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face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a>baface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"poison; evilface="Times New Roman Star"€д; досада, гнев














face="Times New Roman Star"aba; aba-r- 'to be angry'face="Times New Roman Star"abala:- 'to be angry'face="Times New Roman Star"o: 'poison; ferret's musk'










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 9, –€с€нен 1955, 67, Ё—“я I 67, Stachowski 27. The root is very close to another one, *a:gu (v. sub *a:/gi), with the same meaning; the reflexes may be phonetically distinguished in Yak. and Tuva (Tuva *agu > a:, cf. Tof. a: 'poison'), in other languages the two roots must have coincided.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:.c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hungerface="Times New Roman Star"голодface="Times New Roman Star"ac? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ac? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"az?| (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|c?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?
face="Times New Roman Star"az?|face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?face="Times New Roman Star"asface="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?, o|:c?u-face="Times New Roman Star"vyz/ъface="Times New Roman Star"a:sface="Times New Roman Star"ac?-c?yk 'hungry'face="Times New Roman Star"as?
face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"as?face="Times New Roman Star"asface="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"a:c?face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"as?
face="Times New Roman Star"ac?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 17, VEWT 3, Ё—“я 1, 208-209, Stachowski 28.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 elder brother; elder uncle; father; grandfather 2 respectful address 3 elderface="Times New Roman Star"1 старший брат; старший д€д€; отец; дедушка 2 почтительное обращение 3 старшийface="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1 (OUygh., from I-t half of XIII century, see ƒ“—)
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1 (Oghuz-nama), ag|a 1 (Abush.), aqa (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1,2, qyz ag|a 'тесть' (я∆” 11, 13)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:Ga 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1 ('father's father')face="Times New Roman Star"aqqa 'father's father'face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1 ('father'), 3face="Times New Roman Star"aga 'father'face="Times New Roman Star"aqy 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|aj 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"aqa 2 (K), ag|a 2, 3 (K, T)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|a 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 13, Ё—“я 1, 70-71, 121-122, Ћексика 291, Stachowski 28. Note the expressive gemination of the medial -k- in Tuva and elsewhere.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a>l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 seed, cereals, crops; 2 graft, 3 vaccine, 4 pus (primarily - as a material for vaccinacion?) 5 tanning matter, 6 starchface="Times New Roman Star"1 сем€, злаки, зерновые 2 привой 3 вакцина 4 гной (первоначально - как прививка?) 5 дубильное вещество 6 крахмал
face="Times New Roman Star"as?-lyq 1 (as?lyq taryg| o"nar 'crops spring') (MK; IM)face="Times New Roman Star"as?y 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"as?-lyq 1, as? 1, 4 dial. (Sib.,  —““ 107), as?-la- 'to starch'face="Times New Roman Star"as?i 2 (Pav. C.), 'pollen' (Zenker I 56)face="Times New Roman Star"o|s? 5, o|s?-liq 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?-lyq 1, as?-la- 'to tan'
face="Times New Roman Star"as?, as?y 3, 5face="Times New Roman Star"as?-Gar 5face="Times New Roman Star"as 1, as-ta-n- 'to beware of a disease' ('to vaccinate oneself'?)face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1

face="Times New Roman Star"as 4, as, ahylyk 'fruit of some wild plants, berry'face="Times New Roman Star"ahylyk 'berry'

face="Times New Roman Star"as? 'fruit of some wild plants, berry', as?tyq 1, as?a- 'to tan'face="Times New Roman Star"astyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"as 'a grain, a seed', aslyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"as?lyq 1, as?la- 'to graft', dial. as? 'pus' (Ѕhh III 26)face="Times New Roman Star"as?-lyq 1, as?-u"gu" 'one of cereal cultures'face="Times New Roman Star"has?-la- 'to plant out seedlings; to graft; to vaccinate'face="Times New Roman Star"as?-lyq 1, as?-la- 'to graft'
face="Times New Roman Star"as?-lyq 1 (——я 296)face="Times New Roman Star"as? 1 (Cатыб. 73), as?-la- 'to pollinate; to tan'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 30, Ё—“я 1, 211-212, 216, Stachowski 29. A lot of etymological confusion here. Forms meaning 'to tan, tanning matter; starch' may be either borrowed from Persian or, rather, derived from *(i)al/ 'meal' (v. sub *i_ol/e), see Ћексика 378. The latter root, due to its phonetic similarity (or even identity) has in general influenced the present one: 'cereals' are influenced by 'porridge' and *(i)al/-la- 'to graft, to pollinate' by *(i)al/-la- 'to fertilize' ( = 'to feed'). It seems nevertheless impossible to unite them completely.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ac?y-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 precious gift; wellbeing 2 to tend, make comfortable, be favourable 3 to pity, have compassionface="Times New Roman Star"1 драгоценный дар; благососто€ние 2 быть благопри€тным, благосклонным, ухаживать 3 жалеть, иметь состраданиеface="Times New Roman Star"ac?yg| 1, ac?yn- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"az?|y- 3




