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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"r/ ( = *go"r-s) / *go"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 eye (*go"r/) 2 to see, look (*go"r-)face="Times New Roman Star"1 глаз 2 видетьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (Orkh., Yen.,OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z (Sangl., Pav. C.), ko"z (Vam.) 1, ko"r- (MA, Abush., Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku.z 1, ku.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, go"r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (Sag.) 1, ko"zenek (Kyzil.) 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (R) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s, dial. ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ke.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"kos/ 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"stu"k 'eye-glass', ko"sku" 'visible, good-eyed', ko"skenek 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sku"t- 'to show', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d| 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"goz/koz 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"(:)z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 292, TMN 3, 637f, EDT 756 (*go"r/), 736 (*go"r-), ‘едотов 1, 310, 314, Ё—“я 3, 60-64 (*go"r/), 77-79, 81-84 (*go"r-), Ћексика 209, Stachowski 155, 156. The Chuv. reflex requires a supposition of a final cluster (*rs) in the nominal stem; this may be a suffixed deverbative. OT ko"ru"g 'glance; image' > MMo, WMong. ko"ru"g 'image'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (itr.) 2 to burn (tr.) 3 to kindle 4 to get burnt 5 soot 6 strong smell of burnt 7 unpleasant smellface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть 2 жечь 3 зажигать 4 обгорать 5 сажа 6 сильный запах горелого 7 непри€тный запахface="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n- (Argu MK), ko"j- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) ko"j-, ku"j- 1; ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (Abush., MA, Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuj- 1, kuja 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ku"j- 1, ko"jdu"r- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ku"jo" (dial.) 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku", k@w|v 6 (јшм.), k@w|s/ek 7; kъw|vajt 5

face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 309, EDT 726, 730, Ё—“я 5, 88-89, 133, Ћексика 362, ћудрак ƒисс. 75. The Az. form is somewhat dubious, both semantically ("itch") and phonetically (irregular voiced g-). See also *ko"n/- 'to grieve, suffer'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n/e / *gun/aface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mothface="Times New Roman Star"моль
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ja" (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"veface="Times New Roman Star"ko"je|
face="Times New Roman Star"kuja

face="Times New Roman Star"gu"va"face="Times New Roman Star"gu"jeface="Times New Roman Star"ku":face="Times New Roman Star"quja 'Kellerwurm'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"je, quja
face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|veface="Times New Roman Star"ko"ju"r, ku"ju"r



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jeface="Times New Roman Star"ku"jeface="Times New Roman Star"ko"ja"face="Times New Roman Star"ku"je

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"je

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 297, Ё—“я 3, 94, Ћексика 186. Kirgh. ku"bo" is rather < Mong. kibe id.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kiben-teface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"shoulder yokeface="Times New Roman Star"коромысло


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"je|nte|









face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|vende




face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jen|teface="Times New Roman Star"ku"jenface="Times New Roman Star"ko"je|nte|





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306 (the word should be distinguished from *Ku"b- 'to pound' q. v. sub *gi_ube).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"de-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 son-in-law 2 guestface="Times New Roman Star"1 з€ть 2 гостьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"degu" 1, ku"den 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"degu" 1, ku"den 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"veji 1face="Times New Roman Star"kija"w 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kujo|w 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jog|ul 1 (*ku"jo"-og|ul)face="Times New Roman Star"kuzeg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@zo" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ze 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ju" 1face="Times New Roman Star"kideji 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@ru" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"tu"o" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"tu"o" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"de: 1face="Times New Roman Star"hu"da": 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jo": 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1face="Times New Roman Star"kijew 1face="Times New Roman Star"keja"w 1face="Times New Roman Star"kijew 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"va": 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijav 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1face="Times New Roman Star"kui 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 703, 704-705, Ё—“я 3, 43-45, Ћексика 297-298, Stachowski 166. Turk. > Mong. ku"degu"; Yak. > Evk. kute:.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:b-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to chewface="Times New Roman Star"жевать
face="Times New Roman Star"kev- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gev-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?a"-face="Times New Roman Star"kevis? 'cud' (MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kaws?a-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"js?i-
face="Times New Roman Star"go"ju"s? 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"ga":vu"-s? 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"kipse-n-face="Times New Roman Star"kepz?e-n-face="Times New Roman Star"keps?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ka":vis? 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"kavle-face="Times New Roman Star"kebi:-
face="Times New Roman Star"kegz?e-n-face="Times New Roman Star"kegz?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-s?-o"-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jis 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jze-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jo"s? 'cud'
face="Times New Roman Star"gevs?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"vs?e-n-face="Times New Roman Star"gu"jse-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?a"-face="Times New Roman Star"gu"js?e-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 244, EDT 687, Ё—“я 3, 5-7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/- ( ? -j-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer, grieve 2 to regret 3 to envy 4 to be angry 5 to offend 6 grief, sorrowface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать, горевать 2 жалеть 3 завидовать 4 гневатьс€ 5 обижать 6 печаль
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- ? ko"j-: ko"n|li ku"ju"p 'with pain in one's heart' (MK), ku"j- 4 (KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ju"-, ko"jen- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kuj-, kujin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ko"ju"n- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"jna"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-du"r- 5, ku"ju"n- 3face="Times New Roman Star"(jirek) kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|v@s/- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"jo"no"s 6face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1, ku"ju"k 'envious'

