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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hurry, runface="Times New Roman Star"спешить, бежатьface="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r-, ju"jir- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ger-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r- (Houts., MA, AH), ju"wu"r- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gir-, jugur-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gu"(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ju"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"wu"r- (dial.), ju"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r-, d/u"gu"r-

face="Times New Roman Star"su":r-face="Times New Roman Star"hu":r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"gu"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"juwyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ger-

face="Times New Roman Star"juwur-, z?|uwur-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gir-, z?uwyr-face="Times New Roman Star"jugur-, ju"'ku"r- (——я)
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 914, VEWT 212, Ё—“я 4, 258, Stachowski 116.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u:-dy-, *u:-dy-k-la-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sleepface="Times New Roman Star"спатьface="Times New Roman Star"udy- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ud|y- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"uju-face="Times New Roman Star"joqla-face="Times New Roman Star"uju- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"uxla-face="Times New Roman Star"uxla-face="Times New Roman Star"uzu-
face="Times New Roman Star"u:qla-face="Times New Roman Star"uzu-

face="Times New Roman Star"u:_, u:. 'sleep' (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"yjg|ъ 'sleep' (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"utuj-face="Times New Roman Star"utuj-face="Times New Roman Star"udu-face="Times New Roman Star"udu-face="Times New Roman Star"uqta-; ujqu (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"ujyqta-face="Times New Roman Star"ujkla-face="Times New Roman Star"joqla-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uqla-face="Times New Roman Star"uju-face="Times New Roman Star"juxla-face="Times New Roman Star"ujqyla-face="Times New Roman Star"ux|la-face="Times New Roman Star"uju- 'to stiffen'face="Times New Roman Star"The form *u:dykla- is derived from *u:dyk 'sleepy', derived from *u:dy- 'to sleep', which in its turn is derived from *u: 'sleep' (preserved in Yak., Dolg. u:, Khal. u:). See VEWT 508, EDT 2, 42-3, 46-7, 49, Ё—“я 1, 579-581, 586-587, ≈горов 342, Stachowski 247.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"ku"n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to bowface="Times New Roman Star"клан€тьс€, склон€тьс€face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ken-, ju"gu"n- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo"gen-, jegen- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jukun-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ku"n-







face="Times New Roman Star"su"gu"n- 'to go to the bridegroom's home'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"gu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gin-
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"go"n-

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"n-, jugun-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gin-
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 913, Ё—“я 4, 264.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 load 2 to load, carryface="Times New Roman Star"1 груз, т€жесть 2 нагружать, везтиface="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1, ju"-d- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1, ju"-d|- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1 (Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"juk 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"j- 2, ju"k, d/u"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"su"k- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"`k 1, c?u"du"r- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"k, z?u"k, zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k, juk, jik, ik 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k, juk 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 885, 910, VEWT 212, Ё—“я 4, 262-263, Ћексика 520.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jun|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wool 2 small feathers, down 3 feather 4 faded furface="Times New Roman Star"1 шерсть 2 пух 3 перо 4 линькаface="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (KB), 2, 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jon 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (Ѕор. Ѕад.), ju"n| 1 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, z?|un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, ju"n|, jun 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"nu"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?um 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n|, jum, jym, d/un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|m 1face="Times New Roman Star"sun| 4
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"n| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"n 1,2,3face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n, jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 941, Ё—“я 4, 267-268, Ћексика 146. This root should not be confused with *ju"g 'feather' (v. sub *d[e/]gi).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart; courageface="Times New Roman Star"сердцеface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"re|kface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jurakface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rek (R., ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jirekface="Times New Roman Star"c?@reface="Times New Roman Star"su"rexface="Times New Roman Star"hu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"ro"kface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek/face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jyru"xface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 213, EDT 965, Ё—“я 4, 270-271, ≈горов 324, Ћексика 276, Stachowski 116. Chuv. c?- is irregular: a contamination with c?@r@ 'alive'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"faceface="Times New Roman Star"лицоface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MA, AH, Ettuhf.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"s, d/u"sface="Times New Roman Star"ji:zface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|var 'mouth'face="Times New Roman Star"su":s 'forehead'face="Times New Roman Star"hu":s 'forehead'

