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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEjeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"(foaled) mareface="Times New Roman Star"кобылаface="Times New Roman Star"be (OUygh. - YB)face="Times New Roman Star"be (MK, IM)
face="Times New Roman Star"bije|face="Times New Roman Star"beje (Sangl.); bej (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"bija"face="Times New Roman Star"bija" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"pie, pi

face="Times New Roman Star"pi:
face="Times New Roman Star"be:

face="Times New Roman Star"bia"
face="Times New Roman Star"be
face="Times New Roman Star"be:face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"beja"

face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bije

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 291, VEWT 75, ЭСТЯ 2, 133, Лексика 443. Forms as bije < *be.je, show a secondary vowel narrowing in front of -j-; the Kirgh., Oyr. and Tuva-Tof. forms point to *E.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to knowface="Times New Roman Star"знатьface="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"byl-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"p@l-face="Times New Roman Star"pil- (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"pew|l-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bel-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-face="Times New Roman Star"bil-1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 75, EDT 330-331, ЭСТЯ 2, 137-139, Stachowski 60. Cf. also *belgu" 'sign' (ЭСТЯ 2, 108-111) ( = WMong. belge, see TMN 1, 216, Щербак 1997, 104). Turk. *bil-ig > Mong. bilig (TMN 2, 418, Щербак 1997, 106).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bilekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wrist, forearmface="Times New Roman Star"запястье, предплечьеface="Times New Roman Star"bilek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bele|kface="Times New Roman Star"bilek (Бор. Бад., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilakface="Times New Roman Star"bila"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bila"kface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"p@lekface="Times New Roman Star"pilek (R, Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"belek

face="Times New Roman Star"belenc?ik, belenn/ik (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bilek
face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bela"kface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"bilek
face="Times New Roman Star"bilekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 338-339, VEWT 76, TMN 2, 314, ЭСТЯ 2, 145-146, Дыбо 172-175 (with detailed analysis of phonetic variants and derivatives), Лексика 256. Turk. *bilek-ju"r/u"k > *bile(g)r/u"k 'bracelet' (EDT 345, Stachowski 60) > Mong. bilu"c?u"g / bilisu"g / bu"lu"z?|u"g (see Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bir (*bi:r)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oneface="Times New Roman Star"одинface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bir (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"p@rface="Times New Roman Star"pirface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"biface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:r, birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"bir/face="Times New Roman Star"bir/byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"pyr, pir, pur (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, TMN 2, 383-4, EDT 353-4, ЭСТЯ 2, 146-151, Егоров 157, Федотов I 421-422, Stachowski 61. Cf. also Khak. praj 'all', Tat. dial. p@ra"j 'any' (КСТТ 179), Az. bira"-di 'one, all together'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to become boiled, ripeface="Times New Roman Star"свариваться, созреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-, pes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis/-face="Times New Roman Star"bus-
face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-, pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, EDT 376-377, ЭСТЯ 2, 161-164. Mong. bis?laq, basilag| 'a k. of home cheese' < Turk. *byl/-lak (Clark 1980, 42, Щербак 1997, 107).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bile (bula)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"with, together, alsoface="Times New Roman Star"вместе с, с, такжеface="Times New Roman Star"bile, bilen (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bile (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bile 'even'face="Times New Roman Star"bele|nface="Times New Roman Star"bile (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilanface="Times New Roman Star"bila"nface="Times New Roman Star"bile(n)face="Times New Roman Star"bila" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bile, bilenface="Times New Roman Star"mynan|face="Times New Roman Star"mine 'here, now'face="Times New Roman Star"byla (dial., Баск. Туба)face="Times New Roman Star"bila"face="Times New Roman Star"-bala(n)face="Times New Roman Star"-ynan (?)
face="Times New Roman Star"bile
face="Times New Roman Star"minenface="Times New Roman Star"-benface="Times New Roman Star"-benface="Times New Roman Star"-benenface="Times New Roman Star"blaface="Times New Roman Star"-jlanface="Times New Roman Star"bylaface="Times New Roman Star"benenface="Times New Roman Star"bileface="Times New Roman Star"bulanface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 364-365, ЭСТЯ 2, 140-142. Phonetic variants are explained by the transformation of the root into a postposition and, further, into a case ending. The form bile is attested quite early and therefore can be hardly treated as an assimilation < bir-le (derived from bir '1', cf. bir-ge, bir-c?e with a similar meaning).
face="Times New Roman Star"*byldur (/*buldyr)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"past time, last yearface="Times New Roman Star"прошлое, прошлый год
face="Times New Roman Star"byldyr (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr (AH), bylyr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bultyrface="Times New Roman Star"bultu(r)face="Times New Roman Star"pytyrface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"pyltyr



face="Times New Roman Star"bylyrface="Times New Roman Star"bylyr

face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byldyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 334, VEWT 74, ЭСТЯ 2, 139-140, Лексика 71, Stachowski 70.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be satiated, fullface="Times New Roman Star"насыщаться, наедаться
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"byk-



face="Times New Roman Star"pek-






face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g|o"x 'satiated'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"k 'satiated'face="Times New Roman Star"po"k-face="Times New Roman Star"po"k- (note the absence of pharyngealization - pointing to PT length?)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k-
face="Times New Roman Star"byq-face="Times New Roman Star"byq-


