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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a:l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cross (a mountain) 2 to surpassface="Times New Roman Star"1 переходить (через гору) 2 превосходитьface="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"o|s?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:s?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s?- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 'to go by'face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 'to go beyond the range of vision'face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 30, Ё—“я 1, 212-214, EDT 255, Stachowski 41. The OT gerund as?ru 'having crossed over, exceeded > very' > Mong. asuru (Clark 1980, 42, ўербак 1997, 102-103).
face="Times New Roman Star"*atkakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gillsface="Times New Roman Star"жабры









face="Times New Roman Star"atpaxface="Times New Roman Star"attaqface="Times New Roman Star"atqaq















face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 31. A local Siberian word; should be kept distinct from *a.t(ky)- 'pinch, pinchful, handful' (q. v. sub *p`a>/t`a\(-kV)).
face="Times New Roman Star"*agsa-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to hobble, limp 2 lameface="Times New Roman Star"1 хромать 2 хромой
face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- (MK) 1, aqsaq, ag|sag| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"aksa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"o|qsa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aGsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"axsa- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"axsym 2
face="Times New Roman Star"asqa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqha- 1face="Times New Roman Star"axsa-, asxa- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aqsa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 95, Ё—“я 76. Turk. > Mong. asag '(animal) lameness'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*adakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"footface="Times New Roman Star"ногаface="Times New Roman Star"adaq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ad|aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ajakface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaq (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|jo|qface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"azaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaGface="Times New Roman Star"ajaGface="Times New Roman Star"azaxface="Times New Roman Star"azaqface="Times New Roman Star"ad/aqface="Times New Roman Star"hada:q, hadaqface="Times New Roman Star"oraface="Times New Roman Star"ataqface="Times New Roman Star"atakface="Times New Roman Star"adaq 'bottom part'face="Times New Roman Star"adaq 'сошки; нижн€€ часть'face="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaxface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"aja(:)x|face="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 5, EDT 45, Ё—“я 1, 103-105, Ћексика 288, ‘едотов 2, 283, Stachowski 38.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ar/ygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fangface="Times New Roman Star"клыкface="Times New Roman Star"azyg| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"azyg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azawface="Times New Roman Star"azu (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|ziq
face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyjface="Times New Roman Star"azu, azu:
face="Times New Roman Star"*ora > Mari ora-puj 'id.'face="Times New Roman Star"ahy:, dial. yhy:
face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azu:face="Times New Roman Star"azuw
face="Times New Roman Star"ad|awface="Times New Roman Star"azaw

face="Times New Roman Star"azuw
face="Times New Roman Star"azuwface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 33, Ё—“я 1, 96-98, Ћексика 229. Turk. > Mong. *az?|ug| (ac?ug| in Uygh. script, see Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ady-r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to separateface="Times New Roman Star"отдел€тьface="Times New Roman Star"adyr- (Orkh., OUygh.); adyn (OUygh.) 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"ad|yr- (MK); ad|yn (MK) 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ajir-face="Times New Roman Star"ajra-, ajri- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"azyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"azyr-face="Times New Roman Star"azyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajry-face="Times New Roman Star"hadru-, hadur-face="Times New Roman Star"ojъr-face="Times New Roman Star"atyr-; atyn 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"atyn 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"adyr-face="Times New Roman Star"adyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 6, EDT 60, 66-67, Ё—“я 1, 93, 114-116, ‘едотов 2, 270, Stachowski 39. Turk. > MMo, WMong. az?|ira- (see ўербак 1997, 94), whence again Uzb. az?|ra- etc. (see Ё—“я ibid.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a>c?aj / *e>c?ejface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 old man or woman 2 mother 3 grandmother 4 sister (of woman) 5 mother (if the grandmother is still alive) 5 mother (addr. to an elder woman) 6 aunt, sister of father 7 elder brother 8 uncle 9 ancestor 10 Father! (to the God) 11 old man, elder man 12 husband 13 younger brother of father's father 14 grandfather 15 fatherface="Times New Roman Star"1 старый мужчина или женщина 2 мать 3 бабушка 4 сестра (женщины) 5 мать (при живой бабушке) 5 мать (обр. к пожилой женщине) 6 тет€, сестра отца 7 старший брат 8 д€д€ 9 предок 10 ќтче! (обр. к Ѕогу) 11 старик, пожилой человек 12 муж 13 младший брат деда 14 дед 15 отецface="Times New Roman Star"ec?i 7, 8 (Orkh.), ec?u" 9 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ec?i 1 (MK), ec?u" 10 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"az?|u (dial.), ez?|e 11face="Times New Roman Star"az?|a, az?|i, e|z?|i 5 (dial., ““ƒ— 22, 551), azyj, e|zi 11, 15 (dial., ““ƒ— 23, 540)
face="Times New Roman Star"o|c?a, ac?a 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ac?a 6face="Times New Roman Star"ac?y 4, ac?a 12, 15

