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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*do:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fullface="Times New Roman Star"полныйface="Times New Roman Star"tolu (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tolu (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"tulyface="Times New Roman Star"tola (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu.laface="Times New Roman Star"tola, tolg|anface="Times New Roman Star"toloface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"do:lyface="Times New Roman Star"tol- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"tol-dyr- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"toloface="Times New Roman Star"tu:ol- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"tol- (v.), tolliface="Times New Roman Star"tuol- (v.), toloruface="Times New Roman Star"tuol- (v.), toloruface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"toloface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"tulyface="Times New Roman Star"toluface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"doli(:); t`oly (Kakuk); to:l- v. (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"toluface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 486, EDT 491-492, ЭСТЯ 3, 257-259, Федотов 2, 242-243, Stachowski 226, 231. PT *do:l-y is derived from *do:l- 'to get filled'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*doluface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hailface="Times New Roman Star"градface="Times New Roman Star"toly (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toly (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dolu
face="Times New Roman Star"toly (MA), tolu (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"du.liface="Times New Roman Star"toly (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"doly, (А-Б) do:lyface="Times New Roman Star"ton|-dol (ton|- 'frozen')

face="Times New Roman Star"to^ly
face="Times New Roman Star"tolonface="Times New Roman Star"tolotface="Times New Roman Star"dolu

face="Times New Roman Star"doly (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"tolu



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 486, EDT 491, ЭСТЯ 3, 260-261, Лексика 31-32, Stachowski 226. Cf. also *Tol/ 'ice' (Tuva dos?, Tof. do"s?, Oyr. tos? Лексика 18, VEWT 491, ЭСТЯ 3, 267).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Tomarface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 block, log 2 to hack, hew 3 to break off, chip offface="Times New Roman Star"1 кусок дерева, чурбан, бревно 2 рубить, обрубать 3 отламывать, откалывать
face="Times New Roman Star"tomrum 1 (MK), tomur- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tomruk 1face="Times New Roman Star"tumar, tumran 1face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) tumar (AH) 1






face="Times New Roman Star"tomur- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"domur- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"tomur- 3face="Times New Roman Star"tomar 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tumyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tomuraw 1, tomur- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tomruq 1face="Times New Roman Star"tomar 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 499, EDT 509. The root should be distinguished from *dom- / *tom- 'round' (v. sub *t`o>\mu\). Turk. > Mong. (KW 400) tomurag|u, Kalm. tomru:n 'rough, loutish'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*don|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cold 2 frost 3 frozen 4 freeze, be frozenface="Times New Roman Star"1 холодный 2 мороз 3 замерзший 4 замерзатьface="Times New Roman Star"ton|- 4 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ton| 2, 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"don 2face="Times New Roman Star"tun| 2face="Times New Roman Star"ton|- 4 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ton|- 4, ton| 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tot 1face="Times New Roman Star"don 2, don- 4face="Times New Roman Star"don| 3, don|- 4face="Times New Roman Star"to:-r- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|m 2 'frost'face="Times New Roman Star"ton|- 4, ton| 3face="Times New Roman Star"ton|- 4, ton| 3face="Times New Roman Star"don| 3, don|- 4face="Times New Roman Star"don| 3, don|- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ton| 2, ton|- 4








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 488, EDT 513, 515, ЭСТЯ 3, 265-267, Лексика 17, Stachowski 226.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dan|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to bind togetherface="Times New Roman Star"связывать
face="Times New Roman Star"tan|- (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"tan|- (Abush., Sangl.)

face="Times New Roman Star"tan|-
face="Times New Roman Star"dan|-

face="Times New Roman Star"tan|-

face="Times New Roman Star"tan|-face="Times New Roman Star"tan|- 'to put on'face="Times New Roman Star"don|-na-
face="Times New Roman Star"tan|-face="Times New Roman Star"tan|-




face="Times New Roman Star"tan|-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 461, EDT 514, ЭСТЯ 3, 145-146, Stachowski 216. Turk. > Kalm. tan- 'to plait, knot'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*to:r-umface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young camel 2 a young calf 3 a goat that has yeaned early 4 young 5 a cow that has not calved yetface="Times New Roman Star"1 верблюжонок 2 теленок 3 коза, объягнившаяся в возрасте до 1 года 4 молодой (о человеке, дереве) 5 нетель
face="Times New Roman Star"torum 1, torpy 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"deve torun 1, torum (dial.) 1; torbuc? (dial.) 3, (?) toru (dial.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"to:rbaq (КСТТ) 2face="Times New Roman Star"torum 1 (Sangl., Pav. C.), torbaq 2 (MA 126)
face="Times New Roman Star"topaq 2, topaq-torum 'young calves'

