Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : "*ad{.}ai" | Query method: Match substring
Total of 11 records
\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai
Meaning : betel leaf
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭaku
Tamil meaning : greens, edible leaves
Tamil derivates : aṭai leaf, betel leaf, greens
Malayalam : aṭa
Malayalam meaning : leaf, betel
Number in DED : 0059
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai- ~ *aḍaŋ-
Meaning : to submit; to hide
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭaŋku (aṭaŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to submit, be subdued, be compressed, cease, disappear, be comprised, settle, subside, sleep
Tamil derivates : aṭakku (aṭakki-) to control, repress, hide, conceal, bury; aṭakkam submission, patience, repose, etc.
Malayalam : aṭaŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to be pressed down, enclosed, contained, submit, yield, be allayed, calmed
Malayalam derivates : aṭakkuka to press down, subdue, swallow, allay, quiet; aṭakkam being contained; all, whole; self-control, modesty, secrecy
Kannada : aḍaŋgu, aḍagu
Kannada meaning : to hide, be concealed, disappear, cease, be quenched, be appeased, be humbled, crouch, be contained in
Kannada derivates : aḍaku to press, press into narrower compass, pack, subdue, control; aḍacu to press down, pack, stuff in, be humble, silence, shut as the mouth; aḍaka pressing into narrow compass, contracting, shrinking, hiding oneself, hiding place, being comprehended or contained in, abridgement; akku to subdue, bring under control; tāguḍi an ambush, lurking or hiding place
Kodagu : aḍak- (aḍaki-)
Kodagu meaning : to hold in closed hands
Kodagu derivates : aḍaka act of bringing within a compass, thriftiness, restrictions at festivals
Tulu : aḍēvuni, aḍēyuni
Tulu meaning : to be concealed, hide
Tulu derivates : deŋguni to be hidden, concealed, lie in ambush; (B-K.) aḍeŋgụ, ḍeŋgụ to hide; aḍeka small, narrow
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍǝ-
Notes : The more archaic version of the stem, without the velar nasal suffix, is seen in Tulu aḍē-vuni.
Number in DED : 0063
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai-pa-
Meaning : pouch, bag
Tamil : aṭappam, aṭaippam
Tamil meaning : betel pouch, barber's razor case
Malayalam : aṭappam, aṭappan
Malayalam meaning : betel purse, chunam pouch, barber's dressing case
Kannada : aḍapa, haḍapa
Kannada meaning : a small bag, used as a pouch for areca nut and betel leaves, and by barbers as a dressing case
Tulu : aḍapa, haḍapa
Tulu meaning : barber's dressing case
Notes : A derivative from *aḍai "betel leaf".
Number in DED : 0064
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍu- ~ *aḍai-
Meaning : to approach; to reach
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭu (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be next, near, approach, come in contact with, seek protection; to join (tr.), join together; to happen, occur
Tamil derivates : aṭai (-v-, -nt-) to reach, arrive at, take refuge in, go to roost, sit on eggs as a hen, obtain, get, enjoy; (-pp-, -tt-) to lease, entrust, bestow; n. joining, delivering, conveying, resort, refuge, deposit, incubation; aṭaippu lease; aṭaivu pledge, help, aid, refuge, perching place for birds; aṭaikkalam refuge, shelter, deposit; aṭaku, aṭaimān_am pledge, property mortgaged; aṭaiyal reaching; aṭaiccu (aṭaicci-) to put, place, insert (as flowers in the hair); aṭaicu (aṭaici-) to be joined, placed; aṭṭu (aṭṭi-) to put, place, put on
Malayalam : aṭuka (aṭṭu)
Malayalam meaning : to come into contact, come to be close upon
Malayalam derivates : aṭukka to come nigh, approach, close; aṭuppikka to bring near; aṭuppam, aṭuppu nearness; aṭakkaḷam shelter; aṭayuka to get into, come into possession, obtain; aṭekka to take in, receive, collect, pay in; aṭakkam possession, enjoyment; aṭa incubation; bail, pledge; shelter, refuge; aṭavu money that has come to hand; aṭamānam a pawn, mortgage
Kannada : aḍar
Kannada meaning : to be united or joined with, arise, come, appear