face="Times New Roman Star"az?|a 7, 8face="Times New Roman Star"ac?a 7, 8face="Times New Roman Star"Leb. az?|y, az?|a 7, ac?a 13
face="Times New Roman Star"az/a 15face="Times New Roman Star"ehe 14face="Times New Roman Star"ehe 14face="Times New Roman Star"ac?a 15face="Times New Roman Star"as?'a, az?|a 7, 15face="Times New Roman Star"ac?aj 5, az?|a 11

face="Times New Roman Star"a"sa" 2




face="Times New Roman Star"az?|aj 5, ec?iw 6face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 35, Ё—“я 1, 231-235, TMN 2, 15, ≈горов 35, Ћексика 299, Clark 1977, 128, Stachowski 43. Shortness is suggested by pharyngealization in Tofalar, so the variants with -z?|- are probably due to expressive gemination (*ac?c?V / *ec?c?V).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)akuru-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"slowly, quietly, graduallyface="Times New Roman Star"медленно, постепенноface="Times New Roman Star"aquru (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"aqru, aqrun (MK), aqru (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"arqun (Osmanli)face="Times New Roman Star"e|kren, e|kerten; e|kert (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"aqryn (Sangl.), ag|ryn (Ѕор. Ѕад.)




face="Times New Roman Star"a:g|yrin, ag|ryn, ag|yrtynface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrynface="Times New Roman Star"aqqyryn, aqqyr-aqqyr

face="Times New Roman Star"arg|y:j, org|u:j


face="Times New Roman Star"aqyrinface="Times New Roman Star"aqyryn
face="Times New Roman Star"aqrynface="Times New Roman Star"aqyryn, aqryn, aqyrtyn
face="Times New Roman Star"arqytynface="Times New Roman Star"aqyryn

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 14, Ё—“я 1, 123-124, EDT 89-90. The forms with -yn and -tyn are old forms of Instr. and Abl. cases, so the PT word is a noun. Yak. reflects the -u of the second syllable.
face="Times New Roman Star"*iagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heavyface="Times New Roman Star"т€желыйface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|irface="Times New Roman Star"eg|ir
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"aGyrface="Times New Roman Star"a:r

face="Times New Roman Star"ag|i:.rface="Times New Roman Star"jyvъrface="Times New Roman Star"yarface="Times New Roman Star"yara-kanface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"o:rface="Times New Roman Star"awyr
face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"awur

face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 8, EDT 88-9, Ё—“я 1, 85-87, ≈горов 82-83, Ћексика 338-339, Stachowski 258.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:ryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wasp, beeface="Times New Roman Star"пчела, оса
face="Times New Roman Star"ary (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ary
face="Times New Roman Star"ary (Sangl., Pav. C., Qutb), aru (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"ari, tukli ari 'humble-bee'face="Times New Roman Star"he|re|
face="Times New Roman Star"aryface="Times New Roman Star"ary, a:ry (Ё—“я)face="Times New Roman Star"a:r, tu"ktig a:r 'hornet'
face="Times New Roman Star"aru:face="Times New Roman Star"ha:ryface="Times New Roman Star"t@g@ld-ora 'humble-bee' ? (t@g@l 'shaggy')face="Times New Roman Star"yn|yrya
face="Times New Roman Star"ary, Todzh. hary
face="Times New Roman Star"a:ryface="Times New Roman Star"ara, tu"kti ara 'humble-bee'


