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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*dod-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"become satiated, fullface="Times New Roman Star"насыщатьс€, наполн€тьс€face="Times New Roman Star"tod- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tod|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"tuj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.j-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toz-face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"tos-face="Times New Roman Star"tos-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"tod-face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|ran-face="Times New Roman Star"tot-face="Times New Roman Star"tot-face="Times New Roman Star"to't-face="Times New Roman Star"do't-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"tuj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"doj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"toj-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 483, EDT 451, Ё—“я 3, 251-252, Stachowski 227.
face="Times New Roman Star"*topface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"all, completely; complex, collectionface="Times New Roman Star"весь, целиком; совокупностьface="Times New Roman Star"top (OUygh.), top-la- 'to collect' (Orkh., OUygh. - YB)
face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"tuplyq 'place where cattle is lying', tupla- 'to collect'face="Times New Roman Star"top (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.pface="Times New Roman Star"top
face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"top




face="Times New Roman Star"tobo:- 'to gather'


face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"tup
face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"top
face="Times New Roman Star"topla- 'to collect'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 489, EDT 493. Clauson considers the form top (rare in OUygh.) to be contracted < tolp < tolup < tol- 'to be full', which is quite dubious phonetically.
face="Times New Roman Star"*torface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"net for catching birds or fishface="Times New Roman Star"сетьface="Times New Roman Star"tor (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tor (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"tor (Abush., Sangl.) 'net, hair net'face="Times New Roman Star"to.rface="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"torface="Times New Roman Star"tor


face="Times New Roman Star"tu:%r




face="Times New Roman Star"torface="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"tur


face="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"torface="Times New Roman Star"TMN 2, No 954, EDT 528, Ћексика 419-420. The relationship to *dur/ak 'trap' (Ё—“я 3, 289-290, Ћексика 420-421) is not quite clear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tut-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to graspface="Times New Roman Star"держать, хвататьface="Times New Roman Star"tut- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tut- (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tot-face="Times New Roman Star"tut- (Sangl., Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tyt-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tu't-face="Times New Roman Star"tu't-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tot-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"tut-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 502, EDT 451, ≈горов 268-269, ‘едотов 2, 268-269, Stachowski 233.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tu":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 feather 2 (animal's) hair 3 (body) hair 4 fur 5 hairface="Times New Roman Star"1 перо 2 шерсть (животного) 3 волос (на теле) 4 мех 5 волосface="Times New Roman Star"tu" 1, 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu" 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"j 1-5face="Times New Roman Star"to"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k, tu"j, tu"g 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tuk 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 2, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1,2,3,5face="Times New Roman Star"tu"j 2,3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ti:k 3face="Times New Roman Star"t@w|k 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu": 1, 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"tu": 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"k 3, 5face="Times New Roman Star"du"k (–ас. ‘иЋ), tu"k 2, 3, 5face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"to"k 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"j 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tik, t/uk 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"tu"x, z|/u"x 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 503; EDT 433 (: originally only 'body hair', opposed to sac? 'hair of head', kyl 'hair (in general)' and ju"g 'feather'); Ћексика 197-198; Stachowski 236. Loss of *-k in OT and Yak. is not quite clear (perhaps a rather unique development of the final *-u":k).
face="Times New Roman Star"*u:c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"end, edgeface="Times New Roman Star"конец, крайface="Times New Roman Star"uc? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uc? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?face="Times New Roman Star"u>c?face="Times New Roman Star"uc? (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?
face="Times New Roman Star"uc?face="Times New Roman Star"uz?|face="Times New Roman Star"u:c?face="Times New Roman Star"usface="Times New Roman Star"uc?face="Times New Roman Star"uc?
face="Times New Roman Star"v@w|s/face="Times New Roman Star"uhukface="Times New Roman Star"uhukface="Times New Roman Star"us?
face="Times New Roman Star"uc?face="Times New Roman Star"u>s?face="Times New Roman Star"us?face="Times New Roman Star"u>s
face="Times New Roman Star"uc?face="Times New Roman Star"uc?face="Times New Roman Star"us?

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 17-18, Ё—“я 1, 611-612, Stachowski 241. The derived *u:c?-yk 'end (of thread etc.)' (Ё—“я 1, 615-616) > Mong. uc?ig 'end of thread') (despite TMN 2, 135).
face="Times New Roman Star"*udface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"ox, bullface="Times New Roman Star"вол, быкface="Times New Roman Star"ud (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ud| (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"uj (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ujface="Times New Roman Star"ut



face="Times New Roman Star"uj





face="Times New Roman Star"uj








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 34, Ё—“я 1, 572-573, Ћексика 434-435 ( > MMong. uj, ўербак 1997, 161).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ubygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sticks supporting the upper rim of a yurtface="Times New Roman Star"жерди, поддерживающие верхний край юртыface="Times New Roman Star"ug| (MK); ujug|lug| ( = uvug|lug|) 'tent pole' (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"hug| 'hut'
face="Times New Roman Star"ug| (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"u:g| (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"oq (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"u:q
face="Times New Roman Star"ug|, u: 'house, yurt' (R)face="Times New Roman Star"u: 'das Stangenrippe der Jurte, u"ber welches die Filzdecken ausgebreitet werden' (R - Teleut)





