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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"honeyface="Times New Roman Star"мед
face="Times New Roman Star"bal (MK Suvar, Kypchak, Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|lface="Times New Roman Star"bal
face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"pal

face="Times New Roman Star"pyl



face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal, palface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, EDT 330, Ё—“я 2, 47. Turk. > Mong. bal (ўербак 1997, 103).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bolface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"abundant, fullface="Times New Roman Star"обильный, полный

face="Times New Roman Star"bolface="Times New Roman Star"mul
face="Times New Roman Star"bo|l (Chag.), mo|l (Uzb.)


face="Times New Roman Star"bol



face="Times New Roman Star"pu"le-mes; pu"l-l@ 'stalwart'



face="Times New Roman Star"mol








face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 184-185.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:la, *ba:l-dyr/, *ba:la-panface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young animal, nestling, 2 child 3 a man's wife's younger sister 4 younger relativeface="Times New Roman Star"1 молодое животное, птенец, 2 ребенок 3 младша€ сестра жены 4 младший родственникface="Times New Roman Star"baldyz (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1 (MK), baldyz 3 (MK); baldyr 'step-son, step-daughter' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3, balaban 'falcon' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2 (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), baldyz 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|la 1, 2, bo|ldiz 3, palapan 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"myla, mle 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala, balaG 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:la 1, 2, ba:ldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, passy 3 (Tel., R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"poldъr 3, 4 (As?. IX 282)face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3, balapan 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyd| 3; belekej 'small'face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"baldysqa 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 332, 334, VEWT 59, 60, Ё—“я 2, 47-50, 53-54, Ћексика 71, 306-307, 312, Stachowski 51, 52. Turk. > Kalm. baldr. (KW 30). Khak. pasty < *bazly < *balzy with metathesis.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)altyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"calf of legface="Times New Roman Star"икра ногиface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MA), baltyr (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldir

face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr

face="Times New Roman Star"ballyr
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr, baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, Ё—“я 2, 54-55, Ћексика 283-284.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAldakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hilt 2 stalk, stemface="Times New Roman Star"1 руко€тка 2 стебель, ствол

face="Times New Roman Star"baldak 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 2








face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 60, Ё—“я 2, 52. Similar forms of the type *balc?ak may be borrowed from Mong., while WMong. baldag|, bardag|, Khalkha baldag, bardag, Mongor bardaG 'hilt' are rather < Turkic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*baltuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"axeface="Times New Roman Star"топорface="Times New Roman Star"baltu (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldu (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltu (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|lta

face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"paltaface="Times New Roman Star"palty; malta (Sag.)face="Times New Roman Star"maltaface="Times New Roman Star"malta

face="Times New Roman Star"balta, baltysax 'arrow with blunt end'
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldy (Ѕичелдей 112)
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"balta
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"balta
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, EDT 333, Ћексика 397, Ё—“я 7. Modern forms with -a may in fact be secondary loans from Mong., see TMN 1, 199-200. Yak. baltysax can be probably identified with Turkm. balz?|ak, Tur. balc?ak '(sword)-hilt'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to look, watchface="Times New Roman Star"смотреть
face="Times New Roman Star"baq- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bak-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|q-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-
face="Times New Roman Star"bax-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"pax-
face="Times New Roman Star"baq-
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|x-face="Times New Roman Star"byk- 'to appear, to arise'face="Times New Roman Star"byk- 'to look out'face="Times New Roman Star"baq-qy-la- 'to peek, to arise'face="Times New Roman Star"ba'k-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to graze'face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"pax-, vax- (——я 440, 542)face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 311, VEWT 58, Ё—“я 2, 38-40, ћудрак 99, Stachowski 70.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bar-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to walk, go (away) 2 to come, reachface="Times New Roman Star"1 ходить, идти 2 приходить, достигатьface="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"var- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|r- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ba(r)- 1face="Times New Roman Star"par- 1face="Times New Roman Star"var- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"par- 1face="Times New Roman Star"par- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"var- 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"var- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"var-, ba:r-, pa:r- 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 62, Ё—“я 2, 64-65, EDT 354, Stachowski 52. Chuv. -y- is unclear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 there is, there are 2 existence, goods 3 allface="Times New Roman Star"1 есть, имеетс€ 2 весь, всеface="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.), barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, barc?a 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"var 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3, barc?a 3, barsy 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3, barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bo|r 1, 2, bo|ric?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba(r) 1, 2, 3, baric?a" 3face="Times New Roman Star"par 1face="Times New Roman Star"var 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r 1, 3; barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"par 1, 2, parc?an 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"va:r 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"por 1, 'any', 3, 'rich', por@s? 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r 1, 2, bar(y) 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r 1, 2, bar(y) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, bary 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 'rich', barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 'rich', bary 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 'rich', bary 3face="Times New Roman Star"var 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3, barca, barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, bars?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r, par, va:r 1, bar, par 'rich' (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 3, 'rich', bary 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 62, EDT 353, 356-7, Ё—“я 2, 61-63, Ћексика 326-327, 332-333, ‘едотов 1, 444-445, Stachowski 52, 53, 56. Syntactically it is an abstract noun frequently acting as a predicate.
face="Times New Roman Star"*borsuk, *borsmukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"badgerface="Times New Roman Star"барсук
face="Times New Roman Star"borsmuq (MK), borsuq (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"porsukface="Times New Roman Star"bursyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsuq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|rsiqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq
face="Times New Roman Star"porsuG
face="Times New Roman Star"porsyx, morsyx, (dial.) mors?yxface="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"morsyq
face="Times New Roman Star"porъs?

