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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: "*a{>}l" | Query method: Match substring
Total of 4 records
\data\alt\turcet
Proto-Turkic: *ăl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 lower side, below 2 (as adj.) being below , lower
Russian meaning: 1 низ, нижняя сторона 2 нижний
Old Turkic: altɨn 2 (Yen. ПМК 90, OUygh.)
Karakhanid: altɨn 2 (MK, IM), alt 1 (\X<1.193>Tefs.\x)
Turkish: alt 1
Tatar: alt 1 (dial., ЯБТ 126)
Sary-Yughur: altɨ 1 (ЯЖУ 14)
Azerbaidzhan: alt 1
Khakassian: altɨ 1
Shor: altɨ 1
Oyrat: ald 1, altɨɣɨ 2; altɨ 1 {(Баск. Туба)}
Halaj: a[:]lt 1
Chuvash: old(ъ) 'gusset'
Yakut: alɨn 1
Dolgan: alɨn 1
Tuva: a'ldɨ 1
Tofalar: aldɨn 'в низовье реки' (Рас. ФиЛ 153)
Kirghiz: ald(ɨ) 1
Gagauz: alt 1
Karaim: alt 1 (K)
Comments: VEWT 14, ЭСТЯ 1, 140-141, Stachowski 32. VEWT confuses (after Bang and Brockelmann) the roots *al- 'below' and *āl 'front'. They are indeed mixed in Kirgh. and Oyr. lit., where we have ald 'front, below', but are distinguished in dialects (Tuba: ald 'front', with a voicing in the consonant cluster after an old long vowel, but altɨ 'below'). The Chuv. form probably goes back to the compound *koltuk altɨ 'axillary concavity, gusset' (attested in Tur., Gag., Az., see Дыбо 154). Most languages reflect *al-tɨ- (the simple form al is not attested, see the discussion in EDT 121), but the reality of the root *ăl is proved by a different derivative in Yakut. Cf. also Sib.-Tat. alaša 'low, low place' (КСТТ 100). Another possible old derivative in -čak may be PT *aĺ(č)ak (Karakh. ašaq, Turkm. ašāq etc., see ЭСТЯ 1, 214-215) 'below, bottom part; low, humble': its traditional derivation from *āĺ- 'to cross (a mountain)' is unsatisfactory both phonetically and semantically. A certain problem is the attribution of the adjective *al-čak (see ЭСТЯ 1, 143-144, EDT 129). Older occurrences of alčaq (MK, KB, Tefs., Rabg. etc.) present the meaning 'modest, humble'; cf. also Sib.-Tat. alcaq 'valetudinarian' (КСТТ 101), Turkm. alčak 'affable' and perhaps Tur. alčak 'mean, vile', alča- 'to offend, humiliate'. This group of forms may in fact reflect a different root, otherwise represented by PT *Alɨg, see under *ā̀le 'weak, tired'. Another group of forms - Chag. alčaq 'bas' (Pav. C.), Tur., Az., Crim.-Tat. (and Oghuz texts like Korkut) alčaq 'low, low place' probably represents an Oghuz innovative derivation in -čak from the root al- (which is why -lč- did not yield -š- here), perhaps influenced by Mong. alča-gar, alča-n 'stunted, undersized', derived from Mong. alčaji- 'to spread legs apart'.
Proto-Turkic: *ăl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become weak 2 bad 3 to be vile (of a man), to turn septic (of a wound) 4 weak, inferior 5 upset 6 old, worn-out 7 crazy 8 lazy man 9 to hurry 10 fool 11 to go mad 12 to deceive 13 perplexed 14 dumb, foolish 15 doubt, surprise 16 error 17 be in doubt, perplexed 18 absent-minded, unattentive 19 weakness
Russian meaning: 1 слабеть 2 дурной 3 быть подлым (о человеке), воспаляться (о ране) 4 слабый, худший 5 расстроенный 6 старый, изношенный 7 безумный, ошалелый 8 лентяй 9 торопиться 10 дурак 11 сходить с ума 12 обманывать 13 растерянный 14 глупый, простоватый 15 сомнение, удивление 16 ошибка 17 сомневаться, сбиваться, путаться 18 рассеянный, невнимательный 19 чахлость, немощь
Old Turkic: alaŋ-a-d- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: alɨɣ 2 (MK), alɨq- 3 (MK, KB)
Turkish: alɨk, (Osm.) alu 4, alaz, alɨz 4 (dial.), alkɨn 5 (dial.)
