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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:jface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 summer 2 summer pasture 3 springface="Times New Roman Star"1 лето 2 летнее пастбище 3 веснаface="Times New Roman Star"jaj (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaj (MK) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-la 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1 (AH, Ettuhf.)

face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1, jajla 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:j-la 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaj, d/aj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u, s/ъv 1face="Times New Roman Star"saj 1face="Times New Roman Star"hajyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?aj 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jej 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj, z?aj, zaj 1


face="Times New Roman Star"jij 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaj 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 179, Ё—“я 4, 74, 78-79, EDT 980, Ћексика 74, ‘едотов 2, 128, Stachowski 93.
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?eku"-rtkeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"locust, grasshopperface="Times New Roman Star"саранча, кузнечик
face="Times New Roman Star"c?eku"rge (MK Oghuz; Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ekirgeface="Times New Roman Star"c?ikertke|face="Times New Roman Star"c?egu"rtke, c?ewu"rtke (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?igirtkaface="Times New Roman Star"c?eka"tka"
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ekirtgeface="Times New Roman Star"c?ekirtgeface="Times New Roman Star"sag|yrtxy



face="Times New Roman Star"saxsyrg|a 'fly'face="Times New Roman Star"haksyrga 'fly'face="Times New Roman Star"s?ergi
face="Times New Roman Star"c?egirtkeface="Times New Roman Star"s?egirtkeface="Times New Roman Star"s?egertkiface="Times New Roman Star"sin|ertka"

face="Times New Roman Star"c?egirtkeface="Times New Roman Star"s?egirtke

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 103, EDT 416-417, Ћексика 187, Stachowski 94. Forms like Tat. dial. sikertke are a result of contamination with *se:k- 'jump' (v. sub *sa:/ki).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:lga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lickface="Times New Roman Star"лизатьface="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jalva- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala- (Pav. C., MA, AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala"-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jag|la-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:la-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-, d/ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"s/ula- / s/ъvlaface="Times New Roman Star"sala:-face="Times New Roman Star"halan-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-
face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 926-927, Ё—“я 4, 87-88 (with Turkm. jala-), ‘едотов 2, 132, Stachowski 94. The deriving stem can perhaps be found in Turkish, Gag., Az. jal 'food, mash given to dogs, animals' (see Ё—“я 4, 85); cf. also *jalgak (Ё—“я 4, 90) 'dish for feeding animals'; *jalma- 'to lick' (Ё—“я 4, 95).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jalpyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 broad, flat 2 blade, paddle 3 shallowface="Times New Roman Star"1 широкий, плоский 2 лист, лопасть 3 мелкий
face="Times New Roman Star"jalby 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalpyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|e|lpe|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lpo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jalpa 2, jalpaq 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?elbax, nalpax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalbaq, d/albaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"salbax 2face="Times New Roman Star"halbax 'span; foot'face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 919, VEWT 182, Ё—“я 4, 14, 100-101, Stachowski 94. This root should be distinguished from *japur-gak 'leaf' and from *jalpy- / *jelpi- 'to shake, sway'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jama-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to patchface="Times New Roman Star"латать, штопать
face="Times New Roman Star"jama- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"nama-face="Times New Roman Star"naba-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-, d/ama-

face="Times New Roman Star"sama:-face="Times New Roman Star"hama:-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ama-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ama-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"zama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 934-935, Ё—“я 4, 108, Stachowski 94. Turk. > WMong. z?|ama-, Kalm. zam@- (KW 466).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jag-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rain 2 rainface="Times New Roman Star"1 идти (о дожде) 2 дождьface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (Orkh.), jag|mur 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|yr, jawym 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur / jamg|ur 2 (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf., MA), jag|yn 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|- 1, jo|mg|ir, jo|g|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jamg|u(r), jan|mur, jeg|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mirface="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|myr, jag|ys?, jag|yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, nan|myr 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|-, c?a:- 1, nag|byr, namyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:-, d/a- 1, d/an|myr, d/a:s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u- 1, s/omъr 2face="Times New Roman Star"samy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"hamy:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1, c?a's 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|a:-, z?|au- 1, z?|amg|yr, z?|a:n 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?an|byr, z?awyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yrface="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jamg|yr, jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?awun, z?|ang|urface="Times New Roman Star"ja:- 1, ja:mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aw- 1, z?awyn, z?amg|yr 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jag|mur 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaw- 1, jan|g|ur, jan|ur, jawyn / jawun 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 896, 903-4, 908, Ё—“я 4, 57, Ћексика 25, ‘едотов 2, 135, Stachowski 95.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 echo 2 sound, resound 3 to sound, pronounceface="Times New Roman Star"1 эхо 2 подражание звукам, звучание 3 звучатьface="Times New Roman Star"jan|qu 1 (OUygh.), jan|ra- (Orkh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"jan|qu 1, jan|ra- 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janky 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|yra- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jan|qu 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|gra- 3