face="Times New Roman Star"a:ry
face="Times New Roman Star"he|rre

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 25, EDT 196-197, TMN 2, 47, Ё—“я 1, 186-187, Ћексика 186, јшм. XV, 23, ‘едотов 2, 213-214. Turk. > Mong. ari (not vice versa, despite ўербак 1997, 100).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Agyr/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 mouth 2 lip, lips 3 mouth of a river, of a cleftface="Times New Roman Star"1 рот 2 губа, губы 3 устье реки, ущель€face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz (Orkh.) 3, ag|yz, ag|az (OUygh.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|iz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"eg|iz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ys 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"a:s, axsy (3 P.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"aqsy 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"o:s 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"vъw|rъw|, urъ-lъ 3face="Times New Roman Star"uos 2face="Times New Roman Star"uos 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s, aqsy (3 P.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"a:s, aqsy (3 P.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ooz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyd| 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awud| 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"a:s 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"awuz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 8, EDT 98, Ё—“я 1, 81-83, ћудрак ƒисс. 115, Ћексика 224-225, Stachowski 245.
face="Times New Roman Star"*A>n|(k)ytface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wild duckface="Times New Roman Star"дика€ уткаface="Times New Roman Star"an|yt (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"an|yt (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"angut 'огарь', ankyt (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"anqud (Sngl)face="Times New Roman Star"ang|irt 'red duck'
face="Times New Roman Star"an|ytface="Times New Roman Star"anGut-boGaz 'длинношеий'face="Times New Roman Star"an|k 'red duck'face="Times New Roman Star"a:t













face="Times New Roman Star"anqyt, ankit 'ostrich, vulture, dragon'

face="Times New Roman Star"han|qutface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 21, Ћексика 172. Doerfer's (TMN 2, 129) PT *an|gyrt is a quite artificial construct: it is based on occasional modern forms (like Uzb. an|g|irt) which reflect a contamination of *an|yt and the borrowed Mong. an|g|yr (with the influence of an|gyrt 'careless'). All old sources (see EDT 176) reflect only *an|yt. (Yak. n/ynta:la 'горбоносый турпан' (ѕек.), despite VEWT, < Evk. niltalbuki 'a black duck with white head, from nilta- 'to loose hair', lit. 'bald bird' “ћ— I 593; anny, andy < TM *andi; ann/a, ann/aryjar dial. 'a k. of sea bird, мор€нка' (ƒ—яя 48) < Mong. an|gir).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jabal/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"soft, mild; slow, quietface="Times New Roman Star"м€гкий, нежный; тихий, медленныйface="Times New Roman Star"jabas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juwas?, juas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|wwo|s?, juwo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?, jugas? (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"c?abasface="Times New Roman Star"c?abas?, c?obas?face="Times New Roman Star"d/obos?



face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:s?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:s?face="Times New Roman Star"z?uwasface="Times New Roman Star"juwasface="Times New Roman Star"jywas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uwas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?


face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 175, Ё—“я 4, 51-52, TMN 4, 207-208. Cf. also (with different suffixation) Karakh. jav-yl- 'to become soft', java (jer) 'warm, cosy place'; Yak. samaa-n 'warm, favourable (of summer)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.pytakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"without saddleface="Times New Roman Star"без седла
face="Times New Roman Star"jabytaq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"japyldaq (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"jawdaqface="Times New Roman Star"jabytaq
face="Times New Roman Star"japbyllaqface="Times New Roman Star"c?abdaxface="Times New Roman Star"c?abydaqface="Times New Roman Star"d/abydaq

face="Times New Roman Star"sybydax
face="Times New Roman Star"c?awydaq





face="Times New Roman Star"jalburdaq



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 873, Ё—“я 4, 49-50.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAt-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"winter ryeface="Times New Roman Star"озима€ рожь









face="Times New Roman Star"c?adyg| 'bush' (Sag.)face="Times New Roman Star"jadyg|an (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/adag|an



face="Times New Roman Star"c?adag| 'low plant'










