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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:la, *ba:l-dyr/, *ba:la-panface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young animal, nestling, 2 child 3 a man's wife's younger sister 4 younger relativeface="Times New Roman Star"1 молодое животное, птенец, 2 ребенок 3 младшая сестра жены 4 младший родственникface="Times New Roman Star"baldyz (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1 (MK), baldyz 3 (MK); baldyr 'step-son, step-daughter' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3, balaban 'falcon' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2 (Abush., Бор. Бад.), baldyz 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|la 1, 2, bo|ldiz 3, palapan 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"myla, mle 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala, balaG 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:la 1, 2, ba:ldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, passy 3 (Tel., R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"poldъr 3, 4 (As?. IX 282)face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3, balapan 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyd| 3; belekej 'small'face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"baldysqa 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 332, 334, VEWT 59, 60, ЭСТЯ 2, 47-50, 53-54, Лексика 71, 306-307, 312, Stachowski 51, 52. Turk. > Kalm. baldr. (KW 30). Khak. pasty < *bazly < *balzy with metathesis.
face="Times New Roman Star"{*bAla-pan}face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"large, thickface="Times New Roman Star"большой, толстый

face="Times New Roman Star"balabanface="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) balban



















face="Times New Roman Star"balabanface="Times New Roman Star"balaban


face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 2, 49-50.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAlakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 ankle 2 trouser leg 3 foot soleface="Times New Roman Star"1 щиколотка 2 штанина 3 стопа

face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"balaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2









face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2; 'bird's foot'face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, TMN 2, 312, ЭСТЯ 2, 51, Лексика 478. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bala/ki (Pl.) (Аникин 114). [The latter contains a mistake: balaq 'пахи' is not attested in Kirgh. - it is found in Radloff marked as Kirgh., which means Kazakh. Modern Kazakh dictionaries do not note this meaning; according to the КТТС (1, 86) it means `a trouser leg from the knee downwards; horse's ankle; part of bird's leg from the knee down to the ankle'. In Kirgh. a related stem may be balak-ta- 'to hang loose (of clothes, particularly of wide trouser legs)'.]
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mud, clayface="Times New Roman Star"грязь, глина
face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (MK,IM), bal(y)q (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?ykface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (Pav. C.), palc?yq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?uq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yGface="Times New Roman Star"palc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"palc?ax (Sag.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bal-qas?face="Times New Roman Star"palc?oq ( < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"pylz?|ъkface="Times New Roman Star"byly:k 'sand, silt, brought by water' (Пек.)
face="Times New Roman Star"balg|as?, malg|as?face="Times New Roman Star"ba'lxas?
face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yq, balqas?face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balsyq

face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yx (ССЯ 435 и др.)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 333, 336, VEWT 60, Мудрак Дисс. 179, Лексика 374. Turk. > Mong. balc?ig (Щербак 1997, 103). In Chuv. one would rather expect pys/@x, so the form may reflect a slightly different morphologically *ba.ly-c?ak.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAldakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hilt 2 stalk, stemface="Times New Roman Star"1 рукоятка 2 стебель, ствол

face="Times New Roman Star"baldak 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 2








face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 60, ЭСТЯ 2, 52. Similar forms of the type *balc?ak may be borrowed from Mong., while WMong. baldag|, bardag|, Khalkha baldag, bardag, Mongor bardaG 'hilt' are rather < Turkic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)altyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"calf of legface="Times New Roman Star"икра ногиface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MA), baltyr (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldir

face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr

face="Times New Roman Star"ballyr
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr, baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, ЭСТЯ 2, 54-55, Лексика 283-284.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:lykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fishface="Times New Roman Star"рыбаface="Times New Roman Star"balyq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyq, balyg| (MA, Pav. C., Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"baliqface="Times New Roman Star"beliq
face="Times New Roman Star"balyGface="Times New Roman Star"ba:lyqface="Times New Roman Star"palyxface="Times New Roman Star"palyq (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq
face="Times New Roman Star"polъface="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balykface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balyxface="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"balux|face="Times New Roman Star"balyqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 335, ЭСТЯ 2, 59-60, Лексика 177, Федотов 1, 443, Stachowski 52.
face="Times New Roman Star"*baltuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"axeface="Times New Roman Star"топорface="Times New Roman Star"baltu (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldu (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltu (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|lta

face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"paltaface="Times New Roman Star"palty; malta (Sag.)face="Times New Roman Star"maltaface="Times New Roman Star"malta