face="Times New Roman Star"jan| 2, jan|ra- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|u 1, d/an|yr- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"san|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"han|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?an|g|y 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yr- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yra- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|yra- 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?an|g|yr- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jang|yr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 949, 952, Ё—“я 4, 119, 122, 124, Stachowski 96. Turk. > WMong. jan| 'melody' (ўербак 1997, 164).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|y / *jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"newface="Times New Roman Star"новыйface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jangu.face="Times New Roman Star"jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y 'just, recently'face="Times New Roman Star"na:face="Times New Roman Star"na (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|yface="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|giface="Times New Roman Star"s/@n@face="Times New Roman Star"san|aface="Times New Roman Star"han|a; hin|il 'young'face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"n/a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?ang|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jyn|gyface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185 (Ra"sa"nen is deriving this word from *ja:n 'side' which is quite improbable), EDT 943-4, Ё—“я 4, 124-125, Ћексика 85, Stachowski 96, 104. Turk. > MMo, WMong. z?|an|gi, Kalm. za"n|g/@ 'news' (KW 470; doubts about this borrowing in TMN 1, 281, based on the early attestation of the meaning "discussion" in Mong., are hardly founded).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jen|eface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"elder brother's wifeface="Times New Roman Star"жена старшего братаface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|geface="Times New Roman Star"z?|in|ge|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge (Pav. C.), jinge (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge, jin|ge, in|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ga"face="Times New Roman Star"jen|n|eface="Times New Roman Star"nigeface="Times New Roman Star"nen|eface="Times New Roman Star"jen|e, d/en|eface="Times New Roman Star"nen|e
face="Times New Roman Star"san|asface="Times New Roman Star"han|asface="Times New Roman Star"c?en|ge
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|eface="Times New Roman Star"z?en|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge


face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|Go, jen|ko, jan|gu
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 950, VEWT 197-8, Ё—“я 4, 189-190, Ћексика 313, Stachowski 96.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 leather 2 pellicleface="Times New Roman Star"1 кожа 2 кожица


face="Times New Roman Star"jary 2face="Times New Roman Star"jary (AH) 1



face="Times New Roman Star"jary 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?aryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaru: 1

face="Times New Roman Star"sary: 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hary: 2




face="Times New Roman Star"jary 2




face="Times New Roman Star"jari 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 146; Ћексика 384, Stachowski 98.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r-ynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 morning 2 tomorrow 3 next yearface="Times New Roman Star"1 утро 2 завтра 3 следующий годface="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 1 (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 1, 2 (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 3 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 3





face="Times New Roman Star"yran 2face="Times New Roman Star"sarsyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"harsyn 1




face="Times New Roman Star"jaryn 3 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:ryn 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryn 3

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 970, VEWT 190, Ё—“я 4, 147-148, ≈горов 343, Ћексика 80, Stachowski 97. Ra"sa"nen derives the stem from *jar- 'to shine, glitter', but this is dubious both for phonetic reasons (OT has jaru- 'to shine', but jaryn 'morning') and because of external evidence.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 spring 2 summerface="Times New Roman Star"1 весна 2 летоface="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz (AH 1, Ettuhf. 2)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jas, d/as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"s/or 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jad| 1face="Times New Roman Star"zaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 71, EDT 982, Ћексика 73, ‘едотов 2, 138-139, Stachowski 100.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:sface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 loss, damage 2 shameface="Times New Roman Star"1 потер€, вред 2 стыдface="Times New Roman Star"jas 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas 1 (MK)











face="Times New Roman Star"*s/os ( > Mari so"s "Geda"chtnisfeier", Hung. gya/sz, see Gombocz 1912)face="Times New Roman Star"sa:t 2, sa:s-ta:x (folkl.) 'enemy'face="Times New Roman Star"ha:tynnar- 'to shame smb.'











face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 191, Ё—“я 4, 150, EDT 973 (in modern languages hard to distinguish from the borrowed Arab. ya's 'despair, grief' - but in Old Turkic no doubt genuine), Stachowski 100.
face="Times New Roman Star"*japur-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"leafface="Times New Roman Star"листface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"japurg|aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"japrakface="Times New Roman Star"jafraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|an (Abush.), j[a]praq (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"japro|qface="Times New Roman Star"jopurmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"jarpaGface="Times New Roman Star"japraq