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, juz/, jiz, izface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, jizface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 213-4, Ё—“я 4, 259-260, Ћексика 206, ћудрак ƒисс. 154, Stachowski 117. Khalaj ji:z = Yak. su":s prove that Turkm. ju"z is secondary. Turk. > MMong. (MA) ju"z 'surface' (ўербак 1997, 196).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hundredface="Times New Roman Star"стоface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MA, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"juzface="Times New Roman Star"juzface="Times New Roman Star"juz, jo"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju":zface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"ju"s, d/u"sface="Times New Roman Star"ju":zface="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"su":sface="Times New Roman Star"hu":sface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z, zu"zface="Times New Roman Star"u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, juz/, jiz, izface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, juzface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 983, VEWT 213, Ё—“я 4, 260 (Turkm. ju"z), Ћексика 574, Stachowski 117.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to swim, floatface="Times New Roman Star"плаватьface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (AH, Ettuhf.), u"z- (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"juz-face="Times New Roman Star"u"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"s-, d/u"s-

face="Times New Roman Star"so"tu"o" 'bathing', so"tu"o"le:- 'to bathe'face="Times New Roman Star"ho"tu"o"le:-, hu"to"l- 'to bathe'

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"z?uz-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z-, z?u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-, u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"juz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 214, EDT 984, Ё—“я 4, 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 finger ring 2 joint 3 stirrup (*u"r/en|gu" < *ju"r/en|gu")face="Times New Roman Star"1 кольцо (на палец) 2 сустав (пальцевый) 3 стрем€
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1 (MK), u"zen|u" 3 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1, u"zengi 3face="Times New Roman Star"jo"zek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1 (AH, Ettuhf.), u"zu"k 1 (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzuk 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1, u"zen|n|i 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"stu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"stu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"stu"k, d/u"stu"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|r@w| 1, jъrana 3face="Times New Roman Star"su"hu"o"x 2, ihen|e 3face="Times New Roman Star"hu"hu"o"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"'stu"k 1, c?u"s 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zik 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zik 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"k, zu"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k, u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k, u"zu"k, ezik, izik 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 986, VEWT 214, TMN 2, 146,147-148, Ё—“я 1, 623-625, 4, 260, 261-262, ≈горов 212, Ћексика 548-549, Stachowski 115. Turk. > Hung. gyu/ /ru? (see Lig. MNyTK 77-79). The reason of *j- > 0- in the PT name of "stirrup" ( < *"ring-formed") is unclear (irregular change in a long form?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?o:c?kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young pig 2 child, boy 3 pigface="Times New Roman Star"1 поросенок 2 ребенок, мальчик 3 свинь€
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oc?uq (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?oz?|uk 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?uc?qa 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?oc?g|a 1 (Sangl.), (OKypch.) c?oc?qa (Houts.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uz?|uq 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?os?qa 3
face="Times New Roman Star"c?os?Ga 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:z?|uq 1 (cf. colloq. c?o:c?a 'camel')face="Times New Roman Star"sosxa 3face="Times New Roman Star"s?os?qa 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?oc?qo 3



