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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:kanaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sheep skin 2 lamb 3 babyface="Times New Roman Star"1 овечья шкура 2 ягненок 3 ребенок

face="Times New Roman Star"bag|an 1, (dial.) bag|alak, bag|nak 1, bag|ana 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1 (Khor.)

face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1








face="Times New Roman Star"bag|lan, bag|ylan 'lamb that has stopped suckling', bag|yldyr 'wild lamb, 1-year-old mountain goat'face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 2




face="Times New Roman Star"bag|lan 'a well-fed early lamb'

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 55, Лексика 390. The Kypchak form bag|lan 'lamb' has hardly anything to do with Tat., Kaz. baqlan 'cormorant' (despite TMN 2, 298, Аникин 112).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAjaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"recentlyface="Times New Roman Star"недавноface="Times New Roman Star"baja, baja-qy (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baja, bajakface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"baja (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|jaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"pijaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaGface="Times New Roman Star"bajaq, baja-qyface="Times New Roman Star"pajaface="Times New Roman Star"pajaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaq < Az.face="Times New Roman Star"paz/ъr

face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bije|face="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"baja

face="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|y, baja-qyface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|y
face="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 384, 385, VEWT 56, ЭСТЯ 2, 30-32, Лексика 83. The Chuvash form is difficult.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAd-rak / *bAd-rukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"banner, flagface="Times New Roman Star"знамя, флагface="Times New Roman Star"badruq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"batraq (MK: 'a lance with piece of silk at its head')face="Times New Roman Star"bajrakface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraq (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bajro|q, (dial.) bajdaqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraq, vajraq, (dial.) bajaq
face="Times New Roman Star"bajraGface="Times New Roman Star"bajdaq









face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraq
face="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 307, VEWT 55, TMN 2, 385-387, ЭСТЯ 33-34, 36, Лексика 565. Turk. (Chag.) > Pers., Arab. Clauson's hypothesis about borrowing from Sanskr. is unfounded because Sanskrit lacks anything similar.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAjyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hill, 2 foot-hill 3 hummockface="Times New Roman Star"1 холм 2 подножье горы 3 пригорок

face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 1





face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa:r 2



face="Times New Roman Star"byar 3







face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 'mountain'face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 2, 37-38, VEWT 57. The root should be distinguished from *ba:gyr 'liver' (although there may occur secondary mergers, cf. Tat. bawur 'slope'). It has no relationship (suggested in ЭСТЯ) to Mong. bajir 'place' (derived from baji- 'to be' and borrowed in Uzb. bajir 'accustomed to local conditions', Kirgh. bajyr 'attachment to a place', Nogh. bajyr 'proper'); intermediate (not quite clear) cases are Chag. bajyr 'plain, desert' (Pav. C.), Az. bajyr 'the external part of the inhabited area as opposed to the internal part', Khal. bajir 'uncultivated (place)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAj-ra-m/k, bAj-gaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 feast 2 horse-race 3 a prize in horse-raceface="Times New Roman Star"1 праздник 2 скачки 3 приз за победу в скачках
face="Times New Roman Star"bad|ram (MK), bajram (MK Oghuz) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"be|jre|m 1, be|jgi 2face="Times New Roman Star"bajram (Бор. Бад.) 1, bajg|a 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajga" (R) 3, bajraq (dial., Khorazm) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, (dial.- Lobn.) bajg|a 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"paj 1 (Sag.), pajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajg|a 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1





face="Times New Roman Star"majram 1, bajge 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ma"jram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, (dial.) bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jgi 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, bajraq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 54, 56, ЭСТЯ 2, 32, 33-34 (erroneously under *bad|rak 'flag'), 35-36, TMN 2, 384-385. Here one should reconstruct *-j- (not *-d|-), dissimilated before -r- according to Mudrak's rule. Formally *baj-ra-m and *baj-ra-k are deverbatives from a hypothetical *baj-ra- 'to celebrate'; *baj-ga is a denominative with a usual East.-Kypch. suffix. Menges' (1933, 101) hypothesis of bajga < Russ. is quite unlikely (cf. the areal and the Chag. fixation). A rather popular theory of Iranian origin is also excluded: the only acceptable etymology of Pers. bajram is < Turkic (see also ЭСТЯ). Because of semantics, hardly connected with Mong. baj 'sign, goal, road sign'. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bajga/ (Аникин 109).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"honeyface="Times New Roman Star"мед
face="Times New Roman Star"bal (MK Suvar, Kypchak, Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|lface="Times New Roman Star"bal
face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"pal

