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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|y / *jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"newface="Times New Roman Star"новыйface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jangu.face="Times New Roman Star"jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y 'just, recently'face="Times New Roman Star"na:face="Times New Roman Star"na (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|yface="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|giface="Times New Roman Star"s/@n@face="Times New Roman Star"san|aface="Times New Roman Star"han|a; hin|il 'young'face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"n/a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?ang|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jyn|gyface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185 (Ra"sa"nen is deriving this word from *ja:n 'side' which is quite improbable), EDT 943-4, Ё—“я 4, 124-125, Ћексика 85, Stachowski 96, 104. Turk. > MMo, WMong. z?|an|gi, Kalm. za"n|g/@ 'news' (KW 470; doubts about this borrowing in TMN 1, 281, based on the early attestation of the meaning "discussion" in Mong., are hardly founded).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn|ylface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 mistake, fault 2 to err, make a mistakeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ошибка, вина 2 ошибатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl- 2, jan|luq 1(Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl- 2, jan|luq 1(MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janlys? 1, janyl- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|ys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yl- (Ѕор. Ѕад., Ettuhf., Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|lis?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jen|il-, jan|lis?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"janlys? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaln|ys? 1, jaln|ys?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"na:l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, d/an|yl- 2





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yl- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?an|yl- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|ylys?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jannys? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, jan|g|yl- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, jan|lys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, EDT 950, 951, Ё—“я 4, 120-121. Suffixless *jan| is poorly attested and probably does not exist.
face="Times New Roman Star"*japur-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"leafface="Times New Roman Star"листface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"japurg|aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"japrakface="Times New Roman Star"jafraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|an (Abush.), j[a]praq (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"japro|qface="Times New Roman Star"jopurmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"jarpaGface="Times New Roman Star"japraq

face="Times New Roman Star"d/albyraq

face="Times New Roman Star"sebirdexface="Times New Roman Star"hebirdekface="Times New Roman Star"c?o"vu"ree 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"'pra"a" 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|albyraqface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"c?apraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraxface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"ja"rfyx|face="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 188, EDT 879-80, Ё—“я 4, 130-132, Ћексика 111-112, Stachowski 100. Clauson derives *japur-gak from *japur- 'to smoothe, level', which is an obvious contamination - just as the contamination with *jalpy- 'flat' (v. sub *de>\lp`a\) in some languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sideface="Times New Roman Star"сторона


face="Times New Roman Star"jaq, z?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq (R), jaq (LOQ)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|qface="Times New Roman Star"jaqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:q (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jaqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq


face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, Ё—“я 4, 82.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (tr.) 2 light, ray 3 to produce fireface="Times New Roman Star"1 жечь 2 свет, луч 3 высекать огонь
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jak- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jaqty 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|q- 1, jo|g|du 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jax- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jag|ty 2


face="Times New Roman Star"ja:q- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ot- 1, s/o-dъ 2face="Times New Roman Star"saq- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'q- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jaqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1, z?aqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, TMN 4, 201-202, EDT 897, Ё—“я 4, 62, 81-82, ‘едотов 2, 146, Ћексика 362. This stem should be distinguished from *jan- 'to burn (intr.)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jakuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"coatface="Times New Roman Star"плащ, шуба
face="Times New Roman Star"jaqu (MK)









face="Times New Roman Star"jaqqy, d/aqqy, jaqa, d/aqa

face="Times New Roman Star"sag|ynn/ax
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|y
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqy (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?aqy (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jaqy





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 60-61, Ћексика 476. The form jag|qu is not really attested: it is a folk etymology related by MK. Turk. > Russ. jega/, see јникин 195, 721.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to come near 2 near 3 to come near to each other, pass 3 goodface="Times New Roman Star"1 приближатьс€ 2 близкий 3 приближатьс€, подходить 4 хорошийface="Times New Roman Star"jaq- (OUygh.) 1, jaqyn (OUygh.) 2, jaqys?- (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- (MK, KB) 1, jaqyn (MK) 2, jaqys?- (MK) 3, jax|s?y (MK) 4face="Times New Roman Star"jakyn 2, jakys?- 3, jaks?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaxs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn (MA) 2, jax|s?y 4 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jaqin 2, jaxs?i 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jeqin 2, jaqs?i 4face="Times New Roman Star"jahGyn 2, jaxs?(i) 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaxyn 2, jaxs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jaqy:n 2, jaGs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|yn 2, c?axsy 4





