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face="Times New Roman Star"*[k]o":lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lakeface="Times New Roman Star"озероface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (IM, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko":lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l@ (NW), ku"l@face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"xo"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 288, Ё—“я 3, 69, 5, 95-96, Ћексика 91, Stachowski 165.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to harness 2 harnessed animalface="Times New Roman Star"1 запр€гать 2 упр€жное животноеface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l- 1 (OUygh. - YB), ko"lu"k 2(Orkh., OUygh.), 'a vehicle' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"lu"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2 (Sangl.)



face="Times New Roman Star"go":lu"k (dial.) 'vehicle'; go"le 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l- 1, ko"l@g Nom. Act.
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lko" 2 (possibly < Mong.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"l- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l-u"j- 1, ko"lo", ko"lgo" 2 (the latter may be < Mong.).face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"l, xo"lge 2 (the latter is rather < Mong.)face="Times New Roman Star"ho"lle- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288, EDT 715, 717, Ё—“я 3, 69-70, ‘едотов 1, 320-321, Stachowski 155 (following Kal/. MEJ 18 and deriving Yak., Dolg. < Mong.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wooden board 2 woodblock 3 cross-bar (over fire)face="Times New Roman Star"1 дерев€нна€ доска 2 дерев€нный брусок 3 распорка (над огнем)








face="Times New Roman Star"gu"le 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lbe 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lzo"k 'снегозащитные щиты' (?)
face="Times New Roman Star"k@le 'задвижка'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo" 3












face="Times New Roman Star"Different etymologies in ‘едотов 1, 271 (Chuv. k@le - hardly to kilit); VEWT 289 (Yak. ko"lo" - not to 'harness' ko"l-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shadow 2 to shadowface="Times New Roman Star"1 тень 2 давать тень, затен€тьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge, ko"lge (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lege (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lke|, ku.le|ke| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le|n|ge|, ko"lige| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lga" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lge 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le- 2, ko"lek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"- 2, ko"lo"n|o" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"ko" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"letke 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"len|ke 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288-289, 294, EDT 716-718, Ё—“я 5, 96-97, 128, Stachowski 164. Should be distinguished from *Ko"l/- 'to screen' (v. sub *ge:\l/a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":leface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 slave, servant 2 bastard 3 co-ruler, ministerface="Times New Roman Star"1 слуга, раб 2 незаконнорожденный 3 соправительface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (? ku"l) an Old Turkic title (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l ( ? ku"l) 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l 3


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko":le 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lmo"k 'people'





face="Times New Roman Star"xo"l 'guests that have arrived'










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to buryface="Times New Roman Star"закапывать, хоронитьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (MA), go"m- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-
face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"xo"m-face="Times New Roman Star"xo"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 289, EDT 721, Ё—“я 3, 70-71, Stachowski 155.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"coalface="Times New Roman Star"угольface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ku"merface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r (MA, IM, Pav. C., AH), kimu"r (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.mirface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"(r)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|mrъw|kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"rface="Times New Roman Star"xo"mu"r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@rface="Times New Roman Star"ku"merface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 289 (relating the stem to ko"m- 'to bury, dig' seems rather dubious), Ё—“я 5, 102-103, Ћексика 365, Stachowski 156.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":jnekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bucket, vesselface="Times New Roman Star"ведро, сосуд
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nek, Osm. ko"jnu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ne|k (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ku.ne|k

face="Times New Roman Star"ko":nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"no"k



face="Times New Roman Star"xo"nek
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"no"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ne|k





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 104-105, VEWT 290 ( > Mong. ko"nu"g, further > TM: Sol. xong/e:, Evk. ko:n|i:, see “ћ— 1, 412, 478). Turk. > Russ. Siber. kunu/k, see јникин 324
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"gmeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gum (of tooth)face="Times New Roman Star"десна









face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|meface="Times New Roman Star"ko"gbe (Mat.), ko"ge (Kond.)
















face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 290.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"manyface="Times New Roman Star"многоface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ku"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (Pav. C., MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'p, xo"j ( < *ko"pej)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ku"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 686-687, Ё—“я 5, 107-108.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"p-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to swell 2 foamface="Times New Roman Star"1 набухать 2 пенаface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pik, ko"pu"k (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pu"r- (MK) 1, ko"pu"k (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"p- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.p- (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pik 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|bъw|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"bu"j- 'pop up, float on the surface'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'vu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'pu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"b@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"p- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"go"p- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 689, 691, VEWT 291, Ё—“я 5, 108-111, Stachowski 154.
face="Times New Roman Star"*geb-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 soft, mild, gentle 2 to become weak 3 emptyface="Times New Roman Star"1 м€гкий, нежный 2 слабеть 3 пустойface="Times New Roman Star"kevs?ek (OUygh.) 1, kevil- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kevs?ek (MK) 1, kevil- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gevs?ek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kews?ek 1 (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) kewil- 2 (AH)


