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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 elder brother; elder uncle; father; grandfather 2 respectful address 3 elderface="Times New Roman Star"1 старший брат; старший д€д€; отец; дедушка 2 почтительное обращение 3 старшийface="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1 (OUygh., from I-t half of XIII century, see ƒ“—)
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1 (Oghuz-nama), ag|a 1 (Abush.), aqa (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1,2, qyz ag|a 'тесть' (я∆” 11, 13)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:Ga 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1 ('father's father')face="Times New Roman Star"aqqa 'father's father'face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1 ('father'), 3face="Times New Roman Star"aga 'father'face="Times New Roman Star"aqy 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|aj 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 2 (K), ag|a 2, 3 (K, T)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 13, Ё—“я 1, 70-71, 121-122, Ћексика 291, Stachowski 28. Note the expressive gemination of the medial -k- in Tuva and elsewhere.
face="Times New Roman Star"*iagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heavyface="Times New Roman Star"т€желыйface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|irface="Times New Roman Star"eg|ir
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"aGyrface="Times New Roman Star"a:r

face="Times New Roman Star"ag|i:.rface="Times New Roman Star"jyvъrface="Times New Roman Star"yarface="Times New Roman Star"yara-kanface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"o:rface="Times New Roman Star"awyr
face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"awur

face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 8, EDT 88-9, Ё—“я 1, 85-87, ≈горов 82-83, Ћексика 338-339, Stachowski 258.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Agyr/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 mouth 2 lip, lips 3 mouth of a river, of a cleftface="Times New Roman Star"1 рот 2 губа, губы 3 устье реки, ущель€face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz (Orkh.) 3, ag|yz, ag|az (OUygh.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|iz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"eg|iz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ys 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"a:s, axsy (3 P.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"aqsy 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"o:s 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"vъw|rъw|, urъ-lъ 3face="Times New Roman Star"uos 2face="Times New Roman Star"uos 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s, aqsy (3 P.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"a:s, aqsy (3 P.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ooz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyd| 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awud| 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"a:s 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"awyz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"awuz 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 8, EDT 98, Ё—“я 1, 81-83, ћудрак ƒисс. 115, Ћексика 224-225, Stachowski 245.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to takeface="Times New Roman Star"братьface="Times New Roman Star"al- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"al- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|l-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"il-face="Times New Roman Star"yl-face="Times New Roman Star"yl-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"al-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 124-125, VEWT 14-15, Ё—“я 1, 127-128, ≈горов 68, Ћексика 336, 337, Stachowski 259.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:n|, *a:n|-la-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to understand 2 intelligence 3 to hear 4 to discern (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 понимать 2 разум, ум 3 слышать 4 различать (диал.)face="Times New Roman Star"an|la- (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"an|la- (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"anla- 1face="Times New Roman Star"an|-g|ar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"an| 2, an|la- 1 (Sangl.)
face="Times New Roman Star"an|la- 3face="Times New Roman Star"an|na- 3face="Times New Roman Star"anla- 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:n|la- 1, a:n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"an|dy- 'to look attentively'

face="Times New Roman Star"an|la- 1 ( < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"ъw|n 2face="Times New Roman Star"an|la:- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"an| 2








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 20, TMN 2,130, EDT 165, 186, Ё—“я 1, 153-154. WMong. an|-z?|ira- 'to know, understand' < Turkic Siberian languages (an|-syra- with the affix of incomplete verb quality); WMong. an|qar- < Turk. *a:n|-gar-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a.ry-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 clean, pure, to be clean 2 to clean, purifyface="Times New Roman Star"1 чистый, быть чистым 2 чиститьface="Times New Roman Star"aryg| (Orkh.), ary-, aryg| (OUygh.) 1, aryt- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ary-, aryg| (MK, KB) 1, aryt- (MK, KB) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ary 1, art- 2, Osm. aryt- 'to wipe'face="Times New Roman Star"aru 1face="Times New Roman Star"ary- (Abush.), aryg| (Abush., Sangl., Qutb), ary (Pav. C.) 1, aryt- (Sangl., Qutb) 2face="Times New Roman Star"dial. ari- 1face="Times New Roman Star"eriq 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"dial. ary 1, aryt- 2face="Times New Roman Star"aryG 1, art- 2face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aru 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1, arut- 2face="Times New Roman Star"yrъ 'good', irt- 'перебирать €годы, очищать дерево от сучьев'face="Times New Roman Star"yra:s 1, yryt- 'перебирать €годы'face="Times New Roman Star"yras 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryg| 1, aryt- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"aru: 1face="Times New Roman Star"aru 1
face="Times New Roman Star"aryw 1face="Times New Roman Star"aryw 1

