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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*jak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (tr.) 2 light, ray 3 to produce fireface="Times New Roman Star"1 жечь 2 свет, луч 3 высекать огонь
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jak- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jaqty 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|q- 1, jo|g|du 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jax- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jag|ty 2


face="Times New Roman Star"ja:q- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ot- 1, s/o-dъ 2face="Times New Roman Star"saq- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'q- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jaqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1, z?aqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, TMN 4, 201-202, EDT 897, Ё—“я 4, 62, 81-82, ‘едотов 2, 146, Ћексика 362. This stem should be distinguished from *jan- 'to burn (intr.)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jakaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"collar; edgeface="Times New Roman Star"воротник; крайface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jakaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (Pav. C., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|qaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa
face="Times New Roman Star"jaxaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|aface="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|aface="Times New Roman Star"d/aqaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"s/og|aface="Times New Roman Star"sag|a

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|a (–ас. ‘иЋ)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqa
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ag|a, z?ag|a


face="Times New Roman Star"jaxaface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, 82-83, EDT 898, Ё—“я 4, 82-84, ‘едотов 2, 146-147. Turk. > WMong. z?|aqa, z?|iqa, Kalm. zax@ (KW 463-464; TMN 4, 103-104, ўербак 1997, 122), whence Evk. z?|aka (Doerfer MT 125).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to split 2 split, crackface="Times New Roman Star"1 рассекать, раскалывать 2 щель, трещинаface="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja(r)- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1, jar-yG 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar-, d/ar- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/or- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sar-ka:x (adj.) 'split'face="Times New Roman Star"sar-ka:k (adj.) 'split'face="Times New Roman Star"c?ar- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?ar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?ar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 954-955, VEWT 188-189, Ё—“я 4, 135-137, ‘едотов 2, 139, Stachowski 209. Very widespread are the derivatives *ja:ryk, *ja:rma 'crack, split' (see Ё—“я ibid.); Turk. *ja:rym 'half' (Ё—“я 4, 147) > Mong. z?|arim, z?|arimduq (KW 470, ўербак 1997, 123).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to shine 2 to dawn 3 light 4 candleface="Times New Roman Star"1 светить 2 рассветать 3 свет 4 свечаface="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryk 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jary- (AH), jaru- (Abush.) 1, jaruq 3 (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|ri- 1, jo|rug| 3face="Times New Roman Star"joru- 1, joruq 3

face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ary- 1, c?aryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-, c?ary- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar-, d/ary- 1, d/aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"s/or-da 4face="Times New Roman Star"sara:- 2 (but also syrda:-)face="Times New Roman Star"hyrda:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yry- 1, c?aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-, z?|ary- 1, z?|aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jary- 1, jaryq, jaryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jarux 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 956, 962, 963, Ё—“я 4, 134-135, VEWT 189 (there are hardly reasons to consider the Chuv. word a borrowing), ‘едотов 2, 145, Stachowski 119. Turk. (Bulg.?) > Hung. gyertya 'candle', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar- / *jer-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"batface="Times New Roman Star"летуча€ мышь
face="Times New Roman Star"jersgu", jerise (MK Chigil)face="Times New Roman Star"jarasa, jarasykface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (AH), jar-qanat (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|r-qano|t

face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (dial.), jarg|a:natface="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-xanat
face="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat, d/ar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"s/ara-s/erz/iface="Times New Roman Star"sary: kynat
face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'sqy
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jeri qanatyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jeresenface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 972, VEWT 189, TMN 4, 143, Ё—“я 4, 140-141, Ћексика 168. The word is etymologically difficult because of the unclear suffix *-sa / *-se attested in early forms and some of the modern reflexes. In most modern languages the word is folk-etymologically rebuilt as *jary-Kiajnat 'film-wing' (or 'naked sparrow' in Chuv.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jasy-mukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lentilface="Times New Roman Star"чечевицаface="Times New Roman Star"jasymuq (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jasmykface="Times New Roman Star"jasmyqface="Times New Roman Star"jasmuq (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|smiqface="Times New Roman Star"jesimuq

face="Times New Roman Star"jasmyq (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|asymyq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?asymyq (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jat|myq



