Изменить параметры просмотра
Перейти к английской версии
Выбор другой базы данных

Дравидийская этимология :

Новый запрос
Всего 2211 записей 111 страниц

Страницы: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Назад: 1
Вперед: 1 20 50 100
\data\drav\dravet
Прадравидийский: *a-/*ā
Значение: that (over there)
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *a
Прателугу:
Праколами-гадаба: *a-
Прагонди-куи: *a-
Прасеверно-дравидийский:
Брахуи: d-ā
Комментарии: In the North Dravidian database cf. also *ā-r, *ā-s, *ā-d, etc. (Additional derivative entries are also available in Telugu and other databases). For Brahui see DEDR 1. // Present in 6/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *al-
Значение: to weave, plait
Праюжнодравидийский: *all-
Прателугу: *all-
Праколами-гадаба: *al-
Прагонди-куи: *al-
Брахуи: all-ī
Комментарии: A good common PDR monosyllabic root. // Present in 5/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *al-
Значение: negative morpheme
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *al-
Прагонди-куи: *al-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *-l-
Брахуи: all-
Комментарии: A rather common negation morpheme with well-known Nostratic parallels. Its main competition is PDR *śil- with more or less the same meaning (sometimes the two forms are in complementary distribution between branches - e. g. only *śil- is found in Telugu, only all- in Brahui). // Present in 4/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *aḷ-
Значение: to sprinkle, bail out
PRNUM: PRNUM
Прателугу: *al-uk-
Праколами-гадаба: *aḷ-k-
Прагонди-куи: *aḷ-nǯ-
Прадравидийский: *àḷ-
Значение: fat; strength
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *ăḷ-
Прателугу: *alav-
Праколами-гадаба: *lāv
Прагонди-куи: *alāv-
Комментарии: It is not excluded that most of the Central Dravidian forms are re-borrowed from Telugu.
Прадравидийский: *àḷ-
Значение: cave, hole
Праюжнодравидийский: *ăḷ-
Прателугу: *lā-ŋ-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *al-p
Прадравидийский: *aḷ-
Значение: to fear, be afraid
Праюжнодравидийский: *aḷ-
Прателугу: *al-uk-
Прадравидийский: *al-
Значение: to spread, cover
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *aḷ-ur-
Прателугу: *alam-
Прагонди-куи: *almi-
Прадравидийский: *al- (?)
Значение: dog
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *al-ā
Комментарии: Isolated NDR forms. Tamil ñāḷ cannot belong here.
Прадравидийский: *alá-
Значение: to suffer (= to be weary)
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *ala- ~ *alai-
Прателугу: *ala-
Праколами-гадаба: *ala-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *al-g-
Брахуи: all-a
Комментарии: Cf. also Kui alāṛi 'fatigue, distress from fatigue, exhaustion'. See the South Dravidian entry for the possibility of separating SDR *ala- 'suffer' from SDR *alai- 'wander, shake; caus. harass, annoy'. In this respect it is interesting to consider some of the syncopated/non-syncopated doublets given by Burrow & Emeneau in the same entry: cf. Kui alāṛi vs. laha 'languor, laziness'; Kur. algā vs. layākoyā, etc. Of course, a final judgement is different to give based on lack of definitive knowledge on the rules of vowel reduction in Gondwan (not to mention North Dravidian, where initial l- is exceedingly rare in the first place). // Present in 5/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *aḷ-a-
Значение: to measure
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *aḷ-a-
Прателугу: *alV-
Прагонди-куи: *aLa-c-
Прадравидийский: *aḷ-a-
Значение: to mix; to join, approach
Праюжнодравидийский: *aḷ-a-
Прателугу: *lā-/*al-a-
Прагонди-куи: *lab- (?)
Брахуи: hall-ing
Комментарии: The PGn form is dubious.
Прадравидийский: *alá-
Значение: to make verbal noise
Праюжнодравидийский: *alamb- ~ *alar_-
Прателугу: *alV-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *al-G-
Комментарии: In Telugu the root has only been preserved as part of obscure or expressive compounds, but in SDR it is highly productive. PNDR *al-G- 'to laugh' is, for obvious reasons, set apart in DEDR, but there are actually no insurmountable obstacles to merging the two entries neither from the phonetic nor the semantic side. // Present in 3/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *alág-
Значение: blade; splint
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *alag-
Прателугу: *alVg-
Комментарии: Tamil distinguishes between alaku 'blade' and alakku 'splint'; however, given the general lack of stability among 2nd syllable stops, this differentiation should probably be considered secondary. The word formally resembles a verbal derivative, but no verbal stem like *alV- 'cut' or 'be sharp' is found in Dravidian. // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *alág-
Значение: parched rice
Праюжнодравидийский: *alag-
Прагонди-куи: *alg-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *alq-ṛā
Комментарии: A Tamil-Kui-Kurukh isogloss, probably referring to a special procedure of obtaining rice from paddy. // Present in 3/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *alái-
Значение: to wave, move from side to side, wander
Праюжнодравидийский: *alai- ~ *alaŋ-
Прателугу: *ala-
Прагонди-куи: *[V]l[V]-mb- (?)
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *al-
Комментарии: A good PDR root with many suffixal derivatives (*ala-ŋ-, *ala-mb-) and rather wide-reaching semantics. Occasional contaminations with *alá- 'to suffer, be confused' are noted. Not all the forms in DEDR 240 can actually belong here without violating correspondences: e. g. Kui lānga 'to be fickle, changeable' should be discarded because Kui l- < PGn (PDR) *ḷ-, whereas alveolar l usually yields ḍ- or ṛ- when found in initial position. // Present in 3/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *alái-
Значение: to rinse
Праюжнодравидийский: *alai-
Прателугу: *ala-
Комментарии: Burrow & Emeneau also include Kui akali 'rinsing' in the comparison, but the relation between these forms would have to be quite mysterious (metathesis from *ala-ki?). Auslaut -ai- is well reconstructible on the basis of SDR, which makes it possible to distinguish between this PDR root and, say, PDR *alá- 'to make verbal noise'. // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *alár-
Значение: to blossom
Праюжнодравидийский: *alar-
Прателугу: *alar-
Комментарии: The stem is never met without the final resonant, although it certainly cannot be guaranteed that *-r- was not detachable as a suffix in PDR. It is interesting to note the similarity between *alár- and PDR *mala[r]- with pretty much the same meaning. However, to treat this case as an irregular development *m- > 0- (see, e. g., [Андронов 1994: 86] ) is hardly admissible. Much more probable is semantic confusion between two originally different roots; in fact, SDR malar 'to blossom' may eventually be nothing but the result of contamination between *alár- and *mal- 'fertile, to abound'. // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *alé
Значение: vocative interjection
Праюжнодравидийский: *ale
Праколами-гадаба: *ale
Прагонди-куи: *ale
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *ale
Комментарии: A surprisingly well-represented common PDR interjection. // Present in 4/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *áli
Значение: iron-wood tree
Праюжнодравидийский: *alli ~ *allai
Прателугу: *alli
Комментарии: Reconstructed for the PDR-Telugu level. The stem often behaves in an irregular way, which is common for plant names in Dravidian. // Present in 2/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-ndr,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-meaning,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,
Всего 2211 записей 111 страниц

Страницы: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Назад: 1
Вперед: 1 20 50 100

Новый запрос
Выбор другой базы данных

Всего порождено страницВ том числе данным скриптом
20683237059
Инструкция
Сервер баз данных СтарЛингНаписан при помощиСценарии CGI
Copyright 1998-2003 С. СтаростинCopyright 1998-2003 Г. Бронников
Copyright 2005-2014 Ф. Крылов