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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*A>burtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cheek-pouch, inside of the mouth 2 gum 3 mouthful, gulp 4 cheek 5 molar 6 to take a mouthful, swallowface="Times New Roman Star"1 внутренняя полость рта 2 десна 3 глоток 4 щека 5 коренной зуб 6 глотатьface="Times New Roman Star"a[vurt] (?adurt) (OUygh., late med. texts TT II)
face="Times New Roman Star"avurt 1face="Times New Roman Star"urt 2face="Times New Roman Star"awurt (Sangl.) 3, (MKypch.) og|urt, owurt 1, 3 (Houts., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"urt (dial.) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"howurt (dial.) 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"o:rt-a- 6face="Times New Roman Star"o:rt-a- 6face="Times New Roman Star"u:rt 'throat', u:rt-a- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"urъlъ, dial. vъw|rlъw| 5 (Ашм. V 320)face="Times New Roman Star"omurt 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"a:rt-a- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"u:rtface="Times New Roman Star"urt 1face="Times New Roman Star"uwyrt 1face="Times New Roman Star"urt 1face="Times New Roman Star"uwurt 4face="Times New Roman Star"aurt 1, 4
face="Times New Roman Star"urt 1
face="Times New Roman Star"uvurt 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 65, ЭСТЯ 1, 407-409, Лексика 225-226, Мудрак 115. The Old Uyghur form is poorly readable, so -d|- is dubious. Yak. -m- is irregular: could it be a trace of PA *umV 'drink', otherwise lost in Turkic?
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)aby-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to enjoy oneself, be happy (refl.) 2 to comfort (caus.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 радоваться, быть счастливым 2 утешать, успокаиватьface="Times New Roman Star"abynyq 'consolation' (USp. 43), avyn-c?u 'concubine' (YB 1)face="Times New Roman Star"avyn- 1 (MK), avyt- 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"avun- 1, avut- 2, 'to deceive'
face="Times New Roman Star"awut- 2, awun- 'to find comfort' (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|vun- 1, o|vut- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ovun- 1, ovut- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"abyt- 'to lull'face="Times New Roman Star"abyt- 'to lull'
face="Times New Roman Star"avun- 1, avut- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ya-hax 'play'face="Times New Roman Star"ya-hak 'play'face="Times New Roman Star"aat- 'to lull'face="Times New Roman Star"aat- 'to lull'




face="Times New Roman Star"aut- 'to deceive'face="Times New Roman Star"avun-, uvun- 'to be consoled', uvut- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 7, 12; VEWT 2, ЭСТЯ 1, 66, Stachowski 257. The meaning 'to lull' may belong to the homonymic *(i)abu- 'to bend, swing', on which see under *i_a>\p[o\].
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to go astray, lose one's way 2 to lose mind, go mad 3 to missface="Times New Roman Star"1 сбиваться с пути 2 сходить с ума 3 упускать, промахиватьсяface="Times New Roman Star"az- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1 (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- (Sangl., Houts., Pav. C., Qutb) 1face="Times New Roman Star"o|z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"a:z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"or- 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:s- 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"as- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ad|- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a:z- (Дмитриев 1955) 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1face="Times New Roman Star"az- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 279, VEWT 22, 33, 193, Федотов 2, 283, ЭСТЯ 1, 94-95.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ar/ygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fangface="Times New Roman Star"клыкface="Times New Roman Star"azyg| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"azyg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azawface="Times New Roman Star"azu (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|ziq
face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyjface="Times New Roman Star"azu, azu:
face="Times New Roman Star"*ora > Mari ora-puj 'id.'face="Times New Roman Star"ahy:, dial. yhy:
face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azu:face="Times New Roman Star"azuw
face="Times New Roman Star"ad|awface="Times New Roman Star"azaw

