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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bow, bend 2 to curve, bend, wrap smth.face="Times New Roman Star"1 сгибаться, кланяться 2 сгибать, складывать, свертывать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (Sangl. Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"buk- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'a bend, flexion'; bu"gu"le:- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 'to wrap'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k/g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"g-u"l- 1 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"po"x- 2 (ССЯ 454)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, VEWT 91-92, ЭСТЯ 2, 290-293.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":g, *bo":g-en, *bo":g-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 insect 2 phalanx, tarantula 3 gad-fly 4 wolfface="Times New Roman Star"1 насекомое 2 фаланга, тарантул 3 слепень 4 волк
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g, bo"j 2 (MK), bij 2 (MK - Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g| 2, bu"g|e, bu"g|e-lek 3, bo"z?|ek 1, (dial.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo"je| 2, bo"z?|e|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bew 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"mo":j 2, bij 2, mo":z?|ek 4



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|van 3



face="Times New Roman Star"bo":, bo"j, bo"ju", bo"jo"n 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ji 2face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2, 'queen bee', bo"z?|ek 'beetle'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jo" 2, bo"z?|a"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"z?|ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2face="Times New Roman Star"mij 2
face="Times New Roman Star"mija 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 323, VEWT 82-3, Лексика 184. Partly contaminated with *bo"ke-l 'gad-fly ' (v. sub *pi_u>/k`i/). The form in -c?ek is a diminutive. Turk. > Hung. bo"go"ly 'gad-fly', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to be destroyed, ruined 2 to destroyface="Times New Roman Star"1 разрушаться, разоряться 2 разрушать


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- 1face="Times New Roman Star"OKypch. bu"l- 'to remove, fire' (AH)













face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lu"n- 'to be alarmed'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lin- 1, bu"ldir- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"l- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 92, EDT 332.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"r/- / *bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to wrinkleface="Times New Roman Star"морщиться
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r- (MK, KB), bu"z- (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r- (dial.), bu"z-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buris?-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"z-, bu"ru"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-, bu"z-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"r-


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|r-



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"r-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 92, EDT 355, ЭСТЯ 2, 294-296 (contaminates with *bu"r- 'to cover'). Егоров 157, Федотов 1, 421.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"ru"-lgenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of berryface="Times New Roman Star"вид ягоды


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rlegen

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"lz?|u"(r)ga"n






face="Times New Roman Star"pew|rlew|xen



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ldu"rko"nface="Times New Roman Star"bu"ldirgenface="Times New Roman Star"bo"/u"ldirgenface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rd|o"ge|n





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 93, Лексика 139-140 (forms like Kaz. bu"ldirgen may reflect the same stem: *bu"ru"l-degen). Cf. also Mong. forms: bu"relgene 'калина', bo":ro"lgo"no" 'костяника' which may be of Turkic origin.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"ru"-, *bu"r-ke-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cover upface="Times New Roman Star"покрывать, закрывать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"n- 'to be covered' (MK, KB), bu"rkek 'cloudy', bu"rku"r- 'to become cloudy' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"- (also of clouds), bu"rge, bu"rgu" 'kerchief, thin curtain'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rke|-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke- (MA, Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"burka-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"(r)ka"-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"re-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"rge-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"rge-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"j-; bu"rku"j- 'to become cloudy'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"j-; bu"rku"k 'cloudy'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge- (also of clouds)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rhu"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rko"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rka"-n- 'to be covered', bo"rko"u" 'stifling'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke- (also of clouds)face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 363, 367, ДТС 133, VEWT 92, ЭСТЯ 2, 296-298, Stachowski 68. The form in -ke- is an intensive and can hardly be regarded as a mongolism.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bud 2 leaf 3 grainface="Times New Roman Star"1 почка 2 лист 3 зерноface="Times New Roman Star"bu"r 1 (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?u"k 1, bu"rtu"k 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro" 1





face="Times New Roman Star"pu"r 2


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rz?|e 'grain, particle'face="Times New Roman Star"burduk 'flour'face="Times New Roman Star"burduk 'flour'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"r 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtik 3face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro" 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtu"k 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtik 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rtu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 92, EDT 354, Лексика 114-115, Stachowski 67. Turk. > WMong. bu"r, Kalm. bu"r (KW 67).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"rc?e / *bu"rgeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fleaface="Times New Roman Star"блоха
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"pireface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rc?e|face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge (MA, Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burgaface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rga"
face="Times New Roman Star"pira"face="Times New Roman Star"bu"re



