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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*so"r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"word, speechface="Times New Roman Star"слово, речьface="Times New Roman Star"so"z (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"so"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"su"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"z (AH, IM, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"sface="Times New Roman Star"so"sface="Times New Roman Star"so"sface="Times New Roman Star"sez, so"z
face="Times New Roman Star"o"sface="Times New Roman Star"o"sface="Times New Roman Star"so"s
face="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"hu"d|face="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"so"zface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 860, VEWT 430, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 200-201. One should also mention PT *so"r-c?ek 'tale, story, fairy tale' (see Ё—“я 7).
face="Times New Roman Star"*sybul/ganface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"earth-wormface="Times New Roman Star"червь, дождевой червь
face="Times New Roman Star"sovus?g|an (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"soluz?|anface="Times New Roman Star"sualc?anface="Times New Roman Star"sog|ulz?|an (AH, Pav. C.), solunz?|an (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"c?uwalc?an|face="Times New Roman Star"c?uwalc?an|
face="Times New Roman Star"soxulz?|anface="Times New Roman Star"sog|ulz?|anface="Times New Roman Star"so:sxan (dial.), somysxan
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ojlos?qon
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ъw|vъw|rъw|lz?|an, s/o"lz/en, s/@w|v@w|lz/en

face="Times New Roman Star"s?yjlas?qyn
face="Times New Roman Star"so":lz?|an, so"ju"lz?|an
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ylaws?anface="Times New Roman Star"si>la"wsi>nface="Times New Roman Star"suwalc?anface="Times New Roman Star"soluz?|anface="Times New Roman Star"suwalc?an, swalcan
face="Times New Roman Star"sug|ulz?|unface="Times New Roman Star"suwalc?anface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 425, EDT 793-794. The PT form can be reconstructed despite numerous expressive irregularities.
face="Times New Roman Star"*syba-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to smearface="Times New Roman Star"мазатьface="Times New Roman Star"suva- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"suva-, suval-, suvas?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"syva-
face="Times New Roman Star"suwa- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"suwa-face="Times New Roman Star"suwa-
face="Times New Roman Star"sua- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"suwa-


face="Times New Roman Star"syva-









face="Times New Roman Star"suwa-

face="Times New Roman Star"suva-, sova-
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 785, 789, 793, VEWT 414, Ё—“я 7. Cf. also the toponym Syvas?. The root is somewhat confused with *syba- 'to water, irrigate' (a derivative of *syb 'water' q. v. sub *si_uba), but they should be certainly kept distinct.
face="Times New Roman Star"*su":r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to drive awayface="Times New Roman Star"гнать, прогон€тьface="Times New Roman Star"su"r- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"su"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su">r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r- (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"sur-face="Times New Roman Star"su"(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"si:r-face="Times New Roman Star"sir-face="Times New Roman Star"u":r-face="Times New Roman Star"u":r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"hu">r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 844, VEWT 437, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 255. Shortness in Turkm. is not clear; perhaps under the influence of *su"r- 'smear; pull' (?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*su":tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"milkface="Times New Roman Star"молокоface="Times New Roman Star"su"t (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"su"t (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su">tface="Times New Roman Star"su"t (AH, Abush.), su"d (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"sutface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"t, so"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"dface="Times New Roman Star"su":tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"si:tface="Times New Roman Star"s@w|tface="Times New Roman Star"u":t
face="Times New Roman Star"su"t
face="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"hu">tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"su"tface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 798, VEWT 438, Ћексика 448-449, Ё—“я 7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ta:mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 roof 2 wall 3 hutface="Times New Roman Star"1 крыша 2 стена 3 хибараface="Times New Roman Star"tam 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2 (MK), 1 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"dam 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2 ( —““)face="Times New Roman Star"tam 1 (Abush.), 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|m 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2face="Times New Roman Star"dam 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ta:m 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tam 'layer (of earth)'

face="Times New Roman Star"da:%m 1 ( < Ogh.)




face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tam 'dug-out, grave'face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2

face="Times New Roman Star"dam 'shed, barn'
face="Times New Roman Star"tam 'hut'face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 459 (the root has an irregular *t-/*d- variation), Ћексика 529. TMN 2, No 834. Turk. > Bao. dem 'wall'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*da.morface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 vein, artery 2 rootface="Times New Roman Star"1 жила, сосуд 2 кореньface="Times New Roman Star"tamar, tamyr 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tamur (MK, KB), tamar (MK-Oghuz) 1face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamur 1, 2 (Sangl., Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to|mir 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tomur, temir 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tymar 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tymyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"tymyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"damyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"damyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamur 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamur 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 460, EDT 508, Ё—“я 3, 143-144, Ћексика 107-108, 264-265, Stachowski 238. There are also some forms with -o-: Oyr. tomur- 'to uproot', Kirgh. tomor 'name of a plant, from the root of which dye is produced', Kaz. tomar id., KKalp. tomar 'root' - possibly contaminations with *Tomar 'block, log' (v. sub *t`ome).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ta.nu-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"know, get to knowface="Times New Roman Star"знать, узнавать
face="Times New Roman Star"tanu- 'сообщить, приказать' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"tani-face="Times New Roman Star"tonu-, tani-face="Times New Roman Star"tani-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-, (dial.) ta:ny-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-
face="Times New Roman Star"tyn 'witness'

