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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*u:-dy-, *u:-dy-k-la-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sleepface="Times New Roman Star"спатьface="Times New Roman Star"udy- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ud|y- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"uju-face="Times New Roman Star"joqla-face="Times New Roman Star"uju- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"uxla-face="Times New Roman Star"uxla-face="Times New Roman Star"uzu-
face="Times New Roman Star"u:qla-face="Times New Roman Star"uzu-

face="Times New Roman Star"u:_, u:. 'sleep' (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"yjg|ъ 'sleep' (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"utuj-face="Times New Roman Star"utuj-face="Times New Roman Star"udu-face="Times New Roman Star"udu-face="Times New Roman Star"uqta-; ujqu (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"ujyqta-face="Times New Roman Star"ujkla-face="Times New Roman Star"joqla-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uqla-face="Times New Roman Star"uju-face="Times New Roman Star"juxla-face="Times New Roman Star"ujqyla-face="Times New Roman Star"ux|la-face="Times New Roman Star"uju- 'to stiffen'face="Times New Roman Star"The form *u:dykla- is derived from *u:dyk 'sleepy', derived from *u:dy- 'to sleep', which in its turn is derived from *u: 'sleep' (preserved in Yak., Dolg. u:, Khal. u:). See VEWT 508, EDT 2, 42-3, 46-7, 49, Ё—“я 1, 579-581, 586-587, ≈горов 342, Stachowski 247.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ujaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nestface="Times New Roman Star"гнездоface="Times New Roman Star"uja (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"juwaface="Times New Roman Star"ojaface="Times New Roman Star"juwa, uja (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"uwa, ugaface="Times New Roman Star"uja, oja 'egg'face="Times New Roman Star"juwa
face="Times New Roman Star"uja
face="Times New Roman Star"uja
face="Times New Roman Star"jъw|vaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"oja
face="Times New Roman Star"juwaface="Times New Roman Star"juwa, ujaface="Times New Roman Star"uja
face="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 511, EDT 267, Ё—“я 4, 239, ≈горов 73, Stachowski 242.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ulugface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 big 2 great 3 grown-up, greatface="Times New Roman Star"1 большой 2 великий 3 взрослый, крупныйface="Times New Roman Star"ulug| 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ulug| 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ulu 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"lke|n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ulug|, uluq 1 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ulug| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ulu 2face="Times New Roman Star"uly 1face="Times New Roman Star"ulug| 1



face="Times New Roman Star"ulaxan, ulu: 1face="Times New Roman Star"ulakan, ulu: 1face="Times New Roman Star"ulug| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ulug| 1face="Times New Roman Star"uluu 2face="Times New Roman Star"ulken 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"jken 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"lka"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ullu 1

face="Times New Roman Star"u"lken 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 513, 520, TMN 2, 117-118, EDT 136, Ё—“я 1, 593-594, 630, Stachowski 242, 243. Turkic languages reveal two variants (*ulug and *u"lken, the latter being represented only in modern languages), probably interrelated. Despite Bang TB X and TMN 2, 118 it is hard to see any relationship between *ulug (hardly *ullug: some modern forms must have secondary gemination here) and *ul 'foundation'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*urug ( ? *or-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 seed 2 child, girl 3 kin, kind 4 relativesface="Times New Roman Star"1 сем€ 2 ребенок, девочка 3 род, плем€ 4 родственникиface="Times New Roman Star"urug| (OUygh.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"urug| (MK, KB) 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"orlyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"urug| (Sangl.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"urug| 1face="Times New Roman Star"uruq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"uruG 3



