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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bykynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thighface="Times New Roman Star"бедроface="Times New Roman Star"byqyn 'hip' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"byqyn 'hip, flank' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bykyn (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"byg|yn (Sib.)face="Times New Roman Star"byqyn 'hip, flank' (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"biqinface="Times New Roman Star"biqin

face="Times New Roman Star"byqynface="Times New Roman Star"pyxty
face="Times New Roman Star"byqyn, myqyn



face="Times New Roman Star"byg|yn
face="Times New Roman Star"myqynface="Times New Roman Star"myqyn
face="Times New Roman Star"byg|ymface="Times New Roman Star"byg|yn




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 316, VEWT 73, TMN 2, 301, Ё—“я 2, 304-305, Ћексика 280. The Khak. form is a rebuilt posessive form.
face="Times New Roman Star"*byrak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to let, to abandon 2 to send 3 to throwface="Times New Roman Star"1 бросать 2 покидать 3 посылать
face="Times New Roman Star"byraq-, byrag|- (IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"byrak- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"byraq- (Pav. C.), (OKypch.) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"burax- 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"purqa- (R) 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrk-yra- 'to scatter, become scattered'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rax- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrax- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrak- 1, 3




face="Times New Roman Star"byraq-tyr- 'to throw out'

face="Times New Roman Star"byraq- (K) 1, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"burax- (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 74, Ё—“я 2, 307-308, ≈горов 148, ‘едотов I 399-400, Stachowski 71.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bog-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to tie up 2 to strangle 3 to hinder 4 bundleface="Times New Roman Star"1 зав€зывать 2 душить 3 преп€тствоватьface="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo:- 2, dial. bog| 4, bog|a- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.g|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"po:-, po-, bu:-, pu- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pъv- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3 ('to pacify, appease')face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"byw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 311, VEWT 78, Ё—“я 2, 164-167, Stachowski 66.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogumface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"jointface="Times New Roman Star"сустав
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ym, bog|un (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|un, bog|umface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bog|un (Sangl., Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|inface="Times New Roman Star"bog|am

face="Times New Roman Star"boGunface="Times New Roman Star"pun
face="Times New Roman Star"mun, pu:n (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"mu:nface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bywyn

face="Times New Roman Star"buvunface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"pug|um (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"bywynface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 316, Ё—“я 2, 170-171, Ћексика 260, TMN 2, 348-349.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogur/, *bokur-dakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 throat 2 Adam's appleface="Times New Roman Star"1 горло 2 кадыкface="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1 (OUygh.), bog|zy / (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1, bog|urdak, bog|urtlak (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az 1 (k), pug|yrtaq (dial.), pu:rtaq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1, boqurdaq, bog|ardaq (Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"boGaz 1, boqurdaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az, bog|uz, bog|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"buosax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"boos (bosqu)face="Times New Roman Star"boos (boqsu)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|os 'place where two rivers meet' (South.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az, bug|yz 'shaft-bed in a shovel' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'double chin; channel, strait', bog|yrdaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ad| 1, bog|ard|aq 'trachea'face="Times New Roman Star"boqqur 2, bog|urdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz, bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz-aq 'glass for a kerosene lamp'face="Times New Roman Star"pog|tax|, pox|tax| 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'channel, strait'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, TMN 2, 344, Ё—“я 2, 167-168, 184, Ћексика 230-231. The derivative *bokur-dak consistently displays reflexes of voiceless *-k-; it is present also in some reflexes of *bogur/ (Kirgh. bog|os, Kaz. bug|az, Nogh. bog|az, Bashk. bog|ad|, Kum. bog|az) - all probably under the influence of *bokak 'crop, craw' (v. sub *pu>/k`a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 body, stature 2 self 3 kin, tribe 4 counter for persons 5 lengthface="Times New Roman Star"1 тело, стан, рост 2 сам 3 род 4 сч. слово дл€ лиц 5 длинаface="Times New Roman Star"bod 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1 (MK, KB), boj 3 (MK - Oghuz), bod 4 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"buj 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1 (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"poz 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pos 2face="Times New Roman Star"pozu 2face="Times New Roman Star"boj 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1face="Times New Roman Star"pu" 1, 5

face="Times New Roman Star"bot 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"buj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bojag|yr (< bojy agyr) 'pregnant' (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296-297, VEWT 77, TMN 2, 358-361, Ё—“я 2, 176-178, Ћексика 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodo-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to paint, dye 2 dyeface="Times New Roman Star"1 красить 2 краскаface="Times New Roman Star"bodug| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod|o- (MK) 1, bod|og| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, bujaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- (Abush., Sangl.) 1, bojag|/q 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ja- 1, bu.jo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"boju-/a- 1, bojaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2

