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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*burun (*buryn)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 nose 2 front part 3 beforeface="Times New Roman Star"1 нос 2 передняя часть 3 перед, впередиface="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"boryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"p'uryn 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"purnu, (Верб.) purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 3face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1
face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"munnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"moron 1, boron 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"purny 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 366-367, ЭСТЯ 2, 269-273, Лексика 214-215, Stachowski 182. Cf. *bur- 'to smell' (VEWT 89).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bur/a-guface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"calfface="Times New Roman Star"теленокface="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u; dial. buza- 'to bear a calf', Osm. buza-la- 'id.'face="Times New Roman Star"byzawface="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u, buzag|, buzaw (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"buzo|qface="Times New Roman Star"mozaj
face="Times New Roman Star"byzovface="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"pyzoface="Times New Roman Star"puza (R)face="Times New Roman Star"byza
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|ru

face="Times New Roman Star"byza:
face="Times New Roman Star"muzo:face="Times New Roman Star"buzauface="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"byd|awface="Times New Roman Star"buzowface="Times New Roman Star"buza:face="Times New Roman Star"byzuv, buzuvface="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"puzo, pu:zy (ССЯ 457)face="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 391, VEWT 74-5, ЭСТЯ 2, 239-242, Лексика 438-439. Bulg. *bur@w|u > Hung. borju/, see MNyTESz 1, 345-346. The derivation from *bor/ 'grey' and assumption of borrowing Turk. *bur/agu > Mong. birag|u (Щербак 1997, 108) is hardly plausible.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wolfface="Times New Roman Star"волкface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ji, peri
face="Times New Roman Star"bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"pu":rface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru" (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bi:eriface="Times New Roman Star"pir@face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru", dial. (Todzh.) bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"pu"r/e (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 356, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 333, ЭСТЯ 2, 219-221, Лексика 160, Stachowski 63. The hypothesis of the word being borrowed from an East Iranian source runs into difficulties, basically because of the lack of early attested forms with -k (only in Tuva dialects and the hypothetical Bulgar source of Russ. бирюк (cf. Аникин 128-129)). See also Аб. 1, 263 (isn't the East Iranian form itself < Turkic?)
face="Times New Roman Star"*bir (*bi:r)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oneface="Times New Roman Star"одинface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bir (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"p@rface="Times New Roman Star"pirface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"biface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:r, birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"bir/face="Times New Roman Star"bir/byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"pyr, pir, pur (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, TMN 2, 383-4, EDT 353-4, ЭСТЯ 2, 146-151, Егоров 157, Федотов I 421-422, Stachowski 61. Cf. also Khak. praj 'all', Tat. dial. p@ra"j 'any' (КСТТ 179), Az. bira"-di 'one, all together'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)ady-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sew, sew together 2 leather beltface="Times New Roman Star"1 шить, сшивать 2 кожаный пояс
face="Times New Roman Star"qad|u- 1, qad|ys? 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kajis? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajy- 1, qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajys? 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qajys? 2 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"Gajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"Gaja- 1, Gajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"xa:s 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qajys? 2

