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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyl-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to do, to makeface="Times New Roman Star"делатьface="Times New Roman Star"qyl- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyl- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl- (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qil-face="Times New Roman Star"qil-
face="Times New Roman Star"Gyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"xyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"@s/-x@l 'дела/'face="Times New Roman Star"kyn-face="Times New Roman Star"gyn-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 616, VEWT 263, Ё—“я 6, 205-206, Stachowski 88. Turk. *kyl-ync? 'deed' > Mong. kilinc?e 'sin' (see Clark 1980, 43).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyl(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hairface="Times New Roman Star"волосface="Times New Roman Star"qyl (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyl (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qyl (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"qilface="Times New Roman Star"qilface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"Gylface="Times New Roman Star"Gylface="Times New Roman Star"xylface="Times New Roman Star"qyl (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"x@l@xface="Times New Roman Star"kylface="Times New Roman Star"kyl 'sealine'face="Times New Roman Star"xylface="Times New Roman Star"xylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qyl
face="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 262, TMN 3, 574-5, EDT 614, Ћексика 196, Ё—“я 6, 204-205, Stachowski 168.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kylyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"handle, ear (of a kettle, bucket)face="Times New Roman Star"ручка, ушко (чайника, ведра)


face="Times New Roman Star"qyly, qyl (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"xylg|a, xylc?yface="Times New Roman Star"qylc?yface="Times New Roman Star"qyly, qyld/y

face="Times New Roman Star"kyld/y



face="Times New Roman Star"qyly
face="Times New Roman Star"qyly, qylys (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 263, Ё—“я 6, 209-210.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyly:c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swordface="Times New Roman Star"мечface="Times New Roman Star"qylyc? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kylyc?, kylyz?|face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc? (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qilic?face="Times New Roman Star"qilic?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"Gylyz?|face="Times New Roman Star"Gylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"xylysface="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"Gyli:c?face="Times New Roman Star"x@s/face="Times New Roman Star"kylys, kyly:s
face="Times New Roman Star"xylys?
face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"qylysface="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?
face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 618, VEWT 263, Ћексика 570, Ё—“я 6, 212-214. Cf. also *Kyla-gu 'blade' (VEWT 263, Ё—“я 6, 207-208).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kumyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"antface="Times New Roman Star"муравейface="Times New Roman Star"qumursg|a (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"komursg|a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyrmysqaface="Times New Roman Star"qumursxa (Pav. C.), qumursug|a (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"qumursqa


face="Times New Roman Star"Gumursg|aface="Times New Roman Star"xumusxa, xymysxaface="Times New Roman Star"qymyrtas?, qumystas?face="Times New Roman Star"qomursqaface="Times New Roman Star"Gumurg|a:c?
face="Times New Roman Star"kymyrdag|as
face="Times New Roman Star"qymysqajaq
face="Times New Roman Star"qumursqaface="Times New Roman Star"qumyrsqaface="Times New Roman Star"qumyrsqaface="Times New Roman Star"qymyrt|qaface="Times New Roman Star"qumursxa, qumursqa, qumurc?xa
face="Times New Roman Star"qumurstqa, qumurstqu
face="Times New Roman Star"qumusqa, qomusq@nface="Times New Roman Star"xomursg|aface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 628, VEWT 300, Ћексика 183-184, Ё—“я 6, 140-141.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kumlakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hopface="Times New Roman Star"хмель
face="Times New Roman Star"qumlaq (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"qolmaq, dial. qomlaq, qomalaq





face="Times New Roman Star"xumnaxface="Times New Roman Star"qymnaqface="Times New Roman Star"qumdaq, qumanaq
face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|mla



face="Times New Roman Star"qulmaqface="Times New Roman Star"qulmaqface="Times New Roman Star"qylmaq


face="Times New Roman Star"qumlaq, qumlax


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 299, EDT 628, Ё—“я 6, 138-139. Turk. > Hung. komlo/, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sheath, scabbardface="Times New Roman Star"ножны, чехол
face="Times New Roman Star"qyn (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qyn (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qin, (Khorazm dial.) qyjnface="Times New Roman Star"qinface="Times New Roman Star"qyn (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"Gynface="Times New Roman Star"Gy:nface="Times New Roman Star"xynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qyn
face="Times New Roman Star"j@n@, dial. @n@face="Times New Roman Star"ky:n
face="Times New Roman Star"xyn
face="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qyn
face="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 264, EDT 630-631, ≈горов 79, Ћексика 571, Ё—“я 6, 217-218.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyn-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to long for, covet, to be obsessed with 2 to long (sexually) 3 coireface="Times New Roman Star"1 желать, стремитьс€ 2 желать (сексуально) 3 coireface="Times New Roman Star"qyn- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyn- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyn- 1, 2






face="Times New Roman Star"xyn-, xynyx- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyn- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyn-, qynyq- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"xъnъx- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kyn- 3


face="Times New Roman Star"qynyq- 1








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 264, EDT 632, Ё—“я 6, 632.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyp-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to press together 2 scissors 3 tongs 4 to cut (with scissors)face="Times New Roman Star"1 сжимать 2 ножницы 3 клещи
face="Times New Roman Star"qyftu (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kypty (dial.) 2, ky(r)p- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2 (Houts., Ettuhf.)