face="Times New Roman Star"pojo- 1 (√јя), poju- (dial. - Ѕаск.  ум.)face="Times New Roman Star"boda- 1, bodag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|ve- 1face="Times New Roman Star"butuj- 1, butuk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"budu- 1, buduq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojo- 1, bojoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojau 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, hary bujaq 'серпуха' (a dying plant)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojax| 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 77, Ё—“я 2, 178-179, ≈горов 155. Despite EDT, Tel. bodu- is a Mongolian loanword. Chuv. -v- instead of *-r- is not quite clear here (perhaps it is a trace of the archaic *-gd-cluster?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bod-tak
face="Times New Roman Star"young lambface="Times New Roman Star"1 €гненок 2 холостой


face="Times New Roman Star"bujdak 2 (ba"ti барашек < Chuv.?)face="Times New Roman Star"bojdag| (R) 1 молодой баран 2 холостойface="Times New Roman Star"bo.jdo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2



face="Times New Roman Star"postan|, postug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdon| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pod'ak, dial. put@ 1, козленок **AD

face="Times New Roman Star"bottan| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdok 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года; €ловый), 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bujzaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bojdax 2, 'молодой человек'face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года), 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 77-8, ‘едотов 1 455 **AD. Turk. > Kalm. bojd@g (KW 49), Khalkha, Bur. bojtog 'fur boots'. Shor postan| seems to point to *bod-tak, but this is probably a secondary influence of *bod > pos (the roots are different anyway, being distinguished not only by *-j- *-d-, but also by vowel length). **AD ќткуда долгота? Ќет никаких оснований. —емантика производ€щего *bod| - рост, тело, сам, одинокий, холостой, у производного - холостой, молодой баран (в ч-ти шор. postan|, postug|, саг. postan| 'холостой').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:jnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"neckface="Times New Roman Star"ше€face="Times New Roman Star"bojyn (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bojun, bojyn (MK), bojun (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojn, bojun (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.jinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"bu:unface="Times New Roman Star"mъjface="Times New Roman Star"mo:jface="Times New Roman Star"muojface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mo"a"n (mojnu)face="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojnuface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"bojnyface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, EDT 386, Ё—“я 2, 180-182, Ћексика 233-234, Stachowski 183. Turk. forms like Kirgh. mojnoq > Mong. Kh. moinog 'Wamme' (see ўербак 1997, 108).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to becomeface="Times New Roman Star"становитьс€face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo(l)-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"o^.l-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-
face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"vol-, vo:-, bo:- (“ен. ——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Ё—“я 2, 185-188, ‘едотов 1, 442, Stachowski 66. Forms with o- may represent a different root (see *ol-tur-). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- in a number of words with grammatical function (for Haladzh cf. vi:er- 'give', va:or 'there is'), so most of the forms with o- may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-; the different root *ol- is with more certainty reflected only in Middle Uyghur (At., Tefs., IM - cf. bar, bir- in the same sources) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf., see Ё—“я 2, 186).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"crop, crawface="Times New Roman Star"зоб
face="Times New Roman Star"boqaq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ak
face="Times New Roman Star"boqag|u (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"buqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"poqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"buxaGface="Times New Roman Star"buqawface="Times New Roman Star"pog|o
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oq

face="Times New Roman Star"mog|ox


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oqface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|aqface="Times New Roman Star"bog|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 79, TMN 2, 349, Ё—“я 2, 202, Ћексика 150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 chalk 2 earth 3 clayface="Times New Roman Star"1 мел 2 земл€ 3 глина

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 2face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo(r) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. bo:r 1face="Times New Roman Star"por 1


face="Times New Roman Star"purъ, por 1face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"por 3face="Times New Roman Star"bor 'солонцы'face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor, por 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, Ё—“я 2, 192-193, Ћексика 100, 376, ‘едотов 1, 444, Stachowski 66-67. Turk. > Kalm. bor@, Bur. bor.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bol/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"free, emptyface="Times New Roman Star"свободный, пустойface="Times New Roman Star"bos? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.s?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos, posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"poz?ъface="Times New Roman Star"bosxo (*bos?-ka)face="Times New Roman Star"bosko 'a little'face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bo's?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?, bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 376, VEWT 82, Ё—“я 2, 203-204, ћудрак ƒисс. 126, ‘едотов 1, 457, Stachowski 63. The Chuv. form has a regular reflex, presupposing a final vowel. Turk. *bol/a-n- > bos?an- > Mong. busani- 'become empty, poor' (KW 63); *bol/-u-g 'permission' > Mong. bos?ug| (Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*botuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"young of camelface="Times New Roman Star"верблюжонок
face="Times New Roman Star"botu (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"potak (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"butaface="Times New Roman Star"bota 'child; young of animal' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.taface="Times New Roman Star"bota
face="Times New Roman Star"pota 'young of buffalo, bear'