face="Times New Roman Star"jasmux
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 975, VEWT 191, Ё—“я 4, 154, Ћексика 464-465.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/tuk / *ja.tr/ukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 pillow 2 to prop on a pillowface="Times New Roman Star"1 подушка 2 опирать(с€) на подушкуface="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 'pillow-shaped ingot of silver' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1, jasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyk 1, jasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|stiq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jassyx (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jassyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?astyx 1, c?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?astyq 1, c?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq, d/astyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ydъr 1face="Times New Roman Star"syttyk 1, sytta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hyttyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"syrtyq, systyq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|azdyq, z?|astyq 1, z?|azda-, z?|asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?astyq 1, z?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jat|tyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|astyq, zastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"dastyq 1, z?asta-, dasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastux 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq, jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"PT *r/ is indicated by the Chuv. form and probably also (with rotacism) Tuva syrtyk. Other forms for the most part reflect an assimilated *jaz-t- > *jast-. See VEWT 191, Ё—“я 4, 154-155, EDT 974, Stachowski 121.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"age; yearface="Times New Roman Star"возраст; годface="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?asface="Times New Roman Star"c?as?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, d/as?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"s/olface="Times New Roman Star"sa:s


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 975-6, Ё—“я 4, 161-163, ‘едотов 2, 130, TMN 4, 97, Ћексика 84.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tearface="Times New Roman Star"слезаface="Times New Roman Star"jas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (AH, Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?as
face="Times New Roman Star"d/as?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"kos/-s/ol

face="Times New Roman Star"c?as?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?

face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, EDT 975-976, јшм. VII, 32, Ё—“я 4, 161-163 (because of external evidence should be distinguished both from *ja:l' 'age' and *ja:l' 'fresh, green').
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"youngface="Times New Roman Star"молодой

face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?as
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, d/as?



face="Times New Roman Star"c?as?face="Times New Roman Star"c?es?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?, z?as?, zas?
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, jes?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 162, VEWT 192 (one of several *ja:l/ roots; within Turkic hardly distinguishable from *ja:l/ 'green vegetables; green', but historically different).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lie, to sleepface="Times New Roman Star"лежать, спатьface="Times New Roman Star"jat- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|t-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at- (R)face="Times New Roman Star"d/at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-
face="Times New Roman Star"syt-face="Times New Roman Star"hyt-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|at-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jaht-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, EDT 884, Ё—“я 4, 156-158, Stachowski 120.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foreign(er)face="Times New Roman Star"чужой, иностранныйface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|tface="Times New Roman Star"jat
face="Times New Roman Star"jadface="Times New Roman Star"ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jat, d/at





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|atface="Times New Roman Star"z?atface="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat

face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"z?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 882, VEWT 192, Ё—“я 4, 158-159, Ћексика 564. Turk. > WMong. z?|ad, Kalm. zad (KW 462, ўербак 1997, 123).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.gu-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to draw near 2 nearface="Times New Roman Star"1 приближатьс€ 2 близкийface="Times New Roman Star"jag|u- (OUygh.) 1, jag|uq (Orkh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|u- (MK, KB) 1, jag|uq (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"javuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"jawuq, juwyq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"javu- (Pav. C.) 1, javuq (Abush.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo|vuq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"javy- 1 (dial.), jowuG 2face="Times New Roman Star"jovu- 1 (dial.), jowuq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ju:-, d/u- 1, ju:q, d/u:q 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/yvъx 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ugas 2face="Times New Roman Star"hugas, c?ugas 2, hugaha:- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?o:q 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:- 1, z?|u:q 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?uw- 1, z?uwyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"juwy- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?uwuq, zuwuq

face="Times New Roman Star"z?uw- 1, z?uwyq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"juwuq 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 62-63, EDT 898, 901, Stachowski 75, 110.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jagyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"enemy, warface="Times New Roman Star"враг, войнаface="Times New Roman Star"jag|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"jag|y (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|w, (dial.) jaw, ja:g|yface="Times New Roman Star"jaw, jag|y, ja"g|y (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"ju:, d/uface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"s/u 'heathen'face="Times New Roman Star"sya-ka:r 'rogue, villain'
face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:face="Times New Roman Star"z?awface="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"z?|aw, z?aw, zaw