face="Times New Roman Star"c?yg|y: 'close to'face="Times New Roman Star"c?y'xa- 'to press to'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqyn 2, z?|aqs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?aqyn 2, z?aqsy 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaxs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaqs?y 4
face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaqys?- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaqs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?aqyn 2, z?aqsy 4face="Times New Roman Star"jax|yn 2, jax|s?y 4
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 178, 180, EDT 896-9, 901, 904, 908-9, Ё—“я 4, 63-64, 81, 84, TMN 4, 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jara-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be beneficial, useful, successfulface="Times New Roman Star"годитьс€, быть годным, полезнымface="Times New Roman Star"jara- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jara- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-, d/ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"s/oras/- 'to reconcile'



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ara-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"zaras-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 956, VEWT 189, Ё—“я 4, 137-139, TMN 4, 56-57, 144, ‘едотов 2, 141. Turk. caus. *jarat- > Hung. gya/rt- 'to produce' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar- / *jer-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"batface="Times New Roman Star"летуча€ мышь
face="Times New Roman Star"jersgu", jerise (MK Chigil)face="Times New Roman Star"jarasa, jarasykface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (AH), jar-qanat (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|r-qano|t

face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (dial.), jarg|a:natface="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-xanat
face="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat, d/ar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"s/ara-s/erz/iface="Times New Roman Star"sary: kynat
face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'sqy
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jeri qanatyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jeresenface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 972, VEWT 189, TMN 4, 143, Ё—“я 4, 140-141, Ћексика 168. The word is etymologically difficult because of the unclear suffix *-sa / *-se attested in early forms and some of the modern reflexes. In most modern languages the word is folk-etymologically rebuilt as *jary-Kiajnat 'film-wing' (or 'naked sparrow' in Chuv.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jarkakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"skin (tanned, without hair)face="Times New Roman Star"шкура (дублена€, без волос)


face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o|rg|aq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja(r)g|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq, d/arg|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"s/org|ax 'film, membrane'

face="Times New Roman Star"c?arg|as? 'hairless (skin); placenta'
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|arg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?arg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq


face="Times New Roman Star"z?arg|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 190, Ё—“я 4, 141-142, Ћексика 385, јшм. XII, 277-278, ‘едотов 2, 145-146. Turk. > WMong. z?|arg|ag|, Kalm. zarg|@g (KW 467).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 leather 2 pellicleface="Times New Roman Star"1 кожа 2 кожица


face="Times New Roman Star"jary 2face="Times New Roman Star"jary (AH) 1



face="Times New Roman Star"jary 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?aryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaru: 1

face="Times New Roman Star"sary: 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hary: 2




face="Times New Roman Star"jary 2




face="Times New Roman Star"jari 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 146; Ћексика 384, Stachowski 98.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r-ynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 morning 2 tomorrow 3 next yearface="Times New Roman Star"1 утро 2 завтра 3 следующий годface="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 1 (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 1, 2 (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 3 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 3





face="Times New Roman Star"yran 2face="Times New Roman Star"sarsyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"harsyn 1




face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 3 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:ryn 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryn 3

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 970, VEWT 190, Ё—“я 4, 147-148, ≈горов 343, Ћексика 80, Stachowski 97. Ra"sa"nen derives the stem from *jar- 'to shine, glitter', but this is dubious both for phonetic reasons (OT has jaru- 'to shine', but jaryn 'morning') and because of external evidence.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to shine 2 to dawn 3 light 4 candleface="Times New Roman Star"1 светить 2 рассветать 3 свет 4 свечаface="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryk 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jary- (AH), jaru- (Abush.) 1, jaruq 3 (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|ri- 1, jo|rug| 3face="Times New Roman Star"joru- 1, joruq 3

face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ary- 1, c?aryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-, c?ary- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar-, d/ary- 1, d/aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"s/or-da 4face="Times New Roman Star"sara:- 2 (but also syrda:-)face="Times New Roman Star"hyrda:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yry- 1, c?aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-, z?|ary- 1, z?|aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jary- 1, jaryq, jaryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jarux 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 956, 962, 963, Ё—“я 4, 134-135, VEWT 189 (there are hardly reasons to consider the Chuv. word a borrowing), ‘едотов 2, 145, Stachowski 119. Turk. (Bulg.?) > Hung. gyertya 'candle', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 thin, lean 2 poor 3 flatface="Times New Roman Star"1 тонкий, тощий 2 бедный 3 плоскийface="Times New Roman Star"jarlyg| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jarlyg| 2 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"jarlyg| 2 (R., Ѕуд.)



