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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*yr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 prediction, luck 2 omen 3 premonitionface="Times New Roman Star"1 предсказание, счастье 2 знамение 3 предчувствиеface="Times New Roman Star"yrk 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 1



face="Times New Roman Star"yrq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"yryx 1, yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"@rex 'soul; expedience'face="Times New Roman Star"yra: 3


face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 'welfare', yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yryq 1face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 3, yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yryx| 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"yryz 'dignity'face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 166, 167, EDT 213, ќ—Ќя 3, 119-120, Ё—“я 1, 665.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yt / *itface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dogface="Times New Roman Star"собакаface="Times New Roman Star"yt (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"yt (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"it (arch.)face="Times New Roman Star"etface="Times New Roman Star"yt (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"itface="Times New Roman Star"itface="Times New Roman Star"ys?tface="Times New Roman Star"itface="Times New Roman Star"it


face="Times New Roman Star"it face="Times New Roman Star"jydъface="Times New Roman Star"ytface="Times New Roman Star"ytface="Times New Roman Star"y'tface="Times New Roman Star"y'tface="Times New Roman Star"itface="Times New Roman Star"i_tface="Times New Roman Star"ijtface="Times New Roman Star"etface="Times New Roman Star"it

face="Times New Roman Star"ijtface="Times New Roman Star"is?t
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 174, TMN 2, 173-4, EDT 34, Ё—“я 1, 385, ≈горов 83, Ћексика 188, Stachowski 262.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jabal/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"soft, mild; slow, quietface="Times New Roman Star"м€гкий, нежный; тихий, медленныйface="Times New Roman Star"jabas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juwas?, juas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|wwo|s?, juwo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?, jugas? (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"c?abasface="Times New Roman Star"c?abas?, c?obas?face="Times New Roman Star"d/obos?



face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:s?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:s?face="Times New Roman Star"z?uwasface="Times New Roman Star"juwasface="Times New Roman Star"jywas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uwas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?


face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 175, Ё—“я 4, 51-52, TMN 4, 207-208. Cf. also (with different suffixation) Karakh. jav-yl- 'to become soft', java (jer) 'warm, cosy place'; Yak. samaa-n 'warm, favourable (of summer)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAb-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bad, coarse, wicked 2 to become bad, weak 3 heavy, difficult, severe 4 tasteless, insipidface="Times New Roman Star"1 плохой, грубый 2 ухудшатьс€, слабеть 3 т€желый, трудный, суровый 4 пресный, безвкусныйface="Times New Roman Star"jabyz 1 (Orkh.), javyz 1 (OUygh.), javg|an 1 (OUygh.), jablaq (Orkh.) 3, javlaq (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"javry- 2, javra- 'to become rough, coarse', javyz 1, javg|an 1, javlaq 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"javuz 1, javan 4face="Times New Roman Star"jawyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"javlaq (R) 'very' , javuz (Ettuhf., AH) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|wuz 1, jo:g|an 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"javuz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jus 1face="Times New Roman Star"javan 4face="Times New Roman Star"jovuz 1, 3, juwan 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|ban 4



face="Times New Roman Star"suos 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:g|an 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?awyz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jawyd|- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"javan 4
face="Times New Roman Star"z?awyz 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 176, EDT 879, 881-882, Ё—“я 4, 47-48, 51. Turk. > WMong. z?|abqai, z?|abag|an (KW 468), whence again some Turkic forms (Kirgh. z?|abyq etc., see Ё—“я 4, 9-10). One could perhaps also note Kaz. z?awra-, Uzb. z?|o|wra- 'to suffer from cold, shiver' (Ё—“я 4, 20) which may be = Karakh. javra-, javry- and thus should not be compared to Mong. dag|ara- (despite KW 82).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jA:d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to spreadface="Times New Roman Star"расстилать, распростиратьface="Times New Roman Star"jad- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj- (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|j-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:j-

