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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*josunface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"manner, custom, methodface="Times New Roman Star", ,
face="Times New Roman Star"josun (KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"josuqface="Times New Roman Star"josun (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|,sinface="Times New Roman Star"josun
face="Times New Roman Star"josun (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"jozaq, jozoq, jozor



face="Times New Roman Star"c?o`zu (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|os?unface="Times New Roman Star"z?osyn, z?osaq (dial.)







face="Times New Roman Star" 4, 31-32. Also reflected is a form *josuk, *josak. Clauson (EDT 975) and Doerfer (TMN 1, 555-557) follow Ramstedt KW 219 and regard the Turkic forms as borrowed < Mong., which is somewhat dubious because of the peculiar phonology of Mong. josun (words with *jo- are extremely rare in Mong.). PT *josuk (*josak) also strengthens the thesis about the Turkic origin of Mong. josun; Doerfer's hypothesis that Tat. josuq, Oyr. jozaq etc. reflect a contamination of *jasak and *josun is not very plausible (*jasak has usually a quite different meaning 'impost, tax' etc.), and there is also a completely unexplained (as a Mongolism) form Oyr., Tel. jozor. All this makes us rather think of Turk. *josun > Mong. *josun > Manchu joso, Evk. joso etc. ( 1, 347).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bridleface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"go"n (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ojanface="Times New Roman Star"jo"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"ujan (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"juganface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"jug|yn ()face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ja"nface="Times New Roman Star"u"jen, ujanface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"u"jgen
face="Times New Roman Star"j@w|venface="Times New Roman Star"u":n
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"g|en
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"ju"wenface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"gen
face="Times New Roman Star"ijgen, ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"wen
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 212, EDT 913, 1, 577, 77, 556.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 load 2 to load, carryface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 , face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1, ju"-d- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1, ju"-d|- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1 (Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"juk 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"j- 2, ju"k, d/u"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"su"k- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"`k 1, c?u"du"r- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"k, z?u"k, zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k, juk, jik, ik 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k, juk 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 885, 910, VEWT 212, 4, 262-263, 520.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"ku"n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to bowface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ken-, ju"gu"n- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo"gen-, jegen- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jukun-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n-







face="Times New Roman Star"su"gu"n- 'to go to the bridegroom's home'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"gu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gin-
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"go"n-

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"n-, jugun-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gin-
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 913, 4, 264.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jo:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"roadface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jol (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jol (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"julface="Times New Roman Star"jol (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ju.lface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jo:lface="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"d/olface="Times New Roman Star"juo:lface="Times New Roman Star"s/olface="Times New Roman Star"suolface="Times New Roman Star"huolface="Times New Roman Star"c?ol 'fate'face="Times New Roman Star"c?ol 'fate'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|olface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"julface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 205-6, EDT 917, 4, 29, 217-218, 531, 2, 131, Stachowski 112.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jol-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to tear out, pick out, pluckface="Times New Roman Star", , face="Times New Roman Star"jol- ? jul- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jol- ? jul- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jol-, july-
face="Times New Roman Star"jul- (R.), july- (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, z?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, d/ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jilu-face="Times New Roman Star"s/w|l-face="Times New Roman Star"suluj-
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ul-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-
face="Times New Roman Star"jolo-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, julu-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 918, 4, 216; often confused with *ju"l- 'shave' (v. sub *zu>li). Turk. forms like *julk- (VEWT 210) may be borrowed from Mong.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jul-dur/ (*-dyr/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"starface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jultuz (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"julduz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"joldyzface="Times New Roman Star"julduz (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"jultuzface="Times New Roman Star"juldysface="Times New Roman Star"ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"d/yldysface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"s/w|ldw|rface="Times New Roman Star"sulusface="Times New Roman Star"hulusface="Times New Roman Star"syldysface="Times New Roman Star"syltysface="Times New Roman Star"z?|yldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?u_ldyzface="Times New Roman Star"juldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jondod|face="Times New Roman Star"z?ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldysface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?uldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldusface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 210, TMN 3, 260-1, EDT 922-3, 4, 279-280, 53, Stachowski 111.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jylgunface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tamariskface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"jylg|un (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|yn
face="Times New Roman Star"jylg|yn (Houts.), julg|un (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"julg|unface="Times New Roman Star"z?ulg|unface="Times New Roman Star"julg|um, jolg|amface="Times New Roman Star"julg|unface="Times New Roman Star"jylg|un, jylg|yn