face="Times New Roman Star"vъw|rъw| 1face="Times New Roman Star"uru: 4face="Times New Roman Star"uru: 4face="Times New Roman Star"urug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"urug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"uruq 3face="Times New Roman Star"u_ryq 1face="Times New Roman Star"urlyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"orloq 1face="Times New Roman Star"urluq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"uryq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 516, TMN 2, 47, EDT 214-5, Ё—“я 1, 604-606, Ћексика 115-116, 307, 323-324, Stachowski 246. Deriving the word from *ur- 'beat, hit' (VEWT) is of course incorrect. Some forms reflect a variant form *uru-lyk. Turk. > Mong. urug| (see TMN 2, 51, ўербак 1997, 162).
face="Times New Roman Star"*uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fly v.face="Times New Roman Star"лететь, летатьface="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"oc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?ux-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?uq-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-, uc?g|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"v@w|s/-face="Times New Roman Star"uhun- 'float'face="Times New Roman Star"uhun- 'float, swim'face="Times New Roman Star"u's?-face="Times New Roman Star"u's?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"os-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 509, EDT 19, Ё—“я 1, 612-613, Stachowski 241.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ur/y-n, *ur/a-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 long 2 lie; grow 3 far 4 long (time), lateface="Times New Roman Star"1 длинный 2 лежать; расти 3 далекий 4 долгий, позднийface="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1 (MK, KB), uzaq (MK) 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzak 3face="Times New Roman Star"ozyn 1, ozaq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzo|q 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, ozaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzan- 2, uzaG 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzy:n 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 4
face="Times New Roman Star"uza:n- 2, uza:q 3, uzu:.n 1face="Times New Roman Star"vъw|rъw|m 1, vъw|rax 3face="Times New Roman Star"uhun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uhun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1 uza- 'удлин€тьс€'face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"u_zu_n 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"od|on 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzyn 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzyn 1, uzyx| 3
face="Times New Roman Star"PT *ur/y-n 'long', *ur/a-k 'far, long' are derived from *ur/a- 'to be long, prolonged'. See VEWT 518, EDT 281, 283, 288-9, Ё—“я 1, 570-572, Stachowski 241.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u":l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lynxface="Times New Roman Star"рысь
face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?ek (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?ek






face="Times New Roman Star"u"s (tab.)face="Times New Roman Star"u"sface="Times New Roman Star"u":s (dial. - Leb.)

face="Times New Roman Star"u":sface="Times New Roman Star"u"s-kis 'sable'face="Times New Roman Star"u"sface="Times New Roman Star"u"s









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 523, ўербак 1961, 141, –ас. ‘иЋ 239, Ћексика 159, Stachowski 254. The irregular reflex of *l/ in some Siberian languages presupposes tabooistic interlingual borrowings (Tuva < Yak., Shor < Khak.? ).
face="Times New Roman Star"*u":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fatface="Times New Roman Star"жир
face="Times New Roman Star"u"z (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"u"z (AH), o"z 'clinging mud' (Sangl.)




face="Times New Roman Star"u"sface="Times New Roman Star"u"sface="Times New Roman Star"u"s
face="Times New Roman Star"jor-var 'скоромна€ пища'face="Times New Roman Star"u"ska"l
face="Times New Roman Star"u"s 'liquid fat'face="Times New Roman Star"u"s 'liquid fat'









face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 278-279, VEWT 523, ћудрак ƒисс. 154, ‘едотов 2, 491, Ћексика 454-455. Chuv. va- points to a long *u":-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u"l/i- (/*u"li-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to freeze, congeal 2 to blow (of a cold wind)face="Times New Roman Star"1 замерзать 2 дуть (о холодном ветре)face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?i- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?u"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"s?e- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Kypch. u"s?i- (CCum.)


face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?u"-, dial. u"s?i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"dial. u"s?i:- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"-, uc?u- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"z?u"- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"vas?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lu"j- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"'z?u"-face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?i-face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?u"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"si- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"si- 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"s?o"- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?u"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?u"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"si- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"s?u"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 523, Ё—“я 1, 644-645, EDT 256-247, ћудрак ƒисс. 154.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kab-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to unite, bring together 2 be brought togetherface="Times New Roman Star"1 объедин€ть, собирать 2 собиратьс€face="Times New Roman Star"qavyr- 1 (OUygh.), qavys?- 2 (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qavur- 1 (MK, KB), qavys?- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kavus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qawys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qavus?- 2 (Qutb, Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|wus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dial. qavus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qawys- 2face="Times New Roman Star"Govus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"Govur- 1, Govus?- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"qabyr- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"> Danube Bulg. koubraton 'collector, unifier (of lands)'

