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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"frogface="Times New Roman Star"л€гушкаface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (AH, Ettuhf.), baqqa (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa, paqa
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"Gurba:g|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"ba:qa 'turtle'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|a
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa
face="Times New Roman Star"maqaface="Times New Roman Star"qurba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 311-312, 646-647, Ё—“я 2, 40-41, 6, 160-161 (see ibid. on the onomatopoeic nature of the component *Kur-) , Ћексика 179-180. A more precise reconstruction would be perhaps *b(i)a:kka, with expressive gemination (suggested by non-voicing in Kypchak). Turk. > Hung. be/ka, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 copper 2 patinaface="Times New Roman Star"1 медь 2 налет, патинаface="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bakyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr (MA, Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqir, paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"paxyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa:g|@r (Kyz., Joki) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baqras 'brass kettle'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|gъw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|arax| 'pot for boiling milk'


face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 317, VEWT 58, Ё—“я 2, 45-46, Ћексика 405-406. Turk. > WMong. baqar, baqur (Kalm. bax|r), see KW 29, ўербак 1997, 104. Turk. > Russ. Siber. baki/rka (јникин 111-112).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bas-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pressface="Times New Roman Star"давитьface="Times New Roman Star"bas- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"bas-, pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"pos-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"ba's-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bat|-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 370-371, VEWT 64, TMN 2, 245-6, Ё—“я 2, 74-77, Ћексика 393, 571, ‘едотов 1, 448, Stachowski 55. Turk. > Mong. basu- > Man. basu-, see TMN 2, 246, Doerfer MT 135.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bal/c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"headface="Times New Roman Star"головаface="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pasface="Times New Roman Star"pas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pos/face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battaq 'hair of head'face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battak 'head of reindeer; reindeer skin'face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 64, Ё—“я 2, 85-88, TMN 2, 250-253, EDT 375-6, ‘едотов 1, 452, јшм. X, 15, Ћексика 194, Stachowski 54, 55.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAsaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"also, as wellface="Times New Roman Star"также, кроме тогоface="Times New Roman Star"basa 'right after' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"basa 'afterwards' (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) basa (AH, Ad-Durr.)face="Times New Roman Star"base 'frequently, often'


face="Times New Roman Star"basaface="Times New Roman Star"pazaface="Times New Roman Star"pazaface="Times New Roman Star"baza

face="Times New Roman Star"byha 'in the course of' (?)
face="Times New Roman Star"baza
face="Times New Roman Star"basaface="Times New Roman Star"basa (R)







face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 371 (but not from *bas- 'press'!). Turk. > Mong. basa (Clark 1980, 39, ўербак 1997, 104).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAgaturface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heroface="Times New Roman Star"геройface="Times New Roman Star"bag|atur (Orkh., n. pr.)


face="Times New Roman Star"(Xwar.) bahatur, CCum. bag|atur



face="Times New Roman Star"ba:tyr

face="Times New Roman Star"ba:tyr

face="Times New Roman Star"ba:tyr
face="Times New Roman Star"ma:dyr
face="Times New Roman Star"ba:tyr








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 313, VEWT 55. Cf. the name of the Xiongnu shanyu, MC ma^w-ton (*mag|u-tur). This Turkic word was borrowed into numerous surrounding languages (Iranian, Mongolian etc., see the literature in Ё—“я). Modern forms like batyr, batur are back-borrowings from Mong.; forms of the type baxatir - back-borrowings from Persian.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEd-le (?)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"such, similar, soface="Times New Roman Star"такой, подобный, таким образом
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jle (Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jle, (dial.) bele; (dial.) bile-m 'myself' etc.
face="Times New Roman Star"bejle, bo"jle (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"bejla", bela", dial. bila"-m 'myself' etc.face="Times New Roman Star"bejle

face="Times New Roman Star"bejde (Kumd.)face="Times New Roman Star"bila"-m, bila"-si, bila"-miz 'myself, himself, ourselves' etc. ( < Az.)














face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 107-108. Cf. perhaps also Yak. bet-tex (Dolg. bettek) 'here, closely', Yak., Dolg. betere: 'this, nearest side' (although it may go back to *bet 'face'; derivation < *be-ru" 'this side' in Ё—“я 2, 124, followed by Stachowski 59, is hardly plausible). The sometimes proposed explanation as *bu ile, i.e. "together with it" or "by means of it" is not quite acceptable for semantic reasons. As for the Oghuz variants with a labialized vowels, they may have an assimilative origin. But on the whole the attribution of the Turkic form is still dubious (although the semantic derivation "similar, such as" < "face, looks" seems to be quite common in Altaic).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"firm, solid, stableface="Times New Roman Star"крепкий, прочныйface="Times New Roman Star"bek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"pekface="Times New Roman Star"bikface="Times New Roman Star"bek, pek (Pav. C.)