face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw
face="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 178, Ё—“я 4, 55-56, Ћексика 561, ‘едотов 2, 129 (?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAb-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bad, coarse, wicked 2 to become bad, weak 3 heavy, difficult, severe 4 tasteless, insipidface="Times New Roman Star"1 плохой, грубый 2 ухудшатьс€, слабеть 3 т€желый, трудный, суровый 4 пресный, безвкусныйface="Times New Roman Star"jabyz 1 (Orkh.), javyz 1 (OUygh.), javg|an 1 (OUygh.), jablaq (Orkh.) 3, javlaq (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"javry- 2, javra- 'to become rough, coarse', javyz 1, javg|an 1, javlaq 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"javuz 1, javan 4face="Times New Roman Star"jawyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"javlaq (R) 'very' , javuz (Ettuhf., AH) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|wuz 1, jo:g|an 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"javuz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jus 1face="Times New Roman Star"javan 4face="Times New Roman Star"jovuz 1, 3, juwan 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|ban 4



face="Times New Roman Star"suos 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:g|an 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?awyz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jawyd|- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"javan 4
face="Times New Roman Star"z?awyz 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 176, EDT 879, 881-882, Ё—“я 4, 47-48, 51. Turk. > WMong. z?|abqai, z?|abag|an (KW 468), whence again some Turkic forms (Kirgh. z?|abyq etc., see Ё—“я 4, 9-10). One could perhaps also note Kaz. z?awra-, Uzb. z?|o|wra- 'to suffer from cold, shiver' (Ё—“я 4, 20) which may be = Karakh. javra-, javry- and thus should not be compared to Mong. dag|ara- (despite KW 82).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jabal/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"soft, mild; slow, quietface="Times New Roman Star"м€гкий, нежный; тихий, медленныйface="Times New Roman Star"jabas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juwas?, juas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|wwo|s?, juwo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?, jugas? (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"c?abasface="Times New Roman Star"c?abas?, c?obas?face="Times New Roman Star"d/obos?



face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:s?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:s?face="Times New Roman Star"z?uwasface="Times New Roman Star"juwasface="Times New Roman Star"jywas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uwas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?


face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 175, Ё—“я 4, 51-52, TMN 4, 207-208. Cf. also (with different suffixation) Karakh. jav-yl- 'to become soft', java (jer) 'warm, cosy place'; Yak. samaa-n 'warm, favourable (of summer)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:.r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to miss, sinface="Times New Roman Star"промахиватьс€, грешитьface="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jazyk (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z-

face="Times New Roman Star"jazyG (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z-, ja:zyq (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?as-
face="Times New Roman Star"jas-, d/as-

face="Times New Roman Star"sy:s-face="Times New Roman Star"hy:s-face="Times New Roman Star"c?as-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-face="Times New Roman Star"jazyq (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-face="Times New Roman Star"jazyq (n.)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-
face="Times New Roman Star"jazyq (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193 (should be distinguished from *a:r/-), Ё—“я 4, 72-73, TMN 4, 162, EDT 983-984, Stachowski 121.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to writeface="Times New Roman Star"писать
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (MK Oghuz.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (Pav. C., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-


face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"s/yr-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jad|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-, zaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 70-71, EDT 984. Turk. > Hung. i/r- (MNyTESz 2, 227-228).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 spring 2 summerface="Times New Roman Star"1 весна 2 летоface="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz (AH 1, Ettuhf. 2)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jas, d/as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"s/or 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jad| 1face="Times New Roman Star"zaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 71, EDT 982, Ћексика 73, ‘едотов 2, 138-139, Stachowski 100.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/-, *ja.r/yface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 flat 2 steppe, flat ground 3 to spread, spread out, flatten foldsface="Times New Roman Star"1 плоский 2 степь, плоска€ почва 3 расстилать, расправл€ть складкиface="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3 (OUygh.) jazy 1,2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3 (MK, KB), jazy 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jazy 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3 (Pav. C.), jazy 2 (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3, jazi, jezi 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jazy 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3, jazy 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?azy 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jas-, d/as- 3, jazy, d/azy 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"syhy: 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?as- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az- 3, z?|azy 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?az- 3, z?azy 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3, jazy 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?az- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 194, EDT 983, 984, Ё—“я 4, 69-70, 73, Ћексика 97.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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