face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"ta:ny-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-, ta:ny-face="Times New Roman Star"tany-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 461, EDT 516. Turk. > MMo, WMong. tani- (see ўербак 1997, 153).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ten|ri / *tan|ryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 god 2 sky, heavenface="Times New Roman Star"1 бог 2 небоface="Times New Roman Star"ten|ri 2 (Orkh.), 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ten|ri 1, 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tanry 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|re 1face="Times New Roman Star"ten|ri 1 (Sangl., MKypch. - CCum., AH et al.)face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"ten|er 2face="Times New Roman Star"tanry 1face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ry 1face="Times New Roman Star"tig@r 2face="Times New Roman Star"tegri 2face="Times New Roman Star"ten|eri 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tora 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ara 1face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ara 1face="Times New Roman Star"de:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"de:re 2face="Times New Roman Star"ten|ir 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|re 1face="Times New Roman Star"tejri 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ry, ten|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|ir 1face="Times New Roman Star"tanru (——я) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, TMN 2, 577, EDT 523-524, ‘едотов 2, 252, Stachowski 217. Turk. > Mong. ten|geri > Evk. tin|eri, Sol. ten|er (see Doerfer MT 236).
face="Times New Roman Star"*dart-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pull; to hangface="Times New Roman Star"т€нуть; подвешивать, взвешиватьface="Times New Roman Star"tart- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tart- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|rt-face="Times New Roman Star"ta(r)t-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"dart-face="Times New Roman Star"dart-, tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-
face="Times New Roman Star"tort-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"ty'rt-face="Times New Roman Star"ty'rt-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"dart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"ta't- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tart-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 465, EDT 534, Ё—“я 3, 154-156, ‘едотов 2, 254, Stachowski 218.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dar/ (?-a:-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"baldface="Times New Roman Star"лысыйface="Times New Roman Star"taz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"taz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dazface="Times New Roman Star"tazface="Times New Roman Star"taz (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|zface="Times New Roman Star"taz
face="Times New Roman Star"daz
face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas



face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tazface="Times New Roman Star"tazface="Times New Roman Star"tazface="Times New Roman Star"tad|

face="Times New Roman Star"tazface="Times New Roman Star"tazface="Times New Roman Star"taz (——я)
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 467, EDT 570, Ё—“я 3, 124. Turk. > Hung. tar 'bald', see MNyTESz 3, 847.
face="Times New Roman Star"*d(i)akyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 additionally, and others, plus 2 again, once moreface="Times New Roman Star"1 кроме того, к тому же, и другие, больше, вдобавок 2 оп€ть, еще разface="Times New Roman Star"taqy 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"taqy 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"daha 1, bir daha 2 (taky as a clitic)face="Times New Roman Star"tag|yn 2, 'in order to'face="Times New Roman Star"daxy, taqy 1 (Abush., Sangl.), dag|y (MA) 1face="Times New Roman Star"tag|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"texi 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ta'qi, dag|i 2face="Times New Roman Star"da"xi 'too'face="Times New Roman Star"daGy 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta:, da: 1
face="Times New Roman Star"daa 'although' (√јя)face="Times New Roman Star"taqy 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"dag|any 1
face="Times New Roman Star"da: 1, da:n 'wholly, always', ta:n 'very, excessively'
face="Times New Roman Star"daa, dag|y, tag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tag|y 2face="Times New Roman Star"tag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tag|y 2face="Times New Roman Star"dag|y-da 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ta: 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"daa (K) 1, 2, dag|y (H, T) 1, 2, dag|yn (H,K) 2, daxy (K) 1, daxa (K) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"dag|y 'although', tag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ta:g|y, taxi 1, 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"dag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 457, EDT 466, Ё—“я 3, 122-123. Phonology is somewhat uncertain because the stem is functioning as a clitic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*du":l/ (/*du":l)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dreamface="Times New Roman Star"сонface="Times New Roman Star"tu"l; tu"s?e- 'to dream' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?; tu"s?e- 'to dream' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?, dial. tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu">s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s? (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"dus?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?, c?u"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s? (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"du":s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"t@w|l@w|kface="Times New Roman Star"tu":l; tu"he:- 'to dream'face="Times New Roman Star"tu":l; tu"he:- 'to dream'face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"tu">s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"telface="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 507, TMN 3, 211, EDT 559, 561, 490, Ё—“я 3, 323-324, Stachowski 234, 236. See also Ro/na-Tas 1972 on Old Uyghur tu"lek 'supernatural power'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sweatface="Times New Roman Star"потface="Times New Roman Star"ter (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ter (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"ter (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"ta"r
face="Times New Roman Star"da"r (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"derface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tar, te.r (NW)face="Times New Roman Star"tir-it- 'to sweat'
face="Times New Roman Star"der
face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, EDT 528, Ё—“я 3, 203-204. Chuvash dialects show a variation between e/e..
face="Times New Roman Star"*tEr/ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dungface="Times New Roman Star"навозface="Times New Roman Star"tezek (OUygh. - YB)face="Times New Roman Star"tezek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tiza"k, kiza"kface="Times New Roman Star"tezek (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"tezakface="Times New Roman Star"teza"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ta"za"kface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tizekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"ta"za"kface="Times New Roman Star"? tir@s

