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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.rge-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to need 2 necessity, necessary 3 to stay away, dare notface="Times New Roman Star"1 нуждатьс€ 2 необходимость, необходимый 3 не осмеливатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"kerge- 1 (OUygh.), kergek 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kerge- 1, kerek 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kira"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ke.rek 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kerak 2face="Times New Roman Star"kera"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ga"ra"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"gerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kirek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kir-l@ 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerej- 3, kerex 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"xerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"xerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ka"ra"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 256, EDT 742, 743, Ё—“я 3, 25-26, Stachowski 145. Turk. > Mong. kereg (see ўербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kerke-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 a k. of bird (кедровка) 2 black-cockface="Times New Roman Star"1 кедровка 2 тетерев, глухарь









face="Times New Roman Star"kergen 1face="Times New Roman Star"kergen 1

face="Times New Roman Star"karъk 2







face="Times New Roman Star"gerge 'жаворонок, skylark'





face="Times New Roman Star"*kes-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cutface="Times New Roman Star"резатьface="Times New Roman Star"kes- (Yenis.)face="Times New Roman Star"kes- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"s-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"s-face="Times New Roman Star"kas-face="Times New Roman Star"kehe:-
face="Times New Roman Star"ke's-
face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"kit|-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-



face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 257, Ё—“я 5, 55-57, 58. Turk. *kesek > WMong. keseg 'piece, part' (TMN 3, 596, Clark 1980, 39, ўербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ged-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to put onface="Times New Roman Star"надеватьface="Times New Roman Star"ked- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ked|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej-, kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-
face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-
face="Times New Roman Star"gi:-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 700, VEWT 246, Ё—“я 3, 12-13, Ћексика 472-473, Stachowski 146.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pass, wadeface="Times New Roman Star"проходить, переходить вбродface="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke/c?- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"/ec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kez?-ir- 'to ferry across the river'face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?-face="Times New Roman Star"kas/-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-
face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-, kis-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 693-694, Ё—“я 3, 32-34, TMN 3, 584.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to enterface="Times New Roman Star"входитьface="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 735-736, Ё—“я 3, 47-48, Stachowski 149.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyryl/ / *kiril/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bow stringface="Times New Roman Star"тетиваface="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"keres?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris? (Pav. C., IM, AH, Qutb.)


face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"k@r@s, xyrysface="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?
face="Times New Roman Star"xirlu"face="Times New Roman Star"kiris, kyrys
face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?
face="Times New Roman Star"kiric?
face="Times New Roman Star"kirisface="Times New Roman Star"keres?

face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?

face="Times New Roman Star"kiris?face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 71-72, Ћексика 578.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kil/iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"person, peopleface="Times New Roman Star"человек, людиface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@z@face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?i

face="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, EDT 752-753, Ё—“я 5, 78-79, Ћексика 325, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to rise, raiseface="Times New Roman Star"поднимать(с€)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"te|r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter- (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.tar-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ta"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ter- (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"go"t-face="Times New Roman Star"go"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"d@r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ketu"r-, ketir-
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t-; ko"to"r 'bird'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 'to fly; run'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"to"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ta"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"go"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-

face="Times New Roman Star"go"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 294, EDT 706, Ё—“я 3, 86-88, Stachowski 158. Cf. also Karakh. ko"tki 'hill', ko"tu" 'the roof of a house' (MK, EDT 701).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"gmeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gum (of tooth)face="Times New Roman Star"десна









face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|meface="Times New Roman Star"ko"gbe (Mat.), ko"ge (Kond.)
















face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 290.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"ku"r/ (/*go"gu"r/), *Ko"krekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast 2 middle of the back 3 reason, sense, emotion 4 female breastface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь 2 по€сница, середина спины 3 женска€ грудьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1, 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"g|u"s 1, ko"krek 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1 (dial.,  —““), ku"kre|k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gs, ko"gu"s (Sangl.), ko"ku"s (MA) 1, ko"krek (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.ks 1, 3, ko|kra"k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s, go":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ks, ko"ku"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"vu"s 1, ku"krek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gis 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|gъw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"g|u"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ksu" 'back'

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"ro"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kis 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"frix 4?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 714, VEWT 288, Ё—“я 3, 54-55, 5, 136-137, Ћексика 272-274, Stachowski 155. The Oghuz forms with k- (Turkm. ku"krek, Tur. dial. ko"krek) may be < Kypchak, cf. -u"- instead of -o"- in Turkm.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (itr.) 2 to burn (tr.) 3 to kindle 4 to get burnt 5 soot 6 strong smell of burnt 7 unpleasant smellface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть 2 жечь 3 зажигать 4 обгорать 5 сажа 6 сильный запах горелого 7 непри€тный запахface="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n- (Argu MK), ko"j- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) ko"j-, ku"j- 1; ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (Abush., MA, Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuj- 1, kuja 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ku"j- 1, ko"jdu"r- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ku"jo" (dial.) 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku", k@w|v 6 (јшм.), k@w|s/ek 7; kъw|vajt 5