face="Times New Roman Star"u:qface="Times New Roman Star"u>wyq




face="Times New Roman Star"uwyq

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 76, 271, VEWT 510, TMN 2, 150-151, Ё—“я 1, 583, Ћексика 517-518.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kin, tribeface="Times New Roman Star"род, плем€face="Times New Roman Star"uq ? oq 'kin, tribe'face="Times New Roman Star"uq ? oq (MK) 'share of inheritance'









face="Times New Roman Star"uq
face="Times New Roman Star"jъw|x

face="Times New Roman Star"uq

face="Times New Roman Star"u>q (dial.)







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 511, Ё—“я 1, 582-583, ≈горов 76. The OT words are sometimes erroneously united with *ok 'arrow' (thus in EDT 76).
face="Times New Roman Star"*u(j)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be able, capableface="Times New Roman Star"мочьface="Times New Roman Star"u- (OUygh., Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"u- (MK)











face="Times New Roman Star"-i-/-j-face="Times New Roman Star"uj-












face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 510, EDT 5.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"master, craftsmanface="Times New Roman Star"мастерface="Times New Roman Star"uz (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"uz
face="Times New Roman Star"uz (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"us

face="Times New Roman Star"u:zface="Times New Roman Star"usface="Times New Roman Star"usface="Times New Roman Star"us

face="Times New Roman Star"u:sface="Times New Roman Star"u:sface="Times New Roman Star"us
face="Times New Roman Star"uz



face="Times New Roman Star"uz



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 277, Ё—“я 1, 569-570, Stachowski 248.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:pukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bark (n.) 2 shellface="Times New Roman Star"1 кора 2 скорлупа
face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq (Tefs.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kabuk 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qapuq 1 (MA, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|biq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qobuq (R, o-t) 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"GabyG 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ga:byG 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"xabyx (Kach.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xobъ 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"xavyq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabuq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qap, qaby 1, 2 'external cover, covering'face="Times New Roman Star"qabux 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qabyq 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qabuq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 234, TMN 3, 368-9, Ё—“я 5, 168, Ћексика 107, ‘едотов 2, 358.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ysyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to biteface="Times New Roman Star"кусать
face="Times New Roman Star"ysyr- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ysyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"ysyr-, ysur- 'to bite, to eat' (Abush., Sangl.)




face="Times New Roman Star"yzyr-



face="Times New Roman Star"ytyr-, ysta:-face="Times New Roman Star"ytyr-, ysta:-face="Times New Roman Star"yzyr-face="Times New Roman Star"y'syr-face="Times New Roman Star"ysyr-




face="Times New Roman Star"ysyr-

face="Times New Roman Star"ysyr-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 167, EDT 251, Ё—“я 1, 671-672, Stachowski 262, 263.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kEmu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bone 2 spongy bone 3 cartilageface="Times New Roman Star"1 кость 2 губчата€ кость 3 хр€щ

face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemu"k (MA) 3, ko"mu"k (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko|mik, ge|mik (dial.) 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ke:mik 3





face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 251, EDT 722, Ё—“я 5, 36-38, Ћексика 261-262. Turk. > Mong. kemik 'cartilage' (see ўербак 1997, 126; but the derivation of the Turk. form from *gemu"r- 'to gnaw' (v. sub *ke>\ma) is a folk etymology, although some contaminations were possible: Yak. ko"mu"ru"o" 'spongy bone' semantically continues *kemu"k, but formally is derived from *gemu"r-. MK has kemdi- 'to cut meat from the bones' and kemdu"k 'bone with meat cut off' - forms that may be related both to *kemu"k and *gemu"r-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*me:me (*be:me)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast (fem.) 2 nipple 3(poet.) breastface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь (ж.) 2 сосок 3 грудь (поэт.) 4 соска

face="Times New Roman Star"meme 1, Old Osm. memek (17th c.)face="Times New Roman Star"me|mi, me|me|j 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma":me 3


face="Times New Roman Star"ma":ma"k
face="Times New Roman Star"me:me: 4




face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma"j 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"mma" 1

face="Times New Roman Star"An onomatopoetic root. See VEWT 333, Ё—“я VII.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (tr.) 2 light, ray 3 to produce fireface="Times New Roman Star"1 жечь 2 свет, луч 3 высекать огонь
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jak- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jaqty 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|q- 1, jo|g|du 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jax- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jag|ty 2


