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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*yl/an- / *il/en-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to believe, trustface="Times New Roman Star"верить, довер€ть
face="Times New Roman Star"is?en- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"is?o|n-face="Times New Roman Star"is?an-, is?a"n-face="Times New Roman Star"isen-
face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"i>zen-
face="Times New Roman Star"iz?en-
face="Times New Roman Star"s?an-, z?en- (NW)face="Times New Roman Star"isen- (ѕек.)


face="Times New Roman Star"is?en-face="Times New Roman Star"sen-face="Times New Roman Star"sen-face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"is?an-
face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"isen-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 264, VEWT 174, Ё—“я 1, 673-674.
face="Times New Roman Star"*si:l/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to swell 2 swelling, tumourface="Times New Roman Star"1 пухнуть 2 опухольface="Times New Roman Star"sys?-, s?ys?- 1, s?is? 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sys? 2, sys?yl- 1 (MK), s?is?- 1 (Tefs., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?es?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- (Sangl.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?-(mo|q) 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"is?s?i-(maq) 1face="Times New Roman Star"siz- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:s?- 1, c?i:s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"s@s- 1, s@s 2, (Qyz.) c?@z?|@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ys?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?ys/- 1face="Times New Roman Star"is- 1face="Times New Roman Star"is 2face="Times New Roman Star"y's?- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?i- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sis- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?es?- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?-, sis- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 424, EDT 857, ƒ“— 524 , ≈горов 341, ‘едотов 2, 467, Stachowski 128-129. Languages display both assimilations and dissimilations (loss) of the first consonant. Loss of length in Yak., Tuva and Tof. is not quite clear (Turkm. clearly demonstrates a long -i:-); if we take into account the Chuv. reflex (-y- corresponding to Common Turkic i/y), we should perhaps reconstruct a PT form *sy>jl/c?- (see ћудрак ƒисс. 158).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jitiface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sharpface="Times New Roman Star"острыйface="Times New Roman Star"jiti (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jitig (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"iti- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|eteface="Times New Roman Star"iti (AH, Ettuhf.), itik (Pav. C.), iti- v. (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"is?tik
face="Times New Roman Star"itiface="Times New Roman Star"jitiface="Times New Roman Star"c?@t@gface="Times New Roman Star"c?idig
face="Times New Roman Star"jittiface="Times New Roman Star"s/ivz?|@ (?)face="Times New Roman Star"syty:face="Times New Roman Star"hyty:face="Times New Roman Star"c?idig, c?idi- (v.)

face="Times New Roman Star"z?iti

face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"tu"
face="Times New Roman Star"jiti, iti

face="Times New Roman Star"ittiface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 889, Ё—“я 4, 205-206, Stachowski 121. Cf. also Tur. jat 'weapon', jatag|an 'a k. of sword' (VEWT 192, TMN 4, 52).
face="Times New Roman Star"*it-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to push, hitface="Times New Roman Star"толкать, удар€ть
face="Times New Roman Star"it- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"i>t-face="Times New Roman Star"it- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"itar-face="Times New Roman Star"ita"r-face="Times New Roman Star"it-
face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"i>t-face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"it-, ijt-

face="Times New Roman Star"u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"it-, u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"it-

face="Times New Roman Star"i>jter-
face="Times New Roman Star"i>t-
face="Times New Roman Star"jitir-face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"ijter-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 38, VEWT 174, Ё—“я 1, 386-387, Stachowski 129, 254.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.bi-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to become wet, soakface="Times New Roman Star"мокнуть
face="Times New Roman Star"jebe 'dampness' (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ebe-
face="Times New Roman Star"ivi-face="Times New Roman Star"ivi-



face="Times New Roman Star"c?ibi-face="Times New Roman Star"d/ibi-
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|ve 'whey'face="Times New Roman Star"sibi:n- 'fresh'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ibi-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ibi-face="Times New Roman Star"jibi-face="Times New Roman Star"jebe-

