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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*Erenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"man, mankindface="Times New Roman Star"человек, человеческий родface="Times New Roman Star"eren (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"eren (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"ire|n (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"eren (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ejen (Lob.)face="Times New Roman Star"eren

face="Times New Roman Star"iren







face="Times New Roman Star"erenface="Times New Roman Star"eren



face="Times New Roman Star"eren


face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 290-291.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a.j-yt-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to say 2 to prescribe, tell 3 to ask, demand 4 to concernface="Times New Roman Star"1 говорить 2 указывать, предписывать 3 просить 4 касатьс€ ч.-л.face="Times New Roman Star"ajyt- 3 (OUygh.), ajy- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"aj-, ajyt- 1 (MK), ajyt- 3 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ait- 4face="Times New Roman Star"e|jt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"aj(y)t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ejt- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ajt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajt- 1 (dial.), ajyt- 'sing'

face="Times New Roman Star"ha:j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"yjt- 3face="Times New Roman Star"yj- 2, yjyt- 3face="Times New Roman Star"yjyt- 3face="Times New Roman Star"ajyt- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ajyt- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ajt- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ajt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"jt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajt- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ajt- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 10, Ё—“я 1, 99-100, 111-112, ≈горов 342, EDT 268-9, Stachowski 259. PT *a.jyt- is derived from *a.j- 'to point out, prescribe'. Before the 11th c. it had only a causative meaning; the meaning 'say, tell' developed later.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ek-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sow 2 to scatterface="Times New Roman Star"1 се€ть 2 разбрасыватьface="Times New Roman Star"ek- (Late OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- (MK, KB) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ik- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- (Abush., Sangl.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a"k- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ha"k- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ak- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ik- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ex- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 100, Ё—“я 1, 251-252. Turk. > Hung. eke 'plough' (< *a"ka"g|), see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:.ke-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to file 2 file (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 пилить, обтачивать 2 напильник
face="Times New Roman Star"ike- ( ? ege-) 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"eje 2face="Times New Roman Star"iga"- 1, iga"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"eka"k 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ego|w 2face="Times New Roman Star"eka"k, iga"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ja" 2face="Times New Roman Star"i:ge 2face="Times New Roman Star"ige- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egu" 2
face="Times New Roman Star"j@gev 'whetstone'face="Times New Roman Star"igi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"igi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"eg|e-, o"g|e- 1, eg|e: 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ege-, o"go"- 1, ego":, o"go": 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"iga"- 1, iga"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"ija 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege, egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egew 2
face="Times New Roman Star"egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 101, VEWT 38, Ё—“я 1, 326-328, TMN 2, 93, ≈горов 77, Ћексика 399, Stachowski 123.
face="Times New Roman Star"*anu-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 ready, certain 2 to get readyface="Times New Roman Star"1 готовый, уверенный 2 готовитьс€face="Times New Roman Star"anu- (OUygh.) 2, anuq 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"anu- (MK), anut- (caus.) (KB, MK) 2, anuq 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. anyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"anyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"anut- (caus.) (Qutb) 2, anuq (IM, Qutb) 1face="Times New Roman Star"e|niq 2face="Times New Roman Star"eniq

face="Times New Roman Star"anyq 2








face="Times New Roman Star"anyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"anyq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"anyq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"anyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"anyq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 171, 179, 182, Ё—“я 1, 151-152.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a.ry-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 clean, pure, to be clean 2 to clean, purifyface="Times New Roman Star"1 чистый, быть чистым 2 чиститьface="Times New Roman Star"aryg| (Orkh.), ary-, aryg| (OUygh.) 1, aryt- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ary-, aryg| (MK, KB) 1, aryt- (MK, KB) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ary 1, art- 2, Osm. aryt- 'to wipe'face="Times New Roman Star"aru 1face="Times New Roman Star"ary- (Abush.), aryg| (Abush., Sangl., Qutb), ary (Pav. C.) 1, aryt- (Sangl., Qutb) 2face="Times New Roman Star"dial. ari- 1face="Times New Roman Star"eriq 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"dial. ary 1, aryt- 2face="Times New Roman Star"aryG 1, art- 2face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aru 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1, arut- 2face="Times New Roman Star"yrъ 'good', irt- 'перебирать €годы, очищать дерево от сучьев'face="Times New Roman Star"yra:s 1, yryt- 'перебирать €годы'face="Times New Roman Star"yras 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1, aryt- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"aru: 1face="Times New Roman Star"aru 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aryw 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryw 1

