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\data\alt\turcet
 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to become boiled, ripeface="Times New Roman Star"свариватьс€, созреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-, pes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis/-face="Times New Roman Star"bus-
face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-, pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, EDT 376-377, Ё—“я 2, 161-164. Mong. bis?laq, basilag| 'a k. of home cheese' < Turk. *byl/-lak (Clark 1980, 42, ўербак 1997, 107).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bElinface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hawkface="Times New Roman Star"€стреб




face="Times New Roman Star"belin (Chag.)

face="Times New Roman Star"beli-baGly















face="Times New Roman Star"belin|


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 69.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.n/r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 swelling 2 scar, ulcerface="Times New Roman Star"1 железа 2 шрам, €зва
face="Times New Roman Star"bez (MK, IM) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bez 2face="Times New Roman Star"biz 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bez (Sangl.), mez (Sangl.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bez 2face="Times New Roman Star"ba"z
face="Times New Roman Star"ba"z, va"zface="Times New Roman Star"ma":z 2



face="Times New Roman Star"pu"r 'pus'

face="Times New Roman Star"bes 1face="Times New Roman Star"bes 1face="Times New Roman Star"bez 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bez 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bezface="Times New Roman Star"bid|face="Times New Roman Star"bez 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bez 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bez 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 72, EDT 388, ≈горов 142, ‘едотов 1, 384, Ё—“я 7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bin/r/ (*bin|r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"awlface="Times New Roman Star"шило

face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bezface="Times New Roman Star"biz (MA), bigiz (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bigizface="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"pyz-, puz-face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bijz/bi:zface="Times New Roman Star"p@sface="Times New Roman Star"pisface="Times New Roman Star"mis



face="Times New Roman Star"bisface="Times New Roman Star"bisface="Times New Roman Star"mizface="Times New Roman Star"biz, dial. bigizface="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bed|face="Times New Roman Star"miz
face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"biz
face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 75, Ё—“я 2, 130-131, TMN 2, 311. The Chag. form bigiz is quite strange: perhaps it is a result of denasalization of *bin|iz < *bin|r/ (this would then suggest a velar nasal in the root).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bialykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"city, fortressface="Times New Roman Star"город, крепостьface="Times New Roman Star"balyq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (Pav. C.)

face="Times New Roman Star"balyq, paluq




face="Times New Roman Star"baluq 'деревн€'face="Times New Roman Star"pu"ler













face="Times New Roman Star"TMN 2, 257, EDT 335-336, Ё—“я 2, 59, ќ—Ќя 3, 91, Ћексика 485, ћудрак ƒисс. 194.
face="Times New Roman Star"*byldur- (*buldyr-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a bird smaller than a grey partridge, quailface="Times New Roman Star"рыжа€ куропатка, степной р€бчик

face="Times New Roman Star"byldyrz?|yn
face="Times New Roman Star"byldyrc?yn (Sangl., Houts., Bulgat)face="Times New Roman Star"bulduriq 'Steppenhuhn'

face="Times New Roman Star"byldyrc?yn (dial.)




face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|ldъw|rz?|an (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bylz?|yryt, byllyryt 'snipe'


face="Times New Roman Star"bulduruqface="Times New Roman Star"buldyryq




face="Times New Roman Star"buldyryq

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 309, TMN 2, 312, VEWT 73-74, Ё—“я 2, 305-306, Ћексика 173. Turk. > Russ. Siber. buld'ur'uk (јникин 140).
face="Times New Roman Star"*biarn|akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"finger, thumbface="Times New Roman Star"палец, большой палец
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Tefs., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"parmak, dial. barnakface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, dial. barnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"barmo|qface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaGface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq


face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"pu"rne



face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, (Pallas) parnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaxface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 63, Ё—“я 2, 66-68, ƒыбо 319-320, Ћексика 253-255.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)atface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bad, unworthyface="Times New Roman Star"плохой, негодныйface="Times New Roman Star"bat (Orkh., OUygh.)















face="Times New Roman Star"pat










face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296, VEWT 65.
face="Times New Roman Star"*biagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"liverface="Times New Roman Star"печеньface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 'breast, bosom'face="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (Ѕор. Ѕад., MA)
face="Times New Roman Star"beg|irface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"baGyrface="Times New Roman Star"pa:r


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|verface="Times New Roman Star"byarface="Times New Roman Star"byar 'belly; liver'face="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawur
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 55, EDT 317, Ё—“я 2, 17-19, 22-23, Ћексика 278, Stachowski 69.
face="Times New Roman Star"*iagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heavyface="Times New Roman Star"т€желыйface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|irface="Times New Roman Star"eg|ir
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"aGyrface="Times New Roman Star"a:r

face="Times New Roman Star"ag|i:.rface="Times New Roman Star"jyvъrface="Times New Roman Star"yarface="Times New Roman Star"yara-kanface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"o:rface="Times New Roman Star"awyr
face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"awur

face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 8, EDT 88-9, Ё—“я 1, 85-87, ≈горов 82-83, Ћексика 338-339, Stachowski 258.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bia:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swift, quickface="Times New Roman Star"быстрыйface="Times New Roman Star"bat (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bat (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"pat 'suddenly'
face="Times New Roman Star"bat (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tface="Times New Roman Star"pat

face="Times New Roman Star"ba:da 'at once'



face="Times New Roman Star"pid@ ( < *pu"d@?) 'most, very'

face="Times New Roman Star"pat 'extremely'
face="Times New Roman Star"bat








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 65, EDT 296, ≈горов 162, ‘едотов 1, 437.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cockleface="Times New Roman Star"куколь


face="Times New Roman Star"baqra









face="Times New Roman Star"poxra













face="Times New Roman Star"‘едотов 1, 441-442. Cf. Tel. pag|yr 'allium nutans', 'слизун' (R).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAn/akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dungface="Times New Roman Star"навозface="Times New Roman Star"majaq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"majaq, bajnaq (MK, Oghuz XI c.)



face="Times New Roman Star"majaq









face="Times New Roman Star"myjaqface="Times New Roman Star"myjaq









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 322, 336, EDT 350.
face="Times New Roman Star"*burkyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wrinkledface="Times New Roman Star"сморщенныйface="Times New Roman Star"burqyface="Times New Roman Star"burqy, burqyg| 'wrinkle'


























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 360.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAs-kyc?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"stairwayface="Times New Roman Star"лестница




face="Times New Roman Star"basqyz?| (Chag.)



face="Times New Roman Star"pasxys





face="Times New Roman Star"basqys?










face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 77 (usually derived < *bas- 'to press, trample').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of plant or treeface="Times New Roman Star"вид дерева или растени€








face="Times New Roman Star"bo:rz?|aq 'эфедра'

face="Times New Roman Star"borsuq 'yew'

face="Times New Roman Star"boru: 'хвощ'


face="Times New Roman Star"boruq 'small reed'









face="Times New Roman Star"*bij-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sharp edge, knifeface="Times New Roman Star"острый край, ножface="Times New Roman Star"bi (OUygh.)








face="Times New Roman Star"pi-ze- 'to whet, sharpen'



face="Times New Roman Star"bi:face="Times New Roman Star"bi:











face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 291, VEWT 75, Ћексика 398, 399-400, Stachowski 61.
face="Times New Roman Star"*byc?- / *bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cutface="Times New Roman Star"резатьface="Times New Roman Star"byc?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"byc?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pi>c?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-
face="Times New Roman Star"byc?-
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|s/-face="Times New Roman Star"bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"by's?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pi>s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"bi>s-, bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-
face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292-293, VEWT 73, Ё—“я 2, 158-160, Stachowski 71. Turk. > Hung. biczak 'knife' ( Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"kelekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gad-flyface="Times New Roman Star"овод







face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ja"la"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"kelek




face="Times New Roman Star"bu"gu"lex, bu"gu"je












face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 212-213, Ћексика 185.
face="Times New Roman Star"*baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"beginning of the spring season, lambing seasonface="Times New Roman Star"начало весеннего сезона, сезона рождени€ €гн€т
face="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MK)



face="Times New Roman Star"baldi(r) (dial.: ”ƒ— 23) 'last year'





















face="Times New Roman Star"The root tends to mix with *byldur 'last year', but is explicitly distinguished by MK (as baldyr vs. byldyr).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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