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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*da:ry-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to touch, fall upon, attackface="Times New Roman Star"дотрагиватьс€, нападать

face="Times New Roman Star"(Osm.) dary- (14 c.)face="Times New Roman Star"tary-face="Times New Roman Star"dary- (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"daras?-face="Times New Roman Star"da:ra-




face="Times New Roman Star"ta:ryj-





face="Times New Roman Star"tary-





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 3, 149. Despite VEWT 133, hardly a mongolism (but Kaz., Nogh., KKalp. dary- are probably < Mong. dag|ari-). One should perhaps link also *dAry-n-, *dAry-l- 'to become angry, offended' (Ё—“я 3, 161-162 - pass. or medial forms, i.e. *'to be touched, approached').
face="Times New Roman Star"*dia:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"stoneface="Times New Roman Star"каменьface="Times New Roman Star"tas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to|s?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"dasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"da:s?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"ta:%s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?, das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, TMN 2, 437-8, EDT 557, Ё—“я 3, 167-168, ≈горов 326, ‘едотов 2, 421-422, Stachowski 219.
face="Times New Roman Star"*d(i)a:l/(y)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to overflowface="Times New Roman Star"переливатьс€ через край, разливатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"tas?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?y-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|s?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-face="Times New Roman Star"das?-face="Times New Roman Star"da:s?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas-
face="Times New Roman Star"tas?qyn 'flood'

face="Times New Roman Star"tahyj-
face="Times New Roman Star"daz?y-
face="Times New Roman Star"tas?y-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-

face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-
face="Times New Roman Star"tas?y-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, EDT 559, Ё—“я 3, 169-170.
face="Times New Roman Star"*da:t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to taste 2 taste 3 sweet, tasty 4 to get accustomedface="Times New Roman Star"1 иметь вкус (1а пробовать на вкус) 2 вкус 3 сладкий, вкусный 4 привыкатьface="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1a (OUygh.), tatyg| 2 (OUygh.), tatyg|-lyg| 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tat-lyg| 3 (MK), taty- 1 (MK, KB), tatyg| 2 (MK, KB), tatyg|-lyg| 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tat- (tatar) 1a, tat (-d-), tadym, tatyk 2, tatly 3, dad-a- 'to bait, lure', dad-a-n- 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1a, tat 2, tatly 3face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1a (Abush., Pav. C., Sangl.), tat 2 (Sangl.), tat-lyg|3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|t- 1a, tati- 1, 1a to|t 2, to|tli 3face="Times New Roman Star"teti- 1, 1a, tatq 2, tatliq 3face="Times New Roman Star"taty- 1 a, tatyg| 3face="Times New Roman Star"dad- 1a, dad 2, dadly 3, dadan- 4face="Times New Roman Star"da:t/d- 1a, da:t 2, da:t-ly 3face="Times New Roman Star"tady- 1, tadyg| 2, tadylyg| 3face="Times New Roman Star"tatqy 2face="Times New Roman Star"tatu 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ta:t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tuda-l- 1, tuda-n- 1a, todъ 2, tut-lъ 3



face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1 a, taty- 1, tatyq 2, tattuw 3, tatq-a-n- 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1 a, ta"tti 3face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1 a, tatyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"taty- 1a, tat 2, tatly 3face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1 a, tatyw 2, tatly 3face="Times New Roman Star"dat- 1a, dat 2, datly 3, dad-a-n- 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1a, taty- 1, 1a, tat (K), tatuv (T,H,K) 2, tatly (T,H,K) 3, tatan- (K) 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1 a, taty- 1, 1a, tatly 3
face="Times New Roman Star"taty- 1, tatyw 2, tatli 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, EDT 449-450, 452, 454, Ё—“я 3, 162-164, ‘едотов 2, 256-257. Oghuz (Osman) devoicing is secondary. Turk. > Mong. *tati- > tac?i(ja)- 'become accustomed' (KW 385) > TM tati- id. (“ћ— 2, 170.)
face="Times New Roman Star"*dele(g)
face="Times New Roman Star"squirrelface="Times New Roman Star"белка







face="Times New Roman Star"da"la"face="Times New Roman Star"da"le (dial.)


















