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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*don|ur/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pigface="Times New Roman Star"свинь€face="Times New Roman Star"ton|uz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ton|uz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"domuzface="Times New Roman Star"dun|g|yzface="Times New Roman Star"ton|uz (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.ng|isface="Times New Roman Star"ton|g|uzface="Times New Roman Star"don|izface="Times New Roman Star"donuzface="Times New Roman Star"don|uz








face="Times New Roman Star"don|uzface="Times New Roman Star"don|yzface="Times New Roman Star"don|yz
face="Times New Roman Star"ton|g|uzface="Times New Roman Star"domuzface="Times New Roman Star"ton|g|uz, domuzface="Times New Roman Star"don|yzface="Times New Roman Star"ton|asface="Times New Roman Star"don|g|uzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 488, EDT 527, Ё—“я 3, 267-268, TMN 2, 585-586.
face="Times New Roman Star"*topra-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"earth, soilface="Times New Roman Star"земл€, почваface="Times New Roman Star"topraq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"topraq (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"toprakface="Times New Roman Star"tufraqface="Times New Roman Star"toprag|/q, tofrag|/q (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tupro|qface="Times New Roman Star"tofraq, topraqface="Times New Roman Star"durvaqface="Times New Roman Star"torpaGface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"tobyraxface="Times New Roman Star"tobraqface="Times New Roman Star"tobraqface="Times New Roman Star"turpaqface="Times New Roman Star"tъw|praface="Times New Roman Star"toburax
face="Times New Roman Star"dovuraqface="Times New Roman Star"to'praqface="Times New Roman Star"topuraqface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"tupraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraq, topraxface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"to(:)ryx|face="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *topra- 'to turn into dust, dry out'. See VEWT 489, EDT 443, 444, Ћексика 99. Turk. > WMong. tobrag, Kalm. towr@g (KW 404).
face="Times New Roman Star"*to:r-umface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young camel 2 a young calf 3 a goat that has yeaned early 4 young 5 a cow that has not calved yetface="Times New Roman Star"1 верблюжонок 2 теленок 3 коза, объ€гнивша€с€ в возрасте до 1 года 4 молодой (о человеке, дереве) 5 нетель
face="Times New Roman Star"torum 1, torpy 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"deve torun 1, torum (dial.) 1; torbuc? (dial.) 3, (?) toru (dial.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"to:rbaq ( —““) 2face="Times New Roman Star"torum 1 (Sangl., Pav. C.), torbaq 2 (MA 126)
face="Times New Roman Star"topaq 2, topaq-torum 'young calves'

face="Times New Roman Star"to:rum 1face="Times New Roman Star"torbax 2
face="Times New Roman Star"torboq 2, torboc? (dial. Kumd.) 5

face="Times New Roman Star"torbos, torbuz?|ax 2
face="Times New Roman Star"dorum 1
face="Times New Roman Star"torpoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"torpaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tana-turpaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"(?) tor 'unbroken (of a horse), untrodden (of a path)'

face="Times New Roman Star"tory 'foal' (——я)
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 533, 549, VEWT 491. Turk. > WMong. torum, Kalm. torm (KW 402, ўербак 1997, 158, Clark 1977, 155-156. The Tur. dial. dog|rum is a result of contamination with dog|ur- 'to bear'. Forms like torp-ak are diminutives in -ak (with almost always regular cluster development). Forms like Tur. torun 'grandchild', as well as Tur. dial. tor 'young' may be Iranisms (but not Armenisms, as suggested in Ѕуд. 1, 747 - Armen. tor`n 'grandchild' is itself obviously < Iranian) - see јб. 3, 280.
face="Times New Roman Star"*do:takface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lipface="Times New Roman Star"губа

face="Times New Roman Star"dudak




face="Times New Roman Star"dodaGface="Times New Roman Star"do:daq



face="Times New Roman Star"toda, tuda








face="Times New Roman Star"dudaq

face="Times New Roman Star"totax, totyx
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 491, TMN 2, 603-604, Ё—“я 3, 251, ‘едотов 2, 256, Ћексика 226.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tiakygu (/ -n|u)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hen, fowlface="Times New Roman Star" курицаface="Times New Roman Star"taqyg|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"taqag|u (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tavukface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tag|uq, tawuq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|wuqface="Times New Roman Star"toxa, toxuface="Times New Roman Star"taqag|yface="Times New Roman Star"tojuGface="Times New Roman Star"towuqface="Times New Roman Star"tag|ax, tan|ax
face="Times New Roman Star"taqa:
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ъxъ