face="Times New Roman Star"d/albyraq

face="Times New Roman Star"sebirdexface="Times New Roman Star"hebirdekface="Times New Roman Star"c?o"vu"ree 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"'pra"a" 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|albyraqface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"c?apraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraxface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"ja"rfyx|face="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 188, EDT 879-80, Ё—“я 4, 130-132, Ћексика 111-112, Stachowski 100. Clauson derives *japur-gak from *japur- 'to smoothe, level', which is an obvious contamination - just as the contamination with *jalpy- 'flat' (v. sub *de>\lp`a\) in some languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.t(t)iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sevenface="Times New Roman Star"семьface="Times New Roman Star"jeti (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jeti (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ideface="Times New Roman Star"jeddi: (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ttiface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, jiti, z?|eta"face="Times New Roman Star"jeddiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"c?itt@face="Times New Roman Star"c?ettiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jieti, ja"tti (< Az.?)face="Times New Roman Star"s/iz?|@face="Times New Roman Star"setteface="Times New Roman Star"hetteface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|etiface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jeteface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, z?|eti, z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jittiface="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 886, VEWT 199, Ё—“я 4, 167-168, TMN 4, 139, Stachowski 102.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je:bkeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wolverineface="Times New Roman Star"росомаха









face="Times New Roman Star"jekpe



face="Times New Roman Star"siegenface="Times New Roman Star"hiegenface="Times New Roman Star"c?ekpe










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 195, Stachowski 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jegnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sleeveface="Times New Roman Star"рукав
face="Times New Roman Star"jen| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jenface="Times New Roman Star"z?|inface="Times New Roman Star"jen| (Ettuhf., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|face="Times New Roman Star"jin|, z?|inface="Times New Roman Star"jeng (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"n@n|face="Times New Roman Star"nen|, na":s?face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|, d/en|
face="Times New Roman Star"s/avnъface="Times New Roman Star"siexface="Times New Roman Star"hiek, hienface="Times New Roman Star"c?en|
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|, zen|face="Times New Roman Star"jenface="Times New Roman Star"jeng, jen|g, jin|face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|, jen|gface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 197, TMN 4, 203, EDT 940, Ё—“я 4, 186, ‘едотов 2, 84, Stachowski 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.li-mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"glueface="Times New Roman Star"клейface="Times New Roman Star"jelim (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jelim (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jilimface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilemface="Times New Roman Star"jelim (Ettuhf.), jilim (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jilym
face="Times New Roman Star"jelim
face="Times New Roman Star"c?elimface="Times New Roman Star"jelim, d/elim
face="Times New Roman Star"s/il@mface="Times New Roman Star"silimface="Times New Roman Star"hilim

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elimface="Times New Roman Star"z?elimface="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jelemface="Times New Roman Star"jelim, z?|elim, z?elim

face="Times New Roman Star"z?elim

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 928-929, VEWT 196, Ё—“я 4, 179-180, TMN 4, 189, Stachowski 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jin|c?-geface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thinface="Times New Roman Star"тонкийface="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ge (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ke (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|eface="Times New Roman Star"nec?ke|face="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke (Pav. C.), inc?ge (Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingic?kaface="Times New Roman Star"inc?ika"face="Times New Roman Star"s?igeface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"i:nc?e ( < jinc?e)face="Times New Roman Star"niske


face="Times New Roman Star"s/inz/eface="Times New Roman Star"sin/nigesface="Times New Roman Star"hinn/igesface="Times New Roman Star"c?in|geface="Times New Roman Star"n/in|geface="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"jin|is?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?geface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"z?in|is?keface="Times New Roman Star"la"s?gi
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 203, EDT 944-5, Ё—“я 1, 364-365, Stachowski 104.
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?yj, *c?yj-ykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wet, soaking, moist 2 dew 3 moisture 4 rawface="Times New Roman Star"1 мокрый 2 роса 3 влага, влажный 4 сырой
face="Times New Roman Star"c?i/c?y 3 (MK), c?y-la- 'to moisten' (MK), c?yq- 'to absorb moisture' (MK), c?yg|-la-n- 'to be half-cooked' (MK), c?ig 4 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ig|, c?ij 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?iq 2 (dial.), c?y:g| 1 (Xo|razm)

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ij 'raw'face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:g 1, c?y:G 2face="Times New Roman Star"syx 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"s?yq 3, s?yqtyg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ij 4, c?yq 3

face="Times New Roman Star"si:k 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"hi:k 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?yq 3, 'meadow', s?yqtyg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?yq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ij-ki 4, c?yq 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"s?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?ij 4, s?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"sej 4, ysyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ij 4, c?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ij 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yj, cij 4, c?yx 2, 'hoar-frost'face="Times New Roman Star"s?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yx-c?u 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ij 4, c?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 393, 406,408, 413, 418, VEWT 107, Ћексика 39, Stachowski 106. The actual reflexes are best explained if we postulate an opposition *c?yj 'wet, raw' - *c?yj-yk 'dew, moisture' (with further contractions). Some forms, however, could be secondarily borrowed from Mong. (see Kal/. MEJ 34).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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