face="Times New Roman Star"jibi-, ibi-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ibi-
face="Times New Roman Star"jibi-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 872, VEWT 202, Ё—“я 4, 196-197. Except Uzb., Uygh., Chuv. and possibly Yak. all languages actually reflect *je.p- (*jip-); the Inlaut stop may be a result of secondary gemination, or reflect a merger with some other root. Original voiced *-b- ( > -v-), however, is well preserved in the derivative *je.bil/(c?) 'wet' (Karaim ju"vu"s?, Tat. ju"wis?, Bashk. ji>vi>s?). Turk. > Kalm. z?|i:- 'durchna"s|t werden' (KW 114; although phonology is somewhat strange: one would rather expect Kalm. z?|iw-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 fat n., butter 2 lard 3 thick, fat (adj.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 жир, масло 2 сало 3 толстый, жирныйface="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/u: 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u, s/ъw|v 1face="Times New Roman Star"sya 1face="Times New Roman Star"hya 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|oo-n 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?au 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja: 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jav 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 895, Ё—“я 4, 58-59, Ћексика 453, ‘едотов 2, 127, Stachowski 117.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jag-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rain 2 rainface="Times New Roman Star"1 идти (о дожде) 2 дождьface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (Orkh.), jag|mur 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|yr, jawym 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur / jamg|ur 2 (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf., MA), jag|yn 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|- 1, jo|mg|ir, jo|g|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jamg|u(r), jan|mur, jeg|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mirface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|myr, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, nan|myr 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|-, c?a:- 1, nag|byr, namyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:-, d/a- 1, d/an|myr, d/a:s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u- 1, s/omъr 2face="Times New Roman Star"samy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"hamy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, c?a's 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|a:-, z?|au- 1, z?|amg|yr, z?|a:n 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?an|byr, z?awyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yrface="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yr, jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?awun, z?|ang|urface="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?awyn, z?amg|yr 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|ur, jan|ur, jawyn / jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 896, 903-4, 908, Ё—“я 4, 57, Ћексика 25, ‘едотов 2, 135, Stachowski 95.
face="Times New Roman Star"*y, *y-(n/)gac?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"treeface="Times New Roman Star"1 дерево 2 лесface="Times New Roman Star"yg|ac? (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jyg|ac? (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|az?| (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|o|c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jig|as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"aGac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jyvъs/ 1face="Times New Roman Star"mas 1face="Times New Roman Star"mas 1face="Times New Roman Star"yjas? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"n/e|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yg|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac?, -c 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac?, -s? 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 7, Ё—“я 1, 71-73, TMN 2, 73f, EDT 79-80, ≈горов 83, Ћексика 104, Stachowski 176. The form contains perhaps PT *y 'bush, tree' as the first component (for OT y see EDT 1), cf. the OT combination y yg|ac?; but the second element is yet unclear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaglykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kerchiefface="Times New Roman Star"платок

face="Times New Roman Star"jag|lykface="Times New Roman Star"jawlyq

face="Times New Roman Star"jag|liq
face="Times New Roman Star"jajlyGface="Times New Roman Star"jag|lyq, dial. ja:lyq



face="Times New Roman Star"s/ulъk



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:luqface="Times New Roman Star"z?awlyqface="Times New Roman Star"jawlyqface="Times New Roman Star"jawlyq
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:lyqface="Times New Roman Star"jag|lyqface="Times New Roman Star"z?awlyq
face="Times New Roman Star"jawluqface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 61 (with Turkm. ja:Glyq), ћудрак 27, јшм. XII, 224, ‘едотов 2, 132-133. Derivation from *jag 'fat' (TMN 4, 179) seems quite improbable.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jA:d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to spreadface="Times New Roman Star"расстилать, распростиратьface="Times New Roman Star"jad- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj- (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|j-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:j-

