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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"ashesface="Times New Roman Star"пепел, золаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"l (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"l (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"kulface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ki:lface="Times New Roman Star"k@w|lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"xu"lface="Times New Roman Star"xu"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"kulface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 307, EDT 715, Ё—“я 5, 137-138, Ћексика 367-368, Stachowski 164.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spool, skein, sheafface="Times New Roman Star"катушка, моток, в€занка

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"les?, dial. ku"ltemface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lte (AH, At-Tuhf., KW)



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ltem



face="Times New Roman Star"k@lde (possibly < Tat.)




face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lte

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lte
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 139, ‘едотов 1, 272-273. Turk. > Kalm. ku"lt@- 'to bind, fasten' (KW 245).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n(el/) / *gun/al/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sun 2 day 3 sunny place 4 sun-heatface="Times New Roman Star"1 солнце 2 день 3 солнечное место 4 солнечный жарface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2 (Orkh., OUygh.), ku"nes? 3 (YB), isig qujas? 4 (OUygh. - Br.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 4 (MK), ku"nes? 3 (Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 2, gu"nes? 1, (dial.) gujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qujas? 1 (Sangl., Abush., Pav. C.), ku"nes? 1 (Pav. C., Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), ku"n 1, 2 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2, qujo|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, (dial.) qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"na"s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1, 4, quja:s? 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, dial. qujas? 1 (Kumd., Leb.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin, ku"n 1, 2, kina"s? 'sonnig'face="Times New Roman Star"kon 2, x@w|vel 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, kuja:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, kun/a:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qyjas 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, ko"na"s 4, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, ku"nes? 1, qujas?, qujas 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2 gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 301, 309 (Ra"sa"nen separates *gu"n and *gun'al', which is hardly justified); EDT 679, 725, 734, Ё—“я 3, 100-104, 6, 112-113, Ћексика 20-21, 64-65, 77-78, ‘едотов 1 306-307, Stachowski 161, 164. The forms *gu"n/el/ and *gun/al/ must be old dialectal variants.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"niface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 co-wife 2 envy, jealousy 3 jealous, envious person 4 to be jealous, envyface="Times New Roman Star"1 одна из нескольких жен 2 зависть, ревность 3 ревнивец, завистник 4 ревновать, завидоватьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"nu", gu"nu" 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nda"s? 1, ko"n-c?e 3, kene (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (MA, Pav. C.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kundas? 1, kunc?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nda"s? 1, ku"n-lu"- 4, ku"n-c?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"kun bol- 4 (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"nu" 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"ni 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n-ne- 4, ku"nz?|i 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu": 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n-ne- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu", ku"ndo"s? 1, ku"nu"-lo"- 'to be jealous (of women)'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-de- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-le- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nda"s? 1, ko"n-la"- 4, ko"n-so" 3

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes? 1, ku"n-le-, ku"nu"-le-, ko"nu"-le- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-le- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n-c?u" 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 307, 309, EDT 727, Ё—“я 3, 104-105, ћудрак 76, ‘едотов 1, 269. Cf. perhaps also Yak. kiji:t, Dolg. kini:t 'sister-in-law' (?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"female slaveface="Times New Roman Star"рабын€face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (MK, Tefs., IM)

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (MA), (MKypch.) ku"n| (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"gun| 'voiceless female slave'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (я∆”)
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n| 'a Turkmani born from a Persian woman' (Ѕуд.)



face="Times New Roman Star"xъr-g|ъm



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|




face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 309, EDT 726, Ё—“я 5, 142, Ћексика 317. The Uzb. meaning was influenced by Persian gung 'deaf-and-dumb'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":p-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 a wooden hammer for processing boot seams 2 to hit, poundface="Times New Roman Star"1 дерев€нный молоточек дл€ обивки обувных швов 2 бить, колотить








face="Times New Roman Star"go":be 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"p-le-t- 'to knock'


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pke- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"bu"rge:- 'to hit ice with a pounder'


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"bu"- 'to shake, shake off'





face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pilde- 'to lumber, rumble'

face="Times New Roman Star"Modern expressive formations, but the root seems to be archaic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku":se-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to wish, want, willface="Times New Roman Star"желать, хотеть
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"se- (MK, KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"se|-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"se- (AH, Qutb.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kuse|-

face="Times New Roman Star"ku":se-






face="Times New Roman Star"ku"'ze-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"so"-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"se-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"he|-