face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrp- 4face="Times New Roman Star"Gyp- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xypty 2, xypla- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2, qypla- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qypta 2, qypc?yn- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"xypc?ъk 3face="Times New Roman Star"kyptyj 2, kybyt-, kybyj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kyptyj- 2





face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 234, EDT 582, Ё—“я 6, 221-222, 224, Stachowski 168.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to break, demolish 2 small 3 to scrape, shaveface="Times New Roman Star"1 ломать, разрушать 2 маленький 3 скрести, брить
face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3 'to scrape; to tear out'face="Times New Roman Star"kyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3 (Pav. C.), 1, 'to cut off' (Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"qir- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qi(r)- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"xyr- 3, 'to cut'face="Times New Roman Star"qyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"x@r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kyryj- 'to shear, cut'; kyra 2face="Times New Roman Star"kyryj- 'to shear, cut'; kyra 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 265; EDT 643; TMN 3, 567, Ћексика 382, Ё—“я 6, 227-229, Stachowski 168, 170. The Yak. form kyra 'small' is a rather transparent semantical derivative, although it is not usually listed among the reflexes of PT *Kyr-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 isolated mountain 2 mountain top, mountain ridge 3 steppe, desert, level ground 4 edgeface="Times New Roman Star"1 отдельно сто€ща€ гора 2 вершина горы, гребень горы, возвышенность 3 степь, пустын€, равнина 4 край
face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 1 (MK, KB), 'rising ground' (IM,14 c.)face="Times New Roman Star"kyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qyr (Sangl.), qir (Pav. C.) 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qir 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qir 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"xyr 2, 'roof'face="Times New Roman Star"qyrface="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 3, 4
face="Times New Roman Star"xir 3face="Times New Roman Star"kyrtas 2; kyrdal 'hill'face="Times New Roman Star"kyrdal 'hill'

face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 4
face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 641, VEWT 265, Ћексика 95-96, Ё—“я 6, 225, Stachowski 169. Derived is PT *Kyran 'edge, ridge' (Ё—“я 6, 226); but note that modern forms like Turkm. Gyra, Tuva qyra etc. are borrowed < Mong. kira.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hoar-frost 2 thin snowface="Times New Roman Star"1 иней 2 тонкий снегface="Times New Roman Star"qyrag|u 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyrag|u 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyrag|u 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw 1, qyrpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush.), qirau, qirag|u (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qiro|w 1face="Times New Roman Star"qija, qira, qiro 1
face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrow 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyraw 1, Gyrpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"xro 1, xyrbyx 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyra: 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw 1face="Times New Roman Star"x@rb@x 2face="Times New Roman Star"kyrya 1, ky:rpax, kyrpaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kyrya 1face="Times New Roman Star"xyra: 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qyro: 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw 1, qyrpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw 1, qyrpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw 1, qyrpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qrau 1, qyrpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qra: 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw, qoruw 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qyraw 1, qyrpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 265-266, 267, EDT 656, Ё—“я 6, 230-231, 241, Stachowski 169. Turk. > MMong. (HY) kira'u, WMong. kirag|u, Khalkha x/aru: 'hoar-frost' etc. (see Doerfer TMN 3, 569, ўербак 1997, 138, Clark 1977, 147, although the latter's derivation of *kyragu < *kyr 'grey' is hardly acceptable). Cf. also PT *Kyr-lac? 'the coldest time of winter' (see Ё—“я 6, 237-238).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyrkface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fortyface="Times New Roman Star"сорокface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyrkface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qirqface="Times New Roman Star"qi(r)q
face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrxface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"xyryxface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq, qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"x@r@x



face="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq
face="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrx, qyryxface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 651, VEWT 266, Ћексика 573, Ё—“я 6, 235-236.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 girl 2 womanface="Times New Roman Star"1 девушка 2 женщинаface="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qiz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qiz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gy:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"xys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"x@r 1, x@r-(arъm) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ky:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ky:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyd| 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 269, TMN 3, 569-70, EDT 679-80, Ћексика 295, 318, Ё—“я 6, 190-191, Stachowski 172. For PT one should reconstruct variants *ky:r//*ky:r (they are reflected in several derivatives, e.g. *Ky:r-kyn, see Ћексика 317-318, Ё—“я 6, 237, *Kyr-nak, see TMN 3, 456, Ё—“я 6, 240).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyc?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foot, shinface="Times New Roman Star"нога, голень

face="Times New Roman Star"kyc? 'foot, shin; coccyx, behind'
face="Times New Roman Star"qyc? (AH)


face="Times New Roman Star"Gyc?face="Times New Roman Star"Gyc? (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"qys 'камус'

face="Times New Roman Star"xys/ 'back, behind'face="Times New Roman Star"ky:s berbe:kej 'щиколотка, лодыжка' (?)