face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-, d/aj-



face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"j-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, Ё—“я 4, 76-77, 80, EDT 883-884.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mane, counter, scruffface="Times New Roman Star"холка, грива
face="Times New Roman Star"jal (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jal (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"jal (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lface="Times New Roman Star"jal
face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"ja:l
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"jal, d/alface="Times New Roman Star"ja:l
face="Times New Roman Star"sa:l
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"z?|alface="Times New Roman Star"z?alface="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"z?|al
face="Times New Roman Star"jal; jalda- 'to swim grasping the horse's counter; to swim'face="Times New Roman Star"z?al
face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"ƒыбо 220-222, EDT 916, Ё—“я 4, 85-86, 93-94 (for *ja:l-da-), Ћексика 146-147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:lga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lickface="Times New Roman Star"лизатьface="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jalva- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala- (Pav. C., MA, AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala"-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jag|la-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:la-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-, d/ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"s/ula- / s/ъvlaface="Times New Roman Star"sala:-face="Times New Roman Star"halan-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-
face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 926-927, Ё—“я 4, 87-88 (with Turkm. jala-), ‘едотов 2, 132, Stachowski 94. The deriving stem can perhaps be found in Turkish, Gag., Az. jal 'food, mash given to dogs, animals' (see Ё—“я 4, 85); cf. also *jalgak (Ё—“я 4, 90) 'dish for feeding animals'; *jalma- 'to lick' (Ё—“я 4, 95).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.lyn|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 naked 2 single, lonelyface="Times New Roman Star"1 голый 2 одинокий, единственныйface="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1, jaln|us 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1, jaln|us 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz, dial. jalan|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1 (dial.), jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1 (Pav. C.), jalan, jalynz?|aq 1 (Ettuhf.), jalyn|yz, jalyqyz 2 (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jal/a"n| 1, jo|llg|iz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalg|uz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn|, jan| 1, jan|g|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalan|ac? 1, jaln|y:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alan| 1, c?alg|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alan| 1, c?ag|ys, nag|ys, nan|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"d/alan| 1, jan|ys, d/an|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|uz 2
face="Times New Roman Star"sy:n/ax, sygynn/ax 1face="Times New Roman Star"hygynn/ak 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?an|g|ys 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alan| 1, z?|alg|yz, z?|an|g|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan| 1, z?alg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|yd| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan, zalan 1, z?ang|yz, zang|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn, jalan 1, jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan| 1, z?alg|yz 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1, jan|g|yz, jan|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 929, 930, Ё—“я 4, 97-98, 104-106. Turk. > Kalm. jaln| (KW 214). Cf. also *jalky 'single' (Ё—“я 4, 95), Stachowski 106, 118. Yak. sygynn/ax < *jaln|yn-c?ak; sog|otox < *jaln|or/ak.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to ask, require 2 to hire, lease 3 price 4 servant 5 envoy 6 to be satisfied 7 to give satisfactionface="Times New Roman Star"1 просить, требовать 2 нанимать 3 цена, плата, наем 4 слуга 5 посол 6 получать удовлетворение, быть счастливым 7 давать удовлетворениеface="Times New Roman Star"jalvar-, jalyn- (OUygh.) 1, jalabac? (Orkh., Yen.), jalavac? (OUygh.) 5, jalc?y-t- 7 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1, jalavac?, jalavar 5 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1, jalavac? 5face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar-, jalyn- 1, jalla- 2, jal (Ѕуд.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar- 1 (MA), jalyn- 1 (Abush.), jal (Ѕуд.) 3, jalavac? (AH) 5, jalc?y- 6, 7 (Ettuhf., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lwar-, jalin- 1, jo|lla"- 2, jo|lc?i- 6face="Times New Roman Star"jalba"(r)-, jalvar-, jelin- 1, jalc?i- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1, ja:llav 3, ja:lc?y 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?al 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jal, d/al 3, jalbar-, d/albar-, jalyn-, d/alyn- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"c?ala-, c?alwar-, c?alyn- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|albar-, z?|alyn- 1, z?|al 3, z?|alc?y- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?albar-, z?alyn- 1, z?al 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1, jalsy- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?alyn-, zalyn- 1, zal 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalvar- 1, jal 3, jalc?y- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?albar- 1, z?al 3, z?als?y- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181-183, EDT 920, 921, 922, 931, Ё—“я 4, 84-85, 89, 92-93, 102-103, 107; TMN 4, 108, ўербак 1997, 121 (Turk. jalbar- > Mong. z?|albari-). The root is no doubt archaic, but presents some problems: the deriving simple stem *ja:l is attested late, and there seems to be no vowel length in the derivatives *jalyn-, *jal-bar- (although this may be a later secondary shortening). The peculiar suffixation in jalbar-, jalabac?, jalabar caused some authors (see, e.g., Clauson in EDT) to suspect a loanword, but its source is unclear and the forms may as well be genuine (as are certainly the forms *ja:l, *jalyn-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAlaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 suspicion, false accusation 2 lieface="Times New Roman Star"1 подозрение, клевета 2 ложьface="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (OUygh.), jalg|an 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (MK), jalg|an 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2 (AH), jalqan 2 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lg|o|n 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1,2

