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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*joganface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thickface="Times New Roman Star"толстыйface="Times New Roman Star"jog|an (Orkh.), jog|un (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jog|un (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jog|unface="Times New Roman Star"juvanface="Times New Roman Star"jog|an (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo.g|o|nface="Times New Roman Star"jog|an 'big'face="Times New Roman Star"jog|yn, jog|unface="Times New Roman Star"jog|unface="Times New Roman Star"jog|y:nface="Times New Roman Star"c?o:nface="Times New Roman Star"c?o:nface="Times New Roman Star"jo:n, d/o:nface="Times New Roman Star"jog|un
face="Times New Roman Star"suon
face="Times New Roman Star"c?o:nface="Times New Roman Star"n/o:nface="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:n
face="Times New Roman Star"juvanface="Times New Roman Star"jywan


face="Times New Roman Star"z?uwan

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 205, EDT 904, Ё—“я 4, 208-209.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jo:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"roadface="Times New Roman Star"дорогаface="Times New Roman Star"jol (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jol (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"julface="Times New Roman Star"jol (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ju.lface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jo:lface="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"d/olface="Times New Roman Star"juo:lface="Times New Roman Star"s/olface="Times New Roman Star"suolface="Times New Roman Star"huolface="Times New Roman Star"c?ol 'fate'face="Times New Roman Star"c?ol 'fate'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|olface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"julface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 205-6, EDT 917, Ё—“я 4, 29, 217-218, Ћексика 531, ‘едотов 2, 131, Stachowski 112.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jolbarsface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"panther, leopard, tigerface="Times New Roman Star"пантера, леопард, тигрface="Times New Roman Star"jolbars (OUygh.: Suv.)

face="Times New Roman Star"julbarysface="Times New Roman Star"jolbars (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo.lbarsface="Times New Roman Star"jolbars

face="Times New Roman Star"jolbars








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|olbarsface="Times New Roman Star"z?olbarysface="Times New Roman Star"jolbarysface="Times New Roman Star"julbaryt|


face="Times New Roman Star"z?olbarys

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 219, Ћексика 157. The Turkic form is analysed as 'road panther' which is most probably a folk etymology (under the influence of the borrowed bars 'panther'): even if one takes jol with a secondary late attested meaning 'line, stripe', shortness of -o- in Turkm. contradicts the etymology (*jo:l 'road' has a long vowel).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jo:n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to adze, planeface="Times New Roman Star"обтесывать, строгатьface="Times New Roman Star"jon- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jon- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jon-face="Times New Roman Star"jun-face="Times New Roman Star"jon- (AH, Ettuhf., Ѕор. Ѕад.), jo"n- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo.n-face="Times New Roman Star"jonu-
face="Times New Roman Star"jon-face="Times New Roman Star"jo:n-
face="Times New Roman Star"non-face="Times New Roman Star"jon-, d/on-
face="Times New Roman Star"s/on-face="Times New Roman Star"suor-face="Times New Roman Star"huor-face="Times New Roman Star"c?on-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|on-face="Times New Roman Star"z?on-face="Times New Roman Star"jon-face="Times New Roman Star"jun-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|on-face="Times New Roman Star"jon-face="Times New Roman Star"jon-face="Times New Roman Star"z?on-
face="Times New Roman Star"jon-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 942; VEWT 206, Ё—“я 4, 221-222, ‘едотов 2, 136, Stachowski 112. Final -r- in Yak. is somewhat strange - perhaps an early contamination with *ju"r/- q. v. sub *z?|i_ur/i (?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*japur-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"leafface="Times New Roman Star"листface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"japurg|aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"japrakface="Times New Roman Star"jafraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|an (Abush.), j[a]praq (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"japro|qface="Times New Roman Star"jopurmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"jarpaGface="Times New Roman Star"japraq