face="Times New Roman Star"s?os?qa 3
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oc?qo 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?os?qa 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?os?qa 3face="Times New Roman Star"sosqa 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?oc?xa 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?oz?|uq 2face="Times New Roman Star"(K) c?oc?qa 3, c?oc?uq jatag|y 'afterbirth'; (T) c?oc?xa 'young boy (not a Karaim)', (H) cocka 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?os?qa 3
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oc?qa 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 113, Ё—“я 4, 28, EDT 400. See Stachowski 1985 with an extensive list of material but with a strange conclusion that the word "onomatopoetischer Herkunft ist und somit durch Autogenese zustande kam".
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?om- / *c?o"m-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to dive 2 to swim 3 to scoop 4 to immerse, dip 5 scoopface="Times New Roman Star"1 погружатьс€, ныр€ть 2 плавать, купатьс€ 3 черпать 4 окунать 5 черпак, ковшface="Times New Roman Star"c?om- = c?o"m- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?om-, c?o"m- 1 (MK), c?o"mc?e 5 (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"mc?e 5face="Times New Roman Star"c?um- 1, c?u"mec? 5face="Times New Roman Star"c?om- 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?u.m-(mo|q) 1, c?u.mic? 5face="Times New Roman Star"c?om-, c?om-ul- (pass.) 1, c?o"mu"c? 5face="Times New Roman Star"c?omys? 5 (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"mc?a" 5
face="Times New Roman Star"som- 1,2, somnax 'spoon'face="Times New Roman Star"s?om- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"m- 1, 4, c?omyjaq 'pannier made of birch bark'
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ъw|m- 1 ( < Tat.?; c?ъm 'jar' may be < Pers., see ‘едотов 2, 401)face="Times New Roman Star"som-us- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ym-yn- (refl.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?om- 1, s?omuq 'a small trough made of birch bark'face="Times New Roman Star"c?omul-/c?o"mu"l- 1, 2, c?o"mu"- 1, c?o"mo"- 4, c?o"mu"c? 5face="Times New Roman Star"s?om-yl- (pass.) 1, 2, s?o"mis? 5face="Times New Roman Star"s?om-yl- (pass.) 1, 2, s?omaqa , s?o"mis? 5face="Times New Roman Star"sumy- 1, su"mes 5face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"mu"c? 5
face="Times New Roman Star"(K) c?o"m- 1, (T) c?om- 1, 2, (H) com- 1, 'to flow'; (K) c?omyc?, (T) c?o"mu"c? 5face="Times New Roman Star"s?om-yl- (pass.) 1, 2, s?o"mis? 5face="Times New Roman Star"c?um- (c?o"m-) 1, 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"c?om- 4, c?omuc? 5face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 115, TMN 3, 95-99, EDT 422, ≈горов 319. Cf. also *c?amc?ak / -y- 'big spoon' (VEWT 98; < *c?om-c?ak?). Various forms meaning 'to squat' may belong here as well (cf.: Tur. c?o"mel-, Az. c?o"ma"l-, Gag. c?o"mel-, Turkm. c?ommal-, Tat. c?u"ma"s?-, Kaz. s?o"mej-, KBalk. c?o"mel- ('trip over'; cf. also c?o"mel-t- 'to turn over; dip someone into water'), with a secondary semantic development ('dip, dive' > 'fall or sit down, squat'); cf. similar semantic shifts in PT *c?o"k-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kepelekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"butterflyface="Times New Roman Star"бабочка
face="Times New Roman Star"kepeli (MK), kebelek (Tefs.), kelebek (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"kelebek; ko"pelek, kepenek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"be|le|kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pelek (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"kapalakface="Times New Roman Star"kepile|k
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"pa"na"kface="Times New Roman Star"kebelek, kepelek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"xobanax, xubanaxface="Times New Roman Star"xopaxface="Times New Roman Star"ko"bo"lo"k