face="Times New Roman Star"jala, d/ala 1





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala 1, z?|alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alg|an, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, 183, EDT 918-919, 926, Ё—“я 4, 87, 91-92. Turk. > Mong. jala (KW 214).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jalpyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 broad, flat 2 blade, paddle 3 shallowface="Times New Roman Star"1 широкий, плоский 2 лист, лопасть 3 мелкий
face="Times New Roman Star"jalby 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalpyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|e|lpe|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lpo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jalpa 2, jalpaq 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?elbax, nalpax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalbaq, d/albaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"salbax 2face="Times New Roman Star"halbax 'span; foot'face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 919, VEWT 182, Ё—“я 4, 14, 100-101, Stachowski 94. This root should be distinguished from *japur-gak 'leaf' and from *jalpy- / *jelpi- 'to shake, sway'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAlky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to glitter 2 flame, rayface="Times New Roman Star"1 блестеть, си€ть 2 плам€, блеск, луч

face="Times New Roman Star"jalkyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqy- 1 (dial.), jalqyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqun 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lqin 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqun 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jalqym 2

face="Times New Roman Star"d/alqyn 2






face="Times New Roman Star"z?alqyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalqyn 2





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, Ё—“я 4, 106-107, Ћексика 357. Usually united with *jal- (v. sub *z?|i_ale), but seems to have a distinct Altaic origin.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAmanface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bad, wicked 2 sickness, inflammationface="Times New Roman Star"1 плохой, скверный 2 болезнь, воспалениеface="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman (AH) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|mo|n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jaman, d/aman 1, 2





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aman 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"aman 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 937, Ё—“я 4, 109. Cf. Yak. symyja 'lie, deceit'. The meaning 'bad disease' is attested already in Old Turkic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sideface="Times New Roman Star"сторонаface="Times New Roman Star"jan (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"jan (Bor. Bad, Abush.)
face="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"ja:nface="Times New Roman Star"nan, c?anface="Times New Roman Star"c?anface="Times New Roman Star"jan, d/anface="Times New Roman Star"ja:nface="Times New Roman Star"s/om

face="Times New Roman Star"c?an
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|anface="Times New Roman Star"z?anface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"z?|an, z?an, zanface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"z?anface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 940, Ё—“я 4, 113, 118-119, TMN 4, 120, ‘едотов 2, 135. The word has an anatomical meaning ('hip') in old sources, but the meaning 'side' is also attested and must be more archaic, to judge from external evidence; the more abstract meaning in Chuvash ('vicinity') also supports 'side' as the original meaning.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan-, *jan-tyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (itr.), blaze up 2 to burn (tr.) 3 to kindle 4 to shineface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть, загоратьс€ 2 жечь 3 зажигать 4 светить
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"s/on- 1, s/ondar- 2face="Times New Roman Star"san-da:r- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 942, 947-948, Ё—“я 4, 112, ‘едотов 2, 136, Ћексика 362.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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