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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAl/-makface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"boot, shoeface="Times New Roman Star"ботинок, обувь
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq (MK Oghuz), bas?aq (MK Chigil), bas?maq (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bas?mak, pas?makface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. (Khorazm) bas?-lyq 'heel-piece of a boot'

face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maGface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq, pas?maq ("heel of a camel; boot")








face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq-ta- 'to sole (a boot)'
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq

face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maq
face="Times New Roman Star"bas?maqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 382-383, Ё—“я 2, 93-95, ќ—Ќя 3 69, TMN 2, 293-294. Doerfer's inner etymology (bas?mak with vowel elision < *bas?a-mak from *bas?a- 'to cut, make notches') is impossible: bas?a- is derived from *ba:l/(c?) 'wound' with a long vowel, while bas?mak has a short one.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bat-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swamp, marshface="Times New Roman Star"болотоface="Times New Roman Star"batyg|- (in batyg|-daqy 'swamp-living' (of dragons)) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"batyg| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"batakface="Times New Roman Star"bat-qaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"batg|aq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|tqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"patqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"bataGface="Times New Roman Star"batGaface="Times New Roman Star"patyg| 'marshy, marsh'

face="Times New Roman Star"bat-laq 'Lehm, Morast'face="Times New Roman Star"put-kax, put-lъx



face="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq; (dial.) bat 'sediment in water'face="Times New Roman Star"batpaqface="Times New Roman Star"batqaqface="Times New Roman Star"batmaq, batxaqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"bataqface="Times New Roman Star"batpaq
face="Times New Roman Star"batmaqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, Ё—“я II 79, 80, VEWT 65, ≈горов 169, јшм. X 42, 48. Traditionally analysed as derivatives from *bat- 'to sink'; the derivational suffixes may be indeed both deverbative and denominative. But the external cognates are tempting.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bind 2 to fasten 3 bundle 4 bond, ropeface="Times New Roman Star"1 св€зывать 2 укрепл€ть 3 св€зка 4 веревкаface="Times New Roman Star"ba- 1, 2, ba-g| 3, 4, 'confederation' (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ba- 1, 2, ba-g| 3, 4 (MK, KB, At.)face="Times New Roman Star"ba-g| 3, 4, ba-g|-la- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4, be|j 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo|g| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"pag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:G 4face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) pag| (Kyz.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"pag| (R) 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu: 4face="Times New Roman Star"va:- 1, bag| 4 (bag| m.b. < Ogh.)face="Times New Roman Star"pъjav 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-j- 1, 2, bya 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-j- 1, bya 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag|-la- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Bag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo: 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4, ba"j 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-la- (< *bag-la-) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bax| 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292, 310, Ё—“я 2, 13-17, VEWT 53 (*ba:, deriv. *ba:-g), ‘едотов 1, 411, Stachowski 55, 69. Turk. *ba:g > Mong. bag| (KW 27, TMN 2, 254), bag|c?a ( > Man. baqsan etc., see Doerfer MT 142). Yak. has a standard verbal stem modifier (-j-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*biagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"liverface="Times New Roman Star"печеньface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 'breast, bosom'face="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (Ѕор. Ѕад., MA)
face="Times New Roman Star"beg|irface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"baGyrface="Times New Roman Star"pa:r


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|verface="Times New Roman Star"byarface="Times New Roman Star"byar 'belly; liver'face="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawur
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 55, EDT 317, Ё—“я 2, 17-19, 22-23, Ћексика 278, Stachowski 69.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAr/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hazard, make a decisionface="Times New Roman Star"осмеливатьс€, решатьс€


face="Times New Roman Star"baz-
face="Times New Roman Star"baz- (Sart., R)








face="Times New Roman Star"bahy-ry-j- 'to speek in an excessively loud and excited manner (expr.)' (?)



face="Times New Roman Star"baz-face="Times New Roman Star"baz-n-a batuv (gerund from a refl. form)face="Times New Roman Star"bad|y-face="Times New Roman Star"baz-

face="Times New Roman Star"baz-n-a 'панибратство'
face="Times New Roman Star"baz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 66.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAr/ykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 thick, stout 2 a stubby manface="Times New Roman Star"1 толстый, дюжий 2 коренастый человек


face="Times New Roman Star"bazyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bazuq (OKypch., AH, CCum.) 2
















face="Times New Roman Star"bad|yq 1face="Times New Roman Star"bazyq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bazyq/x (H,Q,T) 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bazyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 66. The word is exclusively Kypchak (probably also borrowed in Chuv. pyzъk id.), but is apparently archaic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"di-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to dance 2 to jib 3 danceface="Times New Roman Star"1 танцевать 2 топтатьс€ 3 танецface="Times New Roman Star"bu"di- (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"d|i- (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bej- 1







face="Times New Roman Star"pije-le- 1 (√јя)

face="Times New Roman Star"bitij- 1, 2, biti: 'танец'