face="Times New Roman Star"xovag|an
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"po"lo"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pelekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ba"la"kface="Times New Roman Star"go"belekkeface="Times New Roman Star"kelebekface="Times New Roman Star"k/eb/elakface="Times New Roman Star"go"belek
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"melekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 689, Ё—“я 5, 13-15, Ћексика 187.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pass, wadeface="Times New Roman Star"проходить, переходить вбродface="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke/c?- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"/ec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kez?-ir- 'to ferry across the river'face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?-face="Times New Roman Star"kas/-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-
face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-, kis-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 693-694, Ё—“я 3, 32-34, TMN 3, 584.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:kir-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to belchface="Times New Roman Star"рыгать
face="Times New Roman Star"kekir- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gejir-face="Times New Roman Star"kiker-face="Times New Roman Star"gegir- (Pav. C.), kekir- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"keki(r)-face="Times New Roman Star"kekirt- (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"ga"jir-face="Times New Roman Star"ga":gir-face="Times New Roman Star"kig@r-
face="Times New Roman Star"kegir-face="Times New Roman Star"ga":gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"kagъr-face="Times New Roman Star"kegert-
face="Times New Roman Star"keg|ir-face="Times New Roman Star"keg|ir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kiker-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-
face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248, EDT 712, Ё—“я 3, 37, Ћексика 232.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to comeface="Times New Roman Star"приходитьface="Times New Roman Star"kel- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kel- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"ke.l- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"l-/kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ga"l-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel- (R)face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"l-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-, gej-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248; EDT 715, Ё—“я 3, 14-16, 31-32, Stachowski 143. The Chuv. and Yak. vowels correspond irregularly.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ke.liface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mortarface="Times New Roman Star"ступка

face="Times New Roman Star"keli (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kileface="Times New Roman Star"keliface="Times New Roman Star"keli (dial.)







face="Times New Roman Star"kil@face="Times New Roman Star"keli:





face="Times New Roman Star"kileface="Times New Roman Star"keli
face="Times New Roman Star"keli

face="Times New Roman Star"keliface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 33. Cf. also such forms as Chuv. kiz/ep 'tamper, pestle' and Bashk. ki(l)sap, kilt|ap id. Turk. > Hung. ko"lyu?, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.linface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bride, daughter-in-lawface="Times New Roman Star"невеста, невесткаface="Times New Roman Star"kelin|-u"n (Orkh., Coll.), kelin (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kelin (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"kilenface="Times New Roman Star"kelin (Sangl., Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelin (Malov)face="Times New Roman Star"ga"linface="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"kil@nface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"ka"lin (ga"lin < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin, kil@n-face="Times New Roman Star"kiji:t (*plur.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"helin, henni-face="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kilenface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kein, kiin (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248, EDT 719, Ё—“я 3, 16-18, Ћексика 302.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gele-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to woo 2 to ask 3 messenger, in-between 4 parents having espoused their children 5 a promised brideface="Times New Roman Star"1 ухаживать, свататьс€ 2 просить, выпрашивать 3 посланник, сват 4 родители, взаимно поженившие детей 5 просватанна€ девушка

face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) geles?ik 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiles?- 1, ka"la"s? 5; (Mishar) kela"- 2, ( —““) kla"n- 'to annoy, pester'face="Times New Roman Star"(Xwar.) kelec?i 3 (Qutb)



face="Times New Roman Star"geles?ik 4, gelen| 'attention, care'face="Times New Roman Star"k@le- 2, k@len- 'to beg'


face="Times New Roman Star"kalas/- 1; k@le- 2






face="Times New Roman Star"ka"la"s? 5face="Times New Roman Star"kelec?i 3
face="Times New Roman Star"kelis?- 1, kl'a-, kl'an- 'to wish, be favourably inclined'

face="Times New Roman Star"geles?- 1, gelec?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248, Ё—“я 5, 32-33, јхметь€нов 112-114, ≈горов 105, ‘едотов 1, 270-271. Some languages may reflect a merger with *kele- 'speak' (v. sub *k`i_a>li). Turk. > Russ. кл€нчить.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEmu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to gnawface="Times New Roman Star"грызть, глодать
face="Times New Roman Star"kemu"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gemir-, kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kimer-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemi(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"ga"mir-face="Times New Roman Star"gemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kim@r-
face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"ru"o" 'spongy bone'
face="Times New Roman Star"xemir-face="Times New Roman Star"xemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kimer-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-
face="Times New Roman Star"gemir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 251, EDT 723, Ё—“я 3, 18-19, Ћексика 262.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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