face="Times New Roman Star"balta, baltysax 'arrow with blunt end'
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldy (Бичелдей 112)
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"balta
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"balta
face="Times New Roman Star"baltaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, EDT 333, Лексика 397, ЭСТЯ 7. Modern forms with -a may in fact be secondary loans from Mong., see TMN 1, 199-200. Yak. baltysax can be probably identified with Turkm. balz?|ak, Tur. balc?ak '(sword)-hilt'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bas-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pressface="Times New Roman Star"давитьface="Times New Roman Star"bas- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"bas-, pas-
face="Times New Roman Star"pos-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"batta:-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"ba's-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bat|-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"pas-face="Times New Roman Star"bas-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 370-371, VEWT 64, TMN 2, 245-6, ЭСТЯ 2, 74-77, Лексика 393, 571, Федотов 1, 448, Stachowski 55. Turk. > Mong. basu- > Man. basu-, see TMN 2, 246, Doerfer MT 135.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bal/c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"headface="Times New Roman Star"головаface="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pasface="Times New Roman Star"pas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"pos/face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battaq 'hair of head'face="Times New Roman Star"bas; battak 'head of reindeer; reindeer skin'face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"ba's?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"basface="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"bas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 64, ЭСТЯ 2, 85-88, TMN 2, 250-253, EDT 375-6, Федотов 1, 452, Ашм. X, 15, Лексика 194, Stachowski 54, 55.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bia:l/c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"woundface="Times New Roman Star"ранаface="Times New Roman Star"bas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bas? (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"ba:s?



face="Times New Roman Star"pu"z/ek 'scar'face="Times New Roman Star"ba:sface="Times New Roman Star"ba:sface="Times New Roman Star"bais/ (Krg. Castr. 124)










face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 376, VEWT 65, ЭСТЯ 2, 88-89, ОСНЯ 1, 172, Мудрак Дисс. 90, 194, Stachowski 57. Usually united with balyg| 'wound, wounded', but cf. PA *ma:\li.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAl/-makface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"boot, shoeface="Times New Roman Star"ботинок, обувь
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq (MK Oghuz), bas?aq (MK Chigil), bas?maq (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?mak, pas?makface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. (Khorazm) bas?-lyq 'heel-piece of a boot'

face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maGface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq, pas?maq ("heel of a camel; boot")








face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq-ta- 'to sole (a boot)'
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq

face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 382-383, ЭСТЯ 2, 93-95, ОСНЯ 3 69, TMN 2, 293-294. Doerfer's inner etymology (bas?mak with vowel elision < *bas?a-mak from *bas?a- 'to cut, make notches') is impossible: bas?a- is derived from *ba:l/(c?) 'wound' with a long vowel, while bas?mak has a short one.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bat-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swamp, marshface="Times New Roman Star"болотоface="Times New Roman Star"batyg|- (in batyg|-daqy 'swamp-living' (of dragons)) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"batyg| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"batakface="Times New Roman Star"bat-qaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"batg|aq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"patqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"bataGface="Times New Roman Star"batGaface="Times New Roman Star"patyg| 'marshy, marsh'

face="Times New Roman Star"bat-laq 'Lehm, Morast'face="Times New Roman Star"put-kax, put-lъx



face="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq; (dial.) bat 'sediment in water'face="Times New Roman Star"batpaqface="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batmaq, batxaqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq
face="Times New Roman Star"batmaqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, ЭСТЯ II 79, 80, VEWT 65, Егоров 169, Ашм. X 42, 48. Traditionally analysed as derivatives from *bat- 'to sink'; the derivational suffixes may be indeed both deverbative and denominative. But the external cognates are tempting.
face="Times New Roman Star"*basygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"field, cornfieldface="Times New Roman Star"поле

face="Times New Roman Star"ba^su-rax| 'fenced garden, yard' (dial. Zonguldak - Eren 182)face="Times New Roman Star"basu; basaw (R, Kas.)









face="Times New Roman Star"pozъ






face="Times New Roman Star"bat|yw





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 64 (hardly < *bas- 'to press'), Федотов I 450-451. Turk. > Mari pasu, Udm. busy.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:c?aface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 elder sister 2 husbands of sistersface="Times New Roman Star"1 старшая сестра 2 мужья сестер между собой (свояки)face="Times New Roman Star"bac?a (OUygh., late - Lig. VSOu) 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a-naq 2 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, baz?|anak 2face="Times New Roman Star"paca (КСТТ) 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|i 1 (R), bac?a 2 (MA, Pav. C.), baz?|anaq 2 (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|z?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2
face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, baz?|anaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, ba:z?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"paz?|a 2, piz?|e 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bad/a 2, 'wives of brothers'
face="Times New Roman Star"poz/ana 2