face="Times New Roman Star"poq, pyq
face="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"pikface="Times New Roman Star"pekface="Times New Roman Star"bek, pek
face="Times New Roman Star"pak 'suddenly, abruptly'face="Times New Roman Star"bigeface="Times New Roman Star"bigeface="Times New Roman Star"be'k
face="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bikface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"pekface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bek
face="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 323, VEWT 68, Ё—“я 2, 117-120, Stachowski 60. Closed -i- in Yak. is probably secondary.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of salmon (Salmo taimen)face="Times New Roman Star"вид лосос€


face="Times New Roman Star"bil







face="Times New Roman Star"bel

face="Times New Roman Star"bil
face="Times New Roman Star"bel










face="Times New Roman Star"Ћексика 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be:.l(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 waist 2 mountain pass, ridge 3 backface="Times New Roman Star"1 по€сница 2 горный перевал, хребет 3 зад, сзадиface="Times New Roman Star"be.l (Yen., OUygh.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"be.l (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bil 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"be.l 1 (Ѕор. Ѕад., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ba"l 1face="Times New Roman Star"pel/ 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 3; 1face="Times New Roman Star"bi:l 1face="Times New Roman Star"pil 3; 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bel 3; 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bi:el 1face="Times New Roman Star"pil@k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bi:l 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bil 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bil 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 69, TMN 2, 416, EDT 330, Ё—“я 2, 135-137, Ћексика 268-269, ≈горов 160, ћудрак 1989, ƒыбо 119-121. Turk. > Mong. bel.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.lekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"giftface="Times New Roman Star"подарокface="Times New Roman Star"belek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"belek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"belek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"la"kface="Times New Roman Star"belek (Sangl.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ba"la"k (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"pelek (я∆”)



face="Times New Roman Star"belekface="Times New Roman Star"pelekface="Times New Roman Star"pil 'blessing'face="Times New Roman Star"belexface="Times New Roman Star"belekface="Times New Roman Star"belek
face="Times New Roman Star"belek

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"la"k

face="Times New Roman Star"belek 'приплод'


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 69, TMN 2, 413, EDT 338, Ё—“я 2, 112-113, ƒыбо 1997, 78-79, Ћексика 348-349, Stachowski 57. In ≈горов 160, ‘едотов 1, 431 the Chuv. form is regarded as a variant of pexil 'blessing' ( < Pers.), which is insecure phonetically. Derivation from bele'swaddle' (Clark 1977, 132) is highly dubious. The labialized vowel in Bashk., Tat. is a result of contamination with *bo"lek 'part'. Turk. > WMong. beleg, Kalm. bel@g (KW 41; TMN ibid., ўербак 1997, 104), whence Evk. belek etc., see Doerfer MT 141 (but јникин 127 regards Evk. belek as borrowed < Yak.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bilekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wrist, forearmface="Times New Roman Star"зап€стье, предплечьеface="Times New Roman Star"bilek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bele|kface="Times New Roman Star"bilek (Ѕор. Ѕад., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilakface="Times New Roman Star"bila"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bila"kface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"p@lekface="Times New Roman Star"pilek (R, ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"belek

face="Times New Roman Star"belenc?ik, belenn/ik (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bilek
face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bela"kface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilek
face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 338-339, VEWT 76, TMN 2, 314, Ё—“я 2, 145-146, ƒыбо 172-175 (with detailed analysis of phonetic variants and derivatives), Ћексика 256. Turk. *bilek-ju"r/u"k > *bile(g)r/u"k 'bracelet' (EDT 345, Stachowski 60) > Mong. bilu"c?u"g / bilisu"g / bu"lu"z?|u"g (see Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.ldirface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cross-roads, separation of two roads or riversface="Times New Roman Star"перекресток, развилка двух дорог или рекface="Times New Roman Star"beltir (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"beltir (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"pilter 'вода, скапливающа€с€ около болота' ( —““)





face="Times New Roman Star"pilt@rface="Times New Roman Star"peltirface="Times New Roman Star"beltir