face="Times New Roman Star"xatys 2


face="Times New Roman Star"qajy- 1, qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajy- 1, qajys 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajy- 1, qajys 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaj- > Chuv. xaj- 1, qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajy- 1, qajys 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajy- 1, qajys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 219, TMN 3, 408, EDT 596, 607, ЭСТЯ 5, 199, 218, Лексика 386.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:jnatface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wing 2 finface="Times New Roman Star"1 крыло 2 плавникface="Times New Roman Star"qanat (OUygh.- YB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat (Abush., MA) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qano|t 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qejnat 1face="Times New Roman Star"Ganad, ga"na"d (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"Ga:nat 1face="Times New Roman Star"xanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1, 2, qanar 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/onat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kynat, kyjyat 1face="Times New Roman Star"kynat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"xanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"qanat (Kakuk,ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"qanat 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 230, TMN 3, 518, EDT 635, ЭСТЯ 5, 252-253, Федотов 2, 137, Лексика 149-150, Stachowski 168. Initial s/- in Chuv. is unclear (effect of *-j-?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka.rynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bellyface="Times New Roman Star"животface="Times New Roman Star"qaryn (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qaryn (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"karynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qaryn (Sangl., Houts., AH, MA, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|rinface="Times New Roman Star"qerinface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"Garynface="Times New Roman Star"Garynface="Times New Roman Star"xarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarnyface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qa:rynface="Times New Roman Star"xyrъmface="Times New Roman Star"xaryn 'rumen; belly'
face="Times New Roman Star"xyrynface="Times New Roman Star"xyrynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"qaryn-tas? 'a relative' (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"qarynface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 238, EDT 661, ЭСТЯ 5, 321-322, Лексика 277.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kap-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cover (n.) 2 gate, door 3 to closeface="Times New Roman Star"1 крышка 2 ворота, дверь 3 закрыватьface="Times New Roman Star"qapag|, qapyg| (Orkh., OUygh.) 2, qapg|y (Orkh.) 2, qapaq (OUygh.) 1, qap- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qapug| (MK, KB), qapg|aq (MK) 1, qapug| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kapak 1, kapy 2, kapa- 3, kap- 3face="Times New Roman Star"dial. qapqaq 1, qapqa 2, qapla- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qabag| (Qutb.) 1, qapu (Houts., Pav. C.) 2, qabug| (Qutb.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"qo|pe|qo|q 1, qo|pqe| 2, qo|ple|- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qap(q)aq 1, dial. qobug| 2, qapla- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"GapaG 1, Gapy 2, Gapa- 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gapaq 1, Gapy 2, dial. Gap- 3face="Times New Roman Star"xaxpax 1face="Times New Roman Star"qabaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaqpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"xobъ 1, xop(la)- 3face="Times New Roman Star"xappax 1face="Times New Roman Star"kappakta:- 'to cover'face="Times New Roman Star"qaqpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qapqaq 1, qapqa 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaqpaq 1, qapy 2, qaqpa 2face="Times New Roman Star"qapaq 1, qapy 2, qap(l)a- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qapqa 2, qapla- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"qabaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaqpaq 1, qapy 2, qaqpa 2face="Times New Roman Star"qa:vu 2 (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"qapu 2, qabaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 203, TMN 3, 369, ЭСТЯ 5, 160, 263-264, 274-275, Лексика 510, Федотов 2, 358-359, Stachowski 138 (there is also a variant *Ka:p- - due to merger with another root *Ka:p-, v. sub *k[a:]p`a/; the meaning 'cover' here is probably secondary). Turk. > Mong. qabqag| 'cover' (whence Evk. kapkak, see Doerfer MT 125), qabqa 'gate', see TMN 3, 371, 415, Hung. kapu 'gate', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to break, demolish 2 small 3 to scrape, shaveface="Times New Roman Star"1 ломать, разрушать 2 маленький 3 скрести, брить
face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3 'to scrape; to tear out'face="Times New Roman Star"kyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3 (Pav. C.), 1, 'to cut off' (Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"qir- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qi(r)- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"xyr- 3, 'to cut'face="Times New Roman Star"qyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"x@r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kyryj- 'to shear, cut'; kyra 2face="Times New Roman Star"kyryj- 'to shear, cut'; kyra 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 265; EDT 643; TMN 3, 567, Лексика 382, ЭСТЯ 6, 227-229, Stachowski 168, 170. The Yak. form kyra 'small' is a rather transparent semantical derivative, although it is not usually listed among the reflexes of PT *Kyr-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyrkface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fortyface="Times New Roman Star"сорокface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyrkface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qirqface="Times New Roman Star"qi(r)q
face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrxface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"xyryxface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq, qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"x@r@x