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"se-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 311-312, Ё—“я 5, 135. Tuva forms reflect a short *-u">-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"powerface="Times New Roman Star"силаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Sangl., Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kuc?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"kus?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ic?
face="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306, EDT 693, Ё—“я 3, 96-98, Stachowski 166.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eagleface="Times New Roman Star"орел

face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?en, gu"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"ko"co"ga"n (Sib.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?igen (Houts.)






face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"gen (Tel.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kajъk-k@z?@k, kajъk-k@s? 'animals and birds'



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?igen
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"so"ga"n (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?igen

face="Times New Roman Star"TMN 3, 631, Ё—“я 5, 130. The Chuv. form is hardly derived from *Kul/ 'bird', despite ‘едотов 1, 289.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"autumnface="Times New Roman Star"осеньface="Times New Roman Star"ku"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"zface="Times New Roman Star"gu"z (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuzface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"kuzface="Times New Roman Star"gu"z-a"m 'autumn wool'face="Times New Roman Star"gu":zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s
face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"ku"hu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"hu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"d|face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"z
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 312, EDT 757, TMN 4,10, Ё—“я 3, 94-95, Ћексика 75, Stachowski 164.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ban/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fatface="Times New Roman Star"жир


face="Times New Roman Star"majface="Times New Roman Star"maj (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"mo|jface="Times New Roman Star"maj

face="Times New Roman Star"majface="Times New Roman Star"sar-maj 'butter' (Sag.)
face="Times New Roman Star"maj

face="Times New Roman Star"as-majax (ѕек.)


face="Times New Roman Star"majface="Times New Roman Star"majface="Times New Roman Star"majface="Times New Roman Star"maj

face="Times New Roman Star"majface="Times New Roman Star"maj
face="Times New Roman Star"majface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 322, Ћексика 453-454.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ban/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wave 2 to sway 3 club-footed 4 curved 5 to bend 6 to be bent, curvedface="Times New Roman Star"1 махать 2 качатьс€ 3 косолапый, кривоногий 4 кривой 5 гнуть 6 гнутьс€, быть согнутым
face="Times New Roman Star"maj-g|uq 3 (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"majruq 3, 4 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"majriq 3, dial. bajmaq 3 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"majmaq 3

face="Times New Roman Star"majyr- 5, majryq 'overstrained', maj-tyq 3, majmyq 4
face="Times New Roman Star"majryq 3, majryl- 6face="Times New Roman Star"majryq 4, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"baja:tyn|- 2, baja:ttan|na:- 1 (ѕек. - without nasalization), dial. majg|ax 'convolution'
face="Times New Roman Star"majys?-qaq 4, majyryq, maj-ta-q 3
face="Times New Roman Star"majryj-, majys?- 6, maj-tar- 5, majryq 3, majmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"majys- 6, majyr- 5, majryq 3, majmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"majys- 6, majyr- 5


face="Times New Roman Star"majys?- 6face="Times New Roman Star"majys- 6, majmaq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"majyr- 'to wrench', majs?aj- 'to mis-step', majmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"See ќ—Hя 3, 45-46. Turk. *ban/y-guk > WMong. majig|ag|, Kalm. ma":g|@g| (KW 259) 'club-footed'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*me:me (*be:me)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast (fem.) 2 nipple 3(poet.) breastface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь (ж.) 2 сосок 3 грудь (поэт.) 4 соска

face="Times New Roman Star"meme 1, Old Osm. memek (17th c.)face="Times New Roman Star"me|mi, me|me|j 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma":me 3


face="Times New Roman Star"ma":ma"k
face="Times New Roman Star"me:me: 4




face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma"j 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"mma" 1

face="Times New Roman Star"An onomatopoetic root. See VEWT 333, Ё—“я VII.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEn|ir/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 face 2 be similar 3 open forestless place on a mountain slopeface="Times New Roman Star"1 внешность, вид, лицо 2 быть похожим 3 открытое безлесное место на склоне горыface="Times New Roman Star"ben|iz (Orkh.), men|iz (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"men|iz 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"beniz 1, benze- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ben|iz, men|iz 1 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ma"n|iz 'cheek'

face="Times New Roman Star"ba"niz 1, ba"nza"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"men|iz 1, men|ze- 2face="Times New Roman Star"mi:s 1 (¬ерб. - Abak.)
face="Times New Roman Star"me:s 3



face="Times New Roman Star"me:s 3face="Times New Roman Star"me:s 3
face="Times New Roman Star"men|ze- 'to consider useful'