face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-, d/aj-



face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"j-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, Ё—“я 4, 76-77, 80, EDT 883-884.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jag-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rain 2 rainface="Times New Roman Star"1 идти (о дожде) 2 дождьface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (Orkh.), jag|mur 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|yr, jawym 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur / jamg|ur 2 (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf., MA), jag|yn 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|- 1, jo|mg|ir, jo|g|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jamg|u(r), jan|mur, jeg|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mirface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|myr, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, nan|myr 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|-, c?a:- 1, nag|byr, namyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:-, d/a- 1, d/an|myr, d/a:s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u- 1, s/omъr 2face="Times New Roman Star"samy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"hamy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, c?a's 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|a:-, z?|au- 1, z?|amg|yr, z?|a:n 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?an|byr, z?awyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yrface="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yr, jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?awun, z?|ang|urface="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?awyn, z?amg|yr 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|ur, jan|ur, jawyn / jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 896, 903-4, 908, Ё—“я 4, 57, Ћексика 25, ‘едотов 2, 135, Stachowski 95.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 fat n., butter 2 lard 3 thick, fat (adj.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 жир, масло 2 сало 3 толстый, жирныйface="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/u: 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u, s/ъw|v 1face="Times New Roman Star"sya 1face="Times New Roman Star"hya 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|oo-n 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?au 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja: 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jav 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 895, Ё—“я 4, 58-59, Ћексика 453, ‘едотов 2, 127, Stachowski 117.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn|gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"walnutface="Times New Roman Star"грецкий орехface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aq (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|aq (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, z?|an|g|aq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|aq (Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|n|g|o|qface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, jan|g|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, jan|g|aq (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"jag|a:q




face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|aq, z?|an|g|aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|g|aq




face="Times New Roman Star"z?an|g|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, Ё—“я 4, 59-60, Ћексика 112. Turkic > Hung. dio/ (see MNyTESz 1, 641).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jagyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"enemy, warface="Times New Roman Star"враг, войнаface="Times New Roman Star"jag|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"jag|y (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|w, (dial.) jaw, ja:g|yface="Times New Roman Star"jaw, jag|y, ja"g|y (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"ju:, d/uface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yface="Times New Roman Star"s/u 'heathen'face="Times New Roman Star"sya-ka:r 'rogue, villain'
face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:face="Times New Roman Star"z?awface="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"z?|aw, z?aw, zaw

face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw
face="Times New Roman Star"jawface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 178, Ё—“я 4, 55-56, Ћексика 561, ‘едотов 2, 129 (?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.gyr/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"brownface="Times New Roman Star"бурыйface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz, jayz
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz (AH), jowuz (Ettuhf.)



face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz



face="Times New Roman Star"s/yr(ъ)








face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z


face="Times New Roman Star"jawuzface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 64-65, EDT 909. Despite Poppe 61, ¬ладимирцов 267 and Clauson (EDT 909) Mong. dajir 'brown' - with which they would like to compare the Turkic form - does not exist.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.gu-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to draw near 2 nearface="Times New Roman Star"1 приближатьс€ 2 близкийface="Times New Roman Star"jag|u- (OUygh.) 1, jag|uq (Orkh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|u- (MK, KB) 1, jag|uq (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"javuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"jawuq, juwyq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"javu- (Pav. C.) 1, javuq (Abush.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo|vuq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"javy- 1 (dial.), jowuG 2face="Times New Roman Star"jovu- 1 (dial.), jowuq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ju:-, d/u- 1, ju:q, d/u:q 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/yvъx 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ugas 2face="Times New Roman Star"hugas, c?ugas 2, hugaha:- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?o:q 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:- 1, z?|u:q 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?uw- 1, z?uwyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"juwy- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?uwuq, zuwuq

face="Times New Roman Star"z?uw- 1, z?uwyq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"juwuq 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 62-63, EDT 898, 901, Stachowski 75, 110.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rout 2 to lead smth. aside 3 to take smb. alongface="Times New Roman Star"1 выгон€ть, обращать в бегство 2 отводить в сторону 3 брать кого-л. с собойface="Times New Roman Star"jaj- (Ongin) 1, jan/-













face="Times New Roman Star"sajys- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj- 2










face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 942. Cf. also *jaj-ra- 'to fall apart' (VEWT 179, Ё—“я 4, 80); the root is somewhat hard to distinguish from *ja:j- 'to shake' - but seems to be distinct.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:jface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 summer 2 summer pasture 3 springface="Times New Roman Star"1 лето 2 летнее пастбище 3 веснаface="Times New Roman Star"jaj (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaj (MK) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-la 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1 (AH, Ettuhf.)

face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1, jajla 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:j-la 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaj, d/aj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u, s/ъv 1face="Times New Roman Star"saj 1face="Times New Roman Star"hajyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jej 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj, z?aj, zaj 1


face="Times New Roman Star"jij 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 179, Ё—“я 4, 74, 78-79, EDT 980, Ћексика 74, ‘едотов 2, 128, Stachowski 93.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn/ka-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to shake, bring into motionface="Times New Roman Star"качать(с€), приводить в движениеface="Times New Roman Star"jajqa-n- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jajqa-l- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jajka-
face="Times New Roman Star"jajqa-l- (Sangl., Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) jajqa-

face="Times New Roman Star"jajqa-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajxa-, dial. najxal-
face="Times New Roman Star"d/ajqa-, dial. d/ajg|a-



face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'jg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'jha- (–ас. ‘иЋ 77)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ajqa-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ajqal-face="Times New Roman Star"jajqa-l-


