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Южнодравидийская этимология :

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Праюжно-дравидийский: "*ad{.}ai" | Метод запроса: Подстрока
Всего 11 записей
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai
Значение: betel leaf
Тамильский: aṭaku
Тамильское значение: greens, edible leaves
Тамильские производные: aṭai leaf, betel leaf, greens
Малаялам: aṭa
Малаяльское значение: leaf, betel
Номер по DED: 0059
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai- ~ *aḍaŋ-
Значение: to submit; to hide
Тамильский: aṭaŋku (aṭaŋki-)
Тамильское значение: to submit, be subdued, be compressed, cease, disappear, be comprised, settle, subside, sleep
Тамильские производные: aṭakku (aṭakki-) to control, repress, hide, conceal, bury; aṭakkam submission, patience, repose, etc.
Малаялам: aṭaŋŋuka
Малаяльское значение: to be pressed down, enclosed, contained, submit, yield, be allayed, calmed
Малаяльские производные: aṭakkuka to press down, subdue, swallow, allay, quiet; aṭakkam being contained; all, whole; self-control, modesty, secrecy
Каннада: aḍaŋgu, aḍagu
Каннада значение: to hide, be concealed, disappear, cease, be quenched, be appeased, be humbled, crouch, be contained in
Каннада производные: aḍaku to press, press into narrower compass, pack, subdue, control; aḍacu to press down, pack, stuff in, be humble, silence, shut as the mouth; aḍaka pressing into narrow compass, contracting, shrinking, hiding oneself, hiding place, being comprehended or contained in, abridgement; akku to subdue, bring under control; tāguḍi an ambush, lurking or hiding place
Кодагу: aḍak- (aḍaki-)
Кодагу значение: to hold in closed hands
Кодагу производные: aḍaka act of bringing within a compass, thriftiness, restrictions at festivals
Тулу: aḍēvuni, aḍēyuni
Тулу значение: to be concealed, hide
Тулу производные: deŋguni to be hidden, concealed, lie in ambush; (B-K.) aḍeŋgụ, ḍeŋgụ to hide; aḍeka small, narrow
Пранильгирийский: *aḍǝ-
Комментарии: The more archaic version of the stem, without the velar nasal suffix, is seen in Tulu aḍē-vuni.
Номер по DED: 0063
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai-pa-
Значение: pouch, bag
Тамильский: aṭappam, aṭaippam
Тамильское значение: betel pouch, barber's razor case
Малаялам: aṭappam, aṭappan
Малаяльское значение: betel purse, chunam pouch, barber's dressing case
Каннада: aḍapa, haḍapa
Каннада значение: a small bag, used as a pouch for areca nut and betel leaves, and by barbers as a dressing case
Тулу: aḍapa, haḍapa
Тулу значение: barber's dressing case
Комментарии: A derivative from *aḍai "betel leaf".
Номер по DED: 0064
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍu- ~ *aḍai-
Значение: to approach; to reach
Тамильский: aṭu (-pp-, -tt-)
Тамильское значение: to be next, near, approach, come in contact with, seek protection; to join (tr.), join together; to happen, occur
Тамильские производные: aṭai (-v-, -nt-) to reach, arrive at, take refuge in, go to roost, sit on eggs as a hen, obtain, get, enjoy; (-pp-, -tt-) to lease, entrust, bestow; n. joining, delivering, conveying, resort, refuge, deposit, incubation; aṭaippu lease; aṭaivu pledge, help, aid, refuge, perching place for birds; aṭaikkalam refuge, shelter, deposit; aṭaku, aṭaimān_am pledge, property mortgaged; aṭaiyal reaching; aṭaiccu (aṭaicci-) to put, place, insert (as flowers in the hair); aṭaicu (aṭaici-) to be joined, placed; aṭṭu (aṭṭi-) to put, place, put on
Малаялам: aṭuka (aṭṭu)
Малаяльское значение: to come into contact, come to be close upon
Малаяльские производные: aṭukka to come nigh, approach, close; aṭuppikka to bring near; aṭuppam, aṭuppu nearness; aṭakkaḷam shelter; aṭayuka to get into, come into possession, obtain; aṭekka to take in, receive, collect, pay in; aṭakkam possession, enjoyment; aṭa incubation; bail, pledge; shelter, refuge; aṭavu money that has come to hand; aṭamānam a pawn, mortgage
Каннада: aḍar
Каннада значение: to be united or joined with, arise, come, appear