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 726. In all languages the root is completely homonymous with the reflexes of *ko"n/- 'to burn' (v. sub *k`u\n/e), which throws doubts on its etymological independence.
face="Times New Roman Star"*geb-re-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to become weak, fragile 2 fragileface="Times New Roman Star"1 слабеть, становитьс€ хрупким 2 хрупкий
face="Times New Roman Star"kevre- 1, kevrek 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gevre- 1, gevrek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jro"k 2 ( —““)
face="Times New Roman Star"kuwrak 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"vra"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kibrek 2


face="Times New Roman Star"kavraj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kebire:- 1 (possibly < Mong.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jro"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jrek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"wert 'a tree rotten inside'
face="Times New Roman Star"gevrek 1



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 244, 245, EDT 691, Ё—“я 3, 7-9. Turk. > Hung. ko?ro? 'fragile' Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"ashesface="Times New Roman Star"пепел, золаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"l (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"l (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"kulface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ki:lface="Times New Roman Star"k@w|lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"xu"lface="Times New Roman Star"xu"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"kulface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 307, EDT 715, Ё—“я 5, 137-138, Ћексика 367-368, Stachowski 164.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spool, skein, sheafface="Times New Roman Star"катушка, моток, в€занка

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"les?, dial. ku"ltemface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lte (AH, At-Tuhf., KW)



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ltem



face="Times New Roman Star"k@lde (possibly < Tat.)




face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lte

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lte
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lteface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 139, ‘едотов 1, 272-273. Turk. > Kalm. ku"lt@- 'to bind, fasten' (KW 245).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"(b)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 fame 2 wisdom 3 famousface="Times New Roman Star"1 слава 2 мудростьface="Times New Roman Star"ku" (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku" (MK, KB)





face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j 'roar'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"-lu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"g (R)face="Times New Roman Star"ku" 'roar', ku"lu"k 3





face="Times New Roman Star"ku" 'sound, roar', ku"lu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 3







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306, Ё—“я 5, 128-129, 140-141, TMN 3, 653.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n(el/) / *gun/al/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sun 2 day 3 sunny place 4 sun-heatface="Times New Roman Star"1 солнце 2 день 3 солнечное место 4 солнечный жарface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2 (Orkh., OUygh.), ku"nes? 3 (YB), isig qujas? 4 (OUygh. - Br.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 4 (MK), ku"nes? 3 (Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 2, gu"nes? 1, (dial.) gujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qujas? 1 (Sangl., Abush., Pav. C.), ku"nes? 1 (Pav. C., Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), ku"n 1, 2 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2, qujo|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, (dial.) qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"na"s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1, 4, quja:s? 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, dial. qujas? 1 (Kumd., Leb.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin, ku"n 1, 2, kina"s? 'sonnig'face="Times New Roman Star"kon 2, x@w|vel 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, kuja:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, kun/a:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qyjas 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, ko"na"s 4, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, ku"nes? 1, qujas?, qujas 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2 gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 301, 309 (Ra"sa"nen separates *gu"n and *gun'al', which is hardly justified); EDT 679, 725, 734, Ё—“я 3, 100-104, 6, 112-113, Ћексика 20-21, 64-65, 77-78, ‘едотов 1 306-307, Stachowski 161, 164. The forms *gu"n/el/ and *gun/al/ must be old dialectal variants.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"niface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 co-wife 2 envy, jealousy 3 jealous, envious person 4 to be jealous, envyface="Times New Roman Star"1 одна из нескольких жен 2 зависть, ревность 3 ревнивец, завистник 4 ревновать, завидоватьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"nu", gu"nu" 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nda"s? 1, ko"n-c?e 3, kene (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (MA, Pav. C.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kundas? 1, kunc?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nda"s? 1, ku"n-lu"- 4, ku"n-c?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"kun bol- 4 (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"nu" 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"ni 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n-ne- 4, ku"nz?|i 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu": 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n-ne- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu", ku"ndo"s? 1, ku"nu"-lo"- 'to be jealous (of women)'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-de- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-le- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nda"s? 1, ko"n-la"- 4, ko"n-so" 3