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 fat n., butter 2 lard 3 thick, fat (adj.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 жир, масло 2 сало 3 толстый, жирныйface="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/u: 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u, s/ъw|v 1face="Times New Roman Star"sya 1face="Times New Roman Star"hya 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|oo-n 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?au 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja: 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jav 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 895, Ё—“я 4, 58-59, Ћексика 453, ‘едотов 2, 127, Stachowski 117.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jag-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rain 2 rainface="Times New Roman Star"1 идти (о дожде) 2 дождьface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (Orkh.), jag|mur 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|yr, jawym 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur / jamg|ur 2 (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf., MA), jag|yn 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|- 1, jo|mg|ir, jo|g|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jamg|u(r), jan|mur, jeg|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mirface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|myr, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, nan|myr 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|-, c?a:- 1, nag|byr, namyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:-, d/a- 1, d/an|myr, d/a:s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u- 1, s/omъr 2face="Times New Roman Star"samy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"hamy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, c?a's 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|a:-, z?|au- 1, z?|amg|yr, z?|a:n 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?an|byr, z?awyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yrface="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yr, jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?awun, z?|ang|urface="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?awyn, z?amg|yr 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|ur, jan|ur, jawyn / jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 896, 903-4, 908, Ё—“я 4, 57, Ћексика 25, ‘едотов 2, 135, Stachowski 95.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jakaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"collar; edgeface="Times New Roman Star"воротник; крайface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jakaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (Pav. C., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|qaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa
face="Times New Roman Star"jaxaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|aface="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|aface="Times New Roman Star"d/aqaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"s/og|aface="Times New Roman Star"sag|a

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|a (–ас. ‘иЋ)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqa
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ag|a, z?ag|a


face="Times New Roman Star"jaxaface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, 82-83, EDT 898, Ё—“я 4, 82-84, ‘едотов 2, 146-147. Turk. > WMong. z?|aqa, z?|iqa, Kalm. zax@ (KW 463-464; TMN 4, 103-104, ўербак 1997, 122), whence Evk. z?|aka (Doerfer MT 125).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAb-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bad, coarse, wicked 2 to become bad, weak 3 heavy, difficult, severe 4 tasteless, insipidface="Times New Roman Star"1 плохой, грубый 2 ухудшатьс€, слабеть 3 т€желый, трудный, суровый 4 пресный, безвкусныйface="Times New Roman Star"jabyz 1 (Orkh.), javyz 1 (OUygh.), javg|an 1 (OUygh.), jablaq (Orkh.) 3, javlaq (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"javry- 2, javra- 'to become rough, coarse', javyz 1, javg|an 1, javlaq 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"javuz 1, javan 4face="Times New Roman Star"jawyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"javlaq (R) 'very' , javuz (Ettuhf., AH) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|wuz 1, jo:g|an 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"javuz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jus 1face="Times New Roman Star"javan 4face="Times New Roman Star"jovuz 1, 3, juwan 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|ban 4



face="Times New Roman Star"suos 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:g|an 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?awyz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jawyd|- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"javan 4
face="Times New Roman Star"z?awyz 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 176, EDT 879, 881-882, Ё—“я 4, 47-48, 51. Turk. > WMong. z?|abqai, z?|abag|an (KW 468), whence again some Turkic forms (Kirgh. z?|abyq etc., see Ё—“я 4, 9-10). One could perhaps also note Kaz. z?awra-, Uzb. z?|o|wra- 'to suffer from cold, shiver' (Ё—“я 4, 20) which may be = Karakh. javra-, javry- and thus should not be compared to Mong. dag|ara- (despite KW 82).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jakyl-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of small hawkface="Times New Roman Star"вид небольшого €стреба


face="Times New Roman Star"jag|ylbajface="Times New Roman Star"jag|labaj (Ettuhf.)




face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|ylbaj
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|albaj 'siskin'





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ag|almajface="Times New Roman Star"z?ag|altaj
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|ylbaj





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, Ё—“я 4, 10-11.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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