face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3, bij-le- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3, bij-le- 1, bu"ji-1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"biji-face="Times New Roman Star"beje- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3, biji- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 91, Ё—“я 2, 131-132 (the word has been contaminated with another root, reflected in Mong. bo"z?|i- (KW 54) [despite ўербак 1997, 111, hardly borrowed from Turk.] - see PA *pe:\z?|o.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to knowface="Times New Roman Star"знатьface="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"byl-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"p@l-face="Times New Roman Star"pil- (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"pew|l-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 75, EDT 330-331, Ё—“я 2, 137-139, Stachowski 60. Cf. also *belgu" 'sign' (Ё—“я 2, 108-111) ( = WMong. belge, see TMN 1, 216, ўербак 1997, 104). Turk. *bil-ig > Mong. bilig (TMN 2, 418, ўербак 1997, 106).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bilekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wrist, forearmface="Times New Roman Star"зап€стье, предплечьеface="Times New Roman Star"bilek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bele|kface="Times New Roman Star"bilek (Ѕор. Ѕад., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilakface="Times New Roman Star"bila"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bila"kface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"p@lekface="Times New Roman Star"pilek (R, ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"belek

face="Times New Roman Star"belenc?ik, belenn/ik (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bilek
face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bela"kface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilek
face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 338-339, VEWT 76, TMN 2, 314, Ё—“я 2, 145-146, ƒыбо 172-175 (with detailed analysis of phonetic variants and derivatives), Ћексика 256. Turk. *bilek-ju"r/u"k > *bile(g)r/u"k 'bracelet' (EDT 345, Stachowski 60) > Mong. bilu"c?u"g / bilisu"g / bu"lu"z?|u"g (see Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bile (bula)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"with, together, alsoface="Times New Roman Star"вместе с, с, такжеface="Times New Roman Star"bile, bilen (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bile (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bile 'even'face="Times New Roman Star"bele|nface="Times New Roman Star"bile (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilanface="Times New Roman Star"bila"nface="Times New Roman Star"bile(n)face="Times New Roman Star"bila" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bile, bilenface="Times New Roman Star"mynan|face="Times New Roman Star"mine 'here, now'face="Times New Roman Star"byla (dial., Ѕаск. “уба)face="Times New Roman Star"bila"face="Times New Roman Star"-bala(n)face="Times New Roman Star"-ynan (?)
face="Times New Roman Star"bile
face="Times New Roman Star"minenface="Times New Roman Star"-benface="Times New Roman Star"-benface="Times New Roman Star"-benenface="Times New Roman Star"blaface="Times New Roman Star"-jlanface="Times New Roman Star"bylaface="Times New Roman Star"benenface="Times New Roman Star"bileface="Times New Roman Star"bulanface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 364-365, Ё—“я 2, 140-142. Phonetic variants are explained by the transformation of the root into a postposition and, further, into a case ending. The form bile is attested quite early and therefore can be hardly treated as an assimilation < bir-le (derived from bir '1', cf. bir-ge, bir-c?e with a similar meaning).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bile-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sharpen 2 whetstoneface="Times New Roman Star"1 точить 2 точильный камень
face="Times New Roman Star"bile- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bele|w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1,bilew 2 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bila"- (Jarr.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo"v, bilo"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilev 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@lo" 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"pile 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilu" 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|lev 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bili- (Castr.- Soj.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bela"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bila" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bu"lew 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 142-143, EDT 332-333 (< *bi 'blade', denom. - but Turkm. shortness contradicts this derivation). Turk. *bile-gu" > Mong. *bile-g|u" id., see ўербак 1997, 106.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bir (*bi:r)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oneface="Times New Roman Star"одинface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bir (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"p@rface="Times New Roman Star"pirface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"biface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:r, birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"bir/face="Times New Roman Star"bir/byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"pyr, pir, pur (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, TMN 2, 383-4, EDT 353-4, Ё—“я 2, 146-151, ≈горов 157, ‘едотов I 421-422, Stachowski 61. Cf. also Khak. praj 'all', Tat. dial. p@ra"j 'any' ( —““ 179), Az. bira"-di 'one, all together'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to become boiled, ripeface="Times New Roman Star"свариватьс€, созреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-, pes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis/-face="Times New Roman Star"bus-
face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-, pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, EDT 376-377, Ё—“я 2, 161-164. Mong. bis?laq, basilag| 'a k. of home cheese' < Turk. *byl/-lak (Clark 1980, 42, ўербак 1997, 107).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to heal (of a wound)face="Times New Roman Star"заживать (о ране)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bet-a"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit-


face="Times New Roman Star"bit-; bitik 'scar, cicatrice'face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t-o"s?-


face="Times New Roman Star"pit-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299 (sub *bu"t- 'finish'), Ё—“я 2, 154-155. Cf. also Chuv. pytc?a 'гнойный лишай'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bin/r/ (*bin|r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"awlface="Times New Roman Star"шило