Kannada derivates : aḍarcu to bring together, set in readiness, prepare; aḍasu to join, be joined with, unite with, be near to, associate oneself to; aḍe to obtain, get; n. trust; aḍavu, aḍapu pawn, pledge, deposit, mortgage; aṭṭu to be within reach, keep close to, follow, run after, pursue; to put; n. closeness, pursuing, putting, placing
Kodagu : aḍɨ- (aḍɨp-, aḍɨt-)
Kodagu meaning : to approach
Tulu : aḍavu, aḍāvu
Tulu meaning : mortgage, pledge
Tulu derivates : aḍepuni, aḍevuni to roost, perch; aṭṭuni to put
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ-
Number in DED : 0079
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍḍa- ~ *aḍai-
Meaning : to shut, close; to obstruct
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to shut, close, obstruct, block (as a passage), stop up, put in, pack, lock, fasten, imprison, conceal; to be obstructed (as the ear, throat)
Tamil derivates : aṭaiccu (aṭaicci-) to shut, close; aṭaippu shutting, closing, fence, obstruction, plug; aṭṭam opposition, cross direction, enmity, rivalry; aṭṭi hindrance, obstacle, delay; aṭṭaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇaŋ-kāl, aṭṭaṇai-kkāl folded legs in sitting cross-legged
Malayalam : aṭa
Malayalam meaning : a lock
Malayalam derivates : aṭayuka to be shut, shut up, be enclosed; aṭavu stoppage, block, obstruction; aṭekka to shut, obstruct, block up, lock; to be shut, rendered impervious; aṭeppu, aṭappu obstruction, whatever covers or closes a hole, stopper; aṭappam, aṭappan a stopper, cork; aṭeppikka to cause to lock or shut; aṭṭam what is across, transverse, thwarting
Kannada : aḍe
Kannada meaning : to be enclosed, barred, shut up, choked; to shut, lock, obstruct, close up, enclose, confine, imprison, stop the passage
Kannada derivates : aḍavu an impediment, anything to obstruct; aḍa, aḍḍa, aḍḍā, aḍḍe state of being across, transverse, or in the way, state of being broadwise or horizontal, crosswise; obstructing, an obstruction; state of being contrary or perverse; aḍḍane, aḍane across, transversely; aḍḍayisu, aḍḍagisu, aḍḍaysu, aḍḍavisu to move obliquely or obstructingly, make opposition, obstruct, impede, intervene, conceal; aḍḍayisuha obstruction, opposition; aḍḍaysuha going transversely, concealment; aḍḍal crossing, obstructing, obstacle, across, sideways; aḍḍi an obstacle, opposition, delay; aḍḍana, aḍḍaṇa a shield; āṭaŋka, ātaŋka obstruction, obstacle, restraint
Kodagu : aḍe- (aḍev-, aḍand-)
Kodagu meaning : (gap) is stopped
Kodagu derivates : aḍa- (aḍap-, aḍat-) to stop (gap, hole); aḍḍa crosswise; aḍḍa būḷ- to prostrate oneself (lit. fall horizontal)
Tulu : aḍepuni, aḍevuni, aḍeŋguni
Tulu meaning : to shut, close
Tulu derivates : aḍepu act of shutting, clossing, finishing; aḍakụ, aḍaka, aḍēke, aṭaka, aṭakāvu obstacle, hindrance; aḍḍa id., horizontal, intervening; across, athwart; rafter; aḍḍakaṭṭè a dam; aḍḍakāru the bent knee; aḍḍa boruni to prostrate, bow down; aḍḍa kaṭṭuni to dam up, shut in, hinder, prevent, screen; aḍḍi obstacle, opposition; aḍḍaṇa, aḍḍaṇè, aḍana a shield; āṭaŋkụ, āṭaŋka hindrance, obstacle
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ[ḍ]-
Number in DED : 0083
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai- ~ *aḍi-
Meaning : heap; to collect
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to collect, gather (as dust), become close, compact, hard (as sand by rain)
Tamil derivates : aṭai-maẓai continuous rain; aṭai-maṇ silt, alluvium; aṭaicu (aṭaici-) to crowd, get close together, shower upon; aṭaical crowded condition, density; aṭar (-v-, -nt-) to be close together, thick, crowded; to press around, hem in; aṭarppam, aṭartti, (PR) aṭarcci closeness, crowdedness; aṭarvu thickness, denseness; aṭi (-pp-, -tt-) to be on the increase, abound; aṭikkaṭi frequently, often; aṭacu (aṭaci-) to be crowded
Malayalam : aṭa-maẓa
Malayalam meaning : incessant rain
Malayalam derivates : aṭal incessant (of rain); aṭikkaṭi repeatedly; aṭṭi keṭṭuka, aṭṭikku iṭuka to pile up, ram, pack close
Kannada : aḍḍa
Kannada meaning : abundance (used of rain)
Kannada derivates : aḍar to appear in numbers, to amass (as clouds); aṭṭu state of being crowded or thronged, pressed or squeezed; aṭṭuḷi a crowd, multitude, state of being squeezed; aḍe a sticky, clotty mass, a lump (as of dates, tamarind, sugar, hair, etc.)