face="Times New Roman Star"da'g|a:face="Times New Roman Star"taqqyn/aq (perhaps < Mong.)face="Times New Roman Star"to:kface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tawuqface="Times New Roman Star"tauqface="Times New Roman Star"tawuqface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tox (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"tawuqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 457, EDT 468, TMN 2, 441-442, ≈горов 321. Turk. > Hung. tyu/k, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*toky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to hit, knock, strike 2 malletface="Times New Roman Star"1 бить, удар€ть 2 молот 3 трогать, касатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"toqy- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.), toqymaq 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toqy- 1 (MK, KB), toqymaq 2 (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"tokus?- 1, doku- 1 (dial.), dokun- 3, tokmak 2face="Times New Roman Star"tuqy- 1, tuqyn- 3, tuqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqun- 3 (Pav. C.), toqmaq 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.qin- 3, to.qmo|qface="Times New Roman Star"toqun- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"toGGus?- 1, toxun- 3, tox|maG 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tog|as- 'to hit upon > meet', toxpax 2face="Times New Roman Star"tog|as?- 'to meet'face="Times New Roman Star"toqul-da- 1, toqpoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqu- 1, toqun- 3, toqmaq 2


face="Times New Roman Star"toqqu-la- 1, tonur- 3 (< dhon-ur-), doqpaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"toqmoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqyl-da- 1, toqpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tuqylda- 1, tuqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"doqun- 3, toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqys?- 'to clink (glasses)', toqyn- 3, toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqylda- 1, toqpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toxmax 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"toqala- 1, toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 484-485, TMN 2, 629, EDT 467, 470, Ё—“я 3, 253-254, 256-257. The variants with *d- may be archaic, see below.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Tol-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to push, collideface="Times New Roman Star"сталкиватьс€, пихатьface="Times New Roman Star"tul- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tul- 1, (caus.) tuldur- (MK)



face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) tola- 'to wave, shake' (”я)







face="Times New Roman Star"tolug|ura:- 'to dangle freely inside an empty space'





face="Times New Roman Star"tula- 'to kick'


face="Times New Roman Star"tolarsaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"to:la- 'разгребать ногами'
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 491, 495, 501. Derived is probably *Tolarsuk 'knee or heel joint, sinew' (VEWT 480, 486, Ё—“я 8: OT (MK) tolarsuq, Yak. tolunn/an| (< *tolu-n-c?an|-), Kirgh. tolorsuk, Bashk. tularhyq, KKalp. tolarsaq; Kaz. tilersek, influenced by tirsek 'knee').
face="Times New Roman Star"*tabyl/ganface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hareface="Times New Roman Star"за€цface="Times New Roman Star"tabys?g|an (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tavys?g|an (MK, IM), tavs?an (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"taws?an
face="Times New Roman Star"tawus?qan (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.s?qanface="Times New Roman Star"tos?qanface="Times New Roman Star"to:sqanface="Times New Roman Star"dows?anface="Times New Roman Star"tows?an


face="Times New Roman Star"dovus?g|an
face="Times New Roman Star"tabysxan




face="Times New Roman Star"taws?an

face="Times New Roman Star"taws?anface="Times New Roman Star"taws?anface="Times New Roman Star"taws?anface="Times New Roman Star"to:s?en (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"taws?anface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 453, EDT 447, ўербак 1961, 136, Ћексика 164.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tojface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"feast; communityface="Times New Roman Star"пир, праздникface="Times New Roman Star"toj (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toj (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tujface="Times New Roman Star"toj (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.jface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"toj
face="Times New Roman Star"toj