face="Times New Roman Star"azuw
face="Times New Roman Star"azuwface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 33, ЭСТЯ 1, 96-98, Лексика 229. Turk. > Mong. *az?|ug| (ac?ug| in Uygh. script, see Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bind 2 to fasten 3 bundle 4 bond, ropeface="Times New Roman Star"1 связывать 2 укреплять 3 связка 4 веревкаface="Times New Roman Star"ba- 1, 2, ba-g| 3, 4, 'confederation' (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ba- 1, 2, ba-g| 3, 4 (MK, KB, At.)face="Times New Roman Star"ba-g| 3, 4, ba-g|-la- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4, be|j 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo|g| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"pag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:G 4face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) pag| (Kyz.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"pag| (R) 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu: 4face="Times New Roman Star"va:- 1, bag| 4 (bag| m.b. < Ogh.)face="Times New Roman Star"pъjav 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-j- 1, 2, bya 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-j- 1, bya 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag|-la- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Bag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo: 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4, ba"j 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-la- (< *bag-la-) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bax| 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292, 310, ЭСТЯ 2, 13-17, VEWT 53 (*ba:, deriv. *ba:-g), Федотов 1, 411, Stachowski 55, 69. Turk. *ba:g > Mong. bag| (KW 27, TMN 2, 254), bag|c?a ( > Man. baqsan etc., see Doerfer MT 142). Yak. has a standard verbal stem modifier (-j-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:kanaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sheep skin 2 lamb 3 babyface="Times New Roman Star"1 овечья шкура 2 ягненок 3 ребенок

face="Times New Roman Star"bag|an 1, (dial.) bag|alak, bag|nak 1, bag|ana 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1 (Khor.)

face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 1








face="Times New Roman Star"bag|lan, bag|ylan 'lamb that has stopped suckling', bag|yldyr 'wild lamb, 1-year-old mountain goat'face="Times New Roman Star"bag|ana 2




face="Times New Roman Star"bag|lan 'a well-fed early lamb'

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 55, Лексика 390. The Kypchak form bag|lan 'lamb' has hardly anything to do with Tat., Kaz. baqlan 'cormorant' (despite TMN 2, 298, Аникин 112).
face="Times New Roman Star"*biagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"liverface="Times New Roman Star"печеньface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr 'breast, bosom'face="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr (Бор. Бад., MA)
face="Times New Roman Star"beg|irface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"baGyrface="Times New Roman Star"pa:r


face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|verface="Times New Roman Star"byarface="Times New Roman Star"byar 'belly; liver'face="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bawur
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"bawyrface="Times New Roman Star"bag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 55, EDT 317, ЭСТЯ 2, 17-19, 22-23, Лексика 278, Stachowski 69.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:jface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 rich, noble 2 many, numerousface="Times New Roman Star"1 богатый, знатный 2 много, многочисленныйface="Times New Roman Star"baj 1 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1, bajtaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo|j 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"ba:j 1face="Times New Roman Star"paj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1, bajtaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pojan 1face="Times New Roman Star"ba:j 1face="Times New Roman Star"ba:j, ba:jdak, ba:jdyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 384, VEWT 56, TMN 2, 259, ЭСТЯ 2, 27-29, 36, Лексика 304, 332, Федотов 1, 440, Stachowski 55, 56. Turk. > Mong. bajan 'rich' (KW 29, Щербак 1997, 103), whence Evk. bajan etc. (TMN ibid., Doerfer MT 37).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAjaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"recentlyface="Times New Roman Star"недавноface="Times New Roman Star"baja, baja-qy (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baja, bajakface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"baja (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|jaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"pijaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaGface="Times New Roman Star"bajaq, baja-qyface="Times New Roman Star"pajaface="Times New Roman Star"pajaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaq < Az.face="Times New Roman Star"paz/ъr

face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bije|face="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"baja

face="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|y, baja-qyface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|y
face="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 384, 385, VEWT 56, ЭСТЯ 2, 30-32, Лексика 83. The Chuvash form is difficult.
face="Times New Roman Star"*baj ( ? -n/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 holy 2 God 3 true, reliable, honestface="Times New Roman Star"1 святой 2 бог
face="Times New Roman Star"bajat 2 (MK - Argu, KB), bajyq (MK Oghuz, IM) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajat 2, bajyq (dial.) 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bajat 2 (Abush., Sangl.)