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes? 1, ku"n-le-, ku"nu"-le-, ko"nu"-le- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-le- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n-c?u" 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 307, 309, EDT 727, Ё—“я 3, 104-105, ћудрак 76, ‘едотов 1, 269. Cf. perhaps also Yak. kiji:t, Dolg. kini:t 'sister-in-law' (?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"female slaveface="Times New Roman Star"рабын€face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (MK, Tefs., IM)

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (MA), (MKypch.) ku"n| (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"gun| 'voiceless female slave'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| (я∆”)
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n| 'a Turkmani born from a Persian woman' (Ѕуд.)



face="Times New Roman Star"xъr-g|ъm



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|




face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 309, EDT 726, Ё—“я 5, 142, Ћексика 317. The Uzb. meaning was influenced by Persian gung 'deaf-and-dumb'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"re-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rake 2 spade, shovelface="Times New Roman Star"1 сгребать 2 лопата
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ri- (MK) 1, ku"rga"k (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"re|- 1, ko"re|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kure|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re|- 1, kure|k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"-, ku"ra"- 1, ku"ra"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rge|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|rez/e 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xu":rek, ku"ru"jek (Todzh.)face="Times New Roman Star"xu"ru"jekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ro"- 1, ku"ro"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"re|- 1, ko"re|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"- 1, ku"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 310, Ё—“я 5, 150-152, Stachowski 166. Turk. *ku"re-c?ek > MMong. ku"rz?|ek, WMong. ku"rz?|e, see ўербак 1997, 129 (borrowed back > Yak. ku"rz?|ex, Dolg. ku"rz?|ek, see Stachowski ibid.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"rtu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 woodcock 2 turkey 3 black-cockface="Times New Roman Star"1 вальдшнеп 2 индюк 3 тетерев


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rka" 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rku", dial. ku"rtku" 'black-cock', ku"rles (Sag.) 'grouse'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"k 3, ku"rte 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|rka 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"rc?o"x 'young spring duck, already able to fly'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu" 3face="Times New Roman Star"hu"'rtu" 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rp 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rke-tawyq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rka" 2





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 311, ‘едотов 1, 258.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"snow drift, deep snowface="Times New Roman Star"сугроб, глубокий снегface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"k (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt (dial.), gu"rtu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rt

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rtu"k, ku"rt
face="Times New Roman Star"k@rt (Anatri)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rz?|u"k
face="Times New Roman Star"xo"rtu"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt, ku"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rtface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 739, Ё—“я 5, 149-150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"powerface="Times New Roman Star"силаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Sangl., Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kuc?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"kus?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ic?
face="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306, EDT 693, Ё—“я 3, 96-98, Stachowski 166.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eagleface="Times New Roman Star"орел

face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?en, gu"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"ko"co"ga"n (Sib.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?igen (Houts.)






face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"gen (Tel.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kajъk-k@z?@k, kajъk-k@s? 'animals and birds'



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?igen
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"so"ga"n (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?igen

face="Times New Roman Star"TMN 3, 631, Ё—“я 5, 130. The Chuv. form is hardly derived from *Kul/ 'bird', despite ‘едотов 1, 289.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wait 2 to attend 3 to respect 4 to grazeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ждать 2 прислуживать 3 почитать 4 пастиface="Times New Roman Star"ku"d- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d|- 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'to lead cattle away from pasture' (Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kut- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zet- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 2, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"t- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'выполн€ть'face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 701, VEWT 306, 312, Ё—“я 3, 107-108 (the variant *gu":t- is morphologically secondary, actually = *gu":du"-t-). The proposed derivation (see Ё—“я 108) from *gu"- (*ku"-), attested only in the OUygh. doublet ku"- ko"zed|- 'protect and keep' (see EDT 686) is far from certain (the meaning of ku"- here is not quite clear; ko"zed|- is probably < *go"r/- 'see, eye' = Yak., Dolg. ko"hu"t- 'wait'; Khak. ku"zet- above can reflect both *-r/- and *-d-).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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