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rz/a



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rgo"face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge, bu"rs?e (dial.), burs?a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rs?eface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rsa"face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?eface="Times New Roman Star"pireface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?eface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?eface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 362, VEWT 92, ЭСТЯ 2, 298-299, Лексика 182-183. The Kypch. form *bu"rc?e is a diminutive.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to end, accomplish 2 to be ended 3 to create, build 4 to heal 5 to grow, ripenface="Times New Roman Star"1 кончать, завершать 2 кончаться 3 создавать, строить 4 заживать 5 вырастать, вызреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bet- 2, bet-e|s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pyt-, put- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t- 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"pu"d-u"r- 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t- 2, bo"t-o"s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5; 'to close'face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pit- 2, 4, 5
face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 93, TMN 2, 267, EDT 298-9, 306, ЭСТЯ 2, 152-154, 302-303, Stachowski 68. Cf. also PT *bu"tu"n 'all, whole' - a derivative from *bu"t-. Turk. > Mong. *bu"te-, *bu"tu"- (KW 69-70, TMN 2, 268-269, Щербак 1997, 111).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to join, intertwine, adhere 2 to wind, weaveface="Times New Roman Star"1 присоединяться, переплетаться, примыкать 2 плести, ткать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"tu"s?- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ter- 'крутить, свертывать'
face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|d@w|r- 2




face="Times New Roman Star"bitis- 'мириться'
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"to"rgo"s 'деталь ткацкого станка'





face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 309-310. Федотов 1, 427
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to heal (of a wound)face="Times New Roman Star"заживать (о ране)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bet-a"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit-


face="Times New Roman Star"bit-; bitik 'scar, cicatrice'face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t-o"s?-


face="Times New Roman Star"pit-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299 (sub *bu"t- 'finish'), ЭСТЯ 2, 154-155. Cf. also Chuv. pytc?a 'гнойный лишай'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bor/ ( ? o:)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"greyface="Times New Roman Star"серыйface="Times New Roman Star"boz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"boz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bu"zface="Times New Roman Star"boz (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.zface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bosface="Times New Roman Star"pozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz

face="Times New Roman Star"bos





face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bud|face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bo:z
face="Times New Roman Star"boz
face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 388, VEWT 82, TMN 2, 335, ЭСТЯ 2, 171-173, Лексика 605. Turk. > Old Russ. bosyj, dial. bu/syj, buso/j, see Аникин 147 (with lit.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bullface="Times New Roman Star"быкface="Times New Roman Star"buqa (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqa (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buqaface="Times New Roman Star"puqaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buqa

face="Times New Roman Star"buga
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buxaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 87, EDT 312, ЭСТЯ 2, 230-232, Sinor 1962, 320-321, Лексика 437. Turk. > Mong. buqa (see TMN 2, 299, Щербак 1997, 110), whence Evk. buka etc. (see TMN ibid., Poppe 1966, 194, Doerfer MT 99). Turk. > Hung. bika, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 body, stature 2 self 3 kin, tribe 4 counter for persons 5 lengthface="Times New Roman Star"1 тело, стан, рост 2 сам 3 род 4 сч. слово для лиц 5 длинаface="Times New Roman Star"bod 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1 (MK, KB), boj 3 (MK - Oghuz), bod 4 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"buj 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1 (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"poz 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pos 2face="Times New Roman Star"pozu 2face="Times New Roman Star"boj 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1face="Times New Roman Star"pu" 1, 5

face="Times New Roman Star"bot 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"buj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bojag|yr (< bojy agyr) 'pregnant' (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296-297, VEWT 77, TMN 2, 358-361, ЭСТЯ 2, 176-178, Лексика 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodo-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to paint, dye 2 dyeface="Times New Roman Star"1 красить 2 краскаface="Times New Roman Star"bodug| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod|o- (MK) 1, bod|og| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, bujaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- (Abush., Sangl.) 1, bojag|/q 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ja- 1, bu.jo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"boju-/a- 1, bojaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2

face="Times New Roman Star"pojo- 1 (ГАЯ), poju- (dial. - Баск. Кум.)face="Times New Roman Star"boda- 1, bodag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|ve- 1face="Times New Roman Star"butuj- 1, butuk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"budu- 1, buduq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojo- 1, bojoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojau 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, hary bujaq 'серпуха' (a dying plant)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojax| 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 77, ЭСТЯ 2, 178-179, Егоров 155. Despite EDT, Tel. bodu- is a Mongolian loanword. Chuv. -v- instead of *-r- is not quite clear here (perhaps it is a trace of the archaic *-gd-cluster?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*boj-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to be dilatory and careless 2 to rage, rough-house 3 rampant 4 to rot, spoilface="Times New Roman Star"1 быть неосторожным, рассеянным 2 буянить 3 буйный, ретивый 4 протухать, портиться, хиреть
face="Times New Roman Star"bojba- (MK) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j-la- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"bojna- 2, bojnaq 3






face="Times New Roman Star"boj-la- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"buj-da- 'to be confused'

face="Times New Roman Star"buj-la- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"boj-g|yn 'fainted'


