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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*agsa-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to hobble, limp 2 lameface="Times New Roman Star"1 хромать 2 хромой
face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- (MK) 1, aqsaq, ag|sag| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"aksa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"o|qsa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aGsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"axsym 2
face="Times New Roman Star"asqa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqha- 1face="Times New Roman Star"axsa-, asxa- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 95, Ё—“я 76. Turk. > Mong. asag '(animal) lameness'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sa:(j)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to count, to considerface="Times New Roman Star"считать
face="Times New Roman Star"sa- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"saj-
face="Times New Roman Star"sa- (AH, IM), saj- (Ettuhf.)


face="Times New Roman Star"saj-face="Times New Roman Star"sa:j-



face="Times New Roman Star"su-, sъv-face="Times New Roman Star"a:-



face="Times New Roman Star"saj-


face="Times New Roman Star"saj-face="Times New Roman Star"saj-


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 390, EDT 781-782, Ё—“я 7, ‘едотов 2, 53. A common Turkic derivative is *sa:-n 'number, count' (VEWT 390, 400, Ё—“я 7), whence *sa:na- 'to count, determine' > Mong. sana- 'think' (cf. ўербак 1997, 144). Turk. > Hung. sa/m 'number, figure', sza/n - 'to pity' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*sa:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"rafterface="Times New Roman Star"плот
face="Times New Roman Star"sal (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"sal (AH, Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"so|lface="Times New Roman Star"sal
face="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"sa:lface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"sal
face="Times New Roman Star"solъface="Times New Roman Star"a:l
face="Times New Roman Star"sal
face="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"hal