face="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq
face="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrx, qyryxface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 651, VEWT 266, Лексика 573, ЭСТЯ 6, 235-236.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kys-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 short 2 narrow 3 to squeezeface="Times New Roman Star"1 короткий 2 узкий 3 сдавливатьface="Times New Roman Star"qysg|a (Orkh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys- 3 (MK, KB), qysyg| 2 (MK), qysqa 1 (KB), qysg|a 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kysa 1, kys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1, qys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1 (Abush.), qys- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qisqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qisqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"GysGa, qysGa 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gysa 1face="Times New Roman Star"GysGa 1, Gys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"xysxa 1, xys- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1
face="Times New Roman Star"x@z@k 2, x@s- 4face="Times New Roman Star"kyhaj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"kyhalga 'straits, sorrow' ( = Yak. kyhalga)face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1, qy's- 4, qyzy: 2face="Times New Roman Star"qy'sqa 1, qy's- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysxa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qsyqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysGa 1
face="Times New Roman Star"PT *Kys-ga 'short' is derived from PT *Kys- 'to press, squeeze'. See VEWT 267, EDT 665-7, ЭСТЯ 6, 251-253, Stachowski 167.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 girl 2 womanface="Times New Roman Star"1 девушка 2 женщинаface="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qiz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qiz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gy:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"xys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"x@r 1, x@r-(arъm) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ky:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ky:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyd| 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyz 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 269, TMN 3, 569-70, EDT 679-80, Лексика 295, 318, ЭСТЯ 6, 190-191, Stachowski 172. For PT one should reconstruct variants *ky:r//*ky:r (they are reflected in several derivatives, e.g. *Ky:r-kyn, see Лексика 317-318, ЭСТЯ 6, 237, *Kyr-nak, see TMN 3, 456, ЭСТЯ 6, 240).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kolface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 arm 2 handface="Times New Roman Star"1 рука (от локтя до плеча) 2 рука (кисть)face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qul 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2 (Abush., Sangl., MA, Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"qu.l 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gol 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gol 1face="Times New Roman Star"xol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"xol 'shoulder'face="Times New Roman Star"xol 1face="Times New Roman Star"kol 'shoulder'face="Times New Roman Star"xol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qul 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1face="Times New Roman Star"qol 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 276, EDT 614-5, TMN 3, 556, Дыбо 146-153, Федотов 2, 353, Лексика 244-245, ЭСТЯ 6, 37-43, Stachowski 150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Konakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 millet 2 Timothy grassface="Times New Roman Star"1 просо 2 тимофеевка, щетинник зеленоколосыйface="Times New Roman Star"qonaq 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qonaq 1 (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"qonaq 1 (AH, MA), qonag| 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qu.no|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"qonaq 1









face="Times New Roman Star"xonaq 2


face="Times New Roman Star"qonaqaj 1



face="Times New Roman Star"qonaqface="Times New Roman Star"qonax
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 637, Лексика 458-459, ЭСТЯ 6, 57. OT qojaq is a ghost-word. Turk. > WMong. qonag|, qonug| 'millet'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kol/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 pair, couple, one of a couple 2 to join, uniteface="Times New Roman Star"1 пара, один из пары 2 соединять(ся)face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1, qus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2 (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo.s? 1, qo.s?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"Gos? 'a couple of oxen', Gos?- 'to add'face="Times New Roman Star"xos 1, xos- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"xos 'double; again', xohuj- 2, xoho:n 'poem'face="Times New Roman Star"koho:n 'poem'face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qo's?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1, qos- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1, qos- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qywys? 1, qus?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos 1, qos- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1, qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qos?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 283; EDT 670, Лексика 611, Федотов 2, 375, ЭСТЯ 6, 90-94, Stachowski 150. Turk. > MMong. (HY) qos?i, WMong. qos, Kalm. xos? 'pair' (KW 189, TMN 3, 364, Clark 1980, 41, 42, Щербак 1997, 142).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Koc?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"ramface="Times New Roman Star"баранface="Times New Roman Star"qoc?qar, qoc?un|ar (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qoc?n|ar (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"koc?, koc?karface="Times New Roman Star"quc?qar (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qoc?, qoc?qar (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"g|o|c? (dial.), qo.c?qarface="Times New Roman Star"qoc?qa(r), qos?qa(r)face="Times New Roman Star"quz?g|arface="Times New Roman Star"Goc?face="Times New Roman Star"Goc?, Goc?Gar

face="Times New Roman Star"qoc?qorface="Times New Roman Star"Goc?