face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bezface="Times New Roman Star"biz (MA), bigiz (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bigizface="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"pyz-, puz-face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bijz/bi:zface="Times New Roman Star"p@sface="Times New Roman Star"pisface="Times New Roman Star"mis



face="Times New Roman Star"bisface="Times New Roman Star"bisface="Times New Roman Star"mizface="Times New Roman Star"biz, dial. bigizface="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bed|face="Times New Roman Star"miz
face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"biz
face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 75, Ё—“я 2, 130-131, TMN 2, 311. The Chag. form bigiz is quite strange: perhaps it is a result of denasalization of *bin|iz < *bin|r/ (this would then suggest a velar nasal in the root).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAj-ra-m/k, bAj-gaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 feast 2 horse-race 3 a prize in horse-raceface="Times New Roman Star"1 праздник 2 скачки 3 приз за победу в скачках
face="Times New Roman Star"bad|ram (MK), bajram (MK Oghuz) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"be|jre|m 1, be|jgi 2face="Times New Roman Star"bajram (Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1, bajg|a 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajga" (R) 3, bajraq (dial., Khorazm) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, (dial.- Lobn.) bajg|a 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"paj 1 (Sag.), pajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajg|a 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1





face="Times New Roman Star"majram 1, bajge 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ma"jram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, (dial.) bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jgi 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, bajraq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 54, 56, Ё—“я 2, 32, 33-34 (erroneously under *bad|rak 'flag'), 35-36, TMN 2, 384-385. Here one should reconstruct *-j- (not *-d|-), dissimilated before -r- according to Mudrak's rule. Formally *baj-ra-m and *baj-ra-k are deverbatives from a hypothetical *baj-ra- 'to celebrate'; *baj-ga is a denominative with a usual East.-Kypch. suffix. Menges' (1933, 101) hypothesis of bajga < Russ. is quite unlikely (cf. the areal and the Chag. fixation). A rather popular theory of Iranian origin is also excluded: the only acceptable etymology of Pers. bajram is < Turkic (see also Ё—“я). Because of semantics, hardly connected with Mong. baj 'sign, goal, road sign'. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bajga/ (јникин 109).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakan/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hoof 2 knucklebone 3 joints in animals' feetface="Times New Roman Star"1 копыто 2 бабка 3 суставы в ногах животныхface="Times New Roman Star"baqanaq 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqanaq, baqajaq 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bakanak, bakynak 1, 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"be|ke|l 2

face="Times New Roman Star"baqalc?a"q 'shinbone'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|anag|, bag|anc?ag| 3 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|ajax, maxajax 2






face="Times New Roman Star"mahnyq `metatarsus' (‘иЋ 205)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba"qa"l 3





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 316-317, Ё—“я 2, 43-44, ƒыбо 310, Ћексика 286-287.
face="Times New Roman Star"*besface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hoar-frostface="Times New Roman Star"иней

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. besim, peseg|u", pesenface="Times New Roman Star"be|s









face="Times New Roman Star"pas






face="Times New Roman Star"ba"t|





face="Times New Roman Star"Ћексика 37-38.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEdu"-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 big 2 highface="Times New Roman Star"1 большой, крупный 2 высокийface="Times New Roman Star"bedu"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bed|u"k 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijek 2face="Times New Roman Star"bejik 1, 2 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bujuk 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ju"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bezyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bejik 2face="Times New Roman Star"po"z@k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"mo"zu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 2face="Times New Roman Star"bidik/bu"du"k 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bedik 2face="Times New Roman Star"bedik 2face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bejek 1face="Times New Roman Star"mijik 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu":k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ju"k/ 1face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bijik 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 67, EDT 299-301, Ё—“я 2, 288-290. PT *bedu"-k 'big, high' is derived from *bedu"- 'to become bigger, grow' (OT bedu"-, Tur. bu"ju"-, SUygh. pezi-, Az. bo"ju"-, Khal. bidi-, Tuva bedi-, Gag. bu":-, Karaim bu"ju"-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEjeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"(foaled) mareface="Times New Roman Star"кобылаface="Times New Roman Star"be (OUygh. - YB)face="Times New Roman Star"be (MK, IM)
face="Times New Roman Star"bije|face="Times New Roman Star"beje (Sangl.); bej (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"bija"face="Times New Roman Star"bija" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"pie, pi

face="Times New Roman Star"pi:
face="Times New Roman Star"be:

face="Times New Roman Star"bia"
face="Times New Roman Star"be
face="Times New Roman Star"be:face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"beja"

face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bije

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 291, VEWT 75, Ё—“я 2, 133, Ћексика 443. Forms as bije < *be.je, show a secondary vowel narrowing in front of -j-; the Kirgh., Oyr. and Tuva-Tof. forms point to *E.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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