face="Times New Roman Star"aruw 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 198, 213, VEWT 27, Ё—“я 1, 184-186, ћудрак ƒисс. 182, Stachowski 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*es-(ku")face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"old, ancientface="Times New Roman Star"старыйface="Times New Roman Star"eski (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"eski (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"eski, dial. esgiface="Times New Roman Star"iskeface="Times New Roman Star"eski (Sangl., Pav. C., AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eski, o"ski
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ski, a"silli 'grown up'face="Times New Roman Star"esgi

face="Times New Roman Star"eski
face="Times New Roman Star"as-lъ 'great', az-(-atte, -anne) 'grandfather, grandmother'face="Times New Roman Star"o"su"k 'ancient times'


face="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"it|keface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"i_eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eski
face="Times New Roman Star"esgi, eskiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 50, Ё—“я 1, 306-308, Ћексика 86, EDT 246, ‘едотов 1, 63-64. Cf. also Turk. *asy- 'old, last year's' (VEWT 29).
face="Times New Roman Star"*el/gekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"donkeyface="Times New Roman Star"оселface="Times New Roman Star"es?gek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?gek, es?jek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"is?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?ek (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?a"k
face="Times New Roman Star"es?s?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?ek

face="Times New Roman Star"es?tek
face="Times New Roman Star"az?ak



face="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"esekface="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"is?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"ies?ekface="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"es?ek
face="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 317-318, TMN 2, 65, EDT 260.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.l/it-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hearface="Times New Roman Star"слышатьface="Times New Roman Star"es?id- (Orkh.), es?it- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"is?it-face="Times New Roman Star"is?et-; dial. (Mishar) is?- 'hear' (““ƒ— 156), (Bar.) is?e|n- 'listen' (яЅ“ 140)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it- (Abush. 63)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"es?et- (Kashg., ”Ќ— 109)
face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-, pass. es?idil-face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-, pass. es?idil-face="Times New Roman Star"is- / ist-

face="Times New Roman Star"is?u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"ilt-face="Times New Roman Star"ihit-, pass. ihilin-face="Times New Roman Star"ihit-, pass. ihilin-

face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"est-face="Times New Roman Star"esit-face="Times New Roman Star"is?et-face="Times New Roman Star"es?t-face="Times New Roman Star"is?it-face="Times New Roman Star"s?it-face="Times New Roman Star"esit-face="Times New Roman Star"is?ti-face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 51, EDT 257-8, Ё—“я 1, 318-319, ≈горов 69, Stachowski 123. Note -d- in Runic and the voicing of -t before a vowel in Az. and Turkm. Khak. has two forms of stem (is- and iste-, morphonologically distributed, so that is- < iste-; the same historical process could have occurred with. Ku"a"r. a"s?-, Kach. es?- (R 1, 905); so the only clear evidence for the stem *el/- are Tatar dialectal reflexes (in which case -t may be a causative suffix, see Bang 1925, Zaja,czkowski 1932). Shor este- 'to hear', estel- 'to be heard' do not belong here, being derived from *es > is 'mind, memory', like Mod. Uygh. an|la- 'to hear' < an| 'mind'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Etekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lap, edge of clothface="Times New Roman Star"подол, край одежды
face="Times New Roman Star"etek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"ita"kface="Times New Roman Star"etek (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"eta"kface="Times New Roman Star"eta"k
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ta"kface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"idekface="Times New Roman Star"edekface="Times New Roman Star"edekface="Times New Roman Star"ha"ta"k


