значение: waterlily, flower of N. speciosum
Номер по DED: 0256
Праюжно-дравидийский: *alli ~ *allai
Значение: iron-wood tree
PRNUM: PRNUM
Тамильский: alli
Тамильское значение: iron-wood tree, Memecylon edule
Каннада: alamar, (Lush.) alle
Каннада значение: a sp. of Memecylon
Кодагу: uḍɨt-ale
Кодагу значение: Memecylon edule
Тулу: alimarụ, alimārụ
Тулу значение: Memecylon
Комментарии: The word displays an unclear variation in the auslaut; it is also frequently used in the compound *allai-mar-, where the second component is obviously *mara- 'tree'.
Номер по DED: 0257
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