face="Times New Roman Star"pyl



face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal, palface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, EDT 330, ЭСТЯ 2, 47. Turk. > Mong. bal (Щербак 1997, 103).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAlakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 ankle 2 trouser leg 3 foot soleface="Times New Roman Star"1 щиколотка 2 штанина 3 стопа

face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"balaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2









face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2; 'bird's foot'face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, TMN 2, 312, ЭСТЯ 2, 51, Лексика 478. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bala/ki (Pl.) (Аникин 114). [The latter contains a mistake: balaq 'пахи' is not attested in Kirgh. - it is found in Radloff marked as Kirgh., which means Kazakh. Modern Kazakh dictionaries do not note this meaning; according to the КТТС (1, 86) it means `a trouser leg from the knee downwards; horse's ankle; part of bird's leg from the knee down to the ankle'. In Kirgh. a related stem may be balak-ta- 'to hang loose (of clothes, particularly of wide trouser legs)'.]
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAldakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hilt 2 stalk, stemface="Times New Roman Star"1 рукоятка 2 стебель, ствол

face="Times New Roman Star"baldak 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 2








face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 60, ЭСТЯ 2, 52. Similar forms of the type *balc?ak may be borrowed from Mong., while WMong. baldag|, bardag|, Khalkha baldag, bardag, Mongor bardaG 'hilt' are rather < Turkic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)altyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"calf of legface="Times New Roman Star"икра ногиface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MA), baltyr (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldir

face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr

face="Times New Roman Star"ballyr
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr, baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, ЭСТЯ 2, 54-55, Лексика 283-284.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAlk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to shine, glitterface="Times New Roman Star"сверкать, сиять

face="Times New Roman Star"balk- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch., Xwar.) balqy-(CCum., AH, Qutb)



face="Times New Roman Star"balqylda-

face="Times New Roman Star"malqyl, malG|yl 'bright, shining'






face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-
face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-

face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-
face="Times New Roman Star"balqy-face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 2, 56-57.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.lgynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 tamarisk, 2 viburnumface="Times New Roman Star"1 тамариск 2 калина
face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|una, (dial.) malg|una (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"balan 2
face="Times New Roman Star"balxi 'white mulberry'face="Times New Roman Star"balan 2 (РУС 1956)
face="Times New Roman Star"palan 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"balxy 'a k. of white mulberry'
face="Times New Roman Star"palan 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"balan 2
face="Times New Roman Star"(palan < Tat.), (*polan > Mari polan 2)face="Times New Roman Star"bylax 'white willow; willow branches as fodder'


face="Times New Roman Star"balg|yn 1 'a k. of bush similar to z?ylg|yn'

face="Times New Roman Star"balan 2face="Times New Roman Star"balan 2 (Karach.)




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 338, ЭСТЯ 2, 52, VEWT 59, 324, Дмитр. 189, 201. Turk. > Mong. balg|u, balg|una 'tamarisk'. Forms like balxy may be secondarily modified ('Balkh mulberry'), but in any case not < Iranian.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to look, watchface="Times New Roman Star"смотреть
face="Times New Roman Star"baq- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bak-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|q-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-
face="Times New Roman Star"bax-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"pax-
face="Times New Roman Star"baq-
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|x-face="Times New Roman Star"byk- 'to appear, to arise'face="Times New Roman Star"byk- 'to look out'face="Times New Roman Star"baq-qy-la- 'to peek, to arise'face="Times New Roman Star"ba'k-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to graze'face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"baq- 'to look after'face="Times New Roman Star"pax-, vax- (ССЯ 440, 542)face="Times New Roman Star"baq-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 311, VEWT 58, ЭСТЯ 2, 38-40, Мудрак 99, Stachowski 70.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 copper 2 patinaface="Times New Roman Star"1 медь 2 налет, патинаface="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bakyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr (MA, Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqir, paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqir 1face="Times New Roman Star"paqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"paxyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa:g|@r (Kyz., Joki) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baqras 'brass kettle'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|gъw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|arax| 'pot for boiling milk'