Tatar: ala-ma 2, 6
Middle Turkic: aluq 7 (Abush. 27)
Uighur: alaq, alaŋ 7
Sary-Yughur: alɣač 8 (ЯЖУ 14)
Turkmen: al-ŋ-a-sa- 9
Khakassian: alɨɣ 10, alas 5, al-ɨn-, al-ax- 11, (caus.) 12
Shor: al-aq-tɨr- (caus. from *al-aq-) 12, al-aq-qan 13, alɨɣ 10, al-ɨn- 11
Oyrat: alā (< alaɣ) 14, alu (< alɨɣ) 10, alaŋ 15, alɣas 5, al-ɨn- 11
Yakut: alɣas 16
Tuva: alāq- 17, alaŋ 15
Kirghiz: alaŋ, alaɣ-dɨ 18
Kazakh: alaŋ 18
Noghai: ala-ŋ-ɣa-s-ar 18
Bashkir: alama 2, 6, al-jawu 11
Balkar: alɨn- 11
Gagauz: alɨq 7, 10
Karaim: alas 19
Karakalpak: alaŋ 18
Comments: VEWT 16-17, TMN 2, 116, EDT 129, 138, 149, ЭСТЯ 1, 132, 145-146, Clark 1977, 128. See also Oghuz *al-čak sub *ăl 'below'. Tends to contaminate with *āl 'red' and *āla 'variegated', cf. Uygh. al-gädän 'naïve' ('red nape'), Turkm. āla-samsɨk 'foolish' ('variegated fool'), Bashk. al-jot 'fool' ('red fellow'). KW 7. Turk. *algaz > MMong. alɣasa- 'faul, nachlassig sein' (SH), then Mong. > Kirgh., KBalk., Kum. alɣasa(r)-, Nogh. alas-la-r- 'to become embarrassed', (Karaim) 'to be scared' etc. Despite Sevortyan, Tokharian A ālās 'iners, ignavus' (Poucha 27), B alās- 'be sick' (Sieg-Siegling 91) not < Turk., but < Sanskr. alasa.
Proto-Turkic: *Ălaŋɨr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of rat, jerboa
Russian meaning: вид крысы, тушканчик
Karakhanid: alaŋɨr (MK)
Middle Turkic: alaŋɣarat 'gros rat' (Pav. C. 30)
Turkmen: alaqa 'gopher', alaŋŋɨrt 'field mouse'
Comments: EDT 149.
Proto-Turkic: *ălp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 difficult, hard 2 warrior 3 hero 4 brave 5 giant 6 landlord
Russian meaning: 1 трудный 2 воин 3 герой 4 храбрый 5 великан 6 помещик, землевладелец
Old Turkic: alp 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.); alp-a-ɣut 2 (OUygh.).
Karakhanid: alp 2, 4 (MK, KB, Tefs., IM); alpaɣut 2 (MK)
Turkish: alp 3, 4
Tatar: alɨp 3, 5, alpawɨt 2
Middle Turkic: alp 2, 3 (Sngl.)
Uzbek: alp 3
Uighur: alpawut 2
Khakassian: alɨp 4, albɨx- 'to act as a meddler'
Shor: alɨp 4
Oyrat: alɨp 4
Chuvash: olъp 5, olbut 2
Yakut: alɨp 'witchcraft; part of some names of spirits'
Tuva: albɨq- 'to pant, stifle', albā- 'to lapse into oblivion'
Kirghiz: alp 3, 4, 5, albūt 'hot-tempered'
Kazakh: alɨp 5, albɨt, albɨrt 'hot-tempered'
Bashkir: alpawɨt 2, alpamɨša 5 (from Alp Amɨša, a folklore name, = Tat.)
Karaim: alp 'chief', alpawut 'gentry man'
Karakalpak: alp 3, 5, albɨra- 'be exhausted, embarassed'
Comments: EDT 127-128, VEWT 18, ЭСТЯ I 139, Федотов 2, 276. Clauson's hypothesis that the reflexes of *alpawut in recent languages are the result of a re-borrowing from Mong. (cf. Lit. Mong. albaɣut (Kow. 84) < Turk.), partly contaminated with Mong. alban 'tax', is unnecessary: a semantic shift 'warrior' > 'gentry' > 'landlord' seems to be natural. Cf. a borrowing from Mong. alba-tu in Tuva, Oyr. albatu, albatɨ, Kirgh. albatɨ 'tax-payers, people'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-reference,turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,
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