face="Times New Roman Star"aruw 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 198, 213, VEWT 27, Ё—“я 1, 184-186, ћудрак ƒисс. 182, Stachowski 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*arpaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"barleyface="Times New Roman Star"€чменьface="Times New Roman Star"arpa (OUygh.), abra (late OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"arpa (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpa (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"a(r)pa
face="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arba
face="Times New Roman Star"arbaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"orba



face="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"arfa (——я 292)face="Times New Roman Star"arpaface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 198, VEWT 27, Ё—“я 1, 176-177, TMN 2, 24, Ћексика 460, ≈горов 27, ‘едотов 2, 286. Turk. > Hung. a/rpa, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a>rkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"backface="Times New Roman Star"спина, задн€€ сторонаface="Times New Roman Star"arqa (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"arqa (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"arkaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqa (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|rqaface="Times New Roman Star"a(r)qaface="Times New Roman Star"arqa, harqaface="Times New Roman Star"arxaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arg|aface="Times New Roman Star"arg|aface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqа (arxa < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"org|a-lъx 'saddle strips'face="Times New Roman Star"arg|a:, arg|a-sface="Times New Roman Star"arga-la:- 'to turn one's back towards smb.'face="Times New Roman Star"a'rg|a 'mountain forest'
face="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqa, arxaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arx|a, arGa (——я 292, 293)face="Times New Roman Star"arqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 200-201, 215, VEWT 26-27, Ё—“я 1, 174-175, 179-180, Ћексика 267-268, ‘едотов 2, 288, Stachowski 36.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)aby-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to enjoy oneself, be happy (refl.) 2 to comfort (caus.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 радоватьс€, быть счастливым 2 утешать, успокаиватьface="Times New Roman Star"abynyq 'consolation' (USp. 43), avyn-c?u 'concubine' (YB 1)face="Times New Roman Star"avyn- 1 (MK), avyt- 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"avun- 1, avut- 2, 'to deceive'
face="Times New Roman Star"awut- 2, awun- 'to find comfort' (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|vun- 1, o|vut- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ovun- 1, ovut- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"abyt- 'to lull'face="Times New Roman Star"abyt- 'to lull'
face="Times New Roman Star"avun- 1, avut- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ya-hax 'play'face="Times New Roman Star"ya-hak 'play'face="Times New Roman Star"aat- 'to lull'face="Times New Roman Star"aat- 'to lull'




face="Times New Roman Star"aut- 'to deceive'face="Times New Roman Star"avun-, uvun- 'to be consoled', uvut- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 7, 12; VEWT 2, Ё—“я 1, 66, Stachowski 257. The meaning 'to lull' may belong to the homonymic *(i)abu- 'to bend, swing', on which see under *i_a>\p[o\].
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:.c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hungerface="Times New Roman Star"голодface="Times New Roman Star"ac? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ac? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"az?| (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|c?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?
face="Times New Roman Star"az?|face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?face="Times New Roman Star"asface="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?, o|:c?u-face="Times New Roman Star"vyz/ъface="Times New Roman Star"a:sface="Times New Roman Star"ac?-c?yk 'hungry'face="Times New Roman Star"as?
face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"asface="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"as?
face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 17, VEWT 3, Ё—“я 1, 208-209, Stachowski 28.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a:l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cross (a mountain) 2 to surpassface="Times New Roman Star"1 переходить (через гору) 2 превосходитьface="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"o|s?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:s?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s?- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 'to go by'face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 'to go beyond the range of vision'face="Times New Roman Star"as?- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 30, Ё—“я 1, 212-214, EDT 255, Stachowski 41. The OT gerund as?ru 'having crossed over, exceeded > very' > Mong. asuru (Clark 1980, 42, ўербак 1997, 102-103).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)al/, *(i)al/-a-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 meal, food 2 to eat 3 porridge 4 to feedface="Times New Roman Star"1 еда, пища 2 есть 3 каша 4 кормитьface="Times New Roman Star"as? 1, as?a- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1, as?a- 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?a- 2face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1
face="Times New Roman Star"as? 3face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"as 1