face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2




face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|anaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"paz?|a 2 (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|iw 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 54, TMN 2, 682, ЭСТЯ 2, 24, 26-27, Лексика 310, Егоров 168, Ашм. X, 33, Федотов 1, 453. Turk. > WMong. baz?|a, Kalm. baz, Khalkha baz|, Bur. baz, Ord. baz?|a 'brother-in-law', whence Kirgh., KBalk., Kum., Yak. baz?|a, Evk. baz?|a, Kaz., KKalp., Nogh., Bashk. baz?a. The Khak., Oyr. and Tuva forms may also be < Mong. Cf. also ORuss. печенег.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be:.ken-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to feel joy, appreciate 2 to strive, hopeface="Times New Roman Star"1 радоваться, быть благодарным 2 стремиться, надеяться
face="Times New Roman Star"biken- 1face="Times New Roman Star"beg|en- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"ba"ja"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"begen- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"pigen- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"beku": 'big joy, feast'








face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 2, 101.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bejn|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"brainface="Times New Roman Star"мозг; вместилище разумаface="Times New Roman Star"meji, men|i (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"miface="Times New Roman Star"miji (MA), mejn (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mijaface="Times New Roman Star"min|a"
face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"bejni, mejniface="Times New Roman Star"mi:face="Times New Roman Star"mi:-sface="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"meinface="Times New Roman Star"mim@face="Times New Roman Star"meji:face="Times New Roman Star"men/i: 'head'face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"ma":face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"mejeface="Times New Roman Star"mije
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"mij
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, EDT 348-349, ЭСТЯ 2, 106-107, TMN 4, 35, Лексика 195, Stachowski 178. Turk. > MMong. mije, miji (Щербак 1997, 105).
face="Times New Roman Star"*be:.l(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 waist 2 mountain pass, ridge 3 backface="Times New Roman Star"1 поясница 2 горный перевал, хребет 3 зад, сзадиface="Times New Roman Star"be.l (Yen., OUygh.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"be.l (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bil 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"be.l 1 (Бор. Бад., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ba"l 1face="Times New Roman Star"pel/ 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 3; 1face="Times New Roman Star"bi:l 1face="Times New Roman Star"pil 3; 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bel 3; 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bi:el 1face="Times New Roman Star"pil@k 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bi:l 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bil 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bil 1face="Times New Roman Star"bel 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 69, TMN 2, 416, EDT 330, ЭСТЯ 2, 135-137, Лексика 268-269, Егоров 160, Мудрак 1989, Дыбо 119-121. Turk. > Mong. bel.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.lekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"giftface="Times New Roman Star"подарокface="Times New Roman Star"belek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"belek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"belek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"la"kface="Times New Roman Star"belek (Sangl.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ba"la"k (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"pelek (ЯЖУ)



face="Times New Roman Star"belekface="Times New Roman Star"pelekface="Times New Roman Star"pil 'blessing'face="Times New Roman Star"belexface="Times New Roman Star"belekface="Times New Roman Star"belek
face="Times New Roman Star"belek

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"la"k

face="Times New Roman Star"belek 'приплод'


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 69, TMN 2, 413, EDT 338, ЭСТЯ 2, 112-113, Дыбо 1997, 78-79, Лексика 348-349, Stachowski 57. In Егоров 160, Федотов 1, 431 the Chuv. form is regarded as a variant of pexil 'blessing' ( < Pers.), which is insecure phonetically. Derivation from bele'swaddle' (Clark 1977, 132) is highly dubious. The labialized vowel in Bashk., Tat. is a result of contamination with *bo"lek 'part'. Turk. > WMong. beleg, Kalm. bel@g (KW 41; TMN ibid., Щербак 1997, 104), whence Evk. belek etc., see Doerfer MT 141 (but Аникин 127 regards Evk. belek as borrowed < Yak.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bElin|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"panic, terrorface="Times New Roman Star"паника, ужасface="Times New Roman Star"belin| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"belin| (MK), belin|-le- 'to be terrified' (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"belin 'frightened' (dial. pelin|, pen|il-de-)
face="Times New Roman Star"belin|-le- 'to be terrified' (Qutb)



face="Times New Roman Star"belin| al- 'to fear, be disgusted'

face="Times New Roman Star"pelin| 'faked illness' (R)



face="Times New Roman Star"belin|-c?i, belin|-ne-face="Times New Roman Star"belin|-s?i 'scary', belin|-ne- 'be startled'face="Times New Roman Star"belim-c?i 'a hysterical woman'face="Times New Roman Star"belin|face="Times New Roman Star"belen| 'scary'face="Times New Roman Star"bilen-da"- 'to be scared, startled'





face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 343, 344, VEWT 69, ОСНЯ 2, 98 (with a different TM parallel).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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