face="Times New Roman Star"Pers. dale| < dalag| 'куница' = Sanglechi, 'marmot' Yigdha, 'барсук' тадж. диал., см. ѕахалина ¬ах. 200 + р€д вост. форм <*dars?y. —т.- . 166 - вах. форма иначе, глупо.
face="Times New Roman Star"*degu"lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"is notface="Times New Roman Star"нет, не
face="Times New Roman Star"tegu"l (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"degu"l, dejilface="Times New Roman Star"tu"gilface="Times New Roman Star"degu"l (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"dejilface="Times New Roman Star"da":l








face="Times New Roman Star"tu"gu"lface="Times New Roman Star"tu"gilface="Times New Roman Star"tuwylface="Times New Roman Star"tu"gil

face="Times New Roman Star"dugul/face="Times New Roman Star"tu"we
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"gu"lface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 480, Ё—“я 3, 213-214.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de:.l(b)u"-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mad, stupidface="Times New Roman Star"сумасшедший, глупыйface="Times New Roman Star"telve (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"telve (MK, KB); telu" (MK-Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"deliface="Times New Roman Star"tile, ( —““) tilba"face="Times New Roman Star"telve (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"telbaface="Times New Roman Star"ta"lva" 'sporty'
face="Times New Roman Star"da"liface="Times New Roman Star"da":li, telbe



face="Times New Roman Star"tiler- 'to become mad, enraged'


face="Times New Roman Star"telemir, telen|face="Times New Roman Star"teli; delbe 'stagger'face="Times New Roman Star"delbe 'stagger'face="Times New Roman Star"teli; delbe 'stagger'face="Times New Roman Star"tile, tilba" 'stagger'face="Times New Roman Star"teliface="Times New Roman Star"deliface="Times New Roman Star"deli, teliface="Times New Roman Star"delbe 'stagger'
face="Times New Roman Star"deliface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 493, VEWT 472, Ё—“я 3, 214-216, TMN 3, 660-662. The forms meaning 'stagger' reveal some irregularities (notably, voiced d- in some Kypchak forms), perhaps due to interdialectal borrowing.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to touch, to reachface="Times New Roman Star"дотрагиватьс€, достигатьface="Times New Roman Star"teg- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teg- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dej-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"teg- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"g-
face="Times New Roman Star"da"j-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"tig-face="Times New Roman Star"teg-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"j-face="Times New Roman Star"tiv-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:-j-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:j-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tej-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"di-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-
face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 468-469, EDT 476, Ё—“я 3, 173-175, Stachowski 224. Sal. des?-, dial. tes?-, tejis?- 'to burn' must be derived from the same root ("to reach fire"). A very complicated issue is the relationship of this root to PT *de:k, *de:ki- 'to, up to' (usually acting as a postposition) - see Ё—“я 2, 182-185, EDT 477 (added should be also Yak. dieki 'in the direction of', Dolg. diek, diegi 'side', see Stachowski 79). The phonology here is quite puzzling: one would be tempted to regard the medial -k- as an archaism (see below on the irregularity of *-g- in Turkic), but the open long *-e:- presents great difficulties (since the verbal root itself most definitely has a short closed *-e.-). A possible solution is to correct the reconstruction *de:k(i) to *de.ge-ki and regard the *-k(i) as an original locative suffix; this seems plausible because another attested form of the postposition is *de.gi-n (cf. especially reflexes like Tat. dial. tin|, KKalp. dejin, Kaz. deji>n, Nogh. dejim).
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cost, to be worth 2 price 3 to change, exchange 4 allotment, portion 5 worth 6 change, exchangeface="Times New Roman Star"1 стоить, быть достойным 2 цена 3 измен€ть(с€), обмениватьс€ 4 дол€ (причитающеес€) 5 достойный, положенный 6 перемена, обменface="Times New Roman Star"teg-im 1, teg-im-lig 5, teg-ir 4 (OUygh.), teg-s?-il-, teg-s?-u"r- 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teg- 1 (MK - ƒ“—), teg-ir 4 (MK), teg-is? 5 (KB), 'given in exchange' (MK), teg-s?-u"t 'exchange price' (MK), teg-s?-u"r-u"l- 3 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"deg|- 1, dejer 2, deg|-im (dial.) 2, dejis? 6, dejis?- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"(Xwar.) deg- 1, (OKypch.) deg-ir 2, teg-is? 2 (Sangl.), teg-is?- 3 (Sangl.)
face="Times New Roman Star"tegis?- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"da"ja"r 2, da"jis?- 3face="Times New Roman Star"deg- 1, degis?- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"tiv@s/ 'debt'