face="Times New Roman Star"bilir
face="Times New Roman Star"beldir










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 69, EDT 334, Ћексика 98.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to giveface="Times New Roman Star"даватьface="Times New Roman Star"ber- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ber- (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ver-face="Times New Roman Star"bir-face="Times New Roman Star"ber- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"ba"r-face="Times New Roman Star"per-face="Times New Roman Star"ver-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"pir-face="Times New Roman Star"per-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"ver- (< Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"par-face="Times New Roman Star"bier-face="Times New Roman Star"bier-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"bir-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"ver-face="Times New Roman Star"ver-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"be(r)-,ve(r)-, ve:(r)-face="Times New Roman Star"ber-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, Ё—“я 2, 114-116, EDT 354-5, Stachowski 59.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bert-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to break, damage, woundface="Times New Roman Star"ломать, вредить, ранитьface="Times New Roman Star"bert- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bert- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bert-face="Times New Roman Star"birt-face="Times New Roman Star"bertik 'bone' (in the context: bone fracture) (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"pa"rt-face="Times New Roman Star"berti-face="Times New Roman Star"pirt@k 'mutilation'face="Times New Roman Star"peret-face="Times New Roman Star"bert-in- (refl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pa"rt-la"- `to throw'face="Times New Roman Star"part '(imit.) crackling'

face="Times New Roman Star"bertik 'mutilation'
face="Times New Roman Star"bertik 'contortion', bertin- = mertin- (refl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mertik 'contortion'face="Times New Roman Star"mertik 'contortion'face="Times New Roman Star"birt-
face="Times New Roman Star"bert-
face="Times New Roman Star"mert-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 71, EDT 358, 359, Ё—“я 2, 70-72. Turk. > Mong. berte-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEjeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"(foaled) mareface="Times New Roman Star"кобылаface="Times New Roman Star"be (OUygh. - YB)face="Times New Roman Star"be (MK, IM)
face="Times New Roman Star"bije|face="Times New Roman Star"beje (Sangl.); bej (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"bija"face="Times New Roman Star"bija" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"pie, pi

face="Times New Roman Star"pi:
face="Times New Roman Star"be:

face="Times New Roman Star"bia"
face="Times New Roman Star"be
face="Times New Roman Star"be:face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"beja"

face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bije

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 291, VEWT 75, Ё—“я 2, 133, Ћексика 443. Forms as bije < *be.je, show a secondary vowel narrowing in front of -j-; the Kirgh., Oyr. and Tuva-Tof. forms point to *E.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEdu"-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 big 2 highface="Times New Roman Star"1 большой, крупный 2 высокийface="Times New Roman Star"bedu"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bed|u"k 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijek 2face="Times New Roman Star"bejik 1, 2 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bujuk 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ju"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bezyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bejik 2face="Times New Roman Star"po"z@k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"mo"zu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 2face="Times New Roman Star"bidik/bu"du"k 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bedik 2face="Times New Roman Star"bedik 2face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bejek 1face="Times New Roman Star"mijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu":k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ju"k/ 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 67, EDT 299-301, Ё—“я 2, 288-290. PT *bedu"-k 'big, high' is derived from *bedu"- 'to become bigger, grow' (OT bedu"-, Tur. bu"ju"-, SUygh. pezi-, Az. bo"ju"-, Khal. bidi-, Tuva bedi-, Gag. bu":-, Karaim bu"ju"-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bytface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"louseface="Times New Roman Star"вошьface="Times New Roman Star"bit (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"betface="Times New Roman Star"bit (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"pitface="Times New Roman Star"bys?tface="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"p@tface="Times New Roman Star"pitface="Times New Roman Star"bijtface="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"pyjdъface="Times New Roman Star"byt
face="Times New Roman Star"by'tface="Times New Roman Star"by'tface="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"bi_tface="Times New Roman Star"bijtface="Times New Roman Star"betface="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"bit/ face="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"bijtface="Times New Roman Star"bis?tface="Times New Roman Star"bitface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, EDT 296, Ё—“я 2, 151-152, Ћексика 182.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to knowface="Times New Roman Star"знатьface="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"byl-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"p@l-face="Times New Roman Star"pil- (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"pew|l-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 75, EDT 330-331, Ё—“я 2, 137-139, Stachowski 60. Cf. also *belgu" 'sign' (Ё—“я 2, 108-111) ( = WMong. belge, see TMN 1, 216, ўербак 1997, 104). Turk. *bil-ig > Mong. bilig (TMN 2, 418, ўербак 1997, 106).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bile-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sharpen 2 whetstoneface="Times New Roman Star"1 точить 2 точильный камень
face="Times New Roman Star"bile- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bele|w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1,bilew 2 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bila"- (Jarr.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo"v, bilo"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilev 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@lo" 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"pile 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilu" 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|lev 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bili- (Castr.- Soj.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bela"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bila" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bu"lew 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 142-143, EDT 332-333 (< *bi 'blade', denom. - but Turkm. shortness contradicts this derivation). Turk. *bile-gu" > Mong. *bile-g|u" id., see ўербак 1997, 106.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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