face="Times New Roman Star"dojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tujface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"to"j (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 567, Ћексика 309.
face="Times New Roman Star"*debeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"camelface="Times New Roman Star"верблюдface="Times New Roman Star"tebe (Orkh.), teve (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teve (tevej) (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"deveface="Times New Roman Star"du">ja"face="Times New Roman Star"deve (Pav. C.), teve (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tujaface="Times New Roman Star"to"ga"face="Times New Roman Star"te, tiface="Times New Roman Star"deva"face="Times New Roman Star"du"jeface="Times New Roman Star"tibe
face="Times New Roman Star"to":, tebe
face="Times New Roman Star"t@w|veface="Times New Roman Star"taba 'deer'face="Times New Roman Star"taba 'deer'face="Times New Roman Star"teveface="Times New Roman Star"tebe (–ас. ‘иЋ)face="Times New Roman Star"to":face="Times New Roman Star"tu"jeface="Times New Roman Star"tu"jeface="Times New Roman Star"du">ja"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"jeface="Times New Roman Star"deva"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"je, deveface="Times New Roman Star"tu"jeface="Times New Roman Star"to"je, to"u"va", tu"viface="Times New Roman Star"tu"jeface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 447-448, VEWT 468, Ё—“я 3, 313-315, Ћексика 445, Stachowski 214. Turk. > Hung. teve, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pour outface="Times New Roman Star"лить, сыпатьface="Times New Roman Star"to"k- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"to"k- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-, tek-face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|k-face="Times New Roman Star"tox-face="Times New Roman Star"tok-face="Times New Roman Star"to"'k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"'k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"'- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 492-493, EDT 477, Ё—“я 3, 273-274, Stachowski 225.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tu"n|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"funnel, windowface="Times New Roman Star"дымовое отверстие, окноface="Times New Roman Star"tu"gnu"k (OUygh. - YB), tu"nlu"k (late OUygh. - Lig. VSOu)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"n|lu"k (MK), t/du"nlu"k (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"jnu"kface="Times New Roman Star"to"nla"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"jnik (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tujnukface="Times New Roman Star"tu"n|lu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tyndyk
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"jnu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"nu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"ndu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"nu"k
face="Times New Roman Star"t@w|n@w|face="Times New Roman Star"tu"nnu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"nnu"kface="Times New Roman Star"du"ndu"kface="Times New Roman Star"du"n|nu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"ndu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"n|dikface="Times New Roman Star"tu"nlikface="Times New Roman Star"to"nlo"k


face="Times New Roman Star"tu"n|likface="Times New Roman Star"tu"mlu"xface="Times New Roman Star"tu"n|u"lu"kface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 505, TMN 2, 643-645, EDT 520, Ћексика 506-507, 516, Stachowski 234.
face="Times New Roman Star"*du":r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to fold, roll togetherface="Times New Roman Star"скручивать, засучиватьface="Times New Roman Star"tu"r- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"to"r-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r- (MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"turmak-la-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"du"rma"k 'бутерброд в виде трубочки'face="Times New Roman Star"du"jr-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"rgek 'клубок'face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r-

face="Times New Roman Star"tu":r-
face="Times New Roman Star"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"to"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"du"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 506, EDT 530-531, Ё—“я 3, 319-320. Turk. > Hung. tu?r- 'to tuck', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*du":tu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pipeface="Times New Roman Star"трубка, флейта
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"tek 'a spout of an ewer' (MK), du"du"k 'reed pipe, flute' (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"du"du"k
face="Times New Roman Star"(OKypch.) du"du"k (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"tutak

face="Times New Roman Star"du"du"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"jdu"k








face="Times New Roman Star"tu"tu"kface="Times New Roman Star"tu"tikface="Times New Roman Star"du"dik