face="Times New Roman Star"xavyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xabyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qo:s?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qawys- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qawys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qawys?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qaus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qavus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qawys- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 216, EDT 585, 588, Ё—“я 6, 14-16. OT also has quvra- 'come together, assemble', with a rather strange vocalism (see EDT 586 - but modern forms like qura- are not related, being borrowed from Mong. qura-, qurija-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka.dyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pine treeface="Times New Roman Star"сосна









face="Times New Roman Star"xara-xazy


face="Times New Roman Star"xyrъface="Times New Roman Star"kytyan 'juniper'
face="Times New Roman Star"xadyface="Times New Roman Star"xady









face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 291-292, ћудрак ƒисс. 179. Most languages reflect the compound *Kara-ka.dy (borrowed in Mong. as qarag|ai 'larch').
face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)ajaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 rock 2 mountain 3 slopeface="Times New Roman Star"1 скала 2 гора 3 склонface="Times New Roman Star"qaja (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja (Houts., AH, Ettuhf., Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qo|je| 1face="Times New Roman Star"dial. qija 1
face="Times New Roman Star"Gaja 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"dial. Ga:ja, Gaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"xaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja 1

face="Times New Roman Star"xaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"kaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"xaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"xaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja 1, qyja 3 ('oblique slope' - through contamination with *kyj- 'oblique')
face="Times New Roman Star"qaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaja 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qyja 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 221, TMN 3, 565, EDT 674-5, Ё—“я 5, 198-199, Ћексика 96, Stachowski 133.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kiamface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shaman 2 to shamanize, come into movementface="Times New Roman Star"1 шаман 2 камлать, приходить в движениеface="Times New Roman Star"qam 1, qamla- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qam (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kam 1face="Times New Roman Star"qam 1 (Sib.)face="Times New Roman Star"qam 1 (AH, IM, Pav. C.), qamla- 2 (Sangl.)




face="Times New Roman Star"xam 1, xamna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qam 1face="Times New Roman Star"qam 1, qamda- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jomъs/, jumъz/@ 1face="Times New Roman Star"xam-na:- (xam-sa:-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kamna:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"xam 1face="Times New Roman Star"xam 1





face="Times New Roman Star"qamz|y 1


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 228, TMN 3, 402-406, Ё—“я 5, 240-241, ≈горов 348-349, ‘едотов 1, 486, Stachowski 136.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kia:nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bloodface="Times New Roman Star"кровьface="Times New Roman Star"qan (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qan (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qan (MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|nface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"Ganface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:nface="Times New Roman Star"xanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qa:nface="Times New Roman Star"jonface="Times New Roman Star"xa:nface="Times New Roman Star"ka:nface="Times New Roman Star"xanface="Times New Roman Star"xanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"Ga(:)nface="Times New Roman Star"qanface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 230, TMN 3, 360-361, EDT 629-630, Ё—“я 5, 251, ≈горов 349, ‘едотов 2, 486, Stachowski 142. Turk. > WMong. qana- 'to let bleed' (KW 166, TMN 3, 361, ўербак 1997, 133).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:jnatface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wing 2 finface="Times New Roman Star"1 крыло 2 плавникface="Times New Roman Star"qanat (OUygh.- YB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat (Abush., MA) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qano|t 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qejnat 1face="Times New Roman Star"Ganad, ga"na"d (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"Ga:nat 1face="Times New Roman Star"xanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1, 2, qanar 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/onat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kynat, kyjyat 1face="Times New Roman Star"kynat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"xanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat (Kakuk,——я)face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 230, TMN 3, 518, EDT 635, Ё—“я 5, 252-253, ‘едотов 2, 137, Ћексика 149-150, Stachowski 168. Initial s/- in Chuv. is unclear (effect of *-j-?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kia:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"snowface="Times New Roman Star"снегface="Times New Roman Star"qar (Orkh., Yenis., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qar (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"karface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qar (Sangl., Qutb., Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|rface="Times New Roman Star"qar, qaa
face="Times New Roman Star"Garface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:rface="Times New Roman Star"xarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qar
face="Times New Roman Star"jorface="Times New Roman Star"xa:rface="Times New Roman Star"ka:rface="Times New Roman Star"xarface="Times New Roman Star"xarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qa:r
face="Times New Roman Star"qar
face="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 284-285, EDT 641, VEWT 235, ≈горов 350, ‘едотов 2, 490, Ћексика 27, Stachowski 142.
face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)aryl/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spanface="Times New Roman Star"п€дь
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"karys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys? (Pav. C., Houts., AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"qe|ris?face="Times New Roman Star"g|eric?, dial. g|eris?
face="Times New Roman Star"Garys?face="Times New Roman Star"Garys?face="Times New Roman Star"xarys
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?

