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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to knowface="Times New Roman Star"знатьface="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"byl-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"p@l-face="Times New Roman Star"pil- (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"pew|l-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 75, EDT 330-331, Ё—“я 2, 137-139, Stachowski 60. Cf. also *belgu" 'sign' (Ё—“я 2, 108-111) ( = WMong. belge, see TMN 1, 216, ўербак 1997, 104). Turk. *bil-ig > Mong. bilig (TMN 2, 418, ўербак 1997, 106).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"ru"-lgenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of berryface="Times New Roman Star"вид €годы


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rlegen

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"lz?|u"(r)ga"n






face="Times New Roman Star"pew|rlew|xen



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ldu"rko"nface="Times New Roman Star"bu"ldirgenface="Times New Roman Star"bo"/u"ldirgenface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rd|o"ge|n





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 93, Ћексика 139-140 (forms like Kaz. bu"ldirgen may reflect the same stem: *bu"ru"l-degen). Cf. also Mong. forms: bu"relgene 'калина', bo":ro"lgo"no" 'кост€ника' which may be of Turkic origin.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"rku"tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 aquila fulva 2 eagleface="Times New Roman Star"1 беркут 2 орел


face="Times New Roman Star"bu">rki>t 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"burgut 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rgu"t 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t, mu"rku"t 1
face="Times New Roman Star"p@rg@t 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rgu"t 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rki>t 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu">rku">t 2


face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rkit 1

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 300, Ћексика 169, TMN 2, 331-333. Turk. > Mong. bu"rgu"d 'eagle', Russ. беркут. As suggested in Ё—“я the original stem may have been *bu"r- (preserved in Kaz., KKalp. bu"r- 'to grasp prey (of an eagle)').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil/c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stir up, churn (milk, butter)face="Times New Roman Star"помешивать, взбивать (молоко, масло), пахтать


face="Times New Roman Star"pes?- (—иб., “умашева 180)
face="Times New Roman Star"pis?kak 'churn pestle'


face="Times New Roman Star"pis?ek 'churn pestle', -le- 'to churn'



face="Times New Roman Star"p@z/er- 'to hit, beat'face="Times New Roman Star"bis- 'to smear'face="Times New Roman Star"bis- 'to smear'

face="Times New Roman Star"bys?- / bis?-; bis?kek 'churn-staff for kumis'face="Times New Roman Star"pis-face="Times New Roman Star"piskek 'churn-staff'face="Times New Roman Star"bes?e- 'to churn; to beat', bes?ka"k 'churn-staff'


face="Times New Roman Star"pis-; piskek 'a big churn'

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 309-310, Stachowski 61, јшм. X, 241-242. In a part of languages the root merges with *bil/c?- "to ripen"; it differs from the latter by its original transitivity and consequent front vocalism.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to join, intertwine, adhere 2 to wind, weaveface="Times New Roman Star"1 присоедин€тьс€, переплетатьс€, примыкать 2 плести, ткать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"tu"s?- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ter- 'крутить, свертывать'
face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|d@w|r- 2




face="Times New Roman Star"bitis- 'миритьс€'
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"to"rgo"s 'деталь ткацкого станка'