face="Times New Roman Star"botoface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"buta

face="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"bota

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299, Ё—“я 2, 198-200, Ћексика 448 (with an error: the Az. form is listed as Turkm.) ( > MMong. botog|an, KW 53, TMN 2, 328-329, ўербак 1997, 109; Oyr. boto:n and Tuva bo'dag|an are probably backloans from Mong.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bor/ ( ? o:)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"greyface="Times New Roman Star"серыйface="Times New Roman Star"boz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"boz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bu"zface="Times New Roman Star"boz (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.zface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bosface="Times New Roman Star"pozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz

face="Times New Roman Star"bos





face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bud|face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bo:z
face="Times New Roman Star"boz
face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 388, VEWT 82, TMN 2, 335, Ё—“я 2, 171-173, Ћексика 605. Turk. > Old Russ. bosyj, dial. bu/syj, buso/j, see јникин 147 (with lit.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gu"r, *bo"grekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kidney(s)face="Times New Roman Star"почкиface="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu"r (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu"r (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jrek, bo"brekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jer, bu">ji>ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"grek (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bujrakface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ra"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ju"r, bo"jra"kface="Times New Roman Star"bevrek, bo"vrekface="Times New Roman Star"pu"gu"rek, pu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"pu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"k
face="Times New Roman Star"pu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bu"o"r
face="Times New Roman Star"bu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"jro"kface="Times New Roman Star"bu"ji>r, bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu">ju">rface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"bu":r, bo":rek, bu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"grek, bivrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jir, bu"jrek
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 328, VEWT 83, TMN 2, 353, Ё—“я 2, 205-207, Ћексика 278, Stachowski 68.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to dam, plugface="Times New Roman Star"ставить плотину, затычку
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k- 'запрудить'(MK), bo"ken- 'быть загороженным (дорога)' (At.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ke- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ki 'пробка'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ken 'плотина' (R, Pav. C. 173)face="Times New Roman Star"pu.kak 'пробка'face="Times New Roman Star"pok 'пробка'




face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k 'затвор, пробка'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|gъw| 'пробка'



face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ge-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ki 'пробка'

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-la"- (T) 'запирать, закрывать'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ge-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, 326, VEWT 82, 83, Ё—“я 2, 208-210, ≈горов 146. Clauson prefers the reading with -g-, which is hardly justified. A variant with *-g- (Tur. bu"g|e-, Chuv. p@v@ 'dam', Turkm. bo"ve-, bo"vet 'id.', Yak., Dolg. bu"o" 'plug') may be a result of the influence of *bog- 'to choke, dam' (cf. *bog|- 'dam' in Tuva, Uzb., Kum., Nogh., Oyr., Tat., Bashk.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gse(k) < *bo"s-ge(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a part of human or animal trunkface="Times New Roman Star"часть туловищаface="Times New Roman Star"bo"gsig 'some part of body (belly?)' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kseg 'woman's breast; upper part of chest' (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"kse| 'belly; bird crop'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kse 'the part of a human or animal body above the waist' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ksa 'side part of the body below the breast and down to the hip; (dial.) lower part of body'







face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|z/exe 'crop'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"sko"-j- 'to appear abdominous'
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"skek 'bird's breast'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ksek 'bird's breast'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kso" 'side of body; foot-hill'

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"kt|a" 'short person (abusive)'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ksu"n 'half of animal carcass'




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 329, VEWT 84, 83, Ё—“я 2, 213-214, Ћексика 278. Forms without -k meaning 'buttock' or 'lower part of body' are most probably borrowed < Mong. *bo"gse, having quite different origin (see under *pi_oko) - although some contaminations were not excluded.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to divide, separateface="Times New Roman Star"делить, отдел€тьface="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- (Orkh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"(l)-
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo":l-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bi:el-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 84, EDT 332, TMN 2, 323, Ё—“я 2, 214-217. Turk. > Mong. bo"lo"g, bo"leg 'group, division' (see TMN 2, 325, ўербак 1997, 109).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wolfface="Times New Roman Star"волкface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ji, peri
face="Times New Roman Star"bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"pu":rface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru" (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bi:eriface="Times New Roman Star"pir@face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru", dial. (Todzh.) bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"pu"r/e (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 356, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 333, Ё—“я 2, 219-221, Ћексика 160, Stachowski 63. The hypothesis of the word being borrowed from an East Iranian source runs into difficulties, basically because of the lack of early attested forms with -k (only in Tuva dialects and the hypothetical Bulgar source of Russ. бирюк (cf. јникин 128-129)). See also јб. 1, 263 (isn't the East Iranian form itself < Turkic?)
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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