face="Times New Roman Star"e'dek
face="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"ita"kface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"ietekface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"etek
face="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 50, VEWT 52, Ё—“я 1, 313.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Atyr/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"watered field, boundaryface="Times New Roman Star"орошаемое поле, межа
face="Times New Roman Star"atyz 'any strip of land between two dikes' (MK)



face="Times New Roman Star"etiz

face="Times New Roman Star"atyz
face="Times New Roman Star"adys 'загон 1/18 дес€тины'






face="Times New Roman Star"adyr 'холмиста€ местность, увалы'face="Times New Roman Star"atyz







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 31, EDT 73. Turk. > Mong. atiz (ўербак 1997, 102). Cf. also *a:tag 'island'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to organize, to makeface="Times New Roman Star"устраивать, делатьface="Times New Roman Star"et- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"et- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"et- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-, a"t-face="Times New Roman Star"et-, jet-, it-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"i:deg 'keeping' ('присмотр'), et-face="Times New Roman Star"it-
face="Times New Roman Star"et-
face="Times New Roman Star"at-

face="Times New Roman Star"et-
face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-
face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 36-37, Ё—“я 1, 312-313, ƒыбо ƒисс. 56, ‘едотов 1, 67. Shortness in Turkm. et- is no doubt secondary: cf. the derivative i:deg, and also regular intervocalic voicing -t- > -d- in all Oghuz languages (pointing to original length), see EDT ibid.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEr/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to walk, walk throughface="Times New Roman Star"ходить, проходить черезface="Times New Roman Star"kez- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kez- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"giz-face="Times New Roman Star"ke/z- (Sangl., MA, Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"g/ka"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"ga"z-face="Times New Roman Star"gez-


face="Times New Roman Star"ka"z-



face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kez-
face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"gid|-face="Times New Roman Star"[kezik 'очередь']face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"gez- (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"gez-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 260, EDT 757, Ё—“я 3, 10-11. Cf. also (with -r-) Yak. kerij- 'walk around'. The derived Turk. *ger/ik 'turn, order' ( < *'going through') > MMong. kes?ik (SH), WMong. kesig 'wake, turn' (see TMN 1, 467-468, Clark 1980, 40). The verb itself was also borrowed, cf. WMong. kesu"-, Khalkha, Bur. xese-, Dag. kese- 'to wander, roam'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"r/elface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"beautifulface="Times New Roman Star"красивый

face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zel
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zel (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"gu.zalface="Times New Roman Star"go"za"l
face="Times New Roman Star"go"za"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"zel








face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zo"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zel

face="Times New Roman Star"go"za"lface="Times New Roman Star"guzal/ (K)


face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 3, 63-64, VEWT 295.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kegejface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spokeface="Times New Roman Star"спица колеса


face="Times New Roman Star"kigiface="Times New Roman Star"kega"j (Vam.)face="Times New Roman Star"kega"jface="Times New Roman Star"gu"ga"

face="Times New Roman Star"kegej, keje, kije (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"kegej (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kegejface="Times New Roman Star"kegej
face="Times New Roman Star"kegej

face="Times New Roman Star"kegej
face="Times New Roman Star"gegejface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 17.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gooseface="Times New Roman Star"гусьface="Times New Roman Star"qaz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qaz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qaz (Houts., AH, Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"g|az
face="Times New Roman Star"Gazface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:zface="Times New Roman Star"xasface="Times New Roman Star"qasface="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"xorface="Times New Roman Star"xa:sface="Times New Roman Star"ka:sface="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qad|
face="Times New Roman Star"qa:z
face="Times New Roman Star"g|az
face="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 679, VEWT 243, Ё—“я 5, 184, Ћексика 171, ‘едотов 2, 361, Stachowski 143.
face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)aryl/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spanface="Times New Roman Star"п€дь
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"karys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys? (Pav. C., Houts., AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"qe|ris?face="Times New Roman Star"g|eric?, dial. g|eris?
face="Times New Roman Star"Garys?face="Times New Roman Star"Garys?face="Times New Roman Star"xarys
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?