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"vs?ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"vs?u"l 'dilapidated'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"psek 1


face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|bъw|s? 1, kavz?a- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gz?u"r-gej 'рыхлый, хрупкий (снег, лед)'
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ps?o"- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"kevs?e- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 244, 291, EDT 689, 691, Ё—“я 3, 9-10 (the root tends to contaminate either with *geb- 'chew' or with *ko"p 'foam').
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to use bellows 2 bellowsface="Times New Roman Star"1 использовать меха 2 меха
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"- 1, ko"ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"ru"k (IM), ko"ru"k (MA, Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik (dial.) 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko":rik 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"rt 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xo"ru"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko":ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 293, Ё—“я 5, 118, Ћексика 414-415.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"snow drift, deep snowface="Times New Roman Star"сугроб, глубокий снегface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"k (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt (dial.), gu"rtu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rt

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rtu"k, ku"rt
face="Times New Roman Star"k@rt (Anatri)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rz?|u"k
face="Times New Roman Star"xo"rtu"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt, ku"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rtface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 739, Ё—“я 5, 149-150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"glowing coalsface="Times New Roman Star"раскаленные уголь€
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z, ku"z
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z (AH, Qutb., Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko":zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"s


face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|var

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sface="Times New Roman Star"ko"s









face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 85-86, Ћексика 365-366. There are also variants *Ko:r/ / *Ko:r (VEWT 285) and the verb *ko":re- 'to glow'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to migrate, nomadize 2 nomadizingface="Times New Roman Star"1 мигрировать, кочевать 2 кочевка
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1 (MK, KB), ko"c? 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?- 1, ku"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?|- 1, ko"c? 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.c?- 1, ko.c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kec?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kos/- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1, ko"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1, ko"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'s?- 1, ko"'s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'s?- 1, ko"'s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s 'рой', ku"s- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 'luggage'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 693, 694, Ћексика 489, Ё—“я 3, 88-90, TMN 3, 622, ‘едотов 1, 315, Stachowski 158.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"r/ ( = *go"r-s) / *go"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 eye (*go"r/) 2 to see, look (*go"r-)face="Times New Roman Star"1 глаз 2 видетьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (Orkh., Yen.,OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z (Sangl., Pav. C.), ko"z (Vam.) 1, ko"r- (MA, Abush., Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku.z 1, ku.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, go"r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (Sag.) 1, ko"zenek (Kyzil.) 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (R) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s, dial. ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ke.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"kos/ 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"stu"k 'eye-glass', ko"sku" 'visible, good-eyed', ko"skenek 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sku"t- 'to show', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d| 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"goz/koz 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"(:)z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 292, TMN 3, 637f, EDT 756 (*go"r/), 736 (*go"r-), ‘едотов 1, 310, 314, Ё—“я 3, 60-64 (*go"r/), 77-79, 81-84 (*go"r-), Ћексика 209, Stachowski 155, 156. The Chuv. reflex requires a supposition of a final cluster (*rs) in the nominal stem; this may be a suffixed deverbative. OT ko"ru"g 'glance; image' > MMo, WMong. ko"ru"g 'image'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 screen, covering 2 to screen, obstruct light 3 shadowface="Times New Roman Star"1 укрытие, полог, занавес 2 давать тень, укрывать от света 3 теньface="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?ige (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?i- (MK) 2, ko"s?ik (MK) 1, ko"s?ige (MK) 3



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?u"ke| 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zen|e 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?ege 1




face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?ege 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?o"go" 1








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 753. The root tends to merge with PT *ko"l/- 'to shiver (of cold), freeze' (see VEWT 294), as well as with *ko"li- 'shadow' - but they should be probably kept apart. Turk. > MMong. ko"s?i-, ko"s?ige, ko"s?ge (TMN 1, 481, ўербак 1997, 128, Clark 1980, 41) > Evk. kuc?i-, kuc?iger (Doerfer MT 125).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"se-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to stir with a poker 2 pokerface="Times New Roman Star"1 помешивать кочергой 2 кочерга


face="Times New Roman Star"kise|w (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"se- (AH) 1, ku"segu" (IM) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"se|j 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"so"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"se- 1, kesevi 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zes 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zu":s? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"sek 'lever, stick'

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ze- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"so"- 1, ko"so": 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"se- 1, ko"sew 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"se- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ket|e|w, ku"d|e|w, ku"t|e|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sew 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"se- 1, ko"sew 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sew 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 119-121. The regular reflex would be expected as *go"se-; the shape ko"se- is probably due to the influence of *ko":r/ 'glowing coals' (cf. in MK: ko"ze- 'to stir with a poker').
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"jn|-ilface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart, moodface="Times New Roman Star"сердце, духface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"n-u"l; go"ju"n, go"jn (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|@lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nu"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"vu"n, ko"n|-u"l (arch. - borrowed from Tu"rki)face="Times New Roman Star"ko":l, ko"n|n-@face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|n-u"face="Times New Roman Star"ku":nface="Times New Roman Star"ki:ilface="Times New Roman Star"k@w|m@w|lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l 'will, freedom'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l 'permission'
face="Times New Roman Star"xo":lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|@lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nu"l, ko"lu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|il, kewilface="Times New Roman Star"go"jn|yface="Times New Roman Star"go"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 731, Ё—“я 3, 75-77, Ћексика 274, Stachowski 156. Almost all languages reflect a suffixed form (a substantivized adjective in -il, see Gabain AG 75). Khak., Shor reflect a nominalized attributive form of ko"n|u"l.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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