face="Times New Roman Star"baj-lu 1, maj- 'first part in a number of theonyms', baj terek 'world tree'

face="Times New Roman Star"bajanaj 'name of a God'


face="Times New Roman Star"baj terek 'protection, advocacy'








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 385. See VEWT 56-57 (for derivatives), TMN 2, 379. The root should be probably distinguished from *ba:j 'rich' (v. sub *be:z?|u). An unattested Tuva source > Russ. dial. (Tuva) bajba/ 'spirit of hunting luck', see Аникин 109. Yak. > Russ. (Yak.) bajanaj, see Аникин 125-126.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bA:jk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"owlface="Times New Roman Star"сова

face="Times New Roman Star"bajkus?; bajkara 'hawk'
face="Times New Roman Star"bajqus?, bajqyz



face="Times New Roman Star"ba:jGus?
face="Times New Roman Star"pajoq 'a k. of bird'







face="Times New Roman Star"bajg|yz







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 57, ЭСТЯ 2, 32-33. Turk. > MMong. (ZM) beiqus?.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAj-ra-m/k, bAj-gaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 feast 2 horse-race 3 a prize in horse-raceface="Times New Roman Star"1 праздник 2 скачки 3 приз за победу в скачках
face="Times New Roman Star"bad|ram (MK), bajram (MK Oghuz) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"be|jre|m 1, be|jgi 2face="Times New Roman Star"bajram (Бор. Бад.) 1, bajg|a 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajga" (R) 3, bajraq (dial., Khorazm) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, (dial.- Lobn.) bajg|a 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"paj 1 (Sag.), pajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajg|a 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1





face="Times New Roman Star"majram 1, bajge 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ma"jram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, (dial.) bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jgi 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, bajraq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 54, 56, ЭСТЯ 2, 32, 33-34 (erroneously under *bad|rak 'flag'), 35-36, TMN 2, 384-385. Here one should reconstruct *-j- (not *-d|-), dissimilated before -r- according to Mudrak's rule. Formally *baj-ra-m and *baj-ra-k are deverbatives from a hypothetical *baj-ra- 'to celebrate'; *baj-ga is a denominative with a usual East.-Kypch. suffix. Menges' (1933, 101) hypothesis of bajga < Russ. is quite unlikely (cf. the areal and the Chag. fixation). A rather popular theory of Iranian origin is also excluded: the only acceptable etymology of Pers. bajram is < Turkic (see also ЭСТЯ). Because of semantics, hardly connected with Mong. baj 'sign, goal, road sign'. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bajga/ (Аникин 109).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAd-rak / *bAd-rukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"banner, flagface="Times New Roman Star"знамя, флагface="Times New Roman Star"badruq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"batraq (MK: 'a lance with piece of silk at its head')face="Times New Roman Star"bajrakface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraq (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bajro|q, (dial.) bajdaqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraq, vajraq, (dial.) bajaq
face="Times New Roman Star"bajraGface="Times New Roman Star"bajdaq









face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"bajraq
face="Times New Roman Star"bajraqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 307, VEWT 55, TMN 2, 385-387, ЭСТЯ 33-34, 36, Лексика 565. Turk. (Chag.) > Pers., Arab. Clauson's hypothesis about borrowing from Sanskr. is unfounded because Sanskrit lacks anything similar.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"honeyface="Times New Roman Star"мед
face="Times New Roman Star"bal (MK Suvar, Kypchak, Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|lface="Times New Roman Star"bal
face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"pal