face="Times New Roman Star"beniz 1, benze- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ben|z 1, ben|ze- 2face="Times New Roman Star"megze- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, EDT 352, Ћексика 208, Ё—“я 7, ‘иЋ 207. In Chuv. cf. either min 'face colour' (if not = min 'red spot on face', see Ћексика 208) or *pan| > Proto-Perm.*ban| (Ћыткин-√ул€ев 37). Turk. > MMong. men|iz 'comparison, metaphor' (ўербак 1997, 129).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ben|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mole on the faceface="Times New Roman Star"родинка на лицеface="Times New Roman Star"men| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ben, benekface="Times New Roman Star"bin|face="Times New Roman Star"men| (Sangl.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ba"na"kface="Times New Roman Star"men|, menekface="Times New Roman Star"min|
face="Times New Roman Star"men|
face="Times New Roman Star"min| (may be < Tat.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|
face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min|
face="Times New Roman Star"ben, benek
face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, 334, EDT 346, Ћексика 208, Stachowski 178.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bert-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to break, damage, woundface="Times New Roman Star"ломать, вредить, ранитьface="Times New Roman Star"bert- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bert- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bert-face="Times New Roman Star"birt-face="Times New Roman Star"bertik 'bone' (in the context: bone fracture) (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"pa"rt-face="Times New Roman Star"berti-face="Times New Roman Star"pirt@k 'mutilation'face="Times New Roman Star"peret-face="Times New Roman Star"bert-in- (refl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pa"rt-la"- `to throw'face="Times New Roman Star"part '(imit.) crackling'

face="Times New Roman Star"bertik 'mutilation'
face="Times New Roman Star"bertik 'contortion', bertin- = mertin- (refl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mertik 'contortion'face="Times New Roman Star"mertik 'contortion'face="Times New Roman Star"birt-
face="Times New Roman Star"bert-
face="Times New Roman Star"mert-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 71, EDT 358, 359, Ё—“я 2, 70-72. Turk. > Mong. berte-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bejn|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"brainface="Times New Roman Star"мозг; вместилище разумаface="Times New Roman Star"meji, men|i (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"miface="Times New Roman Star"miji (MA), mejn (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mijaface="Times New Roman Star"min|a"
face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"bejni, mejniface="Times New Roman Star"mi:face="Times New Roman Star"mi:-sface="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"meinface="Times New Roman Star"mim@face="Times New Roman Star"meji:face="Times New Roman Star"men/i: 'head'face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"ma":face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"mejeface="Times New Roman Star"mije
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"mij
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, EDT 348-349, Ё—“я 2, 106-107, TMN 4, 35, Ћексика 195, Stachowski 178. Turk. > MMong. mije, miji (ўербак 1997, 105).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":g, *bo":g-en, *bo":g-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 insect 2 phalanx, tarantula 3 gad-fly 4 wolfface="Times New Roman Star"1 насекомое 2 фаланга, тарантул 3 слепень 4 волк
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g, bo"j 2 (MK), bij 2 (MK - Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g| 2, bu"g|e, bu"g|e-lek 3, bo"z?|ek 1, (dial.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo"je| 2, bo"z?|e|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bew 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"mo":j 2, bij 2, mo":z?|ek 4



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|van 3



face="Times New Roman Star"bo":, bo"j, bo"ju", bo"jo"n 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ji 2face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2, 'queen bee', bo"z?|ek 'beetle'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jo" 2, bo"z?|a"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"z?|ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2face="Times New Roman Star"mij 2
face="Times New Roman Star"mija 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 323, VEWT 82-3, Ћексика 184. Partly contaminated with *bo"ke-l 'gad-fly ' (v. sub *pi_u>/k`i/). The form in -c?ek is a diminutive. Turk. > Hung. bo"go"ly 'gad-fly', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu":n- (/*bi:n-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to ride on, to mount, to rizeface="Times New Roman Star"ехать верхомface="Times New Roman Star"bin- (Orkh.), mu"n- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bin-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-; mi:n- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"min-
face="Times New Roman Star"minder 'pillow'face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"pin-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-, mim-, min|- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 338, TMN 4, 34, EDT 348, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 180. Shortness in Turkm. is not clear. On the derivative *bin-ig- > *binge-l/- 'to ride behind someone else on the same horse' see EDT 771, Stachowski 178. Chuv. minder may be < Kypch., cf. Turk., Gag., Turkm., Nogh. minder, Kum. minnir, Tat., Bashk. menda"r - see ‘едотов 1, 359.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"defect, sinface="Times New Roman Star"недостаток, грехface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"min ( —““)














face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n, minface="Times New Roman Star"minface="Times New Roman Star"min



face="Times New Roman Star"min
face="Times New Roman Star"min-siz 'flawless'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 347, EDT 347, 767 (confused with other roots), ќ—Ќя 3, 55-56, Ё—“я 7.
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