face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 309, EDT 726, 730, Ё—“я 5, 88-89, 133, Ћексика 362, ћудрак ƒисс. 75. The Az. form is somewhat dubious, both semantically ("itch") and phonetically (irregular voiced g-). See also *ko"n/- 'to grieve, suffer'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 blue 2 green ("macro-blue" according to Wierzbicka)face="Times New Roman Star"1 синий 2 зеленыйface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MK, KB), 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"go":k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|vak 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gux 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, TMN 3, 640-642, EDT 708-9, Ё—“я 3, 66-68, Ћексика 60, 604, Stachowski 165. In most languages the root also means 'sky'. Turk. > Hung. ke/k 'blue', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to buryface="Times New Roman Star"закапывать, хоронитьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (MA), go"m- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-
face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"xo"m-face="Times New Roman Star"xo"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 289, EDT 721, Ё—“я 3, 70-71, Stachowski 155.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":jnekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bucket, vesselface="Times New Roman Star"ведро, сосуд
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nek, Osm. ko"jnu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ne|k (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ku.ne|k

face="Times New Roman Star"ko":nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"no"k



face="Times New Roman Star"xo"nek
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"no"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ne|k





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 104-105, VEWT 290 ( > Mong. ko"nu"g, further > TM: Sol. xong/e:, Evk. ko:n|i:, see “ћ— 1, 412, 478). Turk. > Russ. Siber. kunu/k, see јникин 324
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"jn|-ilface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart, moodface="Times New Roman Star"сердце, духface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"n-u"l; go"ju"n, go"jn (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|@lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nu"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"vu"n, ko"n|-u"l (arch. - borrowed from Tu"rki)face="Times New Roman Star"ko":l, ko"n|n-@face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|n-u"face="Times New Roman Star"ku":nface="Times New Roman Star"ki:ilface="Times New Roman Star"k@w|m@w|lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l 'will, freedom'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l 'permission'
face="Times New Roman Star"xo":lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|@lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nu"l, ko"lu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|il, kewilface="Times New Roman Star"go"jn|yface="Times New Roman Star"go"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 731, Ё—“я 3, 75-77, Ћексика 274, Stachowski 156. Almost all languages reflect a suffixed form (a substantivized adjective in -il, see Gabain AG 75). Khak., Shor reflect a nominalized attributive form of ko"n|u"l.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"manyface="Times New Roman Star"многоface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ku"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (Pav. C., MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'p, xo"j ( < *ko"pej)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ku"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 686-687, Ё—“я 5, 107-108.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"r/ ( = *go"r-s) / *go"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 eye (*go"r/) 2 to see, look (*go"r-)face="Times New Roman Star"1 глаз 2 видетьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (Orkh., Yen.,OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z (Sangl., Pav. C.), ko"z (Vam.) 1, ko"r- (MA, Abush., Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku.z 1, ku.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, go"r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (Sag.) 1, ko"zenek (Kyzil.) 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (R) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s, dial. ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ke.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"kos/ 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"stu"k 'eye-glass', ko"sku" 'visible, good-eyed', ko"skenek 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sku"t- 'to show', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d| 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"goz/koz 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"(:)z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 292, TMN 3, 637f, EDT 756 (*go"r/), 736 (*go"r-), ‘едотов 1, 310, 314, Ё—“я 3, 60-64 (*go"r/), 77-79, 81-84 (*go"r-), Ћексика 209, Stachowski 155, 156. The Chuv. reflex requires a supposition of a final cluster (*rs) in the nominal stem; this may be a suffixed deverbative. OT ko"ru"g 'glance; image' > MMo, WMong. ko"ru"g 'image'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to migrate, nomadize 2 nomadizingface="Times New Roman Star"1 мигрировать, кочевать 2 кочевка
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1 (MK, KB), ko"c? 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?- 1, ku"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?|- 1, ko"c? 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.c?- 1, ko.c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kec?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kos/- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1, ko"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1, ko"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'s?- 1, ko"'s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'s?- 1, ko"'s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s 'рой', ku"s- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 'luggage'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 693, 694, Ћексика 489, Ё—“я 3, 88-90, TMN 3, 622, ‘едотов 1, 315, Stachowski 158.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 screen, covering 2 to screen, obstruct light 3 shadowface="Times New Roman Star"1 укрытие, полог, занавес 2 давать тень, укрывать от света 3 теньface="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?ige (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?i- (MK) 2, ko"s?ik (MK) 1, ko"s?ige (MK) 3



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?u"ke| 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zen|e 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?ege 1




face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?ege 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?o"go" 1








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 753. The root tends to merge with PT *ko"l/- 'to shiver (of cold), freeze' (see VEWT 294), as well as with *ko"li- 'shadow' - but they should be probably kept apart. Turk. > MMong. ko"s?i-, ko"s?ige, ko"s?ge (TMN 1, 481, ўербак 1997, 128, Clark 1980, 41) > Evk. kuc?i-, kuc?iger (Doerfer MT 125).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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