face="Times New Roman Star"morzuqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuqface="Times New Roman Star"borso-l-doj 'young badger'face="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"burhyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq

face="Times New Roman Star"porsyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsux| (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 369, Ћексика 164, TMN 2, 284, Ё—“я 7, ≈горов 165, ‘едотов 1, 446-447. Reflexes of m- in Siberian languages may be due to the nasal in the suffix (cf. the form in MK). Among the traditional derivations one should mention the connection with *bur-sy- 'to stink, rot', but external parallels indicate that this is rather a folk etymology.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bas-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pressface="Times New Roman Star"давитьface="Times New Roman Star"bas- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"bas-, pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"pos-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"ba's-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bat|-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 370-371, VEWT 64, TMN 2, 245-6, Ё—“я 2, 74-77, Ћексика 393, 571, ‘едотов 1, 448, Stachowski 55. Turk. > Mong. basu- > Man. basu-, see TMN 2, 246, Doerfer MT 135.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAs-tyrmaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"penthouseface="Times New Roman Star"навес


face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"basturma (R - Zenker)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|stirma


face="Times New Roman Star"bassyrma








face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrmaface="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma




face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma

face="Times New Roman Star"Ћексика 528. Formally derived from *bastyr- 'to cause to press' - which seems rather far-fetched semantically. We may deal here rather with a compound of *bas + *terme 'wall, building', secondary influenced by *bastyr-ma, *bastyr-yk 'pole for fixing hay and sheaves', see Ё—“я 2, 76-77.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bal/c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"headface="Times New Roman Star"головаface="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pasface="Times New Roman Star"pas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pos/face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battaq 'hair of head'face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battak 'head of reindeer; reindeer skin'face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 64, Ё—“я 2, 85-88, TMN 2, 250-253, EDT 375-6, ‘едотов 1, 452, јшм. X, 15, Ћексика 194, Stachowski 54, 55.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bia:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swift, quickface="Times New Roman Star"быстрыйface="Times New Roman Star"bat (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bat (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"pat 'suddenly'
face="Times New Roman Star"bat (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tface="Times New Roman Star"pat

face="Times New Roman Star"ba:da 'at once'



face="Times New Roman Star"pid@ ( < *pu"d@?) 'most, very'

face="Times New Roman Star"pat 'extremely'
face="Times New Roman Star"bat








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 65, EDT 296, ≈горов 162, ‘едотов 1, 437.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bat-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sink 2 to fit into, get intoface="Times New Roman Star"1 погружатьс€ 2 попадатьface="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat-, pat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"pat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"pat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"pat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"pat- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pot- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 2, batary 'into, deep into'face="Times New Roman Star"batary 'into, deep into'face="Times New Roman Star"ba't- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ba't- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"pat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 298, VEWT 65, Ё—“я 2, 78-80, TMN 2, 230-231, ‘едотов 1, 455, Stachowski 55.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to hide, conceal (trans.) 2 to hide (intr.) 3 to get lostface="Times New Roman Star"1 пр€тать, скрывать 2 пр€татьс€ 3 тер€тьс€
face="Times New Roman Star"batur- (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bo|t- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pat- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 3




