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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bA:n/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sole (of foot) 2 footwearface="Times New Roman Star"1 () 2 ( , )

face="Times New Roman Star"maja 'fleshy part of the palm' (Vidin, Ne/meth 1965, SDD)face="Times New Roman Star"majmaq 'stable, steadfast' (of an animal's paw, hoof), dial. pajpaq () 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pajpo|q 2, 'camel's foot', dial. mj@l@k 'mitten' ( 19)

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. maja ' ' (Nakhich.)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. ma:ja (Tek.) 'aja' ( 124), pajpaq (144) 2face="Times New Roman Star"majmax 2





face="Times New Roman Star"majyq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bajmaq 'lower part of shank', bajpaq 2, majpyq 'flat' (of a horse's hoof, bear's paw)face="Times New Roman Star"bajpaq 2




face="Times New Roman Star"bajpaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 323. Cf. also Oyr. majryk '' etc. Forms with the meaning 'footwear' are explained by Budagov as compounds with an iranism (paj - bag| "foot bandage"), which does not seem convincing; we are dealing rather with a dialectal diffusion of the derivative *ba:n/-mak. Cf. TMN 4, 275, 49, 110, 382, 458.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"honeyface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"bal (MK Suvar, Kypchak, Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|lface="Times New Roman Star"bal
face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"pal

face="Times New Roman Star"pyl



face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal, palface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, EDT 330, 2, 47. Turk. > Mong. bal ( 1997, 103).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:la, *ba:l-dyr/, *ba:la-panface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young animal, nestling, 2 child 3 a man's wife's younger sister 4 younger relativeface="Times New Roman Star"1 , , 2 3 4 face="Times New Roman Star"baldyz (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1 (MK), baldyz 3 (MK); baldyr 'step-son, step-daughter' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3, balaban 'falcon' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2 (Abush., . .), baldyz 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|la 1, 2, bo|ldiz 3, palapan 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"myla, mle 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala, balaG 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:la 1, 2, ba:ldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, passy 3 (Tel., R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"poldr 3, 4 (As?. IX 282)face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3, balapan 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyd| 3; belekej 'small'face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"baldysqa 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 332, 334, VEWT 59, 60, 2, 47-50, 53-54, 71, 306-307, 312, Stachowski 51, 52. Turk. > Kalm. baldr. (KW 30). Khak. pasty < *bazly < *balzy with metathesis.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAlakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 ankle 2 trouser leg 3 foot soleface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3

face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"balaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2









face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2; 'bird's foot'face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, TMN 2, 312, 2, 51, 478. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bala/ki (Pl.) ( 114). [The latter contains a mistake: balaq '' is not attested in Kirgh. - it is found in Radloff marked as Kirgh., which means Kazakh. Modern Kazakh dictionaries do not note this meaning; according to the (1, 86) it means `a trouser leg from the knee downwards; horse's ankle; part of bird's leg from the knee down to the ankle'. In Kirgh. a related stem may be balak-ta- 'to hang loose (of clothes, particularly of wide trouser legs)'.]
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAldakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hilt 2 stalk, stemface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 ,

face="Times New Roman Star"baldak 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 2








face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 60, 2, 52. Similar forms of the type *balc?ak may be borrowed from Mong., while WMong. baldag|, bardag|, Khalkha baldag, bardag, Mongor bardaG 'hilt' are rather < Turkic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:lykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fishface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyq, balyg| (MA, Pav. C., . .)face="Times New Roman Star"baliqface="Times New Roman Star"beliq
face="Times New Roman Star"balyGface="Times New Roman Star"ba:lyqface="Times New Roman Star"palyxface="Times New Roman Star"palyq (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq
face="Times New Roman Star"polface="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyxface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balux|face="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 335, 2, 59-60, 177, 1, 443, Stachowski 52.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAlk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to shine, glitterface="Times New Roman Star",

face="Times New Roman Star"balk- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch., Xwar.) balqy-(CCum., AH, Qutb)



face="Times New Roman Star"balqylda-

face="Times New Roman Star"malqyl, malG|yl 'bright, shining'






face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-
face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-

face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-
face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-face="Times New Roman Star" 2, 56-57.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mud, clayface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (MK,IM), bal(y)q (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?ykface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (Pav. C.), palc?yq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?uq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yGface="Times New Roman Star"palc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"palc?ax (Sag.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bal-qas?face="Times New Roman Star"palc?oq ( < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"pylz?|kface="Times New Roman Star"byly:k 'sand, silt, brought by water' (.)
face="Times New Roman Star"balg|as?, malg|as?face="Times New Roman Star"ba'lxas?
face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yq, balqas?face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balsyq

face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yx ( 435 .)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 333, 336, VEWT 60, . 179, 374. Turk. > Mong. balc?ig ( 1997, 103). In Chuv. one would rather expect pys/@x, so the form may reflect a slightly different morphologically *ba.ly-c?ak.
face="Times New Roman Star"*baltuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"axeface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"baltu (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldu (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltu (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|lta

face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"paltaface="Times New Roman Star"palty; malta (Sag.)face="Times New Roman Star"maltaface="Times New Roman Star"malta