face="Times New Roman Star"az?|y- 3





face="Times New Roman Star"ahyn- 3face="Times New Roman Star"ahyn- 3





face="Times New Roman Star"ac?y- 3




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 22, 29, Ё—“я 1, 92 (together with *ia:c?y- 'bitter'), Stachowski 29. Turk. > WMong. ac?ug| 'wages, rent' (L 8). In modern languages the root tends to be confused with *ia:c?y- 'bitter, bitterness' (v. sub *p`i_a:/c?`o), thus the Oghuz voicing may be a result of secondary contamination and not due to original vowel length; but the two roots are rather well distinguished in Old Turkic, see EDT ibid.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ia:c?y-gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bitter, acidface="Times New Roman Star"горький, кислыйface="Times New Roman Star"ac?yg| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ac?yg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"az?|yface="Times New Roman Star"ac?yface="Times New Roman Star"ac?y (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ac?c?i, o|c?c?i (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"az?|yface="Times New Roman Star"a:z?|y, a:z?|yg|

face="Times New Roman Star"ac?uface="Times New Roman Star"ha:c?ug|, ha:c?uqface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z/@face="Times New Roman Star"ahy:face="Times New Roman Star"ahy:face="Times New Roman Star"az?yg|face="Times New Roman Star"az?|yg|
face="Times New Roman Star"as?s?yface="Times New Roman Star"as?yface="Times New Roman Star"asyface="Times New Roman Star"ac?yface="Times New Roman Star"az?|iface="Times New Roman Star"az?|y, ac?yface="Times New Roman Star"as?s?yface="Times New Roman Star"a:z?|yface="Times New Roman Star"ac?c?yface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 89-93, ≈горов 82, ћудрак 115, Stachowski 30. In most languages also attested as a verbal stem *ia:c?y- 'to become bitter, sour'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a.lky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bless, praise 2 blessing, praise 3 curseface="Times New Roman Star"1 благословл€ть, восхвал€ть 2 благословение, хвала 3 прокл€тие, проклинатьface="Times New Roman Star"alqa- (OUygh.) 1, alqys? (OUygh., Yen.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"alqys? 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"alkys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alqys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alqa- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|lqis? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alqis? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alqys 2face="Times New Roman Star"alGys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alqys? 2

face="Times New Roman Star"alqa- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|an 3face="Times New Roman Star"alg|a:- 1, alg|y: 2 ( < Tuva)face="Times New Roman Star"alga:- 'to shamanize' ( < Tuva)face="Times New Roman Star"a'lg|ys? 3
face="Times New Roman Star"alqa- 1, alqys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alg|ys 2; alqa- 1 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"alqys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alg|ys? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"alg|ys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"alg|ys 2
face="Times New Roman Star"alg|ys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 137-138, EDT 137-138, ≈горов 343, Stachowski 31, ћудрак ƒисс. 181 (regarding the Yak. form as borrowed < Tuva because of its vocalism).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a>lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 lower side, below 2 (as adj.) being below , lowerface="Times New Roman Star"1 низ, нижн€€ сторона 2 нижнийface="Times New Roman Star"altyn 2 (Yen. ѕћ  90, OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"altyn 2 (MK, IM), alt 1 (\X<1.193>Tefs.\x)face="Times New Roman Star"alt 1face="Times New Roman Star"alt 1 (dial., яЅ“ 126)


face="Times New Roman Star"alty 1 (я∆” 14)face="Times New Roman Star"alt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"alty 1face="Times New Roman Star"alty 1face="Times New Roman Star"ald 1, altyg|y 2; alty 1 {(Ѕаск. “уба)}face="Times New Roman Star"a[:]lt 1face="Times New Roman Star"old(ъ) 'gusset'face="Times New Roman Star"alyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"alyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"a'ldy 1face="Times New Roman Star"aldyn 'в низовье реки' (–ас. ‘иЋ 153)face="Times New Roman Star"ald(y) 1



face="Times New Roman Star"alt 1face="Times New Roman Star"alt 1 (K)