face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?



face="Times New Roman Star"Ћексика 281, Ё—“я 6, 252-253.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyl/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"winterface="Times New Roman Star"зимаface="Times New Roman Star"qys? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qys? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys? (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qis?face="Times New Roman Star"qis?face="Times New Roman Star"qysface="Times New Roman Star"Gys?face="Times New Roman Star"Gys?face="Times New Roman Star"xysface="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"x@lface="Times New Roman Star"kys, kyhynface="Times New Roman Star"kyhynface="Times New Roman Star"qy`s?
face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qysface="Times New Roman Star"qysface="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"qys
face="Times New Roman Star"qys?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 670, VEWT 268, TMN 3, 479, Ћексика 75-76, Ё—“я 6, 253-254, Stachowski 167-168.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyc?-gyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to shout, cryface="Times New Roman Star"кричать


face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?qyr-

face="Times New Roman Star"qic?qir-
face="Times New Roman Star"Gys?Gyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"xysxyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qys?yr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?yr-

face="Times New Roman Star"kyskyj- 'to whistle'
face="Times New Roman Star"qys?qyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?qyr-

face="Times New Roman Star"qysqyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?yr-



face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?yr-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 261. Turk. > WMong. qaskira-, Kalm. xa"s?kr- (KW 178).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kytface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"not enough, insufficientface="Times New Roman Star"недостаточный, скудный

face="Times New Roman Star"kyt; kytlyk 'Ungenu"gendheit, Hungersnot'
face="Times New Roman Star"qyt (AH, IM)
face="Times New Roman Star"qitig|ir 'miserly'
face="Times New Roman Star"Gytface="Times New Roman Star"Gyt
face="Times New Roman Star"qytyj 'miserly'

face="Times New Roman Star"x@d@x 'compulsion'

face="Times New Roman Star"qydyg| 'oppressed'
face="Times New Roman Star"qydyq 'dwarf', qytyj- 'secretive', qytyraj- 'lean and small'face="Times New Roman Star"qytyqtan- 'to be offended'face="Times New Roman Star"qytface="Times New Roman Star"qytlyq 'hunger' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyt
face="Times New Roman Star"qytface="Times New Roman Star"qyt
face="Times New Roman Star"qytface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 268, Ё—“я 6, 252.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"redface="Times New Roman Star"красныйface="Times New Roman Star"qyzyl (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyl (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzyl (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qizilface="Times New Roman Star"qizilface="Times New Roman Star"qizilface="Times New Roman Star"Gyzylface="Times New Roman Star"Gyzylface="Times New Roman Star"xyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"x@rl@face="Times New Roman Star"kyhylface="Times New Roman Star"kyhylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyd|ylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"Gyzilface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"PT *Kyr/-yl 'red' is derived from *Ky:r/- 'to redden; glow' (Turkm. Gyz-, Tur. kyz- etc.), where length is witnessed by Yak. ky:s-. One has to assume shortening in polysyllabic derivatives (besides *Kyr/yl also *Kyr/-yk-, *Kyr/l-ar-), with secondary analogical shortening in Turkm. Gyz-; see VEWT 269, EDT 681, 683-4, TMN 3, 469, Ћексика 602-603, Ё—“я 6, 187-189, 194-196, Stachowski 167. Cf. also *Ky:r 'grey' (VEWT 265, TMN 3, 567, Ё—“я 6, 229-230).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kysyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 barren (cow) 2 barren mareface="Times New Roman Star"1 €лова€ (корова) 2 €лова€ кобыла
face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysraq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kysyr 1, kysrak 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr (Pav. C.) 1, qysyraq 2 (Houts., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"qisir 1face="Times New Roman Star"qisir 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"Gysyr 1, GysraG 2face="Times New Roman Star"Gysyr 1, Gysraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"xyzyr 1, xyzyrax 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"x@z@r 1, k@sre 2face="Times New Roman Star"kytara:- 'стать стародойною, €ловеть'face="Times New Roman Star"kytarak 'barren'face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyr 1, qyzyraq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyt|yr 1, qyt|yraq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 668-669, VEWT 267, 268, Ё—“я 6, 249-251, Stachowski 170. Turk. > Kalm. ki:sr, KW 234 (but Doerfer TMN 3, 476 objects, saying that Kalm. is a "dialektische Variante von ku":sr < ke'u"-ser"); > Mong. qusuran| / kisuran| 'barren (cow)' > Man. kisari.
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