face="Times New Roman Star"balta, baltysax 'arrow with blunt end'
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldy ( 112)
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"balta
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"balta
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, EDT 333, 397, 7. Modern forms with -a may in fact be secondary loans from Mong., see TMN 1, 199-200. Yak. baltysax can be probably identified with Turkm. balz?|ak, Tur. balc?ak '(sword)-hilt'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)altyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"calf of legface="Times New Roman Star" face="Times New Roman Star"baltyr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MA), baltyr (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldir

face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr

face="Times New Roman Star"ballyr
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr, baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, 2, 54-55, 283-284.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to look, watchface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"baq- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bak-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|q-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-
face="Times New Roman Star"bax-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"pax-
face="Times New Roman Star"baq-
face="Times New Roman Star"pw|x-face="Times New Roman Star"byk- 'to appear, to arise'face="Times New Roman Star"byk- 'to look out'face="Times New Roman Star"baq-qy-la- 'to peek, to arise'face="Times New Roman Star"ba'k-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to graze'face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"pax-, vax- ( 440, 542)face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 311, VEWT 58, 2, 38-40, 99, Stachowski 70.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"frogface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"baqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (AH, Ettuhf.), baqqa (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa, paqa
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"Gurba:g|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"ba:qa 'turtle'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|a
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa
face="Times New Roman Star"maqaface="Times New Roman Star"qurba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 311-312, 646-647, 2, 40-41, 6, 160-161 (see ibid. on the onomatopoeic nature of the component *Kur-) , 179-180. A more precise reconstruction would be perhaps *b(i)a:kka, with expressive gemination (suggested by non-voicing in Kypchak). Turk. > Hung. be/ka, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakan/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hoof 2 knucklebone 3 joints in animals' feetface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 face="Times New Roman Star"baqanaq 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqanaq, baqajaq 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bakanak, bakynak 1, 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"be|ke|l 2

face="Times New Roman Star"baqalc?a"q 'shinbone'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|anag|, bag|anc?ag| 3 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|ajax, maxajax 2






face="Times New Roman Star"mahnyq `metatarsus' ( 205)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba"qa"l 3





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 316-317, 2, 43-44, 310, 286-287.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 copper 2 patinaface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 , face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bakyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr (MA, Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqir, paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"paxyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa:g|@r (Kyz., Joki) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baqras 'brass kettle'
face="Times New Roman Star"pw|gw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|arax| 'pot for boiling milk'


face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 317, VEWT 58, 2, 45-46, 405-406. Turk. > WMong. baqar, baqur (Kalm. bax|r), see KW 29, 1997, 104. Turk. > Russ. Siber. baki/rka ( 111-112).
face="Times New Roman Star"*biarn|akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"finger, thumbface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Tefs., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"parmak, dial. barnakface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, dial. barnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"barmo|qface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaGface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq


face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"pu"rne



face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, (Pallas) parnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaxface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 63, 2, 66-68, 319-320, 253-255.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bas-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pressface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"bas-, pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"pos-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"ba's-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bat|-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 370-371, VEWT 64, TMN 2, 245-6, 2, 74-77, 393, 571, 1, 448, Stachowski 55. Turk. > Mong. basu- > Man. basu-, see TMN 2, 246, Doerfer MT 135.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAsaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"also, as wellface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"basa 'right after' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"basa 'afterwards' (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) basa (AH, Ad-Durr.)face="Times New Roman Star"base 'frequently, often'


face="Times New Roman Star"basaface="Times New Roman Star"pazaface="Times New Roman Star"pazaface="Times New Roman Star"baza

face="Times New Roman Star"byha 'in the course of' (?)
face="Times New Roman Star"baza
face="Times New Roman Star"basaface="Times New Roman Star"basa (R)







face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 371 (but not from *bas- 'press'!). Turk. > Mong. basa (Clark 1980, 39, 1997, 104).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAs-tyrmaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"penthouseface="Times New Roman Star"


face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"basturma (R - Zenker)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|stirma


face="Times New Roman Star"bassyrma








face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrmaface="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma




face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma

face="Times New Roman Star" 528. Formally derived from *bastyr- 'to cause to press' - which seems rather far-fetched semantically. We may deal here rather with a compound of *bas + *terme 'wall, building', secondary influenced by *bastyr-ma, *bastyr-yk 'pole for fixing hay and sheaves', see 2, 76-77.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bal/c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"headface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pasface="Times New Roman Star"pas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pos/face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battaq 'hair of head'face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battak 'head of reindeer; reindeer skin'face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 64, 2, 85-88, TMN 2, 250-253, EDT 375-6, 1, 452, . X, 15, 194, Stachowski 54, 55.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bat-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swamp, marshface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"batyg|- (in batyg|-daqy 'swamp-living' (of dragons)) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"batyg| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"batakface="Times New Roman Star"bat-qaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"batg|aq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"patqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"bataGface="Times New Roman Star"batGaface="Times New Roman Star"patyg| 'marshy, marsh'

face="Times New Roman Star"bat-laq 'Lehm, Morast'face="Times New Roman Star"put-kax, put-lx



face="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq; (dial.) bat 'sediment in water'face="Times New Roman Star"batpaqface="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batmaq, batxaqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq
face="Times New Roman Star"batmaqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, II 79, 80, VEWT 65, 169, . X 42, 48. Traditionally analysed as derivatives from *bat- 'to sink'; the derivational suffixes may be indeed both deverbative and denominative. But the external cognates are tempting.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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