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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to use bellows 2 bellowsface="Times New Roman Star"1 использовать меха 2 меха
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"- 1, ko"ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"ru"k (IM), ko"ru"k (MA, Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik (dial.) 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko":rik 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"rt 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xo"ru"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko":ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r@k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 293, Ё—“я 5, 118, Ћексика 414-415.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 blue 2 green ("macro-blue" according to Wierzbicka)face="Times New Roman Star"1 синий 2 зеленыйface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MK, KB), 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"go":k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|vak 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gux 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, TMN 3, 640-642, EDT 708-9, Ё—“я 3, 66-68, Ћексика 60, 604, Stachowski 165. In most languages the root also means 'sky'. Turk. > Hung. ke/k 'blue', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 stout-hearted, courageous 2 thick, dense, abundant 3 wide, broad 4 well fedface="Times New Roman Star"1 храбрый 2 толстый, плотный, обильный 3 широкий 4 откормленный
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r 1, 4



face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 1


face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|r@w| 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 3
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"r 'healthy, well fed'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 'powerful'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 'friendly'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r 1, 4
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 310-311, EDT 735, Ё—“я 3, 106, ‘едотов 1, 277-278. Turk. > WMong. ku"r, Kalm. ku"r (KW 246).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"pu"r, -u"gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bridgeface="Times New Roman Star"мостface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pru"gface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pru"g (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"rpu", ko"pru"face="Times New Roman Star"ku"per, ku"preface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pri (IM, AH), ko"pru"k (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.prikface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pru"k, ko"vru"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"rpu"face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pri




face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rbe, ku"rge
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'vu"ru"gface="Times New Roman Star"ko"'prigface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pu"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pu"r, ko"pre (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pru"



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 292, Ё—“я 5, 112-114.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEru"l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to quarrel, fight, wrestleface="Times New Roman Star"ссоритьс€, дратьс€, боротьс€face="Times New Roman Star"keris?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"keris?- (MK), ku"res?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ra"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?- (MA), gu"res?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuras?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ra"s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"la"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"go"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris?-, ku"res?-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res 'wrestling'
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"res-face="Times New Roman Star"xires?-, xu"res?- ; xire- 'to start a fight'face="Times New Roman Star"keris?-, ku"ro"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris-, ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ra"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"gu"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris-, gu"res-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 747-748, Ё—“я 3, 79-81, 5, 50-51, ‘едотов 1, 280. The peculiar variation of keris?- and ku"res?- in old sources allows perhaps to reconstruct the original shape *gero"l/-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku"re-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to run awayface="Times New Roman Star"убегатьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- (MK, KB)












face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re:-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re:-

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rgu"c?to"- 'загон€ть скот', ku"rgu"j 'возглас, которым гон€т €гн€т'








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 737, VEWT 310, Ё—“я 5, 146, Stachowski 166.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"re-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rake 2 spade, shovelface="Times New Roman Star"1 сгребать 2 лопата
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ri- (MK) 1, ku"rga"k (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"re|- 1, ko"re|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kure|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re|- 1, kure|k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"-, ku"ra"- 1, ku"ra"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rge|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|rez/e 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xu":rek, ku"ru"jek (Todzh.)face="Times New Roman Star"xu"ru"jekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ro"- 1, ku"ro"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"re|- 1, ko"re|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"- 1, ku"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 310, Ё—“я 5, 150-152, Stachowski 166. Turk. *ku"re-c?ek > MMong. ku"rz?|ek, WMong. ku"rz?|e, see ўербак 1997, 129 (borrowed back > Yak. ku"rz?|ex, Dolg. ku"rz?|ek, see Stachowski ibid.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ko"rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"snow drift, deep snowface="Times New Roman Star"сугроб, глубокий снегface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"k (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt (dial.), gu"rtu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rt

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rtu"k, ku"rt
face="Times New Roman Star"k@rt (Anatri)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rz?|u"k
face="Times New Roman Star"xo"rtu"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt, ku"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt@kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"rtface="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rtface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 739, Ё—“я 5, 149-150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"de-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 son-in-law 2 guestface="Times New Roman Star"1 з€ть 2 гостьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"degu" 1, ku"den 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"degu" 1, ku"den 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"veji 1face="Times New Roman Star"kija"w 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kujo|w 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jog|ul 1 (*ku"jo"-og|ul)face="Times New Roman Star"kuzeg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@zo" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ze 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ju" 1face="Times New Roman Star"kideji 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@ru" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"tu"o" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"tu"o" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"de: 1face="Times New Roman Star"hu"da": 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jo": 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1face="Times New Roman Star"kijew 1face="Times New Roman Star"keja"w 1face="Times New Roman Star"kijew 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"va": 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijav 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1face="Times New Roman Star"kui 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 703, 704-705, Ё—“я 3, 43-45, Ћексика 297-298, Stachowski 166. Turk. > Mong. ku"degu"; Yak. > Evk. kute:.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"powerface="Times New Roman Star"силаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Sangl., Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kuc?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"kus?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ic?
face="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306, EDT 693, Ё—“я 3, 96-98, Stachowski 166.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wait 2 to attend 3 to respect 4 to grazeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ждать 2 прислуживать 3 почитать 4 пастиface="Times New Roman Star"ku"d- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d|- 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'to lead cattle away from pasture' (Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kut- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zet- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 2, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"t- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'выполн€ть'face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 701, VEWT 306, 312, Ё—“я 3, 107-108 (the variant *gu":t- is morphologically secondary, actually = *gu":du"-t-). The proposed derivation (see Ё—“я 108) from *gu"- (*ku"-), attested only in the OUygh. doublet ku"- ko"zed|- 'protect and keep' (see EDT 686) is far from certain (the meaning of ku"- here is not quite clear; ko"zed|- is probably < *go"r/- 'see, eye' = Yak., Dolg. ko"hu"t- 'wait'; Khak. ku"zet- above can reflect both *-r/- and *-d-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ban/ak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"white-fishface="Times New Roman Star"сиг














face="Times New Roman Star"majag|as (ѕек.)













