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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"n|u"c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"larynx, windpipeface="Times New Roman Star"гортань, дыхательное горлоface="Times New Roman Star"o"n|u"c? (OUygh.)

face="Times New Roman Star"u"n|a"c?face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|u"-lu"k 'нагрудное украшение' (R)face="Times New Roman Star"o|n|gac?face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|ga"c?


face="Times New Roman Star"o"go"sface="Times New Roman Star"o":s 'грудна€ клетка'face="Times New Roman Star"o"c?, diL. o":c? (Leb.)

face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|u"s, u"n|u"s
face="Times New Roman Star"o":s?
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|o"c?face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|es?
face="Times New Roman Star"u"n|a"s


face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|es?

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 373, EDT 172, Ё—“я 1, 536, Ћексика 233.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lung; angerface="Times New Roman Star"легкое; гневface="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (MK, IM), o"fke (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"o"fke 'anger', o"jken 'lung' (interdial.? Tu"rki?)face="Times New Roman Star"u"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke, o"fke (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.pkaface="Times New Roman Star"o"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"xba" (dial. Nuxa)face="Times New Roman Star"o"jkenface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpo"face="Times New Roman Star"hikka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (NW), u"pke

face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpe (o"'kpe - Ѕичелдей 2001)face="Times New Roman Star"o"'kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"pko"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpa"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"u"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"u"fkeface="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpa"face="Times New Roman Star"o"hhen (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 373, EDT 9, Ё—“я 1, 540-541, Ћексика 276-277.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"kte-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to infuse pride, courage 2 pride, proud, courageousface="Times New Roman Star"1 ободр€ть, придавать гордость, храбрость 2 гордость, гордый, храбрый
face="Times New Roman Star"o"ktem (KB) 2

face="Times New Roman Star"o"kte- 1, o"ktem 2 (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.ktamface="Times New Roman Star"o"kta"m
face="Times New Roman Star"o"tka"mface="Times New Roman Star"o"kdo"m (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"ktem 2



face="Times New Roman Star"o"kto"m 2


face="Times New Roman Star"o"kto"m 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"ktem 2, (dial.) o"kte- 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"ktem 2


face="Times New Roman Star"o"ktem 2


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 102-103, Ё—“я 1. Turk. > Kalm. o"ktm (KW 294; not vice versa, despite VEWT 370).
face="Times New Roman Star"*o":lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 moist, wet 2 marshface="Times New Roman Star"1 влажный 2 болотоface="Times New Roman Star"o"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"l (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"l 1, Osm. o"l 'pool'
face="Times New Roman Star"o"l (Pav. C.) 2, (Sangl.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"hu.l 1face="Times New Roman Star"ho"l 'damp, moist'

face="Times New Roman Star"o":l, dial. ho":l 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"l 1face="Times New Roman Star"u":l 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"l 1face="Times New Roman Star"he:^.l, he:.lface="Times New Roman Star"vil@ 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"o"l 1
face="Times New Roman Star"o"l 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"l 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"l 1





face="Times New Roman Star"ho"l 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 371, ≈горов 54, Ё—“я 1, 524-525, TMN 2, 161-2. The common Turk. derivative *o"len| (Ё—“я 1, 527-528, Ћексика 119) means 'rich grass' (hence Chuv. valem; > MMong. olan|, olen| (SH), WMong. o"lu"n|, Kalm. o"ln|, see KW 295, TMN 2, 161, ўербак 1997, 165, 197).
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to die 2 (*o"l-tu"r-) to killface="Times New Roman Star"1 умирать 2 (*o"l-tu"r-) убиватьface="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1 (Yen., OUygh.), o"lu"r- 2 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1 (MK, KB), o"ldu"r- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"l- 1, u"ter- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1 (Sangl.), o"lu"r- 2 (Abush.), o"ltu"r- 2 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"u.l-, u.ldir- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"l- 1, ju"lyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"der- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"du"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hil-/he.l-, o"l- 'to die (of animals)' ( < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"vil- 1, v@w|ler- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lo"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lo"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lti_r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltir- 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"l- 1, u"lter- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ol/- 1, ol/der- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltir- 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"l- 1, u"ldyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 371; Ё—“я 1, 525-527, TMN 2, 112, 162-3; EDT 125-126, 133-134, 151, Stachowski 199.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"n| / *on|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 front, East 2 exterior, color, faceface="Times New Roman Star"1 перед, восток 2 внешн€€ сторона, цвет, лицоface="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| (Abush.) 1, (Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"o.n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ejface="Times New Roman Star"um 'breast' (if different from om 'front', q. v. sub *a:l)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 'inside of clothes', 2
face="Times New Roman Star"on| 'shape', o"n| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"on| 1, o"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"un| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"on| 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 167-168, VEWT 362, 372, Ё—“я 1, 532-535, Stachowski 199-200, јшм. III, 232. The words for 'front' and 'colour, face' are usually treated as different roots (e.g. in EDT, Ё—“я), but it is hardly possible to separate them phonetically (the variants *on| and *o"n| do not seem to be semantically distributed); the semantic shifts (*'front' > 'face' > 'colour') are quite natural.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"mgenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"upper part of breastface="Times New Roman Star"верхн€€ часть груди
face="Times New Roman Star"o"mgen (MK)