face="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 824, VEWT 397, Ћексика 537, ‘едотов 2, 59, Ё—“я 7. Turk. > MMong. (SH) sal, WMong. sal, Kalm. sal (KW 309; TMN 3, 231, ўербак 1997, 144).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ia:g-, *ia:g-na-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to roll over, fall over 2 to climb over 3 to tumble 4 to turn over, capsize, let fallface="Times New Roman Star"1 падать, опрокидыватьс€, свешиватьс€ 2 перелезать 3 вал€тьс€, перекатыватьс€ 4 рон€ть, опрокидыватьface="Times New Roman Star"ag|na- 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|na- 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|- 1, ag|dyr- 2, ag|yn- 3face="Times New Roman Star"aw- 1, awdar- 4, awna- 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|na- 3face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|- 1, o|g|na- 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yna- 3 (я∆” 11)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|na- 3face="Times New Roman Star"a:g|- 1, 2, a:g|-dar- 4, a:g|yna- 3face="Times New Roman Star"an|-dar- 4face="Times New Roman Star"an|-dar- 4face="Times New Roman Star"an|-tar- 4, an|-da- (<*an|-na-) 3face="Times New Roman Star"ha:g|a, ho|:g|a 'back, in the back'face="Times New Roman Star"jъw|van- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"a:n|-na- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"an|da-r- 4, an|da-s?- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"o:- 1, o:na- 3face="Times New Roman Star"aw-dar- 4, awna- 3face="Times New Roman Star"av- 1, av-dar- 4, avna- 3face="Times New Roman Star"aw- 1, awdar- 4, awna- 3face="Times New Roman Star"aw- 1, 2, aw-la- 'to skim', awdar- 4, awna- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"avdar- 4, av-g|a-la-n- 3face="Times New Roman Star"aw- 1, 2, awdar- 4, awna- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"av- 1, avdar- 4, av-la-n- 'to turn over, incline', avna- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 86-87, VEWT 7, Ё—“я 1, 69-70, 73-76. Forms like an|-dar- are not quite clear - caus. from the refl. *ia:g-yn- ? (but the refl. form is here not *ia:g-yn- but rather *ia:g-na-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a:raface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 space between 2 on one's way, under wayface="Times New Roman Star"1 промежуток, пространство между 2 в пути, по дорогеface="Times New Roman Star"ara 1 Orkh., OUygh.face="Times New Roman Star"ara (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"ara (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|raface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"a:ra 1face="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"ha:ra
face="Times New Roman Star"a:ra 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:ra-k- 'to go away', a:ra:- 'not to reach'face="Times New Roman Star"ara
face="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"a:raface="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"ara
face="Times New Roman Star"araface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 196, VEWT 22, TMN 2, 24, Ё—“я 1, 162-164, Stachowski 41. Derived is probably *a:ryk 'island; arik, ditch; thicket' id. (VEWT 23, 25, Ё—“я 1, 167, 187-188, Ћексика 95, 110, Stachowski 37).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:r-tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 back 2 mountain passface="Times New Roman Star"1 спина, задн€€ сторона; 2 перевалface="Times New Roman Star"art 1, 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"art 1, 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"art (-dy) 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1 (Pav. C.), 2 (Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|rt 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"ard; art 1face="Times New Roman Star"ard 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:rt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"artyg| 'shoal'face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:rt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a:rtyk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"a'rt 1face="Times New Roman Star"a'rt 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:rd 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"ard/i 1face="Times New Roman Star"art 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 200-201, VEWT 26-27, Ё—“я 1, 179-180.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:.c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hungerface="Times New Roman Star"голодface="Times New Roman Star"ac? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ac? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"az?| (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|c?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?
face="Times New Roman Star"az?|face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?face="Times New Roman Star"asface="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?, o|:c?u-face="Times New Roman Star"vyz/ъface="Times New Roman Star"a:sface="Times New Roman Star"ac?-c?yk 'hungry'face="Times New Roman Star"as?
face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"asface="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"as?
face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 17, VEWT 3, Ё—“я 1, 208-209, Stachowski 28.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a:l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cross (a mountain) 2 to surpassface="Times New Roman Star"1 переходить (через гору) 2 превосходитьface="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"o|s?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:s?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s?- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 'to go by'face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 'to go beyond the range of vision'face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 30, Ё—“я 1, 212-214, EDT 255, Stachowski 41. The OT gerund as?ru 'having crossed over, exceeded > very' > Mong. asuru (Clark 1980, 42, ўербак 1997, 102-103).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to go astray, lose one's way 2 to lose mind, go mad 3 to missface="Times New Roman Star"1 сбиватьс€ с пути 2 сходить с ума 3 упускать, промахиватьс€face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1 (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- (Sangl., Houts., Pav. C., Qutb) 1face="Times New Roman Star"o|z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"or- 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ad|- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a:z- (ƒмитриев 1955) 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 279, VEWT 22, 33, 193, ‘едотов 2, 283, Ё—“я 1, 94-95.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nameface="Times New Roman Star"им€face="Times New Roman Star"at (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"at (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"at (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|t, dial. (Namangan) a"tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"at, (ady)face="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 30-1, EDT 32-3, Ё—“я 1, 198-199, ≈горов 355, Stachowski 41-42.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sia:k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to think, contemplate, worry 2 to miss 3 intelligence 4 thought, worry 5 to read 6 to remember 7 mourning, sad remembranceface="Times New Roman Star"1 думать, размышл€ть, грустить 2 скучать 3 разум 4 мысль, волнение 5 читать 6 помнить 7 оплакивание, печальное воспоминаниеface="Times New Roman Star"saq- 1, saqys? 4 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"saq-, sag|yn- 1, saqys? 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sag|y 7face="Times New Roman Star"sag|y 4, sag|yn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- (Ѕуд.) 2, sag|y (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"so|g|in- 2face="Times New Roman Star"seg|in- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"sa:Gyn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"s?og|ъs? 4face="Times New Roman Star"a:x- 5, ag|yn- 2, 6face="Times New Roman Star"a:k- 5, agyn- 2, 6face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 2, 6, sag|ys? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hag|yn- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"sag|yn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ћудрак 113-114, VEWT 395, EDT 813, ‘едотов 2, 464, Stachowski 28, 41 (confused with *sa.k-, from which it is often really hard to distinguish), Ё—“я 7. Voicing of medial -k- is regular after a long vowel (but it is somewhat strange in MK's text - note also its absence in saqys?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"frogface="Times New Roman Star"л€гушкаface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (AH, Ettuhf.), baqqa (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa, paqa
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"Gurba:g|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"ba:qa 'turtle'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|a
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa
face="Times New Roman Star"maqaface="Times New Roman Star"qurba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 311-312, 646-647, Ё—“я 2, 40-41, 6, 160-161 (see ibid. on the onomatopoeic nature of the component *Kur-) , Ћексика 179-180. A more precise reconstruction would be perhaps *b(i)a:kka, with expressive gemination (suggested by non-voicing in Kypchak). Turk. > Hung. be/ka, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a>kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bad, evilface="Times New Roman Star"плохой, дурной, негодный











face="Times New Roman Star"bag|aj

face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ajy 'fool, monster'
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'qface="Times New Roman Star"ba'q









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 57.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 copper 2 patinaface="Times New Roman Star"1 медь 2 налет, патинаface="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bakyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr (MA, Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqir, paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"paxyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa:g|@r (Kyz., Joki) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baqras 'brass kettle'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|gъw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|arax| 'pot for boiling milk'


face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 317, VEWT 58, Ё—“я 2, 45-46, Ћексика 405-406. Turk. > WMong. baqar, baqur (Kalm. bax|r), see KW 29, ўербак 1997, 104. Turk. > Russ. Siber. baki/rka (јникин 111-112).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAr/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hazard, make a decisionface="Times New Roman Star"осмеливатьс€, решатьс€


face="Times New Roman Star"baz-
face="Times New Roman Star"baz- (Sart., R)








face="Times New Roman Star"bahy-ry-j- 'to speek in an excessively loud and excited manner (expr.)' (?)