face="Times New Roman Star"di:s? 6, di:s?- 3face="Times New Roman Star"tij- 1, degis?- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"tij- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 482, 485, 487, 488, Ё—“я 3, 181-182, 179-180, Ћексика 338. Usually regarded as a development of *de.g- 'to touch, reach', which is somewhat dubious semantically; external parallels also seem to indicate that the two roots are originally distinct.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tepo" (-u")face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hill, top; top of headface="Times New Roman Star"холм, вершинаface="Times New Roman Star"to"pu"face="Times New Roman Star"tepe (Tefs.), to"pu" (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tepe, dial. depeface="Times New Roman Star"tu"be|face="Times New Roman Star"tepe, to"pe (MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tepaface="Times New Roman Star"to"pa"
face="Times New Roman Star"ta"pa"face="Times New Roman Star"depe

face="Times New Roman Star"to"bo"
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"b@, to"be (NW)face="Times New Roman Star"to"bo"face="Times New Roman Star"to"bo"face="Times New Roman Star"t`ej
face="Times New Roman Star"to"bo"face="Times New Roman Star"to"beface="Times New Roman Star"to"beface="Times New Roman Star"tu"be|face="Times New Roman Star"to"beface="Times New Roman Star"tepeface="Times New Roman Star"tebeface="Times New Roman Star"to"be
face="Times New Roman Star"to"beface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 494, 505, TMN 2, 450-452, EDT 436, Ё—“я 3, 197-199, Ћексика 201, Stachowski 227. The original meaning was probably 'crest, top of head': cf. Kirgh. tu"po"k 'бунчук', Chuv. t@w|bek 'crest, top of head'. Forms with d- in Oghuz may be a trace of a different root (see below); but Kirgh. do"bo" and Uygh. do"wa" are most probably < Mong. do"be.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tep- / *de:p-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stamp, trampface="Times New Roman Star"топтать, пинать
face="Times New Roman Star"tep- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tep-, dial. dep-face="Times New Roman Star"tip-face="Times New Roman Star"tep- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"p-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"p-, da"p-face="Times New Roman Star"dep-, da":b-s?-e-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-, tip-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"p-face="Times New Roman Star"tab-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"te'p-
face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tip-face="Times New Roman Star"teber-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-
face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, EDT 435, Ё—“я 3, 195-197, Stachowski 221.
face="Times New Roman Star"*depre-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to move, stir, shakeface="Times New Roman Star"двигать(с€), качать(с€)face="Times New Roman Star"tepre- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tepre- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"depre-, tepre-face="Times New Roman Star"tibra"n-face="Times New Roman Star"tepre- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tebra-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"wra"-face="Times New Roman Star"terwe-face="Times New Roman Star"da"ba"r-, ta"rpa"n-face="Times New Roman Star"depre-, terpen-face="Times New Roman Star"tib@re-

face="Times New Roman Star"tepre-face="Times New Roman Star"tapra-n-



face="Times New Roman Star"terbe-l-face="Times New Roman Star"terbe-l-; tebire-n- 'взволноватьс€'face="Times New Roman Star"terbe-l-face="Times New Roman Star"tirba"-l-face="Times New Roman Star"tebre-face="Times New Roman Star"depre-, tepre-face="Times New Roman Star"tebre-face="Times New Roman Star"terbe-
face="Times New Roman Star"terbe-n-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, Ё—“я 3, 201-202, EDT 443-444, ‘едотов 2, 173-174.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sweatface="Times New Roman Star"потface="Times New Roman Star"ter (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ter (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"ter (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"ta"r
face="Times New Roman Star"da"r (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"derface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tar, te.r (NW)face="Times New Roman Star"tir-it- 'to sweat'
face="Times New Roman Star"der
face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, EDT 528, Ё—“я 3, 203-204. Chuvash dialects show a variation between e/e..
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.rekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 poplar 2 treeface="Times New Roman Star"1 тополь 2 дерево
face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tirek (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"tire|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1 (Abush., Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"terak 1face="Times New Roman Star"dera"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"terek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"derek 1face="Times New Roman Star"tirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"tirex 1
face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1face="Times New Roman Star"tira"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"terek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"terak 2face="Times New Roman Star"terek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"terek 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 475, EDT 543, Ё—“я 3, 205-206, Ћексика 105, 134-135. Iranian origin is quite improbable.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.riface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"skinface="Times New Roman Star"кожаface="Times New Roman Star"teri (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teri (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"deriface="Times New Roman Star"tireface="Times New Roman Star"teri (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"tera"face="Times New Roman Star"teryface="Times New Roman Star"da"riface="Times New Roman Star"deriface="Times New Roman Star"te:rface="Times New Roman Star"tereface="Times New Roman Star"tereface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"tir@face="Times New Roman Star"tiri:face="Times New Roman Star"tiri:
face="Times New Roman Star"tere (–ас. ‘иЋ)face="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"tireface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"deriface="Times New Roman Star"teryface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"ci:ryface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 475, EDT 530, Ё—“я 3, 207-208, Ћексика 383, Stachowski 223.
face="Times New Roman Star"*derin|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"deepface="Times New Roman Star"глубокийface="Times New Roman Star"terin| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"terin| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"derinface="Times New Roman Star"tira"nface="Times New Roman Star"terin| (Sangl.), teren| (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"teran