face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"jartyc?aq 3



face="Times New Roman Star"c?aryg|-da- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aro: 1, z?|ardy, z?|arly, z?|aryly 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara- 1, z?ar(y)ly 2face="Times New Roman Star"jarly- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?arly, zarly 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?arly 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 967, VEWT 189, 190, Ё—“я 4, 143, Ћексика 334-335. The most widely spread form, attested since Old Uyghur, is *jar-ly(g) 'poor'; the evidence of Oyr., Tuva, Kirgh. and Kaz., however, suggests the existence of a primary stem *jar(y)- 'thin, lean'. Turk. > Hung. gyarlo/ 'sinful' (< *jarlyg|), see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.l/y-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"be lazy, emaciated, weak, quietface="Times New Roman Star"быть ленивым, измученным; слабым, в€лым, робким



face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yq (adj.) (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"j@s?iq (adj.)face="Times New Roman Star"jes?iq (adj.)


face="Times New Roman Star"c?azyg| (adj.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz?y- (R), d/az?yq (adj.)

face="Times New Roman Star"syhyj-
face="Times New Roman Star"c?az?y-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?y-face="Times New Roman Star"z?asy-
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yq (adj.)


face="Times New Roman Star"z?asy-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, Ё—“я 4, 20-21, TMN 4, 173.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lie, to sleepface="Times New Roman Star"лежать, спатьface="Times New Roman Star"jat- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|t-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at- (R)face="Times New Roman Star"d/at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-
face="Times New Roman Star"syt-face="Times New Roman Star"hyt-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|at-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jaht-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, EDT 884, Ё—“я 4, 156-158, Stachowski 120.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foreign(er)face="Times New Roman Star"чужой, иностранныйface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|tface="Times New Roman Star"jat
face="Times New Roman Star"jadface="Times New Roman Star"ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jat, d/at





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|atface="Times New Roman Star"z?atface="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat

face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"z?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 882, VEWT 192, Ё—“я 4, 158-159, Ћексика 564. Turk. > WMong. z?|ad, Kalm. zad (KW 462, ўербак 1997, 123).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAs-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"flat and broadface="Times New Roman Star"широкий и плоский
face="Times New Roman Star"jasy (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jassyface="Times New Roman Star"jassy, jastyface="Times New Roman Star"jassy (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jassi

face="Times New Roman Star"jastyface="Times New Roman Star"jasy











face="Times New Roman Star"jat|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?|assyface="Times New Roman Star"jasy


face="Times New Roman Star"jassyface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 191, EDT 973-974, Ё—“я 4, 153-154, 155-156 (see there the list of other derivatives of the root *jAs-), Ћексика 98.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jasy-mukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lentilface="Times New Roman Star"чечевицаface="Times New Roman Star"jasymuq (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jasmykface="Times New Roman Star"jasmyqface="Times New Roman Star"jasmuq (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|smiqface="Times New Roman Star"jesimuq

face="Times New Roman Star"jasmyq (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|asymyq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?asymyq (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jat|myq



face="Times New Roman Star"jasmux
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 975, VEWT 191, Ё—“я 4, 154, Ћексика 464-465.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/tuk / *ja.tr/ukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 pillow 2 to prop on a pillowface="Times New Roman Star"1 подушка 2 опирать(с€) на подушкуface="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 'pillow-shaped ingot of silver' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1, jasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyk 1, jasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|stiq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jassyx (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jassyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?astyx 1, c?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?astyq 1, c?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq, d/astyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ydъr 1face="Times New Roman Star"syttyk 1, sytta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hyttyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"syrtyq, systyq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|azdyq, z?|astyq 1, z?|azda-, z?|asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?astyq 1, z?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jat|tyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|astyq, zastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"dastyq 1, z?asta-, dasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastux 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq, jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"PT *r/ is indicated by the Chuv. form and probably also (with rotacism) Tuva syrtyk. Other forms for the most part reflect an assimilated *jaz-t- > *jast-. See VEWT 191, Ё—“я 4, 154-155, EDT 974, Stachowski 121.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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