face="Times New Roman Star"xarys
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"xarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarysface="Times New Roman Star"qarysface="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys
face="Times New Roman Star"qarys?face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 324-326, EDT 663. External evidence suggests that the original meaning was 'elbow, cubit' [in fact attested for qarys? in Chag. Abushka, but some argue that this is just a script error], with the opposition *K(i)ary 'large measure (cubit) : *K(i)aryl/ 'small measure (span)'. But the former completely merged later with the reflexes of *Kary 'arm' (v. sub *ga\ra/).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kula-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wave; jump over 2 to stretch 3 fathomface="Times New Roman Star"1 махать; перепрыгивать 2 т€нутьс€ 3 сажень
face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qolac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qula- 2 (Ѕуд.), qulac? 3 (AH, Ѕор. Ѕад.), qulaz?| 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"g|ulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas?, Golas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gulac?, Golaz?| 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"xulas 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qula- 1, qulas? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|las/ 3face="Times New Roman Star"kula:-, kulas-ta- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qolas 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qolac? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 618, VEWT 298, TMN 3, 487, Ё—“я 6, 122, 129-131.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyr/-, *Kyrguj, *Kyraganface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hawk, falcon 2 faultless (of a bird of prey)face="Times New Roman Star"1 €стреб, сокол 2 ловкий, бьющий без промаха (о ловчей птице)
face="Times New Roman Star"qyrg|uj 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyrg|aj, kyrg|y 1, kuran (dial.) 'hawk', kyrkaw (dial., R.) 'a k. of hawk'face="Times New Roman Star"qyrg|yj 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qirg|u (Pav. C.), qyrg|y (Ettuhf.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qirg|ij 1, qiro|nqara 'орел-могильник'face="Times New Roman Star"g|urg|uj, qarg|aj 1 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"xyza 1, xyrg|yjax 'young hawk'


face="Times New Roman Star"x@rxi 1, x@re|n 'kite'face="Times New Roman Star"kyrbyj 'серый сокол, сокол-чеглок, €стреб' (?)


face="Times New Roman Star"qyra:n, qyran 1, 2, qyrg|yj, qyjg|yr 1, qyrg|yjek 'young hawk'face="Times New Roman Star"qyran 2, qyrg|yj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qyjg|yr (dial.) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"qyrg|yj, qyrqyn, qyrxyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyran 2, qyrg|yj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qyrg|yj 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 266, 269, EDT 654-655, Ё—“я 6, 231, 232-235. Turk. *Kyrguj 'falcon' > Mong. kirg|ui, see ўербак 1997, 139.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:ryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wasp, beeface="Times New Roman Star"пчела, оса
face="Times New Roman Star"ary (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ary
face="Times New Roman Star"ary (Sangl., Pav. C., Qutb), aru (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"ari, tukli ari 'humble-bee'face="Times New Roman Star"he|re|
face="Times New Roman Star"aryface="Times New Roman Star"ary, a:ry (Ё—“я)face="Times New Roman Star"a:r, tu"ktig a:r 'hornet'
face="Times New Roman Star"aru:face="Times New Roman Star"ha:ryface="Times New Roman Star"t@g@ld-ora 'humble-bee' ? (t@g@l 'shaggy')face="Times New Roman Star"yn|yrya
face="Times New Roman Star"ary, Todzh. hary
face="Times New Roman Star"a:ryface="Times New Roman Star"ara, tu"kti ara 'humble-bee'


face="Times New Roman Star"a:ry
face="Times New Roman Star"he|rre

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 25, EDT 196-197, TMN 2, 47, Ё—“я 1, 186-187, Ћексика 186, јшм. XV, 23, ‘едотов 2, 213-214. Turk. > Mong. ari (not vice versa, despite ўербак 1997, 100).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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