face="Times New Roman Star"d/albyraq

face="Times New Roman Star"sebirdexface="Times New Roman Star"hebirdekface="Times New Roman Star"c?o"vu"ree 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"'pra"a" 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|albyraqface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"c?apraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraxface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"ja"rfyx|face="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 188, EDT 879-80, Ё—“я 4, 130-132, Ћексика 111-112, Stachowski 100. Clauson derives *japur-gak from *japur- 'to smoothe, level', which is an obvious contamination - just as the contamination with *jalpy- 'flat' (v. sub *de>\lp`a\) in some languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jo:kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"is not, there is notface="Times New Roman Star"нет, не имеетс€face="Times New Roman Star"joq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"joq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jokface="Times New Roman Star"juqface="Times New Roman Star"joq (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo.qface="Times New Roman Star"joqface="Times New Roman Star"joq, z?|oqface="Times New Roman Star"joxface="Times New Roman Star"jo:qface="Times New Roman Star"c?oxface="Times New Roman Star"c?oqface="Times New Roman Star"d/oqface="Times New Roman Star"ju:qface="Times New Roman Star"s/ok, s/og|al-face="Times New Roman Star"suoxface="Times New Roman Star"huokface="Times New Roman Star"c?oq
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|oqface="Times New Roman Star"z?oqface="Times New Roman Star"joqface="Times New Roman Star"juqface="Times New Roman Star"z?|oq, z?oq, zoxface="Times New Roman Star"joqface="Times New Roman Star"joq, joface="Times New Roman Star"z?oq, z?aqface="Times New Roman Star"joxface="Times New Roman Star"joqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 895-896, VEWT 205, Ё—“я 4, 211-212, Ћексика 333, ‘едотов 2, 129-130, Stachowski 112.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jogurganface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"blanketface="Times New Roman Star"оде€лоface="Times New Roman Star"jog|urqan (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jog|urqan (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jorg|anface="Times New Roman Star"jurg|anface="Times New Roman Star"jorg|an (Ettuhf.), jurg|an (Houts.), jawurqan (MA)
face="Times New Roman Star"jo(r)tqan
face="Times New Roman Star"jorg|anface="Times New Roman Star"jorg|anface="Times New Roman Star"c?org|an
face="Times New Roman Star"d/u:rqanface="Times New Roman Star"jorg|a:n
face="Times New Roman Star"suorg|anface="Times New Roman Star"huorgan, suorganface="Times New Roman Star"c?o:rg|an
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:rqan
face="Times New Roman Star"jurqan, juwyrqanface="Times New Roman Star"jurg|anface="Times New Roman Star"z?|uwurg|an, z?|u:rg|an, z?uwurg|an, zuwurg|anface="Times New Roman Star"jorg|anface="Times New Roman Star"jorg|an
face="Times New Roman Star"jorg|anface="Times New Roman Star"jowurg|anface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 907, VEWT 205, Ё—“я 4, 225-226, Stachowski 112.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to shine 2 to dawn 3 light 4 candleface="Times New Roman Star"1 светить 2 рассветать 3 свет 4 свечаface="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryk 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jary- (AH), jaru- (Abush.) 1, jaruq 3 (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|ri- 1, jo|rug| 3face="Times New Roman Star"joru- 1, joruq 3

face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ary- 1, c?aryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-, c?ary- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar-, d/ary- 1, d/aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"s/or-da 4face="Times New Roman Star"sara:- 2 (but also syrda:-)face="Times New Roman Star"hyrda:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yry- 1, c?aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-, z?|ary- 1, z?|aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jary- 1, jaryq, jaryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jarux 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 956, 962, 963, Ё—“я 4, 134-135, VEWT 189 (there are hardly reasons to consider the Chuv. word a borrowing), ‘едотов 2, 145, Stachowski 119. Turk. (Bulg.?) > Hung. gyertya 'candle', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*josunface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"manner, custom, methodface="Times New Roman Star"способ, обычай, метод
face="Times New Roman Star"josun (KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"josuqface="Times New Roman Star"josun (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|,sinface="Times New Roman Star"josun
face="Times New Roman Star"josun (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"jozaq, jozoq, jozor



face="Times New Roman Star"c?o`zu (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|os?unface="Times New Roman Star"z?osyn, z?osaq (dial.)