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 14, Ё—“я 1, 140-141, Stachowski 32. VEWT confuses (after Bang and Brockelmann) the roots *al- 'below' and *a:l 'front'. They are indeed mixed in Kirgh. and Oyr. lit., where we have ald 'front, below', but are distinguished in dialects (Tuba: ald 'front', with a voicing in the consonant cluster after an old long vowel, but alty 'below'). The Chuv. form probably goes back to the compound *koltuk alty 'axillary concavity, gusset' (attested in Tur., Gag., Az., see ƒыбо 154). Most languages reflect *al-ty- (the simple form al is not attested, see the discussion in EDT 121), but the reality of the root *a>l is proved by a different derivative in Yakut. Cf. also Sib.-Tat. alas?a 'low, low place' ( —““ 100). Another possible old derivative in -c?ak may be PT *al/(c?)ak (Karakh. as?aq, Turkm. as?a:q etc., see Ё—“я 1, 214-215) 'below, bottom part; low, humble': its traditional derivation from *a:l/- 'to cross (a mountain)' is unsatisfactory both phonetically and semantically. A certain problem is the attribution of the adjective *al-c?ak (see Ё—“я 1, 143-144, EDT 129). Older occurrences of alc?aq (MK, KB, Tefs., Rabg. etc.) present the meaning 'modest, humble'; cf. also Sib.-Tat. alcaq 'valetudinarian' ( —““ 101), Turkm. alc?ak 'affable' and perhaps Tur. alc?ak 'mean, vile', alc?a- 'to offend, humiliate'. This group of forms may in fact reflect a different root, otherwise represented by PT *Alyg, see under *a:\le 'weak, tired'. Another group of forms - Chag. alc?aq 'bas' (Pav. C.), Tur., Az., Crim.-Tat. (and Oghuz texts like Korkut) alc?aq 'low, low place' probably represents an Oghuz innovative derivation in -c?ak from the root al- (which is why -lc?- did not yield -s?- here), perhaps influenced by Mong. alc?a-gar, alc?a-n 'stunted, undersized', derived from Mong. alc?aji- 'to spread legs apart'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ala-n / *ala-n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"level ground, plainface="Times New Roman Star"равнина
face="Times New Roman Star"alan| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"alan, dial. alaface="Times New Roman Star"alanface="Times New Roman Star"alan| (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"alan|, a:la



face="Times New Roman Star"olъxface="Times New Roman Star"ala:s, aly:face="Times New Roman Star"alyn, aly:face="Times New Roman Star"ala:q, alandy

face="Times New Roman Star"alan|face="Times New Roman Star"alan|


face="Times New Roman Star"alan|face="Times New Roman Star"alan|

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 147, Ё—“я 1, 134-135, ‘едотов 2, 277, Stachowski 32, 33. Length in the Turkm. variant a:la is not clear. Yak. ala:s > Russ. Siber. ala/s (јникин 80-81).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a>m-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 gentle, quiet 2 to love, desire, rejoice 3 politeness 4 beloved 5 to be quietface="Times New Roman Star"1 тихий, спокойный 2 любить, радоватьс€ 3 вежливость 4 милый, любимый 5 быть спокойнымface="Times New Roman Star"amul, amyl 1, amraq 4, amyr-, amran- 2, amryl- 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"amul 1, amraq 4, amyrt- 'to calm', amryl- 5 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ymyl, umul 1 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ymrag| 4
face="Times New Roman Star"amraq 4face="Times New Roman Star"amyr 1, amyra- 5

face="Times New Roman Star"amyr 1, amyra- 5
face="Times New Roman Star"amyr 1, amyra- 5face="Times New Roman Star"havul 'good' (?)face="Times New Roman Star"ъw|mъw|r 'quiet and grey (weather)'face="Times New Roman Star"amarax, amyrax 'compassionate'face="Times New Roman Star"amarak 'compassionate'face="Times New Roman Star"amyr 1, amyra- 2, amyraq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"amyz 'honour'


face="Times New Roman Star"amyr 'desire'