face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|men







face="Times New Roman Star"o"mgo"k








face="Times New Roman Star"ƒыбо 137-138, EDT 159, Ё—“я 1, 537, Ћексика 271.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 flame 2 to burn (tr.) 3 steppe fire 4 to get burntface="Times New Roman Star"1 плам€ 2 жечь 3 степной пожар 4 обгоратьface="Times New Roman Star"o"rt 1, 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt 1, 3 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"u"rt 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt 1, 3 (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"o"rte- 4face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt 3, o"rte- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"virt 3face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt 3
face="Times New Roman Star"o"rtet- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"'rt 'wood fire'face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt 1








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 375, EDT 201, 208-9, Ё—“я 1, 550-551, Ћексика 357-358.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ebu"r(d)ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"duckface="Times New Roman Star"уткаface="Times New Roman Star"o"direk (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"(MK) o"rdekface="Times New Roman Star"o"rdekface="Times New Roman Star"u"rde|kface="Times New Roman Star"evrek, evek (Qutb)face="Times New Roman Star"o.rdakface="Times New Roman Star"o"(r)da"kface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rdekface="Times New Roman Star"o"rda"kface="Times New Roman Star"o":rdekface="Times New Roman Star"o"rtekface="Times New Roman Star"o"rtekface="Times New Roman Star"o"rto"kface="Times New Roman Star"irda"k
face="Times New Roman Star"o"rdu"ke:n 'утка-чиранка'
face="Times New Roman Star"o"du"rek, edirekface="Times New Roman Star"o"drekface="Times New Roman Star"o"rdo"kface="Times New Roman Star"u"jrek
face="Times New Roman Star"u"jra"k
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"rdekface="Times New Roman Star"o"rdek, erdekface="Times New Roman Star"u"jrek, o"rdek
face="Times New Roman Star"o"rdek dial.face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 205, Ё—“я 1, 547-548, TMN 2, 31, Ћексика 172.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to growface="Times New Roman Star"растиface="Times New Roman Star"o"s- (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"u"s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"u.s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-

face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-



face="Times New Roman Star"o"'s-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"u"t|-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"s-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 376, Ё—“я 1, 552-553. Doubts about OT o"s- see in EDT 241, 251, with a discussion in Clark 1977, 142-144.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pass by, pass throughface="Times New Roman Star"проходить мимо, проходить черезface="Times New Roman Star"o"t- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"t- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t- (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"vit-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"`t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 39, VEWT 376, Ё—“я 1, 554-555.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 lust, sexual passion 2 to feel lust 3 passion 4 oestrumface="Times New Roman Star"1 половое влечение 2 чувствовать влечение 3 страсть, тоска 4 течкаface="Times New Roman Star"o"dlen- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"d|ig (MK, KB) 1, o"d|len- 2 (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"o"d|u"g (Qutb) 1, o"jge (Pav. C.) 4



face="Times New Roman Star"o"jer- 'to espouse' (caus.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"zel@s 3


face="Times New Roman Star"v@w|rge 3



face="Times New Roman Star"(z?|u"ro"gu"n) o"ju"- 'to be worried, frustrated'








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 50, 58, VEWT 518.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 unrelated; step-relative 2 other, differentface="Times New Roman Star"1 неродной; приемный родственник (пасынок, мачеха) 2 другой, отличныйface="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (MK), o"gu"n 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"u"vej 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"gi 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (Pav. C.), o"gu"n 2 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.gej 1

face="Times New Roman Star"o"ga"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej, o"vej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"j 1

face="Times New Roman Star"egian 2face="Times New Roman Star"egin-egin 2

face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"ga"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"va" 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1
face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 109, 119, VEWT 369, 306, Ё—“я 1, 495-496, TMN 2, 159, Stachowski 43 (with some confusion of the Yakut variants egin, egian and en|in; on the latter see *en|). In Az. one would rather expect *o"ja"j; -g- is probably preserved due to dissimilation.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"jekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"part of animal's skin under the neck or between legsface="Times New Roman Star"подгрудок

face="Times New Roman Star"o"jek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"u"ja"k (R)face="Times New Roman Star"o"jek (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"o"jek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"o":k
face="Times New Roman Star"o"jo"k
face="Times New Roman Star"vaja, vaz?|a

face="Times New Roman Star"o"jek
face="Times New Roman Star"o":k

face="Times New Roman Star"u"jsek





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 369-370, Ё—“я 1, 515, Ћексика 146, 423.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"gu"rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 herd 2 tame 3 companion 4 group of peopleface="Times New Roman Star"1 стадо, ста€ 2 домашний 3 сотоварищface="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"r 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"r 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"o"ju"r 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"o"jer 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"r 1,2, 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ujur 1