face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 31-32. Also reflected is a form *josuk, *josak. Clauson (EDT 975) and Doerfer (TMN 1, 555-557) follow Ramstedt KW 219 and regard the Turkic forms as borrowed < Mong., which is somewhat dubious because of the peculiar phonology of Mong. josun (words with *jo- are extremely rare in Mong.). PT *josuk (*josak) also strengthens the thesis about the Turkic origin of Mong. josun; Doerfer's hypothesis that Tat. josuq, Oyr. jozaq etc. reflect a contamination of *jasak and *josun is not very plausible (*jasak has usually a quite different meaning 'impost, tax' etc.), and there is also a completely unexplained (as a Mongolism) form Oyr., Tel. jozor. All this makes us rather think of Turk. *josun > Mong. *josun > Manchu joso, Evk. joso etc. (“ћ— 1, 347).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jo(g)taface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 thigh, shank 2 body, statureface="Times New Roman Star"1 голень 2 туловище, станface="Times New Roman Star"jota (OUygh.) 1



face="Times New Roman Star"z?o|ta (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jota 1face="Times New Roman Star"jota, javta, jovta 1

face="Times New Roman Star"c?oda 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?oda 1face="Times New Roman Star"jodo, d/odo 1

face="Times New Roman Star"soto 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oda 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ota 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?ota 1




face="Times New Roman Star"z?ota 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 207, Ё—“я 4, 29-30, Ћексика 282-283.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jo":nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 side, direction 2 to be directed towards, head towards 3 reason, method, cause 4 regular, easy 5 cheap 6 originface="Times New Roman Star"1 сторона, направление 2 направл€тьс€, поворачиватьс€ 3 причина, способ, отношение 4 простой, правильный 5 дешевый 6 происхождениеface="Times New Roman Star"jon 3 (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 1, 3, ju"nel- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 3, 5, ju"na"l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 1 (Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo.nal- 2, z?|o.n 4 ( < Kypch. or Mong.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ne|l- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo":nel- 2








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o"n 1, 4, 6, z?|o"no"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?o"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ne- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 3, 4, ju"ne|le|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o"ne- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ne- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?o"n 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 208, EDT 941, Ё—“я 4, 232-234. Tat. > Chuv. ju"n@ 'cheap' (‘едотов 1, 204-205).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jugur- ( ? -y-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to kneadface="Times New Roman Star"меситьface="Times New Roman Star"jog|ur- (jug|ur-) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jour-
face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur- (MA, Houts.), jog|ur- (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"jug|u(r)-, z?ug|u(r)-face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur-, jog|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"jog|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"jug|y:r-, jug|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ura-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u:r-face="Times New Roman Star"jura-, d/ura-face="Times New Roman Star"jog|u:r-face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|r-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:r-



face="Times New Roman Star"jur-

face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur-
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 205, Ё—“я 4, 243-244, TMN 4, 173, EDT 906. Turk. > Hung. gyu/r- (Gombocz 1912, MNyTeSz 1, 1138).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jol-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to tear out, pick out, pluckface="Times New Roman Star"срывать, вырывать, выщипыватьface="Times New Roman Star"jol- ? jul- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jol- ? jul- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jol-, july-
face="Times New Roman Star"jul- (R.), july- (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, z?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, d/ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jilu-face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|l-face="Times New Roman Star"suluj-
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ul-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-
face="Times New Roman Star"jolo-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, julu-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 918, Ё—“я 4, 216; often confused with *ju"l- 'shave' (v. sub *zu>li). Turk. forms like *julk- (VEWT 210) may be borrowed from Mong.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jul-dur/ (*-dyr/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"starface="Times New Roman Star"звездаface="Times New Roman Star"jultuz (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"julduz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"joldyzface="Times New Roman Star"julduz (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"jultuzface="Times New Roman Star"juldysface="Times New Roman Star"ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"d/yldysface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|ldъw|rface="Times New Roman Star"sulusface="Times New Roman Star"hulusface="Times New Roman Star"syldysface="Times New Roman Star"syltysface="Times New Roman Star"z?|yldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?u_ldyzface="Times New Roman Star"juldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jondod|face="Times New Roman Star"z?ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldysface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?uldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldusface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 210, TMN 3, 260-1, EDT 922-3, Ё—“я 4, 279-280, Ћексика 53, Stachowski 111.
face="Times New Roman Star"*julyn| / *ju"lu"n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"marrow, spinal marrowface="Times New Roman Star"костный мозг, спинной мозг
face="Times New Roman Star"julun (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"n (MA), julun (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"n| (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"julun (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"c?@l@n|face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyn|face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"n, d/u"lu"n|