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 83 (together with bu"k- 'to lock'), EDT 324, ЭСТЯ 2, 211, Stachowski 63.
face="Times New Roman Star"*byrak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to let, to abandon 2 to send 3 to throwface="Times New Roman Star"1 бросать 2 покидать 3 посылать
face="Times New Roman Star"byraq-, byrag|- (IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"byrak- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"byraq- (Pav. C.), (OKypch.) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"burax- 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"purqa- (R) 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrk-yra- 'to scatter, become scattered'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rax- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrax- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrak- 1, 3




face="Times New Roman Star"byraq-tyr- 'to throw out'

face="Times New Roman Star"byraq- (K) 1, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"burax- (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 74, ЭСТЯ 2, 307-308, Егоров 148, Федотов I 399-400, Stachowski 71.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bur/a-guface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"calfface="Times New Roman Star"теленокface="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u; dial. buza- 'to bear a calf', Osm. buza-la- 'id.'face="Times New Roman Star"byzawface="Times New Roman Star"buzag|u, buzag|, buzaw (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"buzo|qface="Times New Roman Star"mozaj
face="Times New Roman Star"byzovface="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"pyzoface="Times New Roman Star"puza (R)face="Times New Roman Star"byza
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|ru

face="Times New Roman Star"byza:
face="Times New Roman Star"muzo:face="Times New Roman Star"buzauface="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"byd|awface="Times New Roman Star"buzowface="Times New Roman Star"buza:face="Times New Roman Star"byzuv, buzuvface="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"puzo, pu:zy (ССЯ 457)face="Times New Roman Star"buzawface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 391, VEWT 74-5, ЭСТЯ 2, 239-242, Лексика 438-439. Bulg. *bur@w|u > Hung. borju/, see MNyTESz 1, 345-346. The derivation from *bor/ 'grey' and assumption of borrowing Turk. *bur/agu > Mong. birag|u (Щербак 1997, 108) is hardly plausible.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bog-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to tie up 2 to strangle 3 to hinder 4 bundleface="Times New Roman Star"1 завязывать 2 душить 3 препятствоватьface="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo:- 2, dial. bog| 4, bog|a- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.g|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"po:-, po-, bu:-, pu- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pъv- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3 ('to pacify, appease')face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"byw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 311, VEWT 78, ЭСТЯ 2, 164-167, Stachowski 66.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogur/, *bokur-dakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 throat 2 Adam's appleface="Times New Roman Star"1 горло 2 кадыкface="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1 (OUygh.), bog|zy / (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1, bog|urdak, bog|urtlak (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az 1 (k), pug|yrtaq (dial.), pu:rtaq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz (Abush., Бор. Бад.) 1, boqurdaq, bog|ardaq (Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"boGaz 1, boqurdaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az, bog|uz, bog|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"buosax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"boos (bosqu)face="Times New Roman Star"boos (boqsu)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|os 'place where two rivers meet' (South.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az, bug|yz 'shaft-bed in a shovel' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'double chin; channel, strait', bog|yrdaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ad| 1, bog|ard|aq 'trachea'face="Times New Roman Star"boqqur 2, bog|urdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz, bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz-aq 'glass for a kerosene lamp'face="Times New Roman Star"pog|tax|, pox|tax| 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'channel, strait'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, TMN 2, 344, ЭСТЯ 2, 167-168, 184, Лексика 230-231. The derivative *bokur-dak consistently displays reflexes of voiceless *-k-; it is present also in some reflexes of *bogur/ (Kirgh. bog|os, Kaz. bug|az, Nogh. bog|az, Bashk. bog|ad|, Kum. bog|az) - all probably under the influence of *bokak 'crop, craw' (v. sub *pu>/k`a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 body, stature 2 self 3 kin, tribe 4 counter for persons 5 lengthface="Times New Roman Star"1 тело, стан, рост 2 сам 3 род 4 сч. слово для лиц 5 длинаface="Times New Roman Star"bod 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1 (MK, KB), boj 3 (MK - Oghuz), bod 4 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"buj 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1 (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"poz 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pos 2face="Times New Roman Star"pozu 2face="Times New Roman Star"boj 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1face="Times New Roman Star"pu" 1, 5

face="Times New Roman Star"bot 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"buj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bojag|yr (< bojy agyr) 'pregnant' (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296-297, VEWT 77, TMN 2, 358-361, ЭСТЯ 2, 176-178, Лексика 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodo-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to paint, dye 2 dyeface="Times New Roman Star"1 красить 2 краскаface="Times New Roman Star"bodug| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod|o- (MK) 1, bod|og| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, bujaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- (Abush., Sangl.) 1, bojag|/q 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ja- 1, bu.jo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"boju-/a- 1, bojaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2