face="Times New Roman Star"da"rinface="Times New Roman Star"deri:n| (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"tiren|face="Times New Roman Star"teren|face="Times New Roman Star"teren|
face="Times New Roman Star"tarъnface="Times New Roman Star"dirin|
face="Times New Roman Star"teren|face="Times New Roman Star"deren|face="Times New Roman Star"teren|face="Times New Roman Star"teren|face="Times New Roman Star"terenface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ra"nface="Times New Roman Star"terenface="Times New Roman Star"derinface="Times New Roman Star"terenface="Times New Roman Star"teren|
face="Times New Roman Star"terenface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 475, EDT 551, Ё—“я 3, 208-209, ‘едотов 2, 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to step 2 to walk 3 step (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 шагать 2 ходить 3 шаг

face="Times New Roman Star"adym 3, adym at-, Osm. ad- 1face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3, aty 'step'face="Times New Roman Star"adym (Pav. C.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"o|dim, dial. adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atli- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"adym at- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"dial. a:t-, a":t-, a":t-le- 1, a":dim, dial. a:dym 3face="Times New Roman Star"alta- 1, atyx- 'to jump'
face="Times New Roman Star"alta- 1 (< atla-)
face="Times New Roman Star"odъm 3, ot- 2face="Times New Roman Star"atylla:- 1face="Times New Roman Star"atylla:- 'to jump, hop'

face="Times New Roman Star"atta- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, ad|ym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"a'tla- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 31, Ё—“я 1, 88-89, 322, ‘едотов 2, 293-294, Stachowski 39.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 chalk 2 earth 3 clayface="Times New Roman Star"1 мел 2 земл€ 3 глина

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 2face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo(r) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. bo:r 1face="Times New Roman Star"por 1


face="Times New Roman Star"purъ, por 1face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"por 3face="Times New Roman Star"bor 'солонцы'face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor, por 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, Ё—“я 2, 192-193, Ћексика 100, 376, ‘едотов 1, 444, Stachowski 66-67. Turk. > Kalm. bor@, Bur. bor.
face="Times New Roman Star"*et-mekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"breadface="Times New Roman Star"хлебface="Times New Roman Star"o"tmek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"etmek (MK), epmek (MK - Oghuz, Qypch.)face="Times New Roman Star"etmek, ekmekface="Times New Roman Star"ikma"kface="Times New Roman Star"etmek, o"tmek (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"a"ppa"kface="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) ekmek, epmekface="Times New Roman Star"ipekface="Times New Roman Star"itpa"kface="Times New Roman Star"o"tpo"k







face="Times New Roman Star"o"tpekface="Times New Roman Star"ikma"kface="Times New Roman Star"o"tmekface="Times New Roman Star"iekmekface="Times New Roman Star"ekmek, etmek, o"tmek

face="Times New Roman Star"ekmekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 12, 60, VEWT 376, Ё—“я 1, 254-256. The oldest form is clearly *et-mek with various subsequent assimilations.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka.jyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 salt steppe 2 sandbank 3 gravel 4 sandface="Times New Roman Star"1 солончак 2 песчаный берег 3 гравий 4 песок
face="Times New Roman Star"qajyr 1, 4 (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"kajyr 2
face="Times New Roman Star"(OKypch.) qajyr (Houts. 94, AH 74)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. qe|jir 3


face="Times New Roman Star"dial. Gajyr 3, 4



face="Times New Roman Star"xъjъr 4face="Times New Roman Star"xajyr ta:s 3
face="Times New Roman Star"xajyr 1

face="Times New Roman Star"qajyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajyr 4



face="Times New Roman Star"qajyr 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qajyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 221-222, EDT 678, Ё—“я 5, 206, 217, Ћексика 97. Turk. > WMong. qajir, Kalm. xa":r (KW 180).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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