face="Times New Roman Star"a:s?, o|:s? 1
face="Times New Roman Star"as 1face="Times New Roman Star"as 1, as- 2face="Times New Roman Star"a's? 1, az?a:- 4face="Times New Roman Star"as?a- 4face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1
face="Times New Roman Star"as?a- 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?a- 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?a- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?a- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 29-30, Ё—“я 1, 210-212, TMN 2, 61-62, EDT 253, 256, Stachowski 38.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nameface="Times New Roman Star"им€face="Times New Roman Star"at (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"at (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"at (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|t, dial. (Namangan) a"tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"at, (ady)face="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"adface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"a:tface="Times New Roman Star"atface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 30-1, EDT 32-3, Ё—“я 1, 198-199, ≈горов 355, Stachowski 41-42.
face="Times New Roman Star"*eg-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to bendface="Times New Roman Star"гнутьface="Times New Roman Star"eg- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"eg- (MK)






face="Times New Roman Star"eg-


face="Times New Roman Star"a"j-, a"jriface="Times New Roman Star"av-, aj-face="Times New Roman Star"iex-face="Times New Roman Star"iek-











face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 99, VEWT 37, Ё—“я 1, 330-332, ≈горов 19, Stachowski 122 (Yak. iex- < *eg-ik-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.k(k)iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"twoface="Times New Roman Star"дваface="Times New Roman Star"eki (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"e.ki (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ikeface="Times New Roman Star"iki (AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"s?igyface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ekeface="Times New Roman Star"igiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"a"kki, a"kki.face="Times New Roman Star"ikk@face="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ijiface="Times New Roman Star"ixiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ikeface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ekyface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"is?kyface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 39, EDT 100-1, Ё—“я 1, 337-339, ≈горов 67-68, Stachowski 124.
face="Times New Roman Star"*el, -igface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"handface="Times New Roman Star"рукаface="Times New Roman Star"elig (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"elig (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"el
face="Times New Roman Star"el, elig (Abush., MA, Ѕор. Ѕад., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ilik (arch.)face="Times New Roman Star"ilik (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ylyg|face="Times New Roman Star"a"lface="Times New Roman Star"el
face="Times New Roman Star"ilik (¬ерб.), ilgilik 'mitten'
face="Times New Roman Star"a"`lface="Times New Roman Star"alъface="Times New Roman Star"ili:, eli:face="Times New Roman Star"ili:
face="Times New Roman Star"eldik 'mitten'