Tulu : aṭṭi
Tulu meaning : a pile, heap of rice
Tulu derivates : aṭāra widespread, as the branches of a tree; aḍarụ copse
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ-ĭ-
Notes : Kannada aḍḍa, with a voiced geminate, and Tulu aṭṭi deviate from the general mass of forms with strong verbal suffixes. It is possible that all the stems go back to an original monosyllabic *aṭṭ- (*aḍḍ-?), but contaminations and occasional dialectisms are not excluded either.
Number in DED : 0084
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai-
Meaning : to preserve; pickle
Tamil : aṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to be preserved (as pickles)
Tamil derivates : aṭai-māŋkāy mango pickles
Kannada : aḍe
Kannada meaning : to preserve, pickle, season fruits with salt
Tulu : aḍaŋ-gāyi
Tulu meaning : a kind of pickle
Notes : A SDR isogloss; perhaps the same root as *aḍḍa- ~ *aḍai- "to shut, close" ("preserve" = "prevent from spoiling").
Number in DED : 0085
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai, *aḍai-kal
Meaning : support, prop; anvil
Tamil : aṭai
Tamil meaning : prop. slight support
Tamil derivates : aṭai-kal anvil
Malayalam : aṭa-kkallu
Malayalam meaning : anvil of goldsmiths
Kannada : aḍe, aḍa, aḍi
Kannada meaning : the piece of wood on which the five artisans put the article which they happen to operate upon, a support
Kannada derivates : aḍegal, aḍagallu, aḍigallu anvil
Tulu : aṭṭè
Tulu meaning : a support, stand
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ-gal
Notes : A common SDR stem (including the compound variant *aḍai-kal "anvil" where *kal = "stone") with a parallel in Telugu. External parallels are problematic; the word may be related to some of the *aḍV-type verbal stems, although semantic connections are unclear.
Number in DED : 0086
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai
Meaning : thin cake (wafer)
Tamil : aṭai
Tamil meaning : thin cake, wafer
Malayalam : aṭa
Malayalam meaning : a cake made of uṛunnu [Phaseolus radiatus]
Kannada : aḍe
Kannada meaning : a kind of thin bread or cake of rice flour
Tulu : aḍḍyè
Tulu meaning : a cake, pudding
Notes : A SDR isogloss.
Number in DED : 0087
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai-kāj
Meaning : areca-nut
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭaikkāy
Tamil meaning : areca-nut (betel-nut)
Malayalam : aṭakka, aṭekka
Malayalam meaning : betel pouch
Kannada : aḍake, aḍa, aḍike
Kannada meaning : areca, areca palm, Areca catechu Lin., and its nut
Kannada derivates : aḍakottu, aḍagatti, aḍagartti scissors for cutting areca-nut
Kodagu : aḍake
Kodagu meaning : areca-nut
Tulu : aḍḍa-katteri, iḍa-katteri
Tulu meaning : betel-nut cracker
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍä
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) ḍakke areca nut
Notes : A compound: *aḍai "betel; areca" + *kāj "fruit". The second root becomes reduced in most languages due to its post-tonic position. For the other compound (*aḍai-kat- "instrument for cracking betel nuts") cf. *kati "knife".
Number in DED : 0088
Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai[j]āḷ-
Meaning : mark, sign, symbol
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭaiyāḷam
Tamil meaning : mark, symbol, emblem, seal
Malayalam : aṭayāḷam
Malayalam meaning : mark, sign
Kannada : aḍayāḷa
Kannada meaning : mark, sign
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍjāḷ-
Notes : A solid SDR root with no outside connections except Telugu. It is tempting to analyse it as a compound (*aḍai- + *[j]āḷ-?], but neither of the two parts makes much sense.
Number in DED : 0089
sdret-notes,
Total of 11 records

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
115722035
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov