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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nameface="Times New Roman Star"имяface="Times New Roman Star"at (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"at (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"at (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|t, dial. (Namangan) a"tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"at, (ady)face="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 30-1, EDT 32-3, ЭСТЯ 1, 198-199, Егоров 355, Stachowski 41-42.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:jnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"neckface="Times New Roman Star"шеяface="Times New Roman Star"bojyn (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bojun, bojyn (MK), bojun (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojn, bojun (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.jinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"bu:unface="Times New Roman Star"mъjface="Times New Roman Star"mo:jface="Times New Roman Star"muojface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mo"a"n (mojnu)face="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojnuface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"bojnyface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, EDT 386, ЭСТЯ 2, 180-182, Лексика 233-234, Stachowski 183. Turk. forms like Kirgh. mojnoq > Mong. Kh. moinog 'Wamme' (see Щербак 1997, 108).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|y / *jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"newface="Times New Roman Star"новыйface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jangu.face="Times New Roman Star"jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y 'just, recently'face="Times New Roman Star"na:face="Times New Roman Star"na (Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|yface="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|giface="Times New Roman Star"s/@n@face="Times New Roman Star"san|aface="Times New Roman Star"han|a; hin|il 'young'face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"n/a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?ang|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jyn|gyface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185 (Ra"sa"nen is deriving this word from *ja:n 'side' which is quite improbable), EDT 943-4, ЭСТЯ 4, 124-125, Лексика 85, Stachowski 96, 104. Turk. > MMo, WMong. z?|an|gi, Kalm. za"n|g/@ 'news' (KW 470; doubts about this borrowing in TMN 1, 281, based on the early attestation of the meaning "discussion" in Mong., are hardly founded).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:c? (-e)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 long time 2 late 3 be late 4 night 5 evening 6 yesterdayface="Times New Roman Star"1 долго 2 поздний 3 опаздывать 4 ночь 5 вечер 6 вчераface="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2, kec?- 3, kec?e 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2 (KB, MK), kec?- 3 (MK), kec?a" 4, 5 (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gec? 2, gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kic? 5, kic?e| 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?a 4, 6face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?a" 5face="Times New Roman Star"kic?e 4 (Mal.)face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gi:c? 2, gi:z?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|e: 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec?ik 5 (Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, 5, kec?e 6face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ec?a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"kas/ 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?e: 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?|e 5face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, kec?e: 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5, kes?a" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kis 5, kisa" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 5, kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"ga"z?|i 4face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 692-3, 694-5, ЭСТЯ 3, 40-41, 50-51, Лексика 82, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*burun (*buryn)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 nose 2 front part 3 beforeface="Times New Roman Star"1 нос 2 передняя часть 3 перед, впередиface="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"boryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"p'uryn 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"purnu, (Верб.) purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 3face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1
face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"munnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"moron 1, boron 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"purny 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 366-367, ЭСТЯ 2, 269-273, Лексика 214-215, Stachowski 182. Cf. *bur- 'to smell' (VEWT 89).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bir (*bi:r)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oneface="Times New Roman Star"одинface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bir (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"p@rface="Times New Roman Star"pirface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"biface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:r, birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"bir/face="Times New Roman Star"bir/byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"pyr, pir, pur (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, TMN 2, 383-4, EDT 353-4, ЭСТЯ 2, 146-151, Егоров 157, Федотов I 421-422, Stachowski 61. Cf. also Khak. praj 'all', Tat. dial. p@ra"j 'any' (КСТТ 179), Az. bira"-di 'one, all together'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kil/iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"person, peopleface="Times New Roman Star"человек, людиface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@z@face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?i

face="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, EDT 752-753, ЭСТЯ 5, 78-79, Лексика 325, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jag-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rain 2 rainface="Times New Roman Star"1 идти (о дожде) 2 дождьface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (Orkh.), jag|mur 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|yr, jawym 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur / jamg|ur 2 (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf., MA), jag|yn 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|- 1, jo|mg|ir, jo|g|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jamg|u(r), jan|mur, jeg|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mirface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|myr, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, nan|myr 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|-, c?a:- 1, nag|byr, namyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:-, d/a- 1, d/an|myr, d/a:s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u- 1, s/omъr 2face="Times New Roman Star"samy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"hamy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, c?a's 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|a:-, z?|au- 1, z?|amg|yr, z?|a:n 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?an|byr, z?awyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yrface="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yr, jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?awun, z?|ang|urface="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?awyn, z?amg|yr 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|ur, jan|ur, jawyn / jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 896, 903-4, 908, ЭСТЯ 4, 57, Лексика 25, Федотов 2, 135, Stachowski 95.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jo:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"roadface="Times New Roman Star"дорогаface="Times New Roman Star"jol (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jol (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"julface="Times New Roman Star"jol (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ju.lface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jo:lface="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"d/olface="Times New Roman Star"juo:lface="Times New Roman Star"s/olface="Times New Roman Star"suolface="Times New Roman Star"huolface="Times New Roman Star"c?ol 'fate'face="Times New Roman Star"c?ol 'fate'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|olface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"julface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"z?olface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"jolface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 205-6, EDT 917, ЭСТЯ 4, 29, 217-218, Лексика 531, Федотов 2, 131, Stachowski 112.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"rootface="Times New Roman Star"корень
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (AH, Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k



face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|k (Anatri)

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'k

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, EDT 708, TMN 3, 598, ЭСТЯ 5, 91-92, Лексика 109.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kumface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sandface="Times New Roman Star"песокface="Times New Roman Star"qum (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qum (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kumface="Times New Roman Star"qomface="Times New Roman Star"qum (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qum, qomface="Times New Roman Star"Gumface="Times New Roman Star"Gumface="Times New Roman Star"xumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qum
face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|mface="Times New Roman Star"kumaxface="Times New Roman Star"kumakface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"xumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qu_mface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qomface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"Gum
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 299, EDT 625, Лексика 102, ЭСТЯ 6, 133-134, Stachowski 160. Turk. > WMong. qum, Kalm. xum 'sand' (KW 196; TMN 3, 508), Hung. homok (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*de:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sayface="Times New Roman Star"сказать, говоритьface="Times New Roman Star"te- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"te- (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"di-face="Times New Roman Star"di- (Abush.), te- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"da"-face="Times New Roman Star"di-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"di:-face="Times New Roman Star"t@-face="Times New Roman Star"te-face="Times New Roman Star"de-
face="Times New Roman Star"te-face="Times New Roman Star"die-face="Times New Roman Star"die-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"te-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"ti-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"dij-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 467-8, EDT 433-4, ЭСТЯ 3, 221-224, Stachowski 79. Kypchak and some other languages preserve voiced d- due to the word's grammaticalized usage.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.riface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"skinface="Times New Roman Star"кожаface="Times New Roman Star"teri (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teri (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"deriface="Times New Roman Star"tireface="Times New Roman Star"teri (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"tera"face="Times New Roman Star"teryface="Times New Roman Star"da"riface="Times New Roman Star"deriface="Times New Roman Star"te:rface="Times New Roman Star"tereface="Times New Roman Star"tereface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"tir@face="Times New Roman Star"tiri:face="Times New Roman Star"tiri:
face="Times New Roman Star"tere (Рас. ФиЛ)face="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"tireface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"deriface="Times New Roman Star"teryface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"ci:ryface="Times New Roman Star"teriface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 475, EDT 530, ЭСТЯ 3, 207-208, Лексика 383, Stachowski 223.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kic?u"k /-gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"small, littleface="Times New Roman Star"маленькийface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ig (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u"g (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"k, kic?i (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ik (IM, AH, Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kyc?ig|face="Times New Roman Star"kic?ikface="Times New Roman Star"kic?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@c?@g
face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u"
face="Times New Roman Star"k@z/@nface="Times New Roman Star"kuc?c?ugujface="Times New Roman Star"kuc?c?uguj, ku"c?c?u"gu"j