face="Times New Roman Star"o":ri 'pasture'face="Times New Roman Star"o":r 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":r 1face="Times New Roman Star"u":r 1

face="Times New Roman Star"u"o"r 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"o"r 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":r 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"o":r 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"ju"r 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"u"jir 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"jir 1; 'convivial'face="Times New Roman Star"o"jo"r 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"ju"r 'family'

face="Times New Roman Star"u"jir 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"u"ju"r 1; 'attached'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 369, Stachowski 251. Turk. (with a later developed meaning 'companionship', see EDT 112) > WMong. u"gu"r, Kalm. u":r (not vice versa, despite VEWT ibid.). A possible derivative ( < *'to be tamed'?) can be PT *o"gr-e-n- 'to learn' (Ё—“я 1, 496-498).
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"frogface="Times New Roman Star"л€гушкаface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (AH, Ettuhf.), baqqa (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa, paqa
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"Gurba:g|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"ba:qa 'turtle'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|a
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa
face="Times New Roman Star"maqaface="Times New Roman Star"qurba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 311-312, 646-647, Ё—“я 2, 40-41, 6, 160-161 (see ibid. on the onomatopoeic nature of the component *Kur-) , Ћексика 179-180. A more precise reconstruction would be perhaps *b(i)a:kka, with expressive gemination (suggested by non-voicing in Kypchak). Turk. > Hung. be/ka, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakan/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hoof 2 knucklebone 3 joints in animals' feetface="Times New Roman Star"1 копыто 2 бабка 3 суставы в ногах животныхface="Times New Roman Star"baqanaq 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqanaq, baqajaq 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bakanak, bakynak 1, 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"be|ke|l 2

face="Times New Roman Star"baqalc?a"q 'shinbone'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|anag|, bag|anc?ag| 3 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|ajax, maxajax 2






face="Times New Roman Star"mahnyq `metatarsus' (‘иЋ 205)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"baqaj 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba"qa"l 3





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 316-317, Ё—“я 2, 43-44, ƒыбо 310, Ћексика 286-287.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:jface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 rich, noble 2 many, numerousface="Times New Roman Star"1 богатый, знатный 2 много, многочисленныйface="Times New Roman Star"baj 1 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1, bajtaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo|j 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"ba:j 1face="Times New Roman Star"paj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1, bajtaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pojan 1face="Times New Roman Star"ba:j 1face="Times New Roman Star"ba:j, ba:jdak, ba:jdyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1
face="Times New Roman Star"baj 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 384, VEWT 56, TMN 2, 259, Ё—“я 2, 27-29, 36, Ћексика 304, 332, ‘едотов 1, 440, Stachowski 55, 56. Turk. > Mong. bajan 'rich' (KW 29, ўербак 1997, 103), whence Evk. bajan etc. (TMN ibid., Doerfer MT 37).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAj-ra-m/k, bAj-gaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 feast 2 horse-race 3 a prize in horse-raceface="Times New Roman Star"1 праздник 2 скачки 3 приз за победу в скачках
face="Times New Roman Star"bad|ram (MK), bajram (MK Oghuz) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"be|jre|m 1, be|jgi 2face="Times New Roman Star"bajram (Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1, bajg|a 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajga" (R) 3, bajraq (dial., Khorazm) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, (dial.- Lobn.) bajg|a 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"paj 1 (Sag.), pajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, pajg|a 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1





face="Times New Roman Star"majram 1, bajge 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ma"jram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, (dial.) bajraq 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jgi 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1, ba"jge 2, 3, bajraq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bajram 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 54, 56, Ё—“я 2, 32, 33-34 (erroneously under *bad|rak 'flag'), 35-36, TMN 2, 384-385. Here one should reconstruct *-j- (not *-d|-), dissimilated before -r- according to Mudrak's rule. Formally *baj-ra-m and *baj-ra-k are deverbatives from a hypothetical *baj-ra- 'to celebrate'; *baj-ga is a denominative with a usual East.-Kypch. suffix. Menges' (1933, 101) hypothesis of bajga < Russ. is quite unlikely (cf. the areal and the Chag. fixation). A rather popular theory of Iranian origin is also excluded: the only acceptable etymology of Pers. bajram is < Turkic (see also Ё—“я). Because of semantics, hardly connected with Mong. baj 'sign, goal, road sign'. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bajga/ (јникин 109).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAjaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"recentlyface="Times New Roman Star"недавноface="Times New Roman Star"baja, baja-qy (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"baja, bajakface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"baja (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|jaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"pijaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaGface="Times New Roman Star"bajaq, baja-qyface="Times New Roman Star"pajaface="Times New Roman Star"pajaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"bajaq < Az.face="Times New Roman Star"paz/ъr

face="Times New Roman Star"bijeface="Times New Roman Star"bije|face="Times New Roman Star"bajaface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"baja

face="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|y, baja-qyface="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|y
face="Times New Roman Star"baja-g|yface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 384, 385, VEWT 56, Ё—“я 2, 30-32, Ћексика 83. The Chuvash form is difficult.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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