face="Times New Roman Star"qos?qar
face="Times New Roman Star"qoc?qorface="Times New Roman Star"qos?qarface="Times New Roman Star"qos?qarface="Times New Roman Star"qus?qarface="Times New Roman Star"qocxarface="Times New Roman Star"qoc?face="Times New Roman Star"qoc?, qoc?qar, qoc?xarface="Times New Roman Star"g|os?, qos?qarface="Times New Roman Star"qos?qor, qos?qurface="Times New Roman Star"qoc?qarface="Times New Roman Star"Лексика 432, TMN 3, 539, 540-541, EDT 592, ЭСТЯ 6, 87-88. Turk. > Hung. kos, see Gombocz 1912; Russ. dial. koc?ko/r, koc?ka/r/, see Аникин 308, 309.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kor/yface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lambface="Times New Roman Star"ягненокface="Times New Roman Star"qozy (quzy) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qozy (quzy) (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kuzuface="Times New Roman Star"quzy (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qozy (R.), qozu (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"qu.ziface="Times New Roman Star"qozaface="Times New Roman Star"quzy, qozy, qozaface="Times New Roman Star"Guzuface="Times New Roman Star"Guzy


face="Times New Roman Star"quzy




face="Times New Roman Star"qozuface="Times New Roman Star"qozyface="Times New Roman Star"qozy
face="Times New Roman Star"qozuface="Times New Roman Star"quzuface="Times New Roman Star"qozuface="Times New Roman Star"qozyface="Times New Roman Star"qo:zaface="Times New Roman Star"qozu (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 285, EDT 681, Лексика 433, ЭСТЯ 6, 108-109.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kula-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wave; jump over 2 to stretch 3 fathomface="Times New Roman Star"1 махать; перепрыгивать 2 тянуться 3 сажень
face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qolac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qula- 2 (Буд.), qulac? 3 (AH, Бор. Бад.), qulaz?| 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"g|ulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas?, Golas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gulac?, Golaz?| 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"xulas 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qula- 1, qulas? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|las/ 3face="Times New Roman Star"kula:-, kulas-ta- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qolas 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qolac? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulas? 3face="Times New Roman Star"qulac? 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 618, VEWT 298, TMN 3, 487, ЭСТЯ 6, 122, 129-131.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kumyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"antface="Times New Roman Star"муравейface="Times New Roman Star"qumursg|a (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"komursg|a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyrmysqaface="Times New Roman Star"qumursxa (Pav. C.), qumursug|a (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"qumursqa


face="Times New Roman Star"Gumursg|aface="Times New Roman Star"xumusxa, xymysxaface="Times New Roman Star"qymyrtas?, qumystas?face="Times New Roman Star"qomursqaface="Times New Roman Star"Gumurg|a:c?
face="Times New Roman Star"kymyrdag|as
face="Times New Roman Star"qymysqajaq
face="Times New Roman Star"qumursqaface="Times New Roman Star"qumyrsqaface="Times New Roman Star"qumyrsqaface="Times New Roman Star"qymyrt|qaface="Times New Roman Star"qumursxa, qumursqa, qumurc?xa
face="Times New Roman Star"qumurstqa, qumurstqu
face="Times New Roman Star"qumusqa, qomusq@nface="Times New Roman Star"xomursg|aface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 628, VEWT 300, Лексика 183-184, ЭСТЯ 6, 140-141.
face="Times New Roman Star"*s(i)ac?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hair (of head) 2 hair 3 hair (on back of head) 4 rootface="Times New Roman Star"1 волос (головы) 2 волос 3 волос (на затылке) 4 кореньface="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?e|c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"saz?|, sac? 1 (Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"so|c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ac? 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"sas 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u"s/ 2face="Times New Roman Star"as 3face="Times New Roman Star"as 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?a's? 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?e's? 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"sac? 1; sac?yx| 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 391, EDT 794, Лексика 197, ЭСТЯ 7, Stachowski 38.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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