Каннада производные: aḍarcu to bring together, set in readiness, prepare; aḍasu to join, be joined with, unite with, be near to, associate oneself to; aḍe to obtain, get; n. trust; aḍavu, aḍapu pawn, pledge, deposit, mortgage; aṭṭu to be within reach, keep close to, follow, run after, pursue; to put; n. closeness, pursuing, putting, placing
Кодагу: aḍɨ- (aḍɨp-, aḍɨt-)
Кодагу значение: to approach
Тулу: aḍavu, aḍāvu
Тулу значение: mortgage, pledge
Тулу производные: aḍepuni, aḍevuni to roost, perch; aṭṭuni to put
Пранильгирийский: *aḍ-
Номер по DED: 0079
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍḍa- ~ *aḍai-
Значение: to shut, close; to obstruct
Тамильский: aṭai (-pp-, -tt-)
Тамильское значение: to shut, close, obstruct, block (as a passage), stop up, put in, pack, lock, fasten, imprison, conceal; to be obstructed (as the ear, throat)
Тамильские производные: aṭaiccu (aṭaicci-) to shut, close; aṭaippu shutting, closing, fence, obstruction, plug; aṭṭam opposition, cross direction, enmity, rivalry; aṭṭi hindrance, obstacle, delay; aṭṭaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇai-kkāl folded legs in sitting cross-legged
Малаялам: aṭa
Малаяльское значение: a lock
Малаяльские производные: aṭayuka to be shut, shut up, be enclosed; aṭavu stoppage, block, obstruction; aṭekka to shut, obstruct, block up, lock; to be shut, rendered impervious; aṭeppu, aṭappu obstruction, whatever covers or closes a hole, stopper; aṭappam, aṭappan a stopper, cork; aṭeppikka to cause to lock or shut; aṭṭam what is across, transverse, thwarting
Каннада: aḍe
Каннада значение: to be enclosed, barred, shut up, choked; to shut, lock, obstruct, close up, enclose, confine, imprison, stop the passage
Каннада производные: aḍavu an impediment, anything to obstruct; aḍa, aḍḍa, aḍḍā, aḍḍe state of being across, transverse, or in the way, state of being broadwise or horizontal, crosswise; obstructing, an obstruction; state of being contrary or perverse; aḍḍane, aḍane across, transversely; aḍḍayisu, aḍḍagisu, aḍḍaysu, aḍḍavisu to move obliquely or obstructingly, make opposition, obstruct, impede, intervene, conceal; aḍḍayisuha obstruction, opposition; aḍḍaysuha going transversely, concealment; aḍḍal crossing, obstructing, obstacle, across, sideways; aḍḍi an obstacle, opposition, delay; aḍḍana, aḍḍaṇa a shield; āṭaŋka, ātaŋka obstruction, obstacle, restraint
Кодагу: aḍe- (aḍev-, aḍand-)
Кодагу значение: (gap) is stopped
Кодагу производные: aḍa- (aḍap-, aḍat-) to stop (gap, hole); aḍḍa crosswise; aḍḍa būḷ- to prostrate oneself (lit. fall horizontal)
Тулу: aḍepuni, aḍevuni, aḍeŋguni
Тулу значение: to shut, close
Тулу производные: aḍepu act of shutting, clossing, finishing; aḍakụ, aḍaka, aḍēke, aṭaka, aṭakāvu obstacle, hindrance; aḍḍa id., horizontal, intervening; across, athwart; rafter; aḍḍakaṭṭè a dam; aḍḍakāru the bent knee; aḍḍa boruni to prostrate, bow down; aḍḍa kaṭṭuni to dam up, shut in, hinder, prevent, screen; aḍḍi obstacle, opposition; aḍḍaṇa, aḍḍaṇè, aḍana a shield; āṭaŋkụ, āṭaŋka hindrance, obstacle
Пранильгирийский: *aḍ[ḍ]-
Номер по DED: 0083
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai- ~ *aḍi-
Значение: heap; to collect
Тамильский: aṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Тамильское значение: to collect, gather (as dust), become close, compact, hard (as sand by rain)
Тамильские производные: aṭai-maẓai continuous rain; aṭai-maṇ silt, alluvium; aṭaicu (aṭaici-) to crowd, get close together, shower upon; aṭaical crowded condition, density; aṭar (-v-, -nt-) to be close together, thick, crowded; to press around, hem in; aṭarppam, aṭartti, (PR) aṭarcci closeness, crowdedness; aṭarvu thickness, denseness; aṭi (-pp-, -tt-) to be on the increase, abound; aṭikkaṭi frequently, often; aṭacu (aṭaci-) to be crowded
Малаялам: aṭa-maẓa
Малаяльское значение: incessant rain
Малаяльские производные: aṭal incessant (of rain); aṭikkaṭi repeatedly; aṭṭi keṭṭuka, aṭṭikku iṭuka to pile up, ram, pack close
Каннада: aḍḍa
Каннада значение: abundance (used of rain)
Каннада производные: aḍar to appear in numbers, to amass (as clouds); aṭṭu state of being crowded or thronged, pressed or squeezed; aṭṭuḷi a crowd, multitude, state of being squeezed; aḍe a sticky, clotty mass, a lump (as of dates, tamarind, sugar, hair, etc.)