face="Times New Roman Star"pydar- 1, pydan- 2












face="Times New Roman Star"bat- 3face="Times New Roman Star"≈горов 173, ‘едотов I 466-467, EDT 308, Ё—“я 2, 78-79: the root should be distinguished from *bat- 'to sink' (v. sub *pa\t`a/).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bat-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swamp, marshface="Times New Roman Star"болотоface="Times New Roman Star"batyg|- (in batyg|-daqy 'swamp-living' (of dragons)) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"batyg| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"batakface="Times New Roman Star"bat-qaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"batg|aq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"patqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"bataGface="Times New Roman Star"batGaface="Times New Roman Star"patyg| 'marshy, marsh'

face="Times New Roman Star"bat-laq 'Lehm, Morast'face="Times New Roman Star"put-kax, put-lъx



face="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq; (dial.) bat 'sediment in water'face="Times New Roman Star"batpaqface="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batmaq, batxaqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq
face="Times New Roman Star"batmaqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, Ё—“я II 79, 80, VEWT 65, ≈горов 169, јшм. X 42, 48. Traditionally analysed as derivatives from *bat- 'to sink'; the derivational suffixes may be indeed both deverbative and denominative. But the external cognates are tempting.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:c?aface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 elder sister 2 husbands of sistersface="Times New Roman Star"1 старша€ сестра 2 мужь€ сестер между собой (сво€ки)face="Times New Roman Star"bac?a (OUygh., late - Lig. VSOu) 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a-naq 2 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, baz?|anak 2face="Times New Roman Star"paca ( —““) 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|i 1 (R), bac?a 2 (MA, Pav. C.), baz?|anaq 2 (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|z?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2
face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, baz?|anaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, ba:z?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"paz?|a 2, piz?|e 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bad/a 2, 'wives of brothers'
face="Times New Roman Star"poz/ana 2

face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2




face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|anaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"paz?|a 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|iw 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 54, TMN 2, 682, Ё—“я 2, 24, 26-27, Ћексика 310, ≈горов 168, јшм. X, 33, ‘едотов 1, 453. Turk. > WMong. baz?|a, Kalm. baz, Khalkha baz|, Bur. baz, Ord. baz?|a 'brother-in-law', whence Kirgh., KBalk., Kum., Yak. baz?|a, Evk. baz?|a, Kaz., KKalp., Nogh., Bashk. baz?a. The Khak., Oyr. and Tuva forms may also be < Mong. Cf. also ORuss. печенег.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogumface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"jointface="Times New Roman Star"сустав
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ym, bog|un (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|un, bog|umface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bog|un (Sangl., Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|inface="Times New Roman Star"bog|am

face="Times New Roman Star"boGunface="Times New Roman Star"pun
face="Times New Roman Star"mun, pu:n (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"mu:nface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bywyn

face="Times New Roman Star"buvunface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"pug|um (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"bywynface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 316, Ё—“я 2, 170-171, Ћексика 260, TMN 2, 348-349.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogur/, *bokur-dakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 throat 2 Adam's appleface="Times New Roman Star"1 горло 2 кадыкface="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1 (OUygh.), bog|zy / (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1, bog|urdak, bog|urtlak (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az 1 (k), pug|yrtaq (dial.), pu:rtaq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1, boqurdaq, bog|ardaq (Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"boGaz 1, boqurdaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az, bog|uz, bog|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"buosax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"boos (bosqu)face="Times New Roman Star"boos (boqsu)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|os 'place where two rivers meet' (South.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az, bug|yz 'shaft-bed in a shovel' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'double chin; channel, strait', bog|yrdaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ad| 1, bog|ard|aq 'trachea'face="Times New Roman Star"boqqur 2, bog|urdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz, bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz-aq 'glass for a kerosene lamp'face="Times New Roman Star"pog|tax|, pox|tax| 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'channel, strait'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, TMN 2, 344, Ё—“я 2, 167-168, 184, Ћексика 230-231. The derivative *bokur-dak consistently displays reflexes of voiceless *-k-; it is present also in some reflexes of *bogur/ (Kirgh. bog|os, Kaz. bug|az, Nogh. bog|az, Bashk. bog|ad|, Kum. bog|az) - all probably under the influence of *bokak 'crop, craw' (v. sub *pu>/k`a).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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