face="Times New Roman Star"du"du"k
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"teface="Times New Roman Star"tu"tu"lu"x (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"du"du"kface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 507, EDT 455.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tu":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 feather 2 (animal's) hair 3 (body) hair 4 fur 5 hairface="Times New Roman Star"1 перо 2 шерсть (животного) 3 волос (на теле) 4 мех 5 волосface="Times New Roman Star"tu" 1, 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu" 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"j 1-5face="Times New Roman Star"to"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k, tu"j, tu"g 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tuk 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 2, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1,2,3,5face="Times New Roman Star"tu"j 2,3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ti:k 3face="Times New Roman Star"t@w|k 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu": 1, 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"tu": 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"k 3, 5face="Times New Roman Star"du"k (–ас. ‘иЋ), tu"k 2, 3, 5face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"to"k 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"j 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tik, t/uk 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"x, z|/u"x 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 503; EDT 433 (: originally only 'body hair', opposed to sac? 'hair of head', kyl 'hair (in general)' and ju"g 'feather'); Ћексика 197-198; Stachowski 236. Loss of *-k in OT and Yak. is not quite clear (perhaps a rather unique development of the final *-u":k).
face="Times New Roman Star"*du"r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"even, levelface="Times New Roman Star"1 ровный 2 упор€дочиватьface="Times New Roman Star"tu"z (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, tu"z- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 1, tu"z- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"du"z 1, du"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"z 1, to"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 1 (MA), tu"z- 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tuz- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 1, tu"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"z 1, du"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"z 1, du"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s 1, tu"z-e-t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s 1, tu"z-e-t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s 1, tu"ze- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"r@, to"r@ (NW) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"du"sface="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 1face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z-e- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"to"d|o"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 1, tu"z-e-t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"z 1, du"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z, tiz 1, tu"z-, tu"zu"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"z 1, du"z-, du"ze-, tu"ze- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z, tiz 1face="Times New Roman Star"tu"z 1face="Times New Roman Star"See Ё—“я 3, 309-312, VEWT 508, EDT 571, 572. The word is interacting with *dir/- 'to string, thread' (v. sub *c?i_u/r/u).
face="Times New Roman Star"*di:r/ (*du":r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kneeface="Times New Roman Star"коленоface="Times New Roman Star"tiz (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tizle- (MK) 'to press with one's knees'face="Times New Roman Star"dizface="Times New Roman Star"tezface="Times New Roman Star"diz (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"dyzface="Times New Roman Star"dizface="Times New Roman Star"dy:zface="Times New Roman Star"t@zekface="Times New Roman Star"tize (R., ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"tizeface="Times New Roman Star"ti:zface="Times New Roman Star"c?@r-pus/s/iface="Times New Roman Star"tu"hex
face="Times New Roman Star"diskekface="Times New Roman Star"tiskekface="Times New Roman Star"tizeface="Times New Roman Star"tizeface="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"ted|face="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"dis/face="Times New Roman Star"tyzface="Times New Roman Star"dizeface="Times New Roman Star"tu"zy, tizyface="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 482, EDT 570, Ё—“я 3, 336-337, ≈горов 323, Ћексика 284.
face="Times New Roman Star"*urukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 rope 2 lassoface="Times New Roman Star"1 веревка, бечева, канат 2 арканface="Times New Roman Star"uruq (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"uruq (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"urg|an, urgan 1
face="Times New Roman Star"org|an (AH) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"uruq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"urGan 1face="Times New Roman Star"urux 2face="Times New Roman Star"uruq 2face="Times New Roman Star"uruq 2



face="Times New Roman Star"uruq 2





face="Times New Roman Star"urg|an 2
face="Times New Roman Star"urqan 1face="Times New Roman Star"urx|an, orx|an 1
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 215, VEWT 516, Ё—“я 1, 585 (confused with *ukruk), 602-603. Some modern forms reflect a secondary derivative *urkan.
face="Times New Roman Star"*uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fly v.face="Times New Roman Star"лететь, летатьface="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"oc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?ux-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?uq-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-, uc?g|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"v@w|s/-face="Times New Roman Star"uhun- 'float'face="Times New Roman Star"uhun- 'float, swim'face="Times New Roman Star"u's?-face="Times New Roman Star"u's?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"os-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 509, EDT 19, Ё—“я 1, 612-613, Stachowski 241.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u:-dy-, *u:-dy-k-la-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sleepface="Times New Roman Star"спатьface="Times New Roman Star"udy- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ud|y- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"uju-face="Times New Roman Star"joqla-face="Times New Roman Star"uju- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"uxla-face="Times New Roman Star"uxla-face="Times New Roman Star"uzu-
face="Times New Roman Star"u:qla-face="Times New Roman Star"uzu-

face="Times New Roman Star"u:_, u:. 'sleep' (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"yjg|ъ 'sleep' (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"utuj-face="Times New Roman Star"utuj-face="Times New Roman Star"udu-face="Times New Roman Star"udu-face="Times New Roman Star"uqta-; ujqu (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"ujyqta-face="Times New Roman Star"ujkla-face="Times New Roman Star"joqla-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uqla-face="Times New Roman Star"uju-face="Times New Roman Star"juxla-face="Times New Roman Star"ujqyla-face="Times New Roman Star"ux|la-face="Times New Roman Star"uju- 'to stiffen'face="Times New Roman Star"The form *u:dykla- is derived from *u:dyk 'sleepy', derived from *u:dy- 'to sleep', which in its turn is derived from *u: 'sleep' (preserved in Yak., Dolg. u:, Khal. u:). See VEWT 508, EDT 2, 42-3, 46-7, 49, Ё—“я 1, 579-581, 586-587, ≈горов 342, Stachowski 247.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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