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ylg|yn, z?|ylg|amface="Times New Roman Star"z?yn|g|yl




face="Times New Roman Star"z?yn|g|yl

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 165, 200, EDT 926, 4, 277-278, 134. Kaz. > Russ. dial. dz?engil', see 183-184.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"m- / *jum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to close (eyes, mouth)face="Times New Roman Star" (, )
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"m- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"jum- (Pav. C., MA, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-

face="Times New Roman Star"d/um-face="Times New Roman Star"jim-
face="Times New Roman Star"sim-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 934, VEWT 210, 4, 245-246.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 round 2 ball of wool, threadface="Times New Roman Star"1 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jumak 2, jumru 1face="Times New Roman Star"jomry 1, jomg|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumru 1 (Pav. C.), jumqaq 2 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jumalo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumlaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jumru 1, jumaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 2, jumry 1face="Times New Roman Star"nyn|max 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/w|mg|a 2



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|umuru 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?umaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jomoro 1, jomg|aq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?umry 1, z?umaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumax 2face="Times New Roman Star"jummaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"One of expressive common Turkic roots meaning 'round, spherical'. See VEWT 210, EDT 871, 873, 877, 936, 937-8, 4, 246-247, 249-250. The root has also a variant (expressive?) *jub-, see 4, 237-238, Stachowski 114.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jumra-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 gopher 2 ground-squirrelface="Times New Roman Star"1 2


face="Times New Roman Star"jomran 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumran 'mole' (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jumro|n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumran 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jumran 1 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"jymran, jybyran 2








face="Times New Roman Star"jomran 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uburan 1




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 210, 4, 247-248, 165-166. Turk. > Mong. z?|urum, z?|urama, Khalkha z|uram, z|urma, Dag. z?|ombor, (. . 145) z?|umbra: (see MGCD 464, KW 481, TMN 4, 220), whence Man. z?|umara etc., see Doerfer MT 102, Rozycki 127. Cf. also *jamlan / *jalman (VEWT 183, 4, 97; > Mong. jalman). Turk. > Russ. dial. jevra/n and similar forms, see 195, 199, 205.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jym-l/c?a-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"soft, mildface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jyms?aq (Orkh.), jums?aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jums?aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jums?akface="Times New Roman Star"joms?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aq (AH, Ettuhf., . .)face="Times New Roman Star"jums?o|qface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jumsaqface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aGface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aqface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymz?|ax, nymzaxface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymz?a-face="Times New Roman Star"jymz?aq, d/ymz?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"s/emz/eface="Times New Roman Star"symna-g|asface="Times New Roman Star"hymna-gasface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymz?|a- 'to become soft'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ums?aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?umsaq
face="Times New Roman Star"joms?aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ums?aq, z?umus?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jymys?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jyms?aq, jyms?ax

face="Times New Roman Star"jymys?aqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 938, VEWT 201, 4, 252-253, Stachowski 118. The deriving stem *jym-l/c?a- 'to be soft' is also present in most of the above languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jumurtkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eggface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a, jumurg|a (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtaface="Times New Roman Star"jomyrqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtqa (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jomutface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtGaface="Times New Roman Star"nymyrxaface="Times New Roman Star"nybyrtqa, nuburtqa (.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/ymyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurqaface="Times New Roman Star"s/w|mardaface="Times New Roman Star"symy:tface="Times New Roman Star"hymy:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?uurg|aface="Times New Roman Star"n/umurxaface="Times New Roman Star"z?|umurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?u_myrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jomortqaface="Times New Roman Star"zumurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrtaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrta, imyrtxaface="Times New Roman Star"z?umurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jymu:(r)ddaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 938, 4, 250-251, 149, Stachowski 118.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jumul/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"work, service, necessityface="Times New Roman Star", , face="Times New Roman Star"jumus? (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumus? (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumus?face="Times New Roman Star"jomys?
face="Times New Roman Star"jumus? 1


face="Times New Roman Star"jumus?face="Times New Roman Star"nymys
face="Times New Roman Star"jumus?, n/umus?
face="Times New Roman Star"s/w|mw|l

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ymys?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|umus?face="Times New Roman Star"z?umys
face="Times New Roman Star"jomys?face="Times New Roman Star"zumus?
face="Times New Roman Star"jumus?face="Times New Roman Star"z?umys