face="Times New Roman Star"to:rum 1face="Times New Roman Star"torbax 2
face="Times New Roman Star"torboq 2, torboc? (dial. Kumd.) 5

face="Times New Roman Star"torbos, torbuz?|ax 2
face="Times New Roman Star"dorum 1
face="Times New Roman Star"torpoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"torpaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tana-turpaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"(?) tor 'unbroken (of a horse), untrodden (of a path)'

face="Times New Roman Star"tory 'foal' (ССЯ)
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 533, 549, VEWT 491. Turk. > WMong. torum, Kalm. torm (KW 402, Щербак 1997, 158, Clark 1977, 155-156. The Tur. dial. dog|rum is a result of contamination with dog|ur- 'to bear'. Forms like torp-ak are diminutives in -ak (with almost always regular cluster development). Forms like Tur. torun 'grandchild', as well as Tur. dial. tor 'young' may be Iranisms (but not Armenisms, as suggested in Буд. 1, 747 - Armen. tor`n 'grandchild' is itself obviously < Iranian) - see Аб. 3, 280.
face="Times New Roman Star"*topra-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"earth, soilface="Times New Roman Star"земля, почваface="Times New Roman Star"topraq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"topraq (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"toprakface="Times New Roman Star"tufraqface="Times New Roman Star"toprag|/q, tofrag|/q (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tupro|qface="Times New Roman Star"tofraq, topraqface="Times New Roman Star"durvaqface="Times New Roman Star"torpaGface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"tobyraxface="Times New Roman Star"tobraqface="Times New Roman Star"tobraqface="Times New Roman Star"turpaqface="Times New Roman Star"tъw|praface="Times New Roman Star"toburax
face="Times New Roman Star"dovuraqface="Times New Roman Star"to'praqface="Times New Roman Star"topuraqface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"tupraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraq, topraxface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"to(:)ryx|face="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *topra- 'to turn into dust, dry out'. See VEWT 489, EDT 443, 444, Лексика 99. Turk. > WMong. tobrag, Kalm. towr@g (KW 404).
face="Times New Roman Star"*topykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 knee cap 2 knee 3 ankle-boneface="Times New Roman Star"1 коленная чашечка 2 колено 3 лодыжкаface="Times New Roman Star"topyq 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"topyq 3 (MK), 1 (KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"topuk 3face="Times New Roman Star"tubyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) topuq (Houts., AH) 3face="Times New Roman Star"to.piq 3face="Times New Roman Star"topuq 3face="Times New Roman Star"to:q 1face="Times New Roman Star"topuG 3face="Times New Roman Star"topuq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tomyx 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"topuq, tomuq 1, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"tobuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"tobuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"dowuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"to'puq 1face="Times New Roman Star"topuq, tomuq 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tobyq 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tobyq 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tubyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"tobuq 2face="Times New Roman Star"topuq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tobuq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tobyq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"tobuq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 489, EDT 437-8, Лексика 286, Stachowski 224. Both Ra"sa"nen and Clauson derive this word from PT *top 'pellet, round thing', but this is not likely because of external evidence.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dogra-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cut into slices, small piecesface="Times New Roman Star"резать ломтиками, кусочками
face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"do:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.g|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"torg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"doGra-face="Times New Roman Star"doGra-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|yra-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tug|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"torg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"to:rot-
face="Times New Roman Star"do:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"do:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tu:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-face="Times New Roman Star"dora-face="Times New Roman Star"doGra-, tuvra-face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-
face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 472, ЭСТЯ 3, 248-249, Ашм. XIV, 151, Федотов 2, 251.
face="Times New Roman Star"*to":rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"honorary place in the houseface="Times New Roman Star"почетное место в юртеface="Times New Roman Star"to"r (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"to"r (KB), to"re (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"do"r (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"rface="Times New Roman Star"to"r (Pav. C.), to"re (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.rface="Times New Roman Star"to"(r)face="Times New Roman Star"to"r, tu"riface="Times New Roman Star"do"r (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"to":rface="Times New Roman Star"to"rface="Times New Roman Star"to"rface="Times New Roman Star"to"r