face="Times New Roman Star"baz-face="Times New Roman Star"baz-n-a batuv (gerund from a refl. form)face="Times New Roman Star"bad|y-face="Times New Roman Star"baz-

face="Times New Roman Star"baz-n-a 'панибратство'
face="Times New Roman Star"baz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 66.
face="Times New Roman Star"*baj ( ? -n/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 holy 2 God 3 true, reliable, honestface="Times New Roman Star"1 св€той 2 бог
face="Times New Roman Star"bajat 2 (MK - Argu, KB), bajyq (MK Oghuz, IM) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajat 2, bajyq (dial.) 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bajat 2 (Abush., Sangl.)






face="Times New Roman Star"baj-lu 1, maj- 'first part in a number of theonyms', baj terek 'world tree'

face="Times New Roman Star"bajanaj 'name of a God'


face="Times New Roman Star"baj terek 'protection, advocacy'








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 385. See VEWT 56-57 (for derivatives), TMN 2, 379. The root should be probably distinguished from *ba:j 'rich' (v. sub *be:z?|u). An unattested Tuva source > Russ. dial. (Tuva) bajba/ 'spirit of hunting luck', see јникин 109. Yak. > Russ. (Yak.) bajanaj, see јникин 125-126.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ban/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wave 2 to sway 3 club-footed 4 curved 5 to bend 6 to be bent, curvedface="Times New Roman Star"1 махать 2 качатьс€ 3 косолапый, кривоногий 4 кривой 5 гнуть 6 гнутьс€, быть согнутым
face="Times New Roman Star"maj-g|uq 3 (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"majruq 3, 4 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"majriq 3, dial. bajmaq 3 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"majmaq 3

face="Times New Roman Star"majyr- 5, majryq 'overstrained', maj-tyq 3, majmyq 4
face="Times New Roman Star"majryq 3, majryl- 6face="Times New Roman Star"majryq 4, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"baja:tyn|- 2, baja:ttan|na:- 1 (ѕек. - without nasalization), dial. majg|ax 'convolution'
face="Times New Roman Star"majys?-qaq 4, majyryq, maj-ta-q 3
face="Times New Roman Star"majryj-, majys?- 6, maj-tar- 5, majryq 3, majmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"majys- 6, majyr- 5, majryq 3, majmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"majys- 6, majyr- 5


face="Times New Roman Star"majys?- 6face="Times New Roman Star"majys- 6, majmaq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"majyr- 'to wrench', majs?aj- 'to mis-step', majmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"See ќ—Hя 3, 45-46. Turk. *ban/y-guk > WMong. majig|ag|, Kalm. ma":g|@g| (KW 259) 'club-footed'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bukaguface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fetters, chain, stringface="Times New Roman Star"путы, цепь, веревкаface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bukag|yface="Times New Roman Star"bog|awface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u, buqaw (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|o|w

face="Times New Roman Star"buxovface="Times New Roman Star"buqaw



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|g|av 'iron manacles'face="Times New Roman Star"baka:jy (?)


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ooface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"byg|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|owface="Times New Roman Star"buqaa, byqaaface="Times New Roman Star"buqov, bug|uwface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aw
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 314, VEWT 87, Ё—“я 2, 248-250, ≈горов 152, TMN 2, 277-278. Turk. > Mong., cf. MMong. buxa'u (SH) id., see TMN ibid., ўербак 1997, 108. Yak. baka:ji with irregular -a- and -k- may reflect some interdialectal loan. Turk. > Hung. be/ko/ (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:lykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fishface="Times New Roman Star"рыбаface="Times New Roman Star"balyq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyq, balyg| (MA, Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"baliqface="Times New Roman Star"beliq
face="Times New Roman Star"balyGface="Times New Roman Star"ba:lyqface="Times New Roman Star"palyxface="Times New Roman Star"palyq (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq
face="Times New Roman Star"polъface="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyxface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balux|face="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 335, Ё—“я 2, 59-60, Ћексика 177, ‘едотов 1, 443, Stachowski 52.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:la, *ba:l-dyr/, *ba:la-panface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young animal, nestling, 2 child 3 a man's wife's younger sister 4 younger relativeface="Times New Roman Star"1 молодое животное, птенец, 2 ребенок 3 младша€ сестра жены 4 младший родственникface="Times New Roman Star"baldyz (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1 (MK), baldyz 3 (MK); baldyr 'step-son, step-daughter' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3, balaban 'falcon' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2 (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), baldyz 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|la 1, 2, bo|ldiz 3, palapan 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"myla, mle 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala, balaG 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:la 1, 2, ba:ldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, passy 3 (Tel., R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"poldъr 3, 4 (As?. IX 282)face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3, balapan 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyd| 3; belekej 'small'face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"baldysqa 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 332, 334, VEWT 59, 60, Ё—“я 2, 47-50, 53-54, Ћексика 71, 306-307, 312, Stachowski 51, 52. Turk. > Kalm. baldr. (KW 30). Khak. pasty < *bazly < *balzy with metathesis.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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