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, 4, 251, EDT 938 (with a highly dubious derivation from *jum- 'round').
face="Times New Roman Star"*jun|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wool 2 small feathers, down 3 feather 4 faded furface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 4 face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (KB), 2, 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jon 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (. .), ju"n| 1 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, z?|un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, ju"n|, jun 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"nu"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?um 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n|, jum, jym, d/un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/w|m 1face="Times New Roman Star"sun| 4
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"n| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"n 1,2,3face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n, jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 941, 4, 267-268, 146. This root should not be confused with *ju"g 'feather' (v. sub *d[e/]gi).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jubkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thin, slender, unsubstantialface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"juqa (OUygh.), jujqa (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jupqa, juvqa (MK), juvg|a (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jufkaface="Times New Roman Star"juqaface="Times New Roman Star"jufqa (AH), juqa (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jupqaface="Times New Roman Star"jupqa, juqa, z?upqa, z?uquface="Times New Roman Star"juqaface="Times New Roman Star"juxaface="Times New Roman Star"ju:qaface="Times New Roman Star"c?ug|aface="Times New Roman Star"c?og|aface="Times New Roman Star"d/uqa
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u"g|e

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ug|aface="Times New Roman Star"c?ug|aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|upqa, z?|uqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?uqaface="Times New Roman Star"juqaface="Times New Roman Star"joqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?uqaface="Times New Roman Star"jufqa, jyfqaface="Times New Roman Star"juwg|a, jufqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?u>qaface="Times New Roman Star"jox|baface="Times New Roman Star"juqqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 209, TMN 4, 211-212, EDT 874, 4, 241-242.
face="Times New Roman Star"*juk / *jokface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 resin, gum 2 residues of food on dishes, sticky substance 3 to stick toface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 ; , 3
face="Times New Roman Star"juq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jok 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"joq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"juq- 3 (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"juq 2, juq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"juq- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"joq 2, joq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ux 1, c?ux- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"juq-, d/uq- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"s/w|g|w|r 'liquid mire, sludge' (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"c?uq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?uq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uq 2, z?|uq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?uq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"juq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"joq- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"juq-, jux- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?uq 2, z?u>q- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"juq 2, juq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 895, VEWT 119, 4, 211, 117, . XIII, 52.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jok-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 up, above 2 hill, elevationface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 , face="Times New Roman Star"joqaru 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"joqaru 1, joq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jukary 1, jokus? 2face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ary 1face="Times New Roman Star"joqaru (AH), juqar (Pav. C.) 1, joqus? (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"juqo|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"juqari 1
face="Times New Roman Star"juxary, dial. uxary 1, joxus? 2face="Times New Roman Star"joqary 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?og|ar 1

face="Times New Roman Star"juqqar 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sog|oru, sog|uru: 'South; centre'face="Times New Roman Star"soguru: 'South'

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|og|or(u) 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?og|ary 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ary 1face="Times New Roman Star"og|ary 1face="Times New Roman Star"juqar(y) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jog|ary 1, joqus?, joqys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?oqary 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 896, 906, 4, 213-214, 215, Stachowski 211.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jory- / *ju"ri-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to walkface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jory- (Orkh., OUygh.), ju"ri- (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jor(y)- (MK, KB), ju"ri- ? jo"ri- (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ru"-, jo"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ri- ? jo"ri- (MA), ju"ru"- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jur-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r- (ju"r-), jo"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"jor-, z?|or-, jo"r-, ju"r-face="Times New Roman Star"jeri-, ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"r(e)-face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"d/or-
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u"re-face="Times New Roman Star"syryt-face="Times New Roman Star"hyryt-face="Times New Roman Star"c?or(u)-face="Times New Roman Star"c?oru-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"r(u")-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"r(u")-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ro"-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r(u")-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"juru-, ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"r-face="Times New Roman Star"juru-, ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 207, 213, EDT 957-8, 4, 229-231, TMN 4, 217-218, Stachowski 120. Clauson regards both forms together, but notes that jory- is attested earlier than ju"r(i)-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart; courageface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"re|kface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jurakface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rek (R., .)face="Times New Roman Star"d/u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jirekface="Times New Roman Star"c?@reface="Times New Roman Star"su"rexface="Times New Roman Star"hu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"ro"kface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek/face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jyru"xface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 213, EDT 965, 4, 270-271, 324, 276, Stachowski 116. Chuv. c?- is irregular: a contamination with c?@r@ 'alive'.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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