face="Times New Roman Star"pyl



face="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"bal, palface="Times New Roman Star"palface="Times New Roman Star"balface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, EDT 330, ЭСТЯ 2, 47. Turk. > Mong. bal (Щербак 1997, 103).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:la, *ba:l-dyr/, *ba:la-panface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 young animal, nestling, 2 child 3 a man's wife's younger sister 4 younger relativeface="Times New Roman Star"1 молодое животное, птенец, 2 ребенок 3 младшая сестра жены 4 младший родственникface="Times New Roman Star"baldyz (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1 (MK), baldyz 3 (MK); baldyr 'step-son, step-daughter' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3, balaban 'falcon' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2 (Abush., Бор. Бад.), baldyz 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|la 1, 2, bo|ldiz 3, palapan 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"myla, mle 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala, balaG 1, 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:la 1, 2, ba:ldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"pala 2, pasty 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2, passy 3 (Tel., R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"poldъr 3, 4 (As?. IX 282)face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"balys 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3, balapan 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyd| 3; belekej 'small'face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2face="Times New Roman Star"baldysqa 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 2, baldyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bala 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 332, 334, VEWT 59, 60, ЭСТЯ 2, 47-50, 53-54, Лексика 71, 306-307, 312, Stachowski 51, 52. Turk. > Kalm. baldr. (KW 30). Khak. pasty < *bazly < *balzy with metathesis.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAlakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 ankle 2 trouser leg 3 foot soleface="Times New Roman Star"1 щиколотка 2 штанина 3 стопа

face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2 (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"balaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2









face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2; 'bird's foot'face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"balaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 59, TMN 2, 312, ЭСТЯ 2, 51, Лексика 478. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bala/ki (Pl.) (Аникин 114). [The latter contains a mistake: balaq 'пахи' is not attested in Kirgh. - it is found in Radloff marked as Kirgh., which means Kazakh. Modern Kazakh dictionaries do not note this meaning; according to the КТТС (1, 86) it means `a trouser leg from the knee downwards; horse's ankle; part of bird's leg from the knee down to the ankle'. In Kirgh. a related stem may be balak-ta- 'to hang loose (of clothes, particularly of wide trouser legs)'.]
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mud, clayface="Times New Roman Star"грязь, глина
face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (MK,IM), bal(y)q (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?ykface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (Pav. C.), palc?yq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?uq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yGface="Times New Roman Star"palc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"palc?ax (Sag.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bal-qas?face="Times New Roman Star"palc?oq ( < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"pylz?|ъkface="Times New Roman Star"byly:k 'sand, silt, brought by water' (Пек.)
face="Times New Roman Star"balg|as?, malg|as?face="Times New Roman Star"ba'lxas?
face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yq, balqas?face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balsyq

face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yx (ССЯ 435 и др.)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 333, 336, VEWT 60, Мудрак Дисс. 179, Лексика 374. Turk. > Mong. balc?ig (Щербак 1997, 103). In Chuv. one would rather expect pys/@x, so the form may reflect a slightly different morphologically *ba.ly-c?ak.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAldakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hilt 2 stalk, stemface="Times New Roman Star"1 рукоятка 2 стебель, ствол

face="Times New Roman Star"baldak 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 2








face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"baldaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 60, ЭСТЯ 2, 52. Similar forms of the type *balc?ak may be borrowed from Mong., while WMong. baldag|, bardag|, Khalkha baldag, bardag, Mongor bardaG 'hilt' are rather < Turkic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)altyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"calf of legface="Times New Roman Star"икра ногиface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyr (MA), baltyr (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|ldir

face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"paltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr

face="Times New Roman Star"ballyr
face="Times New Roman Star"ba'ldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr, baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"baltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"baldyrface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 61, ЭСТЯ 2, 54-55, Лексика 283-284.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bialykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"city, fortressface="Times New Roman Star"город, крепостьface="Times New Roman Star"balyq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"balyq (Pav. C.)

face="Times New Roman Star"balyq, paluq




face="Times New Roman Star"baluq 'деревня'face="Times New Roman Star"pu"ler













face="Times New Roman Star"TMN 2, 257, EDT 335-336, ЭСТЯ 2, 59, ОСНЯ 3, 91, Лексика 485, Мудрак Дисс. 194.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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