face="Times New Roman Star"amraq 'disposition, aptitude'face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 160-161, 162-163, 164, VEWT 19, Ё—“я 1, 59-60 (confused with abra- 'to save' < Mong.), Stachowski 33, TMN 2, 125, ‘едотов 1, 82. Turk. > MMong. amrax| 'sweetheart', amurag| 'friend' (IM), amraq bol- 'to fall in love' (MA), amara- 'sich lieben', amarah 'Liebe' (SH), Mgr amurag| 'friend' (“од. ћгр. 314) etc.; but modern Kypchak and Siberian forms may be reborrowed < Mong.
face="Times New Roman Star"*an/akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 pot, cup 2 hole; mouth 3(river) mouthface="Times New Roman Star"1 сосуд, чашка 2 отверстие; рот 3 устье (реки)face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ajak 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|jo|q 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajak 3face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"ajax 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ajax 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"an/a, an/ak 2face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ajaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 11, Ё—“я 1, 105, TMN 2, 171-2, EDT 270, Stachowski 34. Turk. > Mongor ajaG 'paquet' (SM 16), ZM ajo|:q (14-2a); > Russ. Siber. aja/k (јникин 104).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)am-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 now 2 recentface="Times New Roman Star"1 сейчас 2 недавнийface="Times New Roman Star"am-ty 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"am-dy 1 (MK, KB)




face="Times New Roman Star"am-g|o, am-do"-ko 2 (я∆” 15)

face="Times New Roman Star"am 1, am-dy-g|y, am-g|y 2face="Times New Roman Star"am, amdy 1, amdyg|y 2, am-oq 'at once'


face="Times New Roman Star"any ( < *am-dy) 1face="Times New Roman Star"any 1face="Times New Roman Star"am 1, amg|y 2, amdy: (< amdyg|y) 'the same'face="Times New Roman Star"am, amdy /, amg|y: 2









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 18, 41, EDT 156-157, Ё—“я I 357, Stachowski 34, Ћексика 83 (with some confusion of *am- and *em- q. v. sub *i\me/).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)an/ygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sin, evilface="Times New Roman Star"грех, злоface="Times New Roman Star"an/yg| (Orkh., OUygh.), ajyg| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ajyg| (MK)












face="Times New Roman Star"ajy:face="Times New Roman Star"an/y:











face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 20, EDT 182, Ё—“я 1, 113, Stachowski 34.
face="Times New Roman Star"*s[y]n|ar ( < *s(i)an-gar)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"one of a pair, one of two sidesface="Times New Roman Star"один из пары, одна из двух сторонface="Times New Roman Star"syn|ar (Orkh., Ouygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"syn|ar (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"synarface="Times New Roman Star"syn|ar
face="Times New Roman Star"sin|ar
face="Times New Roman Star"syn|ar


face="Times New Roman Star"sa:rface="Times New Roman Star"syn|ar, san|arface="Times New Roman Star"syjar
face="Times New Roman Star"an|arface="Times New Roman Star"an|arface="Times New Roman Star"sa:r
face="Times New Roman Star"syn|arface="Times New Roman Star"syn|arface="Times New Roman Star"syn|ar



face="Times New Roman Star"syn|ar
face="Times New Roman Star"syn|arface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 840-841, VEWT 417, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 34.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ara-nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shed 2 stable 3 fold 4 store-roomface="Times New Roman Star"1 хлев 2 скотный двор 3 загон 4 кладова€, лабаз
face="Times New Roman Star"aran 1 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"aran 1face="Times New Roman Star"aran 1 (Sangl.)



face="Times New Roman Star"aram (dial.) 3




face="Times New Roman Star"aran|as (< *aran-gac?, Dimin.) 4, dial. ara:n 'место, на котором стоит чум, палатка'face="Times New Roman Star"aran|as 4


face="Times New Roman Star"aran 3face="Times New Roman Star"aran 3face="Times New Roman Star"aran 1