face="Times New Roman Star"jel/

face="Times New Roman Star"el
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 39, EDT 140-1, Ё—“я 1, 260-261, Ћексика 251, ≈горов 24, Stachowski 125-126.
face="Times New Roman Star"*em-ig, *em-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast (fem.) 2 to suck 3 nippleface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь (жен.) 2 сосать 3 сосокface="Times New Roman Star"emig 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"e.m- 2 (MK), e.mig 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emz?|ik 1face="Times New Roman Star"im- 2, imc?e|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"e.m- 2 (Pav. C.), emc?ek 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"emc?ak 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"m- 2, a"mc?a"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"emyg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"mz?|a"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emz?|ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, imz?|ek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"a"m- 2face="Times New Roman Star"@w|m- 2face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emi:j 1face="Times New Roman Star"emij 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emig 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emij 'udder'face="Times New Roman Star"emc?ek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ems?ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"imsa"k 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ems?ek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 41-2, EDT 158-9, Ё—“я 1, 271-272, ≈горов 63, Ћексика 273-274, Stachowski 45. PT *em-ig and *em-c?ek (the latter form is first attested in the 13th c.) are derived from *em- 'to suck'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yn|yrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"duskface="Times New Roman Star"дымка, сумеркиface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir (? yn|yr) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir (MK), imir (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"inirik, in|rik (dial.), u"mez 'fog'face="Times New Roman Star"i>n|gi>r
face="Times New Roman Star"u"mu"r, imir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|er, jin|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"u"mu"r, in|rikface="Times New Roman Star"i:rface="Times New Roman Star"i:r, ynarface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, i:r, ynyrface="Times New Roman Star"a"/n|gu"r, a"/n|gu".rface="Times New Roman Star"@n@r@k; @ner 'yesterday'face="Times New Roman Star"im 'morning and evening dawn'face="Times New Roman Star"im 'morning and evening dawn'face="Times New Roman Star"imir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, yn|yrt, in|irtface="Times New Roman Star"i>n|i>r, ymyrt, imirt
face="Times New Roman Star"i>n|i>rface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, yn|g|yrface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, ymyrt

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 162, 188, VEWT 172, Ё—“я 1, 354-356, ≈горов 64-65, Ћексика 34-35, 81, 83. Mudrak (Ћексика 83) separates forms with -m-, comparing them with Evk. umulge 'shadow'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*er-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be (aux.)face="Times New Roman Star"быть (вспом.)face="Times New Roman Star"er- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"er- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"i-face="Times New Roman Star"i- (i-ken (perf.) 'it appears', i-mes? (evident.) '...says that it is')face="Times New Roman Star"er- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"e-, er-u"r (fut.)face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"er-face="Times New Roman Star"i-face="Times New Roman Star"er-face="Times New Roman Star"i-face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"a"r- (D. GCh 182)
face="Times New Roman Star"e-/er-face="Times New Roman Star"e-/er-face="Times New Roman Star"e-/ir-
face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"i-face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"i-/ir-face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"ir- (Kakuk 182)face="Times New Roman Star"e-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 193-194, VEWT 46, Ё—“я 1, 218-220, Stachowski 42, 46. The verb frequently occurs as e-, without the final -r- (see ibid.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a.n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"that (obl.cases) 2 here, look (part.)face="Times New Roman Star"тот (основа косв. падежей) 2 вот, тутface="Times New Roman Star"an-ta (loc.), an|-ar (dat.) (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), on|-a (dat.) (MK, KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), an|-a (dat.), an-ar (dat.) (Mish.)face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), an|-a (dat.) (Babur)

face="Times New Roman Star"a (nom.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ana 2face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), a-g|aa (dat.)face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), a-(g|)a (dat.)face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), o-(g|)o (dat.)face="Times New Roman Star"a"/ra" 'that side' (vocalism under influence of ba"/ra" 'this side')face="Times New Roman Star"on-da (loc.), ъw|n-a (dat.)face="Times New Roman Star"ana-ra: 2
face="Times New Roman Star"yn-da (loc.), a(n|)-a (dat.)face="Times New Roman Star"yn-da (loc.), a(n|)-a (dat.)face="Times New Roman Star"an-ta (loc.), a-(g|)a (dat.)

face="Times New Roman Star"an-ta, an-da (loc.), an|-a (dat.)face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), an|-g|a (dat.)
face="Times New Roman Star"an-da (loc.), an-ar (dat.)
face="Times New Roman Star"an-dy (loc.), an|-a (dat.)
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 19, EDT 165, Ё—“я 1, 147-150, 157. In OT and most modern languages the root a(n)- acts as an oblique stem for ol 'that' (as well as a deriving stem for pronominal adverbs). Only in SUygh. a- is the direct stem.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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