face="Times New Roman Star"jajqa-


face="Times New Roman Star"ќ—Ќя 3, 58-59, Ё—“я 4, 77-78, EDT 981. PT *jan/ka- is usually treated as derived from *ja:j- 'to shake, rinse' (see e.g. Ё—“я 4, 75-76, EDT ibid.), but the latter does not seem to show any traces of nasal and may be separately compared with Mong. z?|aji-lu- 'to rinse', z?|aji-mu- 'to shake, stir', see KW 471.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jal-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn, blaze 2 flameface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть, пылать 2 плам€face="Times New Roman Star"jal- 1 (OUygh.), jalyn 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jal- 1 (MK), jalyn 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2 (Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 2 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn, d/alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/olъm 2

face="Times New Roman Star"c?alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, EDT 918, 929, Ё—“я 4, 106-107, Ћексика 23, 356-357, 363, ‘едотов 2, 133-134, TMN 4, 187. Cf. also Kypch. jalgavuc? 'frying pan' (Ё—“я 4, 13). Turk. *jaltyr- 'to flash, blazed' (Ё—“я 4, 94) > Mong. iltira- id.; *jaltyrym (Ё—“я 4, 281) 'lightning' > Mong. jildurum id. (ўербак 1997, 121).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAlaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 suspicion, false accusation 2 lieface="Times New Roman Star"1 подозрение, клевета 2 ложьface="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (OUygh.), jalg|an 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (MK), jalg|an 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2 (AH), jalqan 2 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lg|o|n 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1,2

face="Times New Roman Star"jala, d/ala 1





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala 1, z?|alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alg|an, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, 183, EDT 918-919, 926, Ё—“я 4, 87, 91-92. Turk. > Mong. jala (KW 214).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAl-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to be afraid 2 to suspect, slander 3 slanderface="Times New Roman Star"1 бо€тьс€ 2 подозревать, клеветать 3 клеветаface="Times New Roman Star"jala 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala- 2, jala 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jyl- 1, Osm. jal-face="Times New Roman Star"jala 3face="Times New Roman Star"jala 3 (MKypch. - CCum.)






face="Times New Roman Star"d'ala 'fine, charge'

face="Times New Roman Star"jula 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala 3, z?|ala- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 3face="Times New Roman Star"jala 3face="Times New Roman Star"jala 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 3

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 200, EDT 918-919, Ё—“я 4, 87, ‘едотов 2, 483.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.lan|ukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"personface="Times New Roman Star"человекface="Times New Roman Star"jalan|uq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaln|uq (MK, KB)











face="Times New Roman Star"s/yn(ъ)













face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 930.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:lga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lickface="Times New Roman Star"лизатьface="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jalva- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala- (Pav. C., MA, AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala"-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jag|la-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:la-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-, d/ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"s/ula- / s/ъvlaface="Times New Roman Star"sala:-face="Times New Roman Star"halan-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-
face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 926-927, Ё—“я 4, 87-88 (with Turkm. jala-), ‘едотов 2, 132, Stachowski 94. The deriving stem can perhaps be found in Turkish, Gag., Az. jal 'food, mash given to dogs, animals' (see Ё—“я 4, 85); cf. also *jalgak (Ё—“я 4, 90) 'dish for feeding animals'; *jalma- 'to lick' (Ё—“я 4, 95).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.lyn|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 naked 2 single, lonelyface="Times New Roman Star"1 голый 2 одинокий, единственныйface="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1, jaln|us 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1, jaln|us 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz, dial. jalan|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1 (dial.), jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1 (Pav. C.), jalan, jalynz?|aq 1 (Ettuhf.), jalyn|yz, jalyqyz 2 (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jal/a"n| 1, jo|llg|iz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalg|uz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn|, jan| 1, jan|g|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalan|ac? 1, jaln|y:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alan| 1, c?alg|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alan| 1, c?ag|ys, nag|ys, nan|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"d/alan| 1, jan|ys, d/an|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|uz 2
face="Times New Roman Star"sy:n/ax, sygynn/ax 1face="Times New Roman Star"hygynn/ak 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?an|g|ys 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alan| 1, z?|alg|yz, z?|an|g|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan| 1, z?alg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|yd| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan, zalan 1, z?ang|yz, zang|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn, jalan 1, jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan| 1, z?alg|yz 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1, jan|g|yz, jan|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 929, 930, Ё—“я 4, 97-98, 104-106. Turk. > Kalm. jaln| (KW 214). Cf. also *jalky 'single' (Ё—“я 4, 95), Stachowski 106, 118. Yak. sygynn/ax < *jaln|yn-c?ak; sog|otox < *jaln|or/ak.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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