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Дравидийская этимология :

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\data\drav\dravet
Прадравидийский: *aḍV́-
Значение: to strike
Праюжнодравидийский: *aḍu- ~ *aḍi- ~ *aḍar-
Прателугу: *aḍu- ~ *ḍa-
Праколами-гадаба: *aṭ-
Прагонди-куи: *aḍa-mb- ~ *aṭ-
Комментарии: Several different stems that may or may not go back to a single PDR root. The voiceless variant in PKG and Konda shows that the root could be monosyllabic as well (unless this is a regular development from a stem like *CVC-ú-). // Present in 4/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *aḍV́-
Значение: to be near; to happen
Праюжнодравидийский: *aḍu- ~ *aḍai-
Прателугу: *aḍ-a-
Прагонди-куи: *aḍ-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *aṭ-g-
Комментарии: SDR languages show significant evidence for two bases: *aḍú- ("be near to, approach") and *aḍái- ("reach, arrive, obtain"). Kannada and Tamil also have a monosyllabic stem *aṭ- "to put, place", but this is possibly the result of contamination with *anṭ- "to join, stick, paste". Cf. also *aḍ-[úŋ]- "to be piled up, arranged" which may be a historical derivative of the same root. PNDR *aṭ-g- < *aḍV́-k-. // Present in 4/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *aḍV́-
Значение: bad
Праколами-гадаба: *aḍ-r-, *aḍ-av-
Прагонди-куи: *aḍ-r-
Комментарии: The root is only found in Central Dravidian languages, but cannot be successfully derived from any prototype or traced back as a borrowing. // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agá-
Значение: 1 to appear 2 inside
Праюжнодравидийский: *aga-
Прателугу: *ak-, *ag-
Праколами-гадаба: *av-paḍ-
Комментарии: PKG *av-paḍ- < *aga-paḍ- (cf. Tamil aka-ppaṭu etc.). The root does not appear to have been preserved in its pure form outside South Dravidian. Inclusion of Telugu akku "breast" looks dubious since that form points to a monosyllabic *ak- rather than bisyllabic *agá-. // Present in 3/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agá-
Значение: to press, hold firmly
Праюжнодравидийский: *aga-
Прателугу: *ag-
Комментарии: A Kannada-Telugu isogloss. // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agáḍ-
Значение: viciousness; fault
Праюжнодравидийский: *agaḍ-u
Прателугу: *agaḍ-
Комментарии: // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agái
Значение: to be broken, torn
Праюжнодравидийский: *agai-
Прателугу: *agal-
Праколами-гадаба: *ag-
Комментарии: The original base has been further expanded with a resonant suffix in Telugu. // Present in 3/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agál-
Значение: 1 wide, broad 2 to leave, depart
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *agal-
Прателугу: *agal-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *agar-
Комментарии: South Dravidian and Telugu languages mostly agree in displaying a bisyllabic version of the stem. It is unclear how this ties in with Malto agare, where -ar- is a typical Malto suffix. Perhaps the Malto form < *agl-are? // Present in 3/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agál-
Значение: pot (earthen)
Праюжнодравидийский: *agal
Праколами-гадаба: *agl-
Комментарии: Possibly derived from *agá- "inside" (= "container, etc."). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agápai
Значение: ladle
Праюжнодравидийский: *agapai
Прателугу: *agapa
Комментарии: Possibly a recent derivative from *agá- "inside". // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agásaj-
Значение: common flax
Праюжнодравидийский: *agasai
Прателугу: *agis(i)ja
Комментарии: ? Cf. *agasti "pea-tree" (the semantic connection is unclear, but phonetically the attested forms are practically identical). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agásti
Значение: a k. of tree (pea-tree)
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *agasti
Прателугу: *agis-
Комментарии: A rather strange trisyllabic root with a peculiar inlaut cluster (possibly of some obscure non-Dravidian origin, although Nostratic parallels are also available). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agáẓ-
Значение: to dig
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *agaẓ-
Прателугу: *agaḍ-
Праколами-гадаба: *agṛ-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *arq-
Комментарии: A clearly bisyllabic verbal stem. The NDR forms present some trouble, but it is possible that *-rq- is here a regular development < *-ṛg- < *-gǝṛ-. // Present in 4/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *ággai
Значение: sprout, shoot
Праюжнодравидийский: *agai- / *aggai
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *aGb-ā
Комментарии: The geminated *-gg- ("original voiced") consonant is reconstructed on the basis of Tulu agge. All the other SDR forms reflect a variant *agái, possibly reflecting the original verbal form (i. e. PDR *ággai "shoot, sprout" vs. *agái "to flourish, sprout"). It is unclear how the Kurukh form ties into it and whether the -u- in it is relevant; if so, it is not excluded that the original form contained a cluster (*ágbai?). // Present in 2/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *agí-
Значение: to fear, tremble
Праюжнодравидийский: *agi-
Прателугу: *agV-r-
Комментарии: The original bisyllabic base is preserved in Kannada agi; all the other forms go back to a more complex form (agur- < *agi-r-?).
Прадравидийский: *agíl
Значение: eagle-wood
Праюжнодравидийский: *agil
Комментарии: A SDR isogloss with potential PDR status. // Present in 1/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *aj-
Значение: mother
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *āj
Прателугу: *t-āj-
Праколами-гадаба: *aj
Прагонди-куи: *aj-
Прасеверно-дравидийский: *aj-a
Комментарии: The word was used with pronominal prefixes in PDR: *tāy 'his, her mother', etc. (some of these forms are innovative). The vowel was presumably long only in prefixed forms, and later was analogized in such languages as Tamil (āy 'mother').
Прадравидийский: *ája-
Значение: an elder relative (father's brother; grandfather; father)
Праюжнодравидийский: *ajja-
Прателугу: *ajja
Праколами-гадаба: *aja-
Прагонди-куи: *V̄j-
Комментарии: A widespread Dravidian root, although the basic meaning 'father' should probably be deemed secondary due to PDR already possessing two more likely candidates: *ápa- (coll.) and *-and_- (hon.). Gondwan vocalism is obscured by possible traces of former pronominal prefixes. // Present in 4/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *ája- ~ *ajír-
Значение: to doubt, suspect
Праюжнодравидийский: *ajja- ~ *ajir-
Комментарии: Present in 1/6 branches.
Прадравидийский: *ak-
Значение: an elder relative
PRNUM: PRNUM
Праюжнодравидийский: *akā, *akai
Прателугу: *akka
Праколами-гадаба: *aka
Прагонди-куи: *ak-
Комментарии: The root forms several PDR stems; the most common is *ákā~*ákai "elder sister", but a PGn stem in *-o is also available, denoting a male rather than female relative. // Present in 4/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-notes,dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,
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