face="Times New Roman Star"su"lu"nface="Times New Roman Star"hu"nn/u"face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"n
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"lu"n, z?|ulunface="Times New Roman Star"z?ulynface="Times New Roman Star"julynface="Times New Roman Star"jylym, dial. jelen, jelem, jolon


face="Times New Roman Star"z?ulyn

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 930, Ё—“я 4, 266, Ћексика 263, Stachowski 115.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"m- / *jum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to close (eyes, mouth)face="Times New Roman Star"закрывать (глаза, рот)
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"m- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"jum- (Pav. C., MA, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-

face="Times New Roman Star"d/um-face="Times New Roman Star"jim-
face="Times New Roman Star"sim-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 934, VEWT 210, Ё—“я 4, 245-246.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 round 2 ball of wool, threadface="Times New Roman Star"1 круглый 2 клубок
face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jumak 2, jumru 1face="Times New Roman Star"jomry 1, jomg|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumru 1 (Pav. C.), jumqaq 2 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jumalo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumlaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jumru 1, jumaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 2, jumry 1face="Times New Roman Star"nyn|max 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|mg|a 2



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|umuru 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?umaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jomoro 1, jomg|aq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?umry 1, z?umaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumax 2face="Times New Roman Star"jummaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"One of expressive common Turkic roots meaning 'round, spherical'. See VEWT 210, EDT 871, 873, 877, 936, 937-8, Ё—“я 4, 246-247, 249-250. The root has also a variant (expressive?) *jub-, see Ё—“я 4, 237-238, Stachowski 114.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jumra-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 gopher 2 ground-squirrelface="Times New Roman Star"1 суслик 2 евражка


face="Times New Roman Star"jomran 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumran 'mole' (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jumro|n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumran 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jumran 1 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"jymran, jybyran 2








face="Times New Roman Star"jomran 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uburan 1




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 210, Ё—“я 4, 247-248, Ћексика 165-166. Turk. > Mong. z?|urum, z?|urama, Khalkha z|uram, z|urma, Dag. z?|ombor, (“од. ƒаг. 145) z?|umbra: (see MGCD 464, KW 481, TMN 4, 220), whence Man. z?|umara etc., see Doerfer MT 102, Rozycki 127. Cf. also *jamlan / *jalman (VEWT 183, Ё—“я 4, 97; > Mong. jalman). Turk. > Russ. dial. jevra/n and similar forms, see јникин 195, 199, 205.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jym-l/c?a-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"soft, mildface="Times New Roman Star"м€гкийface="Times New Roman Star"jyms?aq (Orkh.), jums?aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jums?aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jums?akface="Times New Roman Star"joms?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aq (AH, Ettuhf., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jums?o|qface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jumsaqface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aGface="Times New Roman Star"jums?aqface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymz?|ax, nymzaxface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymz?a-face="Times New Roman Star"jymz?aq, d/ymz?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"s/emz/eface="Times New Roman Star"symna-g|asface="Times New Roman Star"hymna-gasface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"c?ymz?|a- 'to become soft'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ums?aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?umsaq
face="Times New Roman Star"joms?aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ums?aq, z?umus?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jymys?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jyms?aq, jyms?ax

face="Times New Roman Star"jymys?aqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 938, VEWT 201, Ё—“я 4, 252-253, Stachowski 118. The deriving stem *jym-l/c?a- 'to be soft' is also present in most of the above languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jun|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wool 2 small feathers, down 3 feather 4 faded furface="Times New Roman Star"1 шерсть 2 пух 3 перо 4 линькаface="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (KB), 2, 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jon 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (Ѕор. Ѕад.), ju"n| 1 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, z?|un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, ju"n|, jun 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"nu"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?um 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n|, jum, jym, d/un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|m 1face="Times New Roman Star"sun| 4
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"n| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"n 1,2,3face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n, jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 941, Ё—“я 4, 267-268, Ћексика 146. This root should not be confused with *ju"g 'feather' (v. sub *d[e/]gi).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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