face="Times New Roman Star"de's 'clotted blood'face="Times New Roman Star"de's 'clotted blood' (–ас. ‘иЋ)face="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tid|a"kface="Times New Roman Star"tezgekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tez'akface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tesex, to"zex (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 477, TMN 2, 508, EDT 574, ‘едотов 2, 236. Chuv. > Tat., Bashk. tires.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to collect, gatherface="Times New Roman Star"собиратьface="Times New Roman Star"ter- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"te:.r- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"der-face="Times New Roman Star"tir-, tijr- ( —““)face="Times New Roman Star"te.r- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"r/j-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"da"r-, der-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:r-face="Times New Roman Star"tir-, te:r-face="Times New Roman Star"te:r-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-

face="Times New Roman Star"terij-face="Times New Roman Star"terij-face="Times New Roman Star"deri- 'снар€жать'
face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"tir-


face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"te:re- (——я)
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 529, VEWT 475, Ё—“я 3, 204-205, Stachowski 221. Turkm. has an irregular devoicing (old Kypchak influence?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*tu"lki / tilku"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foxface="Times New Roman Star"лисаface="Times New Roman Star"tilku" (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tilku" (MK, Tefs., IM), tilki (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tilkiface="Times New Roman Star"to"lkeface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku" (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tulkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lka"face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|o (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tilkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lgu"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lgu"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"; tilgu" (dial. - Ѕаск. “уба)face="Times New Roman Star"tilku", tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"til@

face="Times New Roman Star"dilgiface="Times New Roman Star"dilgiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lkiface="Times New Roman Star"to"lko"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tilkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lkiface="Times New Roman Star"t'iligu (Kakuk), tu"ligu (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 480, EDT 498-499, ўербак 1961, 135, Ћексика 161.
face="Times New Roman Star"*di:re-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to support 2 supportface="Times New Roman Star"1 подпереть 2 подпоркаface="Times New Roman Star"tirek 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tire- 1 (MK), tirek 2 (Tefs., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"dire- 1, direk 2face="Times New Roman Star"tera"- 1, tera"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"tire- 1, tirek 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tira- 1, tirak 2face="Times New Roman Star"tira"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"dira"- 1, dira"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"di:re- 1, di:rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"t@re- 1, t@reg 2


face="Times New Roman Star"c?arak 2face="Times New Roman Star"tira":-, tirex 2


face="Times New Roman Star"tire- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tire- 1, tirek 2face="Times New Roman Star"tire- 1, tirew 2face="Times New Roman Star"tera"- 1, tera"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"direk 2face="Times New Roman Star"direk 2face="Times New Roman Star"tire- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tir@k 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"tire- 1, tirew 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 481, EDT 533, 543, TMN 2, 655, Ё—“я 3, 237-239, ≈горов 317, ‘едотов 2, 392.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dod-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"become satiated, fullface="Times New Roman Star"насыщатьс€, наполн€тьс€face="Times New Roman Star"tod- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tod|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"tuj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.j-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toz-face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"tos-face="Times New Roman Star"tos-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"tod-face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|ran-face="Times New Roman Star"tot-face="Times New Roman Star"tot-face="Times New Roman Star"to't-face="Times New Roman Star"do't-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"tuj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 483, EDT 451, Ё—“я 3, 251-252, Stachowski 227.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tom-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 round, convex 2 ball, smth. round 3 somersault 4 thick, bulging 5 to swellface="Times New Roman Star"1 круглый, выпуклый 2 шарик, кольцо 3 кувырком 4 толстый, пухлый 5 пухнуть, вздуватьс€

face="Times New Roman Star"tomak 2

face="Times New Roman Star"to.mto|q 'stump, blunt'

face="Times New Roman Star"tombul 4, dombalaG 3face="Times New Roman Star"tommaq 'knob, round end of stick', dommar- / tommar- 5face="Times New Roman Star"tomyr, tombyr 'blunt'


face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|mat 'stubby'face="Times New Roman Star"tomtorg|o 'ring-formed ornament'


face="Times New Roman Star"tompoq 1face="Times New Roman Star"tompaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"tompaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"tomraj- (dial.) 5face="Times New Roman Star"tomalaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"tombarlaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"tomalaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"dumalaq 1, tompaq 4, tompaj- 5face="Times New Roman Star"tombyx 'blunt' (“ен.——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tompaj- 5, tomaq 'blunt'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 487, Ё—“я 3, 261-262. Variants with *d- in Oghuz are most probably expressive (or reflect a secondary assimilation *dom-ba- < *tom-ba-).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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