Тулу: aṭṭi
Тулу значение: a pile, heap of rice
Тулу производные: aṭāra widespread, as the branches of a tree; aḍarụ copse
Пранильгирийский: *aḍ-ĭ-
Комментарии: Kannada aḍḍa, with a voiced geminate, and Tulu aṭṭi deviate from the general mass of forms with strong verbal suffixes. It is possible that all the stems go back to an original monosyllabic *aṭṭ- (*aḍḍ-?), but contaminations and occasional dialectisms are not excluded either.
Номер по DED: 0084
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai-
Значение: to preserve; pickle
Тамильский: aṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Тамильское значение: to be preserved (as pickles)
Тамильские производные: aṭai-māŋkāy mango pickles
Каннада: aḍe
Каннада значение: to preserve, pickle, season fruits with salt
Тулу: aḍaŋ-gāyi
Тулу значение: a kind of pickle
Комментарии: A SDR isogloss; perhaps the same root as *aḍḍa- ~ *aḍai- "to shut, close" ("preserve" = "prevent from spoiling").
Номер по DED: 0085
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai, *aḍai-kal
Значение: support, prop; anvil
Тамильский: aṭai
Тамильское значение: prop. slight support
Тамильские производные: aṭai-kal anvil
Малаялам: aṭa-kkallu
Малаяльское значение: anvil of goldsmiths
Каннада: aḍe, aḍa, aḍi
Каннада значение: the piece of wood on which the five artisans put the article which they happen to operate upon, a support
Каннада производные: aḍegal, aḍagallu, aḍigallu anvil
Тулу: aṭṭè
Тулу значение: a support, stand
Пранильгирийский: *aḍ-gal
Комментарии: A common SDR stem (including the compound variant *aḍai-kal "anvil" where *kal = "stone") with a parallel in Telugu. External parallels are problematic; the word may be related to some of the *aḍV-type verbal stems, although semantic connections are unclear.
Номер по DED: 0086
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai
Значение: thin cake (wafer)
Тамильский: aṭai
Тамильское значение: thin cake, wafer
Малаялам: aṭa
Малаяльское значение: a cake made of uṛunnu [Phaseolus radiatus]
Каннада: aḍe
Каннада значение: a kind of thin bread or cake of rice flour
Тулу: aḍḍyè
Тулу значение: a cake, pudding
Комментарии: A SDR isogloss.
Номер по DED: 0087
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai-kāj
Значение: areca-nut
Тамильский: aṭaikkāy
Тамильское значение: areca-nut (betel-nut)
Малаялам: aṭakka, aṭekka
Малаяльское значение: betel pouch
Каннада: aḍake, aḍa, aḍike
Каннада значение: areca, areca palm, Areca catechu Lin., and its nut
Каннада производные: aḍakottu, aḍagatti, aḍagartti scissors for cutting areca-nut
Кодагу: aḍake
Кодагу значение: areca-nut
Тулу: aḍḍa-katteri, iḍa-katteri
Тулу значение: betel-nut cracker
Пранильгирийский: *aḍä
Разное: KOR (T) ḍakke areca nut
Комментарии: A compound: *aḍai "betel; areca" + *kāj "fruit". The second root becomes reduced in most languages due to its post-tonic position. For the other compound (*aḍai-kat- "instrument for cracking betel nuts") cf. *kati "knife".
Номер по DED: 0088
Праюжно-дравидийский: *aḍai[j]āḷ-
Значение: mark, sign, symbol
Тамильский: aṭaiyāḷam
Тамильское значение: mark, symbol, emblem, seal
Малаялам: aṭayāḷam
Малаяльское значение: mark, sign
Каннада: aḍayāḷa
Каннада значение: mark, sign
Пранильгирийский: *aḍjāḷ-
Комментарии: A solid SDR root with no outside connections except Telugu. It is tempting to analyse it as a compound (*aḍai- + *[j]āḷ-?], but neither of the two parts makes much sense.
Номер по DED: 0089
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