face="Times New Roman Star"*ban|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to trot, ride 2 trotface="Times New Roman Star"1 идти рысью, скакать 2 бегface="Times New Roman Star"man| 'a step' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"man|- (KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"man- (dial.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"man|- (Sangl.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"man|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"man| 2, man|- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"man| 2face="Times New Roman Star"man| 2face="Times New Roman Star"man| 2

face="Times New Roman Star"man|yj- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"man|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"man|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"man| 2, man|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"man| 2face="Times New Roman Star"man| 2






face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 766, 767, VEWT 326.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bejn|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"brainface="Times New Roman Star"мозг; вместилище разумаface="Times New Roman Star"meji, men|i (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"miface="Times New Roman Star"miji (MA), mejn (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mijaface="Times New Roman Star"min|a"
face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"bejni, mejniface="Times New Roman Star"mi:face="Times New Roman Star"mi:-sface="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"meinface="Times New Roman Star"mim@face="Times New Roman Star"meji:face="Times New Roman Star"men/i: 'head'face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"ma":face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"mejeface="Times New Roman Star"mije
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"mij
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, EDT 348-349, Ё—“я 2, 106-107, TMN 4, 35, Ћексика 195, Stachowski 178. Turk. > MMong. mije, miji (ўербак 1997, 105).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ben|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mole on the faceface="Times New Roman Star"родинка на лицеface="Times New Roman Star"men| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ben, benekface="Times New Roman Star"bin|face="Times New Roman Star"men| (Sangl.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ba"na"kface="Times New Roman Star"men|, menekface="Times New Roman Star"min|
face="Times New Roman Star"men|
face="Times New Roman Star"min| (may be < Tat.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|
face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min|
face="Times New Roman Star"ben, benek
face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, 334, EDT 346, Ћексика 208, Stachowski 178.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ben|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bait, bird-seedface="Times New Roman Star"приманка, корм дл€ птицface="Times New Roman Star"men| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ben, ben| (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"men| (MA)



face="Times New Roman Star"men|




face="Times New Roman Star"men|ia" < *men|-eg (dimin.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|e











face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 334, EDT 766, Stachowski 178. Turk. > WMong. men|, see KW 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*me:me (*be:me)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast (fem.) 2 nipple 3(poet.) breastface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь (ж.) 2 сосок 3 грудь (поэт.) 4 соска

face="Times New Roman Star"meme 1, Old Osm. memek (17th c.)face="Times New Roman Star"me|mi, me|me|j 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma":me 3


face="Times New Roman Star"ma":ma"k
face="Times New Roman Star"me:me: 4




face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma"j 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ma"ma" 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"mma" 1

face="Times New Roman Star"An onomatopoetic root. See VEWT 333, Ё—“я VII.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 I 2 (*bi-r/) weface="Times New Roman Star"1 € 2 (*bi-r/) мыface="Times New Roman Star"ben 1 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.), men 1 (OUygh.), biz 2 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men 1 (MK, KB), biz 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ben 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bez 2face="Times New Roman Star"ben 1 (Abush.), biz 2 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"n 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, pyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"n 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, bi:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, p@s 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, pis 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, mis 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"n 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"e-b@ 1, e-b@r 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bihigi 2 (Poss.)face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bihigi 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, bis 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, bi's 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, miz 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bed| 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, miz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ben 1, bis 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"me:(n) 1, pise(r) 2 (——я 128)face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 346 (*be.-n), 388 (*bir/), Ё—“я 2, 129-130, VEWT 77, 333, Stachowski 60, 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu":n- (/*bi:n-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to ride on, to mount, to rizeface="Times New Roman Star"ехать верхомface="Times New Roman Star"bin- (Orkh.), mu"n- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bin-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-; mi:n- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"min-
face="Times New Roman Star"minder 'pillow'face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"pin-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-, mim-, min|- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 338, TMN 4, 34, EDT 348, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 180. Shortness in Turkm. is not clear. On the derivative *bin-ig- > *binge-l/- 'to ride behind someone else on the same horse' see EDT 771, Stachowski 178. Chuv. minder may be < Kypch., cf. Turk., Gag., Turkm., Nogh. minder, Kum. minnir, Tat., Bashk. menda"r - see ‘едотов 1, 359.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"defectface="Times New Roman Star"недостаток, дефект
face="Times New Roman Star"mun (KB), muna- 'be defective'; mun, mun-lug| (IM)









face="Times New Roman Star"dial. myn|-da- 'become insufficient'

face="Times New Roman Star"my:n- 'be insufficient'


face="Times New Roman Star"munz?|u 'cripple'








face="Times New Roman Star"ќ—Ќя 3, 55, VEWT 344, Ё—“я 7. EDT 347 does not see back vowel forms in old texts and relates all the forms to *bu"n 'defect' q. v. sub *mu\ne.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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