face="Times New Roman Star"pojo- 1 (ГАЯ), poju- (dial. - Баск. Кум.)face="Times New Roman Star"boda- 1, bodag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|ve- 1face="Times New Roman Star"butuj- 1, butuk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"budu- 1, buduq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojo- 1, bojoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojau 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, hary bujaq 'серпуха' (a dying plant)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojax| 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 77, ЭСТЯ 2, 178-179, Егоров 155. Despite EDT, Tel. bodu- is a Mongolian loanword. Chuv. -v- instead of *-r- is not quite clear here (perhaps it is a trace of the archaic *-gd-cluster?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bod-tak
face="Times New Roman Star"young lambface="Times New Roman Star"1 ягненок 2 холостой


face="Times New Roman Star"bujdak 2 (ba"ti барашек < Chuv.?)face="Times New Roman Star"bojdag| (R) 1 молодой баран 2 холостойface="Times New Roman Star"bo.jdo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2



face="Times New Roman Star"postan|, postug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdon| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pod'ak, dial. put@ 1, козленок **AD

face="Times New Roman Star"bottan| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdok 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года; яловый), 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bujzaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bojdax 2, 'молодой человек'face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года), 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 77-8, Федотов 1 455 **AD. Turk. > Kalm. bojd@g (KW 49), Khalkha, Bur. bojtog 'fur boots'. Shor postan| seems to point to *bod-tak, but this is probably a secondary influence of *bod > pos (the roots are different anyway, being distinguished not only by *-j- *-d-, but also by vowel length). **AD Откуда долгота? Нет никаких оснований. Семантика производящего *bod| - рост, тело, сам, одинокий, холостой, у производного - холостой, молодой баран (в ч-ти шор. postan|, postug|, саг. postan| 'холостой').
face="Times New Roman Star"*boj-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to be dilatory and careless 2 to rage, rough-house 3 rampant 4 to rot, spoilface="Times New Roman Star"1 быть неосторожным, рассеянным 2 буянить 3 буйный, ретивый 4 протухать, портиться, хиреть
face="Times New Roman Star"bojba- (MK) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j-la- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"bojna- 2, bojnaq 3






face="Times New Roman Star"boj-la- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"buj-da- 'to be confused'

face="Times New Roman Star"buj-la- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"boj-g|yn 'fainted'


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 385.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:jnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"neckface="Times New Roman Star"шеяface="Times New Roman Star"bojyn (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bojun, bojyn (MK), bojun (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojn, bojun (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.jinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"bu:unface="Times New Roman Star"mъjface="Times New Roman Star"mo:jface="Times New Roman Star"muojface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mo"a"n (mojnu)face="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojnuface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"bojnyface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, EDT 386, ЭСТЯ 2, 180-182, Лексика 233-234, Stachowski 183. Turk. forms like Kirgh. mojnoq > Mong. Kh. moinog 'Wamme' (see Щербак 1997, 108).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to becomeface="Times New Roman Star"становитьсяface="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo(l)-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"o^.l-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-
face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"vol-, vo:-, bo:- (Тен. ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, ЭСТЯ 2, 185-188, Федотов 1, 442, Stachowski 66. Forms with o- may represent a different root (see *ol-tur-). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- in a number of words with grammatical function (for Haladzh cf. vi:er- 'give', va:or 'there is'), so most of the forms with o- may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-; the different root *ol- is with more certainty reflected only in Middle Uyghur (At., Tefs., IM - cf. bar, bir- in the same sources) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf., see ЭСТЯ 2, 186).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dirt, dungface="Times New Roman Star"грязь, навозface="Times New Roman Star"boq 'ярь' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"boq 'mildew on bread' (MK), 'dung' (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bok
face="Times New Roman Star"(OKypch.) boq (AH, Houts.)


face="Times New Roman Star"pox|face="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"pox
face="Times New Roman Star"boq
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|x

face="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"moqface="Times New Roman Star"boq
face="Times New Roman Star"boq
face="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"boq

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 79, EDT 311, ЭСТЯ 2, 183. Turk. > WMong. bog|, Kalm. bog (KW 48-49; see TMN 2, 349, Щербак 1997, 108).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 chalk 2 earth 3 clayface="Times New Roman Star"1 мел 2 земля 3 глина

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 2face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo(r) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. bo:r 1face="Times New Roman Star"por 1


face="Times New Roman Star"purъ, por 1face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"por 3face="Times New Roman Star"bor 'солонцы'face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor, por 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, ЭСТЯ 2, 192-193, Лексика 100, 376, Федотов 1, 444, Stachowski 66-67. Turk. > Kalm. bor@, Bur. bor.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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