face="Times New Roman Star"do"r
face="Times New Roman Star"to"rface="Times New Roman Star"to"rface="Times New Roman Star"to"rface="Times New Roman Star"tu"rface="Times New Roman Star"to"r
face="Times New Roman Star"to"rface="Times New Roman Star"to"r
face="Times New Roman Star"to"rface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 494, EDT 528-529, TMN 2, 607, Лексика 514.
face="Times New Roman Star"*do":rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fourface="Times New Roman Star"четыреface="Times New Roman Star"to"rt (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"to"rt (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"do"rtface="Times New Roman Star"du"rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"rt (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"(r)tface="Times New Roman Star"du"rt, tu"rtface="Times New Roman Star"do"rdface="Times New Roman Star"do":rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"rt
face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|vadъface="Times New Roman Star"tu"o"rtface="Times New Roman Star"tu"o"rtface="Times New Roman Star"do"rtface="Times New Roman Star"{do"rt}face="Times New Roman Star"to"rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"rtface="Times New Roman Star"do"rtface="Times New Roman Star"du"rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"rtface="Times New Roman Star"do"rtface="Times New Roman Star"do"rtface="Times New Roman Star"to"rt
face="Times New Roman Star"do"rtface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 534, VEWT 495, ЭСТЯ 3, 284-286, Stachowski 235.
face="Times New Roman Star"*to"r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 foundation, root 2 origin, ancestorsface="Times New Roman Star"1 корень 2 происхождение, основание, род, предкиface="Times New Roman Star"to"z (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"z (MK, KB) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"to"z 1 ('root of the ear' - Sangl.), 2 (Pav. C.)




face="Times New Roman Star"to"s 'original spirits', to"s-te- 'to lay ground'face="Times New Roman Star"to"s 2, to"s-tu"k 'tree trunk'face="Times New Roman Star"to"s 2; 'shrub; original spirits'
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"re 'object of dedication; spirit'face="Times New Roman Star"to"ru"t 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"ru"tface="Times New Roman Star"do"s 1, 2, 'shrub'face="Times New Roman Star"do"s, to"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"to"z, to"s 2

face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 2 (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 495, TMN 2, 612, EDT 571, Лексика 109, Федотов 2, 264, Stachowski 228.
face="Times New Roman Star"*do"l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mountain slopeface="Times New Roman Star"склон горы

face="Times New Roman Star"do"s? (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"tu.s?face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"do"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"to"s





face="Times New Roman Star"do"'s?
face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"to"s






face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 3, 287. The root should be kept distinct from *do":l/ 'breast' q. v. sub *t`o:l/i (see Щербак 1970, 197).
face="Times New Roman Star"*do"l/e-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to spread out (as mat) 2 mat, mattressface="Times New Roman Star"1 расстилать (циновку) 2 циновка, подстилка, тюфякface="Times New Roman Star"to"s?e- 1, to"s?ek 2, (?) to"let 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?e- 1, to"s?ek 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"do"s?e- 1, do"s?ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?@- 1, tu"s?@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?e- 1, to"s?ek 2 (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.s?ak 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?a"k, c?u"s?a"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"sek 2face="Times New Roman Star"do"s?a"- 1, do"s?a"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?e- 1, du"s?ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"ze- 1, to"zek 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"z?e- 1, to"z?ekface="Times New Roman Star"to"z?o"- 1, to"z?o"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z?ek 2

face="Times New Roman Star"do"z?e- 1, do"z?ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"'he-n- 1, to"'hek 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?o"- 1, to"s?o"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"so"- 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"to"se- 1, to"sek 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?@- 1, tu"s?@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"do"s?e- 1, do"s?ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?e- 1, to"s?ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"se- 1, to"sek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"to"s?ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 494, 561, 563, VEWT 495, TMN 2, 617, ЭСТЯ 3, 333-335.
face="Times New Roman Star"*To"genface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 brand 2 tinderface="Times New Roman Star"1 головня 2 трут
face="Times New Roman Star"to"gu"n (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"(Osm.) do"gu"n 'tattoo'
face="Times New Roman Star"to"gen (Abush., Sangl.) 1






face="Times New Roman Star"to"o"n 2

face="Times New Roman Star"tu"o"n 2
face="Times New Roman Star"do":n 'wick'










face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 484. Turk. > WMong. to"gene, Khalkha to":n, Kalm. to":n@, Dag. tu@n 'cauterization' (L 832, KW 408, MGCD 643).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Tugface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dam, fish trapface="Times New Roman Star"запруда, вершаface="Times New Roman Star"tug| (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tug| (MK)



face="Times New Roman Star"tug|


face="Times New Roman Star"tug|face="Times New Roman Star"tug|


face="Times New Roman Star"tu:
face="Times New Roman Star"dug|-da- 'to make a partition'face="Times New Roman Star"dug|face="Times New Roman Star"tuq