face="Times New Roman Star"aran 3

face="Times New Roman Star"aran 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 23, 66, EDT 232, Ћексика 523-524. Turk. > Russ. Siber. ara/n (јникин 92). Yak. > Evk. aran|as > Russ. Siber. arangas (јникин 93). Despite Stachowski 36, the Yak. and Dolg. word is not borrowed < Mong. aran|ga - which could not explain the derivation suffix - but is rather a productive derivative from the common Turkic root, with a meaning variant "auxiliary building".
face="Times New Roman Star"*a>rkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"backface="Times New Roman Star"спина, задн€€ сторонаface="Times New Roman Star"arqa (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"arqa (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"arkaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqa (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|rqaface="Times New Roman Star"a(r)qaface="Times New Roman Star"arqa, harqaface="Times New Roman Star"arxaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arg|aface="Times New Roman Star"arg|aface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqа (arxa < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"org|a-lъx 'saddle strips'face="Times New Roman Star"arg|a:, arg|a-sface="Times New Roman Star"arga-la:- 'to turn one's back towards smb.'face="Times New Roman Star"a'rg|a 'mountain forest'
face="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arqa, arxaface="Times New Roman Star"arqaface="Times New Roman Star"arx|a, arGa (——я 292, 293)face="Times New Roman Star"arqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 200-201, 215, VEWT 26-27, Ё—“я 1, 174-175, 179-180, Ћексика 267-268, ‘едотов 2, 288, Stachowski 36.
face="Times New Roman Star"*siarygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 yellow 2 whiteface="Times New Roman Star"1 желтый 2 белыйface="Times New Roman Star"s/aryg| (Orkh.), saryg| (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"sariq 1face="Times New Roman Star"seriq 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:ry 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:rug| 'orange'face="Times New Roman Star"s?orъ 2face="Times New Roman Star"arag|as 1; ary: 'butter'face="Times New Roman Star"ary: 'butter'face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"hary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 403-4, EDT 848, Ћексика 601, ‘едотов 2 462-463, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 37. Vowel length in Turkm. and Khal. must be secondary (influenced by forms like Mong. sa:ral 'yellowish'?). Bulg. > Hung. sa/r, sa/rga, dial. sa/rog 'yellow', see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 227.
face="Times New Roman Star"*adakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"footface="Times New Roman Star"ногаface="Times New Roman Star"adaq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ad|aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ajakface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaq (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|jo|qface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"azaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaGface="Times New Roman Star"ajaGface="Times New Roman Star"azaxface="Times New Roman Star"azaqface="Times New Roman Star"ad/aqface="Times New Roman Star"hada:q, hadaqface="Times New Roman Star"oraface="Times New Roman Star"ataqface="Times New Roman Star"atakface="Times New Roman Star"adaq 'bottom part'face="Times New Roman Star"adaq 'сошки; нижн€€ часть'face="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"ajaxface="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"aja(:)x|face="Times New Roman Star"ajaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 5, EDT 45, Ё—“я 1, 103-105, Ћексика 288, ‘едотов 2, 283, Stachowski 38.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to step 2 to walk 3 step (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 шагать 2 ходить 3 шаг

face="Times New Roman Star"adym 3, adym at-, Osm. ad- 1face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3, aty 'step'face="Times New Roman Star"adym (Pav. C.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"o|dim, dial. adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atli- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"adym at- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"dial. a:t-, a":t-, a":t-le- 1, a":dim, dial. a:dym 3face="Times New Roman Star"alta- 1, atyx- 'to jump'
face="Times New Roman Star"alta- 1 (< atla-)
face="Times New Roman Star"odъm 3, ot- 2face="Times New Roman Star"atylla:- 1face="Times New Roman Star"atylla:- 'to jump, hop'

face="Times New Roman Star"atta- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, ad|ym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"atla- 1, adym 3face="Times New Roman Star"a'tla- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 31, Ё—“я 1, 88-89, 322, ‘едотов 2, 293-294, Stachowski 39.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ady-r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to separateface="Times New Roman Star"отдел€тьface="Times New Roman Star"adyr- (Orkh., OUygh.); adyn (OUygh.) 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"ad|yr- (MK); ad|yn (MK) 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ajir-face="Times New Roman Star"ajra-, ajri- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"azyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"azyr-face="Times New Roman Star"azyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajry-face="Times New Roman Star"hadru-, hadur-face="Times New Roman Star"ojъr-face="Times New Roman Star"atyr-; atyn 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"atyn 'other'face="Times New Roman Star"adyr-face="Times New Roman Star"adyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"ajyr-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 6, EDT 60, 66-67, Ё—“я 1, 93, 114-116, ‘едотов 2, 270, Stachowski 39. Turk. > MMo, WMong. az?|ira- (see ўербак 1997, 94), whence again Uzb. az?|ra- etc. (see Ё—“я ibid.).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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