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 385.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodu-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to fasten (with a nail, arrow) 2 to be fastened, attached 3 wooden nail in camel's nose for fastening the tether 4 nailface="Times New Roman Star"1 прикреплять, прибивать (гвоздем, стрелой) 2 быть прикрепленным 3 деревянный гвоздик в носовой перегородке верблюда для прикрепления привязи 4 гвоздьface="Times New Roman Star"bodu- 1 (OUygh.), bodul- 2, budlu 3 (OUygh. - YB)face="Times New Roman Star"bodu- 1 (MK), butlu ( = budlu) 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"pojra 'wheel hob', dial. bujru, bujlu
face="Times New Roman Star"bujla (MA) 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bujla 3

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"jli 3face="Times New Roman Star"pozyg| 4face="Times New Roman Star"pozug| 4






face="Times New Roman Star"bujla 3face="Times New Roman Star"bujda 3face="Times New Roman Star"bojysqan (< *body-s?-kan) 'woollen lead for fastening calves during milking'face="Times New Roman Star"bujlyq 'a bridle detail, суголовник'


face="Times New Roman Star"bujda 3

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, 304, 305, ЭСТЯ 2, 287. The original meaning of the root is clearly 'to fasten, attach'. The -u-vowel in the name of camel harness may be a result of borrowing in Karakh. from a Kypchak-type dialect, with further dispersion from Karakh. Тurk. bujla > Mong. bujla 'id.' > Tuva bujla.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bod-tak
face="Times New Roman Star"young lambface="Times New Roman Star"1 ягненок 2 холостой


face="Times New Roman Star"bujdak 2 (ba"ti барашек < Chuv.?)face="Times New Roman Star"bojdag| (R) 1 молодой баран 2 холостойface="Times New Roman Star"bo.jdo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2



face="Times New Roman Star"postan|, postug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdon| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pod'ak, dial. put@ 1, козленок **AD

face="Times New Roman Star"bottan| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdok 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года; яловый), 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bujzaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bojdax 2, 'молодой человек'face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года), 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 77-8, Федотов 1 455 **AD. Turk. > Kalm. bojd@g (KW 49), Khalkha, Bur. bojtog 'fur boots'. Shor postan| seems to point to *bod-tak, but this is probably a secondary influence of *bod > pos (the roots are different anyway, being distinguished not only by *-j- *-d-, but also by vowel length). **AD Откуда долгота? Нет никаких оснований. Семантика производящего *bod| - рост, тело, сам, одинокий, холостой, у производного - холостой, молодой баран (в ч-ти шор. postan|, postug|, саг. postan| 'холостой').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to becomeface="Times New Roman Star"становитьсяface="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo(l)-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"o^.l-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-
face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"vol-, vo:-, bo:- (Тен. ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, ЭСТЯ 2, 185-188, Федотов 1, 442, Stachowski 66. Forms with o- may represent a different root (see *ol-tur-). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- in a number of words with grammatical function (for Haladzh cf. vi:er- 'give', va:or 'there is'), so most of the forms with o- may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-; the different root *ol- is with more certainty reflected only in Middle Uyghur (At., Tefs., IM - cf. bar, bir- in the same sources) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf., see ЭСТЯ 2, 186).
face="Times New Roman Star"*borsuk, *borsmukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"badgerface="Times New Roman Star"барсук
face="Times New Roman Star"borsmuq (MK), borsuq (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"porsukface="Times New Roman Star"bursyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsuq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|rsiqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq
face="Times New Roman Star"porsuG
face="Times New Roman Star"porsyx, morsyx, (dial.) mors?yxface="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"morsyq
face="Times New Roman Star"porъs?

face="Times New Roman Star"morzuqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuqface="Times New Roman Star"borso-l-doj 'young badger'face="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"burhyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq

face="Times New Roman Star"porsyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsux| (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 369, Лексика 164, TMN 2, 284, ЭСТЯ 7, Егоров 165, Федотов 1, 446-447. Reflexes of m- in Siberian languages may be due to the nasal in the suffix (cf. the form in MK). Among the traditional derivations one should mention the connection with *bur-sy- 'to stink, rot', but external parallels indicate that this is rather a folk etymology.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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