face="Times New Roman Star"ja:q- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ot- 1, s/o-dъ 2face="Times New Roman Star"saq- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'q- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jaqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1, z?aqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, TMN 4, 201-202, EDT 897, Ё—“я 4, 62, 81-82, ‘едотов 2, 146, Ћексика 362. This stem should be distinguished from *jan- 'to burn (intr.)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulut (*bulyt)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cloudface="Times New Roman Star"облако
face="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bolytface="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|l@w|t 'sky, cloud'face="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bu_ltface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"bolotface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bultface="Times New Roman Star"bu(:)lytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 88 (the connection with PT *bulga- 'to mix' is not obvious at all); TMN 2, 323; EDT 333, Ё—“я 2, 262-264, Ћексика 24, Stachowski 71. Turk. > MMong. (»ћ) bulut, see ўербак 1997, 163. Derived are Kypch. forms like Kaz., KKalp. buldyr 'foggy, cloudy', Kirgh. buldur 'fuzzy, cloudy', Nogh. buldyr 'id.'
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"pek
face="Times New Roman Star"1 dog 2 hound 3 sheep-dog 4 yard dog 5 puppyface="Times New Roman Star"1 собака 2 охотничий пес 3 овчарка 4 дворова€ собака 5 щенок
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1, go"belek 5
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek (Pav. C., AH) 1, ko"belek 2 (OKypch.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.ppa"k 1; ko"pa"k 1 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pa"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"bo"k 'ethnonym; name of a hero'






face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pe 1 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"belek 3, go"ben it 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, TMN 3, 646-647, Ё—“я 5, 111-112, Ћексика 189. Basically an Oghuz word, but cf. also Kum. go"ben, OKypch. ko"belek 'shepherd's dog' (Bulgat, ad-Durr., Houts., AH) = Tur. dial. go"belek 'puppy' (possibly < Kypch.), see Ё—“я ibid. Despite Ё—“я, Kirgh. qara ko"bo"lo"k 'evil spirit appearing as a girl dressed in black and with a black greyhound' is rather = ko"bo"lo"k 'butterfly' (cf. the archaic mythological motive of evil spirit appearing as a butterfly), but a contamination with the word for dog attested in Old Kypchak also cannot be excluded. However, Kalm. ko"wl@g 'greyhound' is not < Kirgh., but from Old Kypchak. The same source is probable for Russ. кобель, dimin. кобеле'к (a re-analysis?) - the word is absent in other Slavic languages, the list of absolutely hopeless etymological attempts can be found in ‘асмер II 267. It was attested for the first time in 1599 as a term for a hounting hound: у государевы царевы охоты у кобелей у медел€нскихъ; the form кобелек (attested in 1673) see in —–я XI-XVIII, 7, 208. Turk. > Hung. kopo/ 'bloodhound', see Gombocz 1912 (Doerfer in TMN 3, 647 objects, but the word has no Finno-Ugric etymology).
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.r-kekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 man 2 husband 3 maleface="Times New Roman Star"1 мужчина 2 муж 3 самец
face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"irke|k 3
face="Times New Roman Star"erkak 1

face="Times New Roman Star"erka"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hi.rka"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"irgex 3face="Times New Roman Star"irgek 3face="Times New Roman Star"irgek 3face="Times New Roman Star"i'rxek 3face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"irka"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"rkex 1face="Times New Roman Star"erkek 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 46, TMN 2, 178-9, EDT 192, Ё—“я 1, 297-298, 321-322, Ћексика 303, 561, ≈горов 30, Stachowski 46, 128. We follow Clauson (EDT 223-4) in separating *e:r from *e.r-kek.
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?okface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 many, very 2 vile, hooligan 3 to gather, multiply 4 group, crowdface="Times New Roman Star"1 много, очень 2 дурной, хулиган, баловник 3 собирать(с€), размножать(с€) 4 толпа, множество
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq 1 (ƒ“— - KB), c?o:q 2 (MK - Oghuz), c?og|-al- 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ok (-g|u) 1, c?og|al- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq 1 (Sangl., Oghuz-nama, AH), c?oq- 3 (Abush.)


face="Times New Roman Star"c?ox 1, c?oxal- 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq (-qu) 4face="Times New Roman Star"sox 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"s?og| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?og|yr 4face="Times New Roman Star"s?oq 'дружно'

face="Times New Roman Star"c?oju 4, c?oq-la-n- 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq 1, c?og|y 4 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"s?oq 2, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 113, EDT 405, 406. The Oghuz adverb 'much', in the 12th c. (KB) 'very, extremely', is probably the same word as c?oq 'bad, vile'(Ogh. 11) (cf. also the Tuva parallel). Turk. > Mong. (Khalkha) cox in cox xara 'very black'. The identification of c?oq-(la-) 'gather, collect' with c?og|-la- 'to bind, pack' (ƒ“—) or c?oq- 'to bend' (EDT) is rather dubious. Vocalic length is unclear (cf. the voicing of -k- in Western Oghuz).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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