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. tyw





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 496, EDT 463-464, Рас. ФиЛ 175, Лексика 420.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tubn/a-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hoofface="Times New Roman Star"копыто
face="Times New Roman Star"tujag| (MK), tujnaq (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"dujnakface="Times New Roman Star"tojaqface="Times New Roman Star"tuwaq (Sangl., Abush.), (MKypch.) tujaq (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"tujo|qface="Times New Roman Star"tuwaqface="Times New Roman Star"tujag|, tyjyg|
face="Times New Roman Star"tojnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tujg|axface="Times New Roman Star"tujg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"tujg|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"tujaxface="Times New Roman Star"tun/akface="Times New Roman Star"dujug|face="Times New Roman Star"dujug| (Рас. ФиЛ), tujug|face="Times New Roman Star"tujaqface="Times New Roman Star"tujaqface="Times New Roman Star"tujaqface="Times New Roman Star"tojaqface="Times New Roman Star"tujaq
face="Times New Roman Star"tujaqface="Times New Roman Star"tujaq, dojnaq (< Turkm.)face="Times New Roman Star"c'ynag| (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"tujaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 499-500, EDT 519, Лексика 147, Stachowski 230. Chag., Uygh. tuwaq point to a labial *-b- in the stem, while Yak. -j- and -j- in other languages - to *-n/-: these reflexes can only be reconciled if we accept a cluster like *-bn/- in the protoform (perhaps a contraction < *tupi-nak or sim.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*dul(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"widow, widowerface="Times New Roman Star"вдова, вдовецface="Times New Roman Star"tul (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tul (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dulface="Times New Roman Star"tu>lface="Times New Roman Star"tul (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tulface="Times New Roman Star"tul
face="Times New Roman Star"dulface="Times New Roman Star"dul
face="Times New Roman Star"tulface="Times New Roman Star"tul
face="Times New Roman Star"tъlъx 'orphan'face="Times New Roman Star"tula:jax 'orphan'face="Times New Roman Star"tula:jak 'widow; orphan'face="Times New Roman Star"dulg|ujaqface="Times New Roman Star"tulg|un/aqface="Times New Roman Star"tulface="Times New Roman Star"tu>l
face="Times New Roman Star"tu>l
face="Times New Roman Star"dulface="Times New Roman Star"tulface="Times New Roman Star"tul
face="Times New Roman Star"tulface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 490, VEWT 497, ЭСТЯ 3, 292-293, Лексика 293, Ашм. XIV, 258-259, Федотов 2, 189, Stachowski 230.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dumface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cold 2 cold, fluface="Times New Roman Star"1 холодный 2 простудаface="Times New Roman Star"tumlyg| 1 (OUygh.), tumag|u 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tum, tumlyg| 1 (MK), tumag|u (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"dumag|, duma 2, (Osm.) tumlu 1face="Times New Roman Star"tomaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"tumaq 2 (MA)
face="Times New Roman Star"tumu 2

face="Times New Roman Star"du"mev 2face="Times New Roman Star"tymo 2



face="Times New Roman Star"tymny: 1, tumu: 2face="Times New Roman Star"tymny: 1face="Times New Roman Star"duma: 2face="Times New Roman Star"tuma: 2









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 498, EDT 503, 505, 506, ЭСТЯ 3, 326, Лексика 14-15, Stachowski 238. Turk. > WMong. tomug|u, Khalkha tomu: 'influenza'. A probable derivative is Turk. *duman 'fog' (ЭСТЯ 3, 295-296, Лексика 33, Stachowski 230), see TMN 2, 568.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hat, cap 2 snout 3 beak 4 noseface="Times New Roman Star"1 шапка 2 морда 3 клюв 4 носface="Times New Roman Star"tomag|a 1 (OUygh. - XIV ), tums?uq 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tums?uq 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"toms?uk 3face="Times New Roman Star"tumaq 1 (КСТТ), toms?yq 3, (КСТТ) 4face="Times New Roman Star"tumaq 1 (Pav. C.), tums?uq (MA, Abush.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"tumo|q 1, tums?uq 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"tumaq 1, tums?uq 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"tymsyq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"tums?uq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tumzux 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"tunc?uq 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tubaq 1 (Leb.), tumc?uq 2, 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"tumus 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tumus 'cape'face="Times New Roman Star"dumc?uq 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"tun'c?uq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tumaq 1, tums?uq 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tymaq 1, tumsyq 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tumsyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toms?oq 2, 3


face="Times New Roman Star"tumaq 1, tumsyq 2, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 499, TMN 2, 642, EDT 509-10, Лексика 216, 483, Radloff 3, 1518, Stachowski 230.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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