face="Times New Roman Star"xarys
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"xarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarysface="Times New Roman Star"qarysface="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 324-326, EDT 663. External evidence suggests that the original meaning was 'elbow, cubit' [in fact attested for qarys? in Chag. Abushka, but some argue that this is just a script error], with the opposition *K(i)ary 'large measure (cubit) : *K(i)aryl/ 'small measure (span)'. But the former completely merged later with the reflexes of *Kary 'arm' (v. sub *ga\ra/).
face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)a:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eyebrow; edge, bank; saddle bowface="Times New Roman Star"бровь; край, берег; лука седлаface="Times New Roman Star"qas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kas? (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas? (Sangl., Pav. C., Abush.), qas? (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"qas?
face="Times New Roman Star"Gas?face="Times New Roman Star"Ga:s?face="Times New Roman Star"xasface="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas?

face="Times New Roman Star"xa:sface="Times New Roman Star"ka:sface="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"xas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qasface="Times New Roman Star"qasface="Times New Roman Star"qas?

face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 669, VEWT 240, TMN 3, 389, Ё—“я 5, 343-345, Ћексика 211-212, 542, Stachowski 143.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:dynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"relative-in-lawface="Times New Roman Star"свойственникface="Times New Roman Star"qadyn (Yenis., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qad|yn (MK, KB), qadyn (KB), qajyn (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"kajynface="Times New Roman Star"qajynface="Times New Roman Star"qajyn (Pav. C., MA, Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"qe|jinface="Times New Roman Star"qejin
face="Times New Roman Star"Gajynface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:jynface="Times New Roman Star"xazyn/ xastyface="Times New Roman Star"qazynface="Times New Roman Star"qajyn
face="Times New Roman Star"xon/

face="Times New Roman Star"qatyface="Times New Roman Star"xattyface="Times New Roman Star"qajynface="Times New Roman Star"qajynface="Times New Roman Star"qajynface="Times New Roman Star"qajny




face="Times New Roman Star"qajynface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 218, Ё—“я 5, 215-216, Ћексика 309, ‘едотов 2, 358.
face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)an|-(yr)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 nose 2 to snuffle 3 beak, snout 4 parched nose (phras.) 5 nose bridgeface="Times New Roman Star"1 нос 2 гнусавить 3 клюв, морда 4 пересохший (о носе) 5 переносица
face="Times New Roman Star"qan|raq `palate' (MK - ƒ“—)




face="Times New Roman Star"qan|ryq, qarq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"Gan|s?yravuq 'nasal cavity', Gon|ursa- 'to reek'

face="Times New Roman Star"qan|yryq (Tel.) (R II, 82); qon|yr 5 (R II 521), Tel. (¬ерб.)

face="Times New Roman Star"xan|ynaj- 2; xon|uru:, xan|yry: 5 (ѕек.)
face="Times New Roman Star"xa:j 3, xa:s? 'nasal', qon|zan| 'crook-nosed'face="Times New Roman Star"xa:j 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qan|yryq 4, qon|ursu- 'to reek'

face="Times New Roman Star"qan|g|yryq (dial.) 'hard palate'





face="Times New Roman Star"The root is no doubt archaic, although not widely attested. On its modern reflexes see VEWT 232, Ћексика 215-216 (some of the listed forms are < Mong., but certainly not all.), Ё—“я 6, 66.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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