face="Times New Roman Star"kic?u":face="Times New Roman Star"k@s?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?kejface="Times New Roman Star"keseface="Times New Roman Star"gic?c?eface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?u"k, ku"z?|u"kface="Times New Roman Star"kic?kena"face="Times New Roman Star"k@s?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|i
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 269, EDT 696, ЭСТЯ 5, 75-77, Stachowski 159, 163. On Turk. > Hung. kis 'small' see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to standface="Times New Roman Star"стоятьface="Times New Roman Star"tur- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tur- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tor-face="Times New Roman Star"tur- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|r-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tu_r-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tor-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dyr-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 500, EDT 529-530, ЭСТЯ 3, 296-301, Stachowski 232. Turk. > WMong. toru- 'get smwh., arrive smwh.' (KW 402).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jul-dur/ (*-dyr/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"starface="Times New Roman Star"звездаface="Times New Roman Star"jultuz (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"julduz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"joldyzface="Times New Roman Star"julduz (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"jultuzface="Times New Roman Star"juldysface="Times New Roman Star"ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"c?yltysface="Times New Roman Star"d/yldysface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|ldъw|rface="Times New Roman Star"sulusface="Times New Roman Star"hulusface="Times New Roman Star"syldysface="Times New Roman Star"syltysface="Times New Roman Star"z?|yldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?u_ldyzface="Times New Roman Star"juldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jondod|face="Times New Roman Star"z?ulduzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldysface="Times New Roman Star"jyldyzface="Times New Roman Star"z?uldyzface="Times New Roman Star"jyldusface="Times New Roman Star"julduzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 210, TMN 3, 260-1, EDT 922-3, ЭСТЯ 4, 279-280, Лексика 53, Stachowski 111.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dia:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"stoneface="Times New Roman Star"каменьface="Times New Roman Star"tas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to|s?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"dasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"da:s?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"ta:%s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?, das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, TMN 2, 437-8, EDT 557, ЭСТЯ 3, 167-168, Егоров 326, Федотов 2, 421-422, Stachowski 219.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n(el/) / *gun/al/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sun 2 day 3 sunny place 4 sun-heatface="Times New Roman Star"1 солнце 2 день 3 солнечное место 4 солнечный жарface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2 (Orkh., OUygh.), ku"nes? 3 (YB), isig qujas? 4 (OUygh. - Br.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 4 (MK), ku"nes? 3 (Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 2, gu"nes? 1, (dial.) gujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qujas? 1 (Sangl., Abush., Pav. C.), ku"nes? 1 (Pav. C., Abush., Бор. Бад.), ku"n 1, 2 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2, qujo|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, (dial.) qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"na"s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1, 4, quja:s? 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, dial. qujas? 1 (Kumd., Leb.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin, ku"n 1, 2, kina"s? 'sonnig'face="Times New Roman Star"kon 2, x@w|vel 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, kuja:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, kun/a:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qyjas 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, ko"na"s 4, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, ku"nes? 1, qujas?, qujas 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2 gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 301, 309 (Ra"sa"nen separates *gu"n and *gun'al', which is hardly justified); EDT 679, 725, 734, ЭСТЯ 3, 100-104, 6, 112-113, Лексика 20-21, 64-65, 77-78, Федотов 1 306-307, Stachowski 161, 164. The forms *gu"n/el/ and *gun/al/ must be old dialectal variants.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to swim, floatface="Times New Roman Star"плаватьface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (AH, Ettuhf.), u"z- (Бор. Бад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"juz-face="Times New Roman Star"u"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"s-, d/u"s-

face="Times New Roman Star"so"tu"o" 'bathing', so"tu"o"le:- 'to bathe'face="Times New Roman Star"ho"tu"o"le:-, hu"to"l- 'to bathe'

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"z?uz-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z-, z?u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-, u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"juz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 214, EDT 984, ЭСТЯ 4, 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kudrukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tailface="Times New Roman Star"хвостface="Times New Roman Star"qudruq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qud|ruq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kujrukface="Times New Roman Star"qojryqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruq, qujrug| (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"Guzuruqface="Times New Roman Star"GujruGface="Times New Roman Star"Gujruqface="Times New Roman Star"xuzuruxface="Times New Roman Star"quzuruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qurduqface="Times New Roman Star"xu"reface="Times New Roman Star"kuturukface="Times New Roman Star"kuturukface="Times New Roman Star"quduruqface="Times New Roman Star"quduruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qu_jryqface="Times New Roman Star"qujryqface="Times New Roman Star"qojroqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qurjuxface="Times New Roman Star"qujryqface="Times New Roman Star"Gurux|face="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 296b, EDT 604, Лексика 145, ЭСТЯ 6, 114-117, Stachowski 163. Cf. also MK qud|urg|un 'tail strap' (Лексика 553).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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