face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"baqyr 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 317, VEWT 58, ЭСТЯ 2, 45-46, Лексика 405-406. Turk. > WMong. baqar, baqur (Kalm. bax|r), see KW 29, Щербак 1997, 104. Turk. > Russ. Siber. baki/rka (Аникин 111-112).
face="Times New Roman Star"*biarn|akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"finger, thumbface="Times New Roman Star"палец, большой палец
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Tefs., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"parmak, dial. barnakface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, dial. barnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"barmo|qface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaGface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq


face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"pu"rne



face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, (Pallas) parnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaxface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 63, ЭСТЯ 2, 66-68, Дыбо 319-320, Лексика 253-255.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bas-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pressface="Times New Roman Star"давитьface="Times New Roman Star"bas- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"bas-, pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"pos-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"ba's-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bat|-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 370-371, VEWT 64, TMN 2, 245-6, ЭСТЯ 2, 74-77, Лексика 393, 571, Федотов 1, 448, Stachowski 55. Turk. > Mong. basu- > Man. basu-, see TMN 2, 246, Doerfer MT 135.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAsaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"also, as wellface="Times New Roman Star"также, кроме тогоface="Times New Roman Star"basa 'right after' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"basa 'afterwards' (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) basa (AH, Ad-Durr.)face="Times New Roman Star"base 'frequently, often'


face="Times New Roman Star"basaface="Times New Roman Star"pazaface="Times New Roman Star"pazaface="Times New Roman Star"baza

face="Times New Roman Star"byha 'in the course of' (?)
face="Times New Roman Star"baza
face="Times New Roman Star"basaface="Times New Roman Star"basa (R)







face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 371 (but not from *bas- 'press'!). Turk. > Mong. basa (Clark 1980, 39, Щербак 1997, 104).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAs-tyrmaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"penthouseface="Times New Roman Star"навес


face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"basturma (R - Zenker)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|stirma


face="Times New Roman Star"bassyrma








face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrmaface="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma




face="Times New Roman Star"bastyrma

face="Times New Roman Star"Лексика 528. Formally derived from *bastyr- 'to cause to press' - which seems rather far-fetched semantically. We may deal here rather with a compound of *bas + *terme 'wall, building', secondary influenced by *bastyr-ma, *bastyr-yk 'pole for fixing hay and sheaves', see ЭСТЯ 2, 76-77.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bal/c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"headface="Times New Roman Star"головаface="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pasface="Times New Roman Star"pas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pos/face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battaq 'hair of head'face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battak 'head of reindeer; reindeer skin'face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 64, ЭСТЯ 2, 85-88, TMN 2, 250-253, EDT 375-6, Федотов 1, 452, Ашм. X, 15, Лексика 194, Stachowski 54, 55.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAl/-makface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"boot, shoeface="Times New Roman Star"ботинок, обувь
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq (MK Oghuz), bas?aq (MK Chigil), bas?maq (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?mak, pas?makface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. (Khorazm) bas?-lyq 'heel-piece of a boot'

face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maGface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq, pas?maq ("heel of a camel; boot")








face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq-ta- 'to sole (a boot)'
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq

face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 382-383, ЭСТЯ 2, 93-95, ОСНЯ 3 69, TMN 2, 293-294. Doerfer's inner etymology (bas?mak with vowel elision < *bas?a-mak from *bas?a- 'to cut, make notches') is impossible: bas?a- is derived from *ba:l/(c?) 'wound' with a long vowel, while bas?mak has a short one.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bat-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swamp, marshface="Times New Roman Star"болотоface="Times New Roman Star"batyg|- (in batyg|-daqy 'swamp-living' (of dragons)) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"batyg| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"batakface="Times New Roman Star"bat-qaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"batg|aq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"patqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"bataGface="Times New Roman Star"batGaface="Times New Roman Star"patyg| 'marshy, marsh'

face="Times New Roman Star"bat-laq 'Lehm, Morast'face="Times New Roman Star"put-kax, put-lъx



face="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq; (dial.) bat 'sediment in water'face="Times New Roman Star"batpaqface="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batmaq, batxaqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq
face="Times New Roman Star"batmaqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, ЭСТЯ II 79, 80, VEWT 65, Егоров 169, Ашм. X 42, 48. Traditionally analysed as derivatives from *bat- 'to sink'; the derivational suffixes may be indeed both deverbative and denominative. But the external cognates are tempting.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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