face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 309-310. ‘едотов 1, 427
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bow, bend 2 to curve, bend, wrap smth.face="Times New Roman Star"1 сгибатьс€, клан€тьс€ 2 сгибать, складывать, свертывать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (Sangl. Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"buk- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'a bend, flexion'; bu"gu"le:- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 'to wrap'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k/g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"g-u"l- 1 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"po"x- 2 (——я 454)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, VEWT 91-92, Ё—“я 2, 290-293.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bile-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sharpen 2 whetstoneface="Times New Roman Star"1 точить 2 точильный камень
face="Times New Roman Star"bile- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bele|w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1,bilew 2 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bila"- (Jarr.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo"v, bilo"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilev 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@lo" 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"pile 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilu" 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|lev 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bili- (Castr.- Soj.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bela"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bila" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bu"lew 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 142-143, EDT 332-333 (< *bi 'blade', denom. - but Turkm. shortness contradicts this derivation). Turk. *bile-gu" > Mong. *bile-g|u" id., see ўербак 1997, 106.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulut (*bulyt)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cloudface="Times New Roman Star"облако
face="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bolytface="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|l@w|t 'sky, cloud'face="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bu_ltface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"bolotface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bultface="Times New Roman Star"bu(:)lytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 88 (the connection with PT *bulga- 'to mix' is not obvious at all); TMN 2, 323; EDT 333, Ё—“я 2, 262-264, Ћексика 24, Stachowski 71. Turk. > MMong. (»ћ) bulut, see ўербак 1997, 163. Derived are Kypch. forms like Kaz., KKalp. buldyr 'foggy, cloudy', Kirgh. buldur 'fuzzy, cloudy', Nogh. buldyr 'id.'
face="Times New Roman Star"*bir (*bi:r)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oneface="Times New Roman Star"одинface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bir (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"p@rface="Times New Roman Star"pirface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"biface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:r, birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"bir/face="Times New Roman Star"bir/byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"pyr, pir, pur (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, TMN 2, 383-4, EDT 353-4, Ё—“я 2, 146-151, ≈горов 157, ‘едотов I 421-422, Stachowski 61. Cf. also Khak. praj 'all', Tat. dial. p@ra"j 'any' ( —““ 179), Az. bira"-di 'one, all together'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"r/- / *bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to wrinkleface="Times New Roman Star"морщитьс€
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r- (MK, KB), bu"z- (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r- (dial.), bu"z-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buris?-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"z-, bu"ru"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-, bu"z-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"r-


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|r-



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"r-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 92, EDT 355, Ё—“я 2, 294-296 (contaminates with *bu"r- 'to cover'). ≈горов 157, ‘едотов 1, 421.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"ru"-, *bu"r-ke-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cover upface="Times New Roman Star"покрывать, закрывать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"n- 'to be covered' (MK, KB), bu"rkek 'cloudy', bu"rku"r- 'to become cloudy' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"- (also of clouds), bu"rge, bu"rgu" 'kerchief, thin curtain'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rke|-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke- (MA, Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"burka-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"(r)ka"-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"re-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"rge-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"rge-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"j-; bu"rku"j- 'to become cloudy'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"j-; bu"rku"k 'cloudy'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge- (also of clouds)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rhu"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rko"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rka"-n- 'to be covered', bo"rko"u" 'stifling'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke- (also of clouds)face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 363, 367, ƒ“— 133, VEWT 92, Ё—“я 2, 296-298, Stachowski 68. The form in -ke- is an intensive and can hardly be regarded as a mongolism.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bud 2 leaf 3 grainface="Times New Roman Star"1 почка 2 лист 3 зерноface="Times New Roman Star"bu"r 1 (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?u"k 1, bu"rtu"k 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro" 1





face="Times New Roman Star"pu"r 2


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rz?|e 'grain, particle'face="Times New Roman Star"burduk 'flour'face="Times New Roman Star"burduk 'flour'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtik 3face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro" 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtu"k 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtik 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 92, EDT 354, Ћексика 114-115, Stachowski 67. Turk. > WMong. bu"r, Kalm. bu"r (KW 67).
face="Times New Roman Star"*byc?- / *bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cutface="Times New Roman Star"резатьface="Times New Roman Star"byc?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"byc?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pi>c?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-
face="Times New Roman Star"byc?-
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|s/-face="Times New Roman Star"bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"by's?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pi>s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"bi>s-, bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-
face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292-293, VEWT 73, Ё—“я 2, 158-160, Stachowski 71. Turk. > Hung. biczak 'knife' ( Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:c?-gak, -makface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"(outer) corner, angleface="Times New Roman Star"внешний угол
face="Times New Roman Star"buc?g|aq (MK) 'region of the world, corner'face="Times New Roman Star"buz?|akface="Times New Roman Star"poc?maqface="Times New Roman Star"buz?|aq (Sangl.)


face="Times New Roman Star"buz?|ag|face="Times New Roman Star"bu:z?|aq 'lower ends of a winebag'



face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|s/mex








face="Times New Roman Star"buz?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"buc?aq, buc?qaq


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 85, Ё—“я 2, 282-283. Despite EDT 294 and Clark 1980, 38, not derived < *byc?- 'cut' (because of semantic and phonetic - vowel length and vowel quality - differences).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to end, accomplish 2 to be ended 3 to create, build 4 to heal 5 to grow, ripenface="Times New Roman Star"1 кончать, завершать 2 кончатьс€ 3 создавать, строить 4 заживать 5 вырастать, вызреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bet- 2, bet-e|s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pyt-, put- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t- 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"pu"d-u"r- 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t- 2, bo"t-o"s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5; 'to close'face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pit- 2, 4, 5
face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 93, TMN 2, 267, EDT 298-9, 306, Ё—“я 2, 152-154, 302-303, Stachowski 68. Cf. also PT *bu"tu"n 'all, whole' - a derivative from *bu"t-. Turk. > Mong. *bu"te-, *bu"tu"- (KW 69-70, TMN 2, 268-269, ўербак 1997, 111).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodo-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to paint, dye 2 dyeface="Times New Roman Star"1 красить 2 краскаface="Times New Roman Star"bodug| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod|o- (MK) 1, bod|og| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, bujaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- (Abush., Sangl.) 1, bojag|/q 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ja- 1, bu.jo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"boju-/a- 1, bojaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2

face="Times New Roman Star"pojo- 1 (√јя), poju- (dial. - Ѕаск.  ум.)face="Times New Roman Star"boda- 1, bodag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|ve- 1face="Times New Roman Star"butuj- 1, butuk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"budu- 1, buduq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojo- 1, bojoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojau 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, hary bujaq 'серпуха' (a dying plant)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojax| 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 77, Ё—“я 2, 178-179, ≈горов 155. Despite EDT, Tel. bodu- is a Mongolian loanword. Chuv. -v- instead of *-r- is not quite clear here (perhaps it is a trace of the archaic *-gd-cluster?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*biagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"liverface="Times New Roman Star"печеньface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 'breast, bosom'face="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (Ѕор. Ѕад., MA)
face="Times New Roman Star"beg|irface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"baGyrface="Times New Roman Star"pa:r


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|verface="Times New Roman Star"byarface="Times New Roman Star"byar 'belly; liver'face="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawur
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 55, EDT 317, Ё—“я 2, 17-19, 22-23, Ћексика 278, Stachowski 69.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gse(k) < *bo"s-ge(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a part of human or animal trunkface="Times New Roman Star"часть туловищаface="Times New Roman Star"bo"gsig 'some part of body (belly?)' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kseg 'woman's breast; upper part of chest' (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"kse| 'belly; bird crop'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kse 'the part of a human or animal body above the waist' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ksa 'side part of the body below the breast and down to the hip; (dial.) lower part of body'







face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|z/exe 'crop'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"sko"-j- 'to appear abdominous'
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"skek 'bird's breast'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ksek 'bird's breast'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kso" 'side of body; foot-hill'

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"kt|a" 'short person (abusive)'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ksu"n 'half of animal carcass'




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 329, VEWT 84, 83, Ё—“я 2, 213-214, Ћексика 278. Forms without -k meaning 'buttock' or 'lower part of body' are most probably borrowed < Mong. *bo"gse, having quite different origin (see under *pi_oko) - although some contaminations were not excluded.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bia:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swift, quickface="Times New Roman Star"быстрыйface="Times New Roman Star"bat (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bat (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"pat 'suddenly'
face="Times New Roman Star"bat (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tface="Times New Roman Star"pat

face="Times New Roman Star"ba:da 'at once'



face="Times New Roman Star"pid@ ( < *pu"d@?) 'most, very'

face="Times New Roman Star"pat 'extremely'
face="Times New Roman Star"bat








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 65, EDT 296, ≈горов 162, ‘едотов 1, 437.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be:.ken-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to feel joy, appreciate 2 to strive, hopeface="Times New Roman Star"1 радоватьс€, быть благодарным 2 стремитьс€, наде€тьс€
face="Times New Roman Star"biken- 1face="Times New Roman Star"beg|en- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"